biliverdin


Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to biliverdin: bilirubin, urobilinogen, Bivalirudin

bil·i·ver·din

 (bĭl′ĭ-vûr′dĭn, bĭl′ĭ-vûr′dĭn)
n.
A green pigment, C33H34N4O6, occurring in bile and sometimes formed by oxidation of bilirubin.

[German : Latin bīlis, bile + French verdir, to make green; see verdant.]

biliverdin

(ˌbɪlɪˈvɜːdɪn)
n
(Physiology) a dark green pigment in the bile formed by the oxidation of bilirubin. Formula: C33H34O6N4
[C19: coined in Swedish, from Latin bīlis bile + Old French verd green + -in]
References in periodicals archive ?
The two pigments found in the eggshells were protoporphyrin and biliverdin.
Furthermore, heme oxygenase (HO)-1, an enzyme involved in heme degradation catalyzing the formation of carbon monoxide (CO), biliverdin and [Fe.
Quantifying biliverdin in liver and spleen samples from multiple avian species.
The cytoprotective effects of bilirubin and biliverdin on rat hepatocytes and human erythrocytes and the impact of albumin.
158) Additionally, CagA down-regulates the expression of Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a potent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory molecule that cleaves the heme ring at the a methene bridge to form biliverdin, thereby enhancing genotoxic stress.
The skeleton has been reported to contain the blue pigment, biliverdin IX[alpha], which is formed by heme oxygenase (HO) during heme decomposition.
A breakdown product of hemoglobin, biliverdin gives the greenish edge to bruised human flesh.
Protection against ischemia/reperfusion injury in cardiac and renal transplantation with carbon monoxide, biliverdin and both," American Journal of Transplantation, vol.
Among the antioxidant genes activated by Nrf2, one of the most commonly studied is the heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) gene which converts free heme, which has prooxidant effects, into iron, carbon monoxide (CO), and biliverdin, with the last being converted into the antioxidant bilirubin via an activity also raised by Nrf2, the two biliverdin reductase genes.
This difference in color was due to variation in natural pigments such as biliverdin or carotenoids present in buffalo or cow milk.