biotechnology


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Related to biotechnology: genetic engineering

bi·o·tech·nol·o·gy

 (bī′ō-tĕk-nŏl′ə-jē)
n.
1. The use of microorganisms, such as bacteria or yeasts, or biological substances, such as enzymes, to perform specific industrial or manufacturing processes. Applications include the production of certain drugs, synthetic hormones, and bulk foodstuffs as well as the bioconversion of organic waste and the use of genetically altered bacteria in the cleanup of oil spills.
2.
a. The application of the principles of engineering and technology to the life sciences; bioengineering.

bi′o·tech′ni·cal (-nĭ-kəl) adj.
bi′o·tech′no·log′i·cal (-nə-lŏj′ĭ-kəl) adj.

biotechnology

(ˌbaɪəʊtɛkˈnɒlədʒɪ)
n
1. (Biochemistry) (in industry) the technique of using microorganisms, such as bacteria, to perform chemical processing, such as waste recycling, or to produce other materials, such as beer and wine, cheese, antibiotics, and (using genetic engineering) hormones, vaccines, etc
2. (Psychology) another name for ergonomics
biotechnological adj
ˌbioˌtechnoˈlogically adv
ˌbiotechˈnologist n

bi•o•tech•nol•o•gy

(ˌbaɪ oʊ tɛkˈnɒl ə dʒi)

n.
the use of living organisms or other biological systems in the manufacture of drugs or for environmental management.
[1940–45]
bi`o•tech′ni•cal (-nɪ kəl) bi`o•tech`no•log′i•cal (-nlˈɒdʒ ɪ kəl) adj.
bi`o•tech•nol′o•gist, n.

bi·o·tech·nol·o·gy

(bī′ō-tĕk-nŏl′ə-jē)
1. The use of a living organism to solve an engineering problem or perform an industrial task. Using bacteria that feed on hydrocarbons to clean up an oil spill is one example of biotechnology.
2. The use of biological substances to engineer or manufacture a product or substance, as when cells that produce antibodies are cloned in order to study their effects on cancer cells. See more at genetic engineering.

biotechnology

ergonomics. — biotechnologist, n. — biotechnologie, biotechnological, adj.
See also: Mankind
ergonomics.
See also: Environment
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.biotechnology - the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial processesbiotechnology - the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial processes; "biotechnology produced genetically altered bacteria that solved the problem"
molecular biology - the branch of biology that studies the structure and activity of macromolecules essential to life (and especially with their genetic role)
bioremediation - the branch of biotechnology that uses biological process to overcome environmental problems
gene-splicing, genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology - the technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism
2.biotechnology - the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environmentsbiotechnology - the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
applied science, engineering science, technology, engineering - the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems; "he had trouble deciding which branch of engineering to study"
Translations
biotechnológia

biotechnology

[ˌbaɪəʊtekˈnɒlədʒɪ] Nbiotecnología f

biotechnology

[ˌbaɪəʊtɛkˈnɒlədʒi] nbiotechnologie f

biotechnology

[ˌbaɪəʊtɛkˈnɒlədʒɪ] nbiotecnologia

biotechnology

n biotecnología
References in periodicals archive ?
White Biotechnology in Pharmaceutical Industry: Market Drivers Ranked in Order of Impact (World), 2011-2020 104
He also acts as an advisor to the Biotechnology Council of New Jersey, the New Jersey Technology Council and the New Jersey Commerce and Economic Growth Commission, among others.
The picture is changing today and biotechnology feeds innovative ideas to the pharmaceutical industry to produce products such as recombinant human insulin, growth hormone, monoclonal antibodies, granulocyte colony stimulating factors, erythropoeitin and interferon vaccines.
provides background on the current testing and other regulatory requirements for foods produced with modern biotechnology, and roles of the three U.
Biotechnology is basically using technology to manipulate DNA and protein,'' said Elizabeth Russo, assistant professor at the college and director of the biotechnology workshop.
The survey data provide results on the number of biotechnology firms, business expenditures on R&D, biotechnology employment, and sales of biotechnology goods and services.
The committee, known as the Northern Ontario Biotechnology Initiative, or NOBI, has 11 members representing five main regions in the North.
I am not surprised that people ask when the industry will begin to realize the benefits of biotechnology research.
When asked which publicly reported development in food biotechnology during 2002 was considered most valuable, two-thirds of respondents selected a research program that is enhancing tomatoes with a higher quality of lycopene, an antioxidant believed to help fight cancer.
The program, sponsored in conjunction with Baxter Healthcare in Newbury Park, promotes the goal of training more students for work in the growing field of biotechnology, said Floyd Martin, the Math and Science Division dean.
The Biotechnology Group will provide counsel and services in media relations, corporate positioning and identity, professional education, product promotion and introduction, FDA and EPA advisory hearings, scientific publicity, crisis management and preparedness, and investor and capital market communications programs.
We believe President Bush's visit to Novozymes sends the world a strong message about the importance of the work that industrial biotechnology companies are doing to provide a key enabling technology for large-scale production of ethanol," said Jim Greenwood, president and CEO of BIO.

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