birth defect


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birth defect

n.
A physiological or structural abnormality that develops at or before birth and is present at the time of birth, especially as a result of faulty development, infection, heredity, or injury. Also called congenital anomaly.

birth′ defect`


n.
any abnormality present at birth.
[1970–75]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.birth defect - a defect that is present at birthbirth defect - a defect that is present at birth  
ablepharia - a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
anencephalia, anencephaly - a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
ametria - congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency - genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
epispadias - a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
clinocephalism, clinocephaly - a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly - a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia - a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21 - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
acrocephaly, oxycephaly - a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip - a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palate - a congenital fissure of the hard palate
defect - an imperfection in a bodily system; "visual defects"; "this device permits detection of defects in the lungs"
amelia - congenital absence of an arm or leg
meromelia - congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
encephalocele - protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
meningocele - a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele - a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
plagiocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polysomy - congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism - congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
pseudohermaphroditism - congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
congenital heart defect - a birth defect involving the heart
rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida - a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
spinocerebellar disorder - any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
hyperdactyly, polydactyly - birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
syndactylism, syndactyly - birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
ankyloglossia, tongue tie - a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
anomalousness, anomaly - deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
References in periodicals archive ?
The product liability attorneys at Kelley/Uustal are now accepting cases that involve birth defects and Zofran, a medication commonly used to treat pregnant women for morning sickness.
The report is especially helpful as a springboard for further investigation because 85% of the world's birth defects occur in developing countries, but only four such countries have birth defect programs that can track occurrences, says Li Zhu, director of China's National Reference Laboratory on Reproductive and Child Health.
However, this particular use for Zofran has not been approved by the FDA, and studies have shown that Zofran use in pregnancy may actually put unborn babies at risk for a number of severe birth defects - a risk that outweighs the anti-nausea benefits the medication may have for expectant mothers.
Speaking to Gulf Times on the sidelines of the Sidra Symposium on 'Fetal Malformation' yesterday at Four Seasons Hotel, Hijazi pointed out that birth defects are common.
The international advisor to this meeting was Bernadette Modell, and the report produced was the first of its kind to focus on community approaches to healthcare for people with or at risk of having a child with a birth defect.
Summary: New Delhi: Indian government will launch universal child health screening for birth defects and deficiencies .
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A University of Adelaide study has identified the risk of major birth defects associated with different types of assisted reproductive technology.
Women with diabetes had a 7% risk of a having a baby with a birth defect, compared to an average of around 2% in women without diabetes.
Birth Defects: Birth defects are abnormalities present at birth that result in mental or physical disabilities.
Agrichemicals in surface water and birth defects in the United States.
The American public, however, greatly overestimates the percentage of babies born with a birth defect in the United States today, with the average estimate being more than five times the actual rate.
Waterworks wells will be changed to chloramine disinfection instead of chlorine, whose use in disinfecting water containing organic material creates a byproduct linked to bladder cancer, birth defects and miscarriages.