birch


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birch
paper birch
Betula papyrifera

birch

 (bûrch)
n.
1.
a. Any of various deciduous trees or shrubs of the genus Betula, native to the Northern Hemisphere and having unisexual flowers in catkins, alternate, simple, toothed leaves, and bark that often peels in thin papery layers.
b. The hard, close-grained wood of any of these trees, used especially in furniture, interior finishes, and plywood.
2. A rod from a birch, used to administer a whipping.
tr.v. birched, birch·ing, birch·es
To whip with or as if with a birch.

[Middle English, from Old English birce; see bherəg- in Indo-European roots.]

birch

(bɜːtʃ)
n
1. (Plants) any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula, having thin peeling bark. See also silver birch
2. (Plants) the hard close-grained wood of any of these trees
3. the birch a bundle of birch twigs or a birch rod used, esp formerly, for flogging offenders
adj
4. (Plants) of, relating to, or belonging to the birch
5. (Plants) consisting or made of birch
vb
(tr) to flog with a birch
[Old English bierce; related to Old High German birihha, Sanskrit bhūrja]
ˈbirchen adj

birch

(bɜrtʃ)
n.
1. any tree or shrub of the genus Betula, comprising species with a smooth, laminated outer bark and close-grained wood.
2. the wood itself.
3. a birch rod, or a bundle of birch twigs, used for whipping.
adj.
4. Also, birch′en. of or made of birch.
v.t.
5. to beat with or as if with a birch.
[before 900; Middle English birche, Old English birce]

birch


Past participle: birched
Gerund: birching

Imperative
birch
birch
Present
I birch
you birch
he/she/it birches
we birch
you birch
they birch
Preterite
I birched
you birched
he/she/it birched
we birched
you birched
they birched
Present Continuous
I am birching
you are birching
he/she/it is birching
we are birching
you are birching
they are birching
Present Perfect
I have birched
you have birched
he/she/it has birched
we have birched
you have birched
they have birched
Past Continuous
I was birching
you were birching
he/she/it was birching
we were birching
you were birching
they were birching
Past Perfect
I had birched
you had birched
he/she/it had birched
we had birched
you had birched
they had birched
Future
I will birch
you will birch
he/she/it will birch
we will birch
you will birch
they will birch
Future Perfect
I will have birched
you will have birched
he/she/it will have birched
we will have birched
you will have birched
they will have birched
Future Continuous
I will be birching
you will be birching
he/she/it will be birching
we will be birching
you will be birching
they will be birching
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been birching
you have been birching
he/she/it has been birching
we have been birching
you have been birching
they have been birching
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been birching
you will have been birching
he/she/it will have been birching
we will have been birching
you will have been birching
they will have been birching
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been birching
you had been birching
he/she/it had been birching
we had been birching
you had been birching
they had been birching
Conditional
I would birch
you would birch
he/she/it would birch
we would birch
you would birch
they would birch
Past Conditional
I would have birched
you would have birched
he/she/it would have birched
we would have birched
you would have birched
they would have birched
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.birch - hard close-grained wood of any of various birch treesbirch - hard close-grained wood of any of various birch trees; used especially in furniture and interior finishes and plywood
birch tree, birch - any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a thin peeling bark
wood - the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
2.birch - any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a thin peeling barkbirch - any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a thin peeling bark
Betula, genus Betula - a genus of trees of the family Betulaceae (such as birches)
birch - hard close-grained wood of any of various birch trees; used especially in furniture and interior finishes and plywood
Betula alleghaniensis, Betula leutea, yellow birch - tree of eastern North America with thin lustrous yellow or grey bark
American white birch, Betula cordifolia, Betula papyrifera, canoe birch, paper birch, paperbark birch - small American birch with peeling white bark often worked into e.g. baskets or toy canoes
American gray birch, American grey birch, Betula populifolia, gray birch, grey birch - medium-sized birch of eastern North America having white or pale grey bark and valueless wood; occurs often as a second-growth forest tree
Betula pendula, common birch, European white birch, silver birch - European birch with silvery white peeling bark and markedly drooping branches
Betula pubescens, downy birch, white birch - European birch with dull white to pale brown bark and somewhat drooping hairy branches
Betula nigra, red birch, river birch, black birch - birch of swamps and river bottoms throughout the eastern United States having reddish-brown bark
Betula lenta, black birch, cherry birch, sweet birch - common birch of the eastern United States having spicy brown bark yielding a volatile oil and hard dark wood used for furniture
Betula neoalaskana, Yukon white birch - Alaskan birch with white to pale brown bark
Betula fontinalis, mountain birch, swamp birch, water birch, Western birch, Western paper birch - birch of western United States resembling the paper birch but having brownish bark
American dwarf birch, Betula glandulosa, Newfoundland dwarf birch - small shrub of colder parts of North America and Greenland
tree - a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
3.birch - a switch consisting of a twig or a bundle of twigs from a birch treebirch - a switch consisting of a twig or a bundle of twigs from a birch tree; used to hit people as punishment; "my father never spared the birch"
switch - a flexible implement used as an instrument of punishment
Verb1.birch - whip with a birch twigbirch - whip with a birch twig    
flog, lash, lather, trounce, welt, whip, slash, strap - beat severely with a whip or rod; "The teacher often flogged the students"; "The children were severely trounced"
Adj.1.birch - consisting of or made of wood of the birch treebirch - consisting of or made of wood of the birch tree
woody - made of or containing or resembling wood; "woody plants"; "perennial herbs with woody stems"; "a woody taste"
Translations
خَشَبُ شَجَر البَتولاشَجَر البتولاشَجَرَةُ البَتُولا
бреза
břízabřezový
birkbirketræbirketræs-
betulo
koivupiiskata
breza
nyír
birkitré, björkbirkiviîur
자작나무
beržasberžinisberžo mediena
bērza-bērzs
mesteacăn
breza
breza
björk
ต้นไม้ชนิดหนึ่ง
huş ağacıhuş ağacı kerestesihuş
береза
cây bulô

birch

[bɜːtʃ]
A. N (= tree, wood) → abedul m; (for whipping) → vara f
B. VT (= punish) → castigar con la vara
C. CPD birch tree Nabedul m

birch

[ˈbɜːrtʃ]
n
(= tree) → bouleau m
(= whip) → verge m, fouet m
vt (= whip) → fouetter

birch

n
Birke f
(for whipping) → Rute f
attrBirken-
vt(mit Ruten) schlagen

birch

[bɜːtʃ] n (tree, wood) → betulla; (for whipping) → frusta (di betulla)

birch

(bəːtʃ) noun
1. (also birch tree) a kind of small tree with pointed leaves valued for its wood. That tree is a birch; (also adjective) birch leaves.
2. its wood. a desk made of birch; (also adjective) a birch desk.

birch

شَجَرَةُ البَتُولا bříza birk Birke σημύδα abedul koivu bouleau breza betulla 자작나무 berk bjørk brzoza bétula, vidoeiro береза björk ต้นไม้ชนิดหนึ่ง huş ağacı cây bulô 桦树
References in classic literature ?
But when he felt the blows of Munro, his spirit lay under the birch.
From hence the low murmur of his pupils' voices, conning over their lessons, might be heard in a drowsy summer's day, like the hum of a beehive; interrupted now and then by the authoritative voice of the master, in the tone of menace or command, or, peradventure, by the appalling sound of the birch, as he urged some tardy loiterer along the flowery path of knowledge.
At such times, under an abated sun; afloat all day upon smooth, slow heaving swells; seated in his boat, light as a birch canoe; and so sociably mixing with the soft waves themselves, that like hearth-stone cats they purr against the gunwale; these are the times of dreamy quietude, when beholding the tranquil beauty and brilliancy of the ocean's skin, one forgets the tiger heart that pants beneath it; and would not willingly remember, that this velvet paw but conceals a remorseless fang.
They say that the first movable types were made on birch sticks--BUCHSTABE--hence the name.
And the birch rustled its leaves, and said: 'I have served you longer than I can say, and you never tied a bit of twine even round my branches; and the dear children bound them up with their brightest ribbons.
For instance, hay-ricks in the trees, and here and there very beautiful masses of weeping birch, their white stems shining like silver through the delicate green of the leaves.
For such offenders, if any such there be, a rod of birch is hanging over the fireplace, and a heavy ferule lies on the master's desk.
A camp of birch bark would be pitched outside of the town, and a kind of primitive fair opened with that grave ceremonial so dear to the Indians.
Then the viceroy would cause a ruffle of drums to be sounded and the ring-streaked horse and the cavalry of the state-two men in tatters-and the herald who bore the Silver Stick before the king would trot back to their own place, which was between the tail of a heaven-climbing glacier and a dark birch forest.
Through the speckled shadow of the great deodar-forests; through oak feathered and plumed with ferns; birch, ilex, rhododendron, and pine, out on to the bare hillsides' slippery sunburnt grass, and back into the woodlands' coolth again, till oak gave way to bamboo and palm of the valley, the lama swung untiring.
The beech, the oak, and even the birch were to be found among the tangle of trees which girt us in.
Birch had in his hand, and scowled upon him when they found it had nothing in it but some holy rocks from Mars Hill, and these were not contraband.