(redirected from billfishes)
Also found in: Thesaurus.


n. pl. billfish or bill·fish·es
1. Any of various marine fishes having an elongated spearlike or swordlike upper jaw, including the marlins, sailfishes, and spearfishes of the family Istiophoridae and the swordfish of the family Xiphiidae.
2. Any of various fishes having long, pointed jaws, such as the needlefishes.


n, pl -fish or -fishes
(Animals) US any of various fishes having elongated jaws, esp any fish of the family Istiophoridae, such as the spearfish and marlin



n., pl. (esp. collectively) -fish, (esp. for kinds or species) -fish•es.
any of various fishes having long pointed jaws, as a gar or saury.
[1775–85, Amer.]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.billfish - primitive predaceous North American fish covered with hard scales and having long jaws with needlelike teethbillfish - primitive predaceous North American fish covered with hard scales and having long jaws with needlelike teeth
ganoid, ganoid fish - primitive fishes having thick bony scales with a shiny covering
genus Lepisosteus, Lepisosteus - type genus of the Lepisosteidae: freshwater gars
2.billfish - giant warm-water game fish having a prolonged and rounded toothless upper jaw
scombroid, scombroid fish - important marine food and game fishes found in all tropical and temperate seas; some are at least partially endothermic and can thrive in colder waters
family Istiophoridae, Istiophoridae - sailfishes; spearfishes; marlins
marlin - large long-jawed oceanic sport fishes; related to sailfishes and spearfishes; not completely cold-blooded i.e. able to warm their brains and eyes
spearfish - any of several large vigorous pelagic fishes resembling sailfishes but with first dorsal fin much reduced; worldwide but rare
3.billfish - slender long-beaked fish of temperate Atlantic watersbillfish - slender long-beaked fish of temperate Atlantic waters
teleost, teleost fish, teleostan - a bony fish of the subclass Teleostei
4.billfish - elongate European surface-dwelling predacious fishes with long toothed jawsbillfish - elongate European surface-dwelling predacious fishes with long toothed jaws; abundant in coastal waters
teleost, teleost fish, teleostan - a bony fish of the subclass Teleostei
Belonidae, family Belonidae - ferocious fishes of warm regions resembling but unrelated to the freshwater gars
timucu - found in warm waters of western Atlantic
References in periodicals archive ?
For billfishes and tunas, these rates were calculated with the IOTC conversion equations.
Nearly all the oceanic large fishes--that is tunas, billfishes and sharks--are currently being overfished so their populations are way below a pre-exploitation level and in some cases as low as less than 10 percent of their pre-exploitation level," said Dr.
Istiophorid billfishes are highly migratory species that inhabit the tropical and subtropical, epipelagic waters of the world's oceans, a large, relatively homogeneous environment that lacks significant physical barriers and most species spawn over broad geographic regions during a protracted season (Nakamura, 1995).
Warm water tunas and billfishes are also more abundant, while Queensland gropers and tiger sharks are also visiting the region occasionally.
Prince (NOAA, Miami, FL) provided important literature and shared his extensive knowledge of tagging studies in billfishes.
This information may be practical in reducing the uncertainties in Billfish stock assessments and may offer valuable insight into management consideration of time-area closure regulations to reduce bycatch mortality of Atlantic billfishes.
Proceeding of the international workshop on age determination of oceanic pelagic fishes: tunas, billfishes, and sharks, U.
Records from fishing boats highlight four areas showing unusual diversity in sharks, tuna, billfishes, and other big predators, says Boris Worm of the Institute for Marine Science in Kiel, Germany.
It is imperative that our nation and our fishing community around the world get out the message that the economic value of sportfishing and of healthy marlin stocks can equal or exceed that of the commercial fisheries aimed at maximizing pounds on the dock," said Peel, who is currently mounting a campaign to get the Caribbean nations to increase their presence at ICCAT and increase the pressure for proper conservation of billfishes.
Studies on the relative effectiveness of hook types for billfishes have revealed that circle hooks offer a conservation benefit (reduced rates of deep hooking) while maintaining catch rates comparable to those with J hooks for both troll and longline fisheries (Serafy et al.
Most research on Atlantic billfishes has focused on issues of stock structure, population abundance, and fishing mortality as part of stock assessments that, since 1994, have been performed every 2-4 years under the auspices of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT).
An analysis of the sportfishery for billfishes in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico during 1971, pp.