betrayal


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be·tray

 (bĭ-trā′)
tr.v. be·trayed, be·tray·ing, be·trays
1.
a. To give aid or information to an enemy of; commit treason against: betray one's country.
b. To inform upon or deliver into the hands of an enemy in violation of a trust or allegiance: "City investigators betrayed him to his bosses as a whistle-blower" (Selwyn Raab).
2. To be false or disloyal to: betrayed a cause; betray one's spouse.
3. To divulge in a breach of confidence: betray a secret.
4. To make known unintentionally: Her hollow laugh betrayed her contempt for the idea.
5. To lead astray; deceive: "She felt somewhat like a woman who in a moment of passion is betrayed into an act of infidelity" (Kate Chopin).

[Middle English bitraien : bi-, be- + traien, to betray (from Old French trair, from Latin trādere, to hand over; see tradition).]

be·tray′al n.
be·tray′er n.

Betrayal

 

fifth columnist A traitor, quisling; a subversive or an enemy sympathizer. This term’s origin dates from the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) when the Loyalist government in Madrid had been infiltrated by many Franco sympathizers. In a radio broadcast to the Loyalists, General Gonzalo Queipo de Llano y Sierro, a Fascist revolutionary, stated, “We have four columns on the battlefield against you, and a fifth column inside your ranks.”

Fifth Column is also the title of a play (1938) by Ernest Hemingway. During World War II, these expressions received widespread use, usually referring to revolutionary sympathizers who had secured positions of influence in matters of security and policy decision. These insurgents spread rumors and practised espionage and sabotage, exploiting the fears of the people and often inciting panic.

Parliament has given us the powers to put down the fifth column activities with a strong hand. (Winston Churchill, Into Battle, 1941)

Judas kiss A sign of betrayal, duplicity, or insincerity. The reference is to the kiss Judas Iscariot gave Jesus in betraying him to the authorities:

And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he. (Mark 14:44)

The term dates from as early as 1400.

Candour shone from his eyes, as insincere as a Judas kiss. (R. Lewis, Blood Money, 1973)

the most unkindest cut of all See ADVERSITY.

rat To inform or squeal; to desert and turn renegade, to bolt and join the opposition. The noun rat has been an opprobrious epithet since Elizabethan times. During the 18th century it took on, in political slang, the more specific denotation of traitor or turncoat. By the 19th century the corresponding verb usage appeared. It is generally believed that these slang meanings came by way of comparison with the apostate rats of the proverbial sinking ship, though the older more general ‘scoundrel’ meaning would suffice—rodents having long been objects of aversion and loathing to man.

scab A worker who resists union membership; a union member who refuses to strike. This disparaging expression likens the blue collar maverick to a pus-filled lesion. The epithet is often applied to an employee who crosses picket lines or more specifically, to a person who takes over the job of a striker for the duration of the work halt.

sell down the river To abandon or desert; to turn one’s back on another; to delude or take advantage of. This expression originated in the Old South, where uncooperative slaves were often punished by being shipped downstream to the harsh, sweltering plantations of the lower Mississippi. The phrase maintains regular usage today.

I think we are, as a people, a little inclined to sell our state down the river in our thinking. (Daily Ardmoreite[Ardmore, Oklahoma], December, 1949)

stool pigeon or stoolie A person who acts as a decoy; an informer, particularly one associated with the police. This expression is derived from the former practice of fastening a pigeon to a stool to attract other pigeons. Today the phrase usually refers to an informer who is betraying his cohorts.

In New York City he is also called a Stool-pigeon. The “profession” generally speaks of him as a Squealer. (Willard Flynt, World of Graft, 1901)

turncoat One who abandons his convictions or affiliations; an apostate or renegade. This expression purportedly originated with a ploy of Emanuel, an early duke of Savoy, whose strategic territory was precariously situated between France and Italy. According to legend, in order to maintain peace with his powerful neighbors, Emanuel had a reversible coat made which was white on one side and blue on the other. He wore the white side when dealing with the French and the blue side when dealing with the Italians. The duke was subsequently called Emanuel Turncoat, and the epithet attained its now familiar meaning of renegade or tergiversator.

The Tory who voted for those motions would run a great risk of being pointed at as a turncoat by the … Cavaliers. (Thomas Macaulay, History of England, 1855)

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.betrayal - an act of deliberate betrayalbetrayal - an act of deliberate betrayal  
knavery, dishonesty - lack of honesty; acts of lying or cheating or stealing
double cross, double-crossing - an act of betrayal; "he gave us the old double cross"; "I could no longer tolerate his impudent double-crossing"
sellout - an act of betrayal
2.betrayal - the quality of aiding an enemy
subversiveness, traitorousness, treason - disloyalty by virtue of subversive behavior

betrayal

noun
2. giving away, telling, revelation, disclosure, blurting out, divulgence She saw his newspaper piece as a betrayal of her confidence.
giving away keeping, guarding, preserving, safeguarding, keeping secret
Quotations
"If I had to choose between betraying my country and betraying my friend, I hope I should have the guts to betray my country" [E.M. Forster Two Cheers for Democracy]

betrayal

noun
An act of betraying:
Slang: sellout.
Translations
خِيانَه، إفْشاءُ السِّر
zrada
forræderisvigten
izdajaizdajstvo
elárulás
svik
izdaja

betrayal

[bɪˈtreɪəl] N
1. [of person, country] → traición f
a betrayal of trustun abuso de confianza
2. [of secret, plot] → revelación f
3. [of feelings, intentions] → descubrimiento m

betrayal

[bɪˈtreɪəl] n [ally, country] → trahison f
betrayal of trust → abus m de confiance
a disgraceful betrayal of trust → un honteux abus de confiance
She forgave him for his betrayal of her trust
BUT Elle lui pardonna d'avoir trahi sa confiance.
an act of betrayal → un acte de trahison

betrayal

n (= act)Verrat m (→ of +gen); (= instance)Verrat m (→ of an +dat); (of trust)Enttäuschung f; (of friends)Verrat m (→ of an +dat), → Untreue f(of gegenüber); (of ideals, principles)Verrat m (→ of +gen); the betrayal of Christder Verrat an Christus; a betrayal of trustein Vertrauensbruch m

betrayal

[bɪˈtre/ɛ7əl] ntradimento

betray

(biˈtrei) verb
1. to act disloyally or treacherously towards (especially a person who trusts one). He betrayed his own brother (to the enemy).
2. to give away (a secret etc). Never betray a confidence!
3. to show (signs of). Her pale face betrayed her fear.
beˈtrayal noun
beˈtrayer noun
References in classic literature ?
What, under my endless obsession, I had been impelled to listen for was some betrayal of his not being at rest, and I presently caught one, but not in the form I had expected.
The tempter stood by him, too,--blinded by furious, despotic will,--every moment pressing him to shun that agony by the betrayal of the innocent.
Edgar's stern rebuke of my carrying tales; and I tried to smooth away all disquietude on the subject, by affirming, with frequent iteration, that that betrayal of trust, if it merited so harsh an appellation, should be the last.
The feeling implied in the errand of inquiry that had brought him to the house was the one betrayal of human sympathy which escaped the rugged, impenetrable old man.
I could not have borne to lose the smallest portion of her sisterly affection; yet, in that betrayal, I should have set a constraint between us hitherto unknown.
The results of confession were not contingent, they were certain; whereas betrayal was not certain.
He was not, it is true, resigned; but this last blow failed to force him into an outward betrayal of any emotion.
Yes; but that abduction had for its object the betrayal of my mistress, to draw from me by torture confessions that might compromise the honor, and perhaps the life, of my august mistress.
Some close observers, indeed, detected a feverish flush and alternate paleness of countenance, with corresponding flow and revulsion of spirits, and once or twice a painful and helpless betrayal of lassitude, as if she were on the point of sinking to the ground.
Even if David could have bribed Jacob with perpetual lozenges, an idiot's secrecy is itself betrayal.
Ships, certainly, are liable to casualties, which sometimes make terribly evident some flaw in their construction that would never have been discoverable in smooth water; and many a "good fellow," through a disastrous combination of circumstances, has undergone a like betrayal.
But she had begun to suspect, by some involuntary betrayal of mine, that there was an abnormal power of penetration in me--that fitfully, at least, I was strangely cognizant of her thoughts and intentions, and she began to be haunted by a terror of me, which alternated every now and then with defiance.