black


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Related to black: black magic, blackboard, white, Black people, Black screen, Black Band

black

 (blăk)
adj. black·er, black·est
1. Being of the color black, producing or reflecting comparatively little light and having no predominant hue.
2. Having little or no light: a black, moonless night.
3. also Black
a. Of or belonging to a racial group having brown to black skin, especially one of African origin: the black population of South Africa.
b. Of or belonging to an American ethnic group descended from African peoples having dark skin; African-American.
4. Very dark in color: rich black soil; black, wavy hair.
5. Being a trail, as for skiing, marked with a sign having a black diamond, indicating a high level of difficulty.
6. Soiled, as from soot; dirty: feet black from playing outdoors.
7. Evil; wicked: the pirates' black deeds.
8. Cheerless and depressing; gloomy: black thoughts.
9. Being or characterized by morbid or grimly satiric humor: a black comedy.
10. Marked by anger or sullenness: gave me a black look.
11. Attended with disaster; calamitous: a black day; the stock market crash on Black Friday.
12. Deserving of, indicating, or incurring censure or dishonor: "Man ... has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands" (Rachel Carson).
13. Wearing clothing of the darkest visual hue: the black knight.
14. Served without milk or cream: black coffee.
15. Appearing to emanate from a source other than the actual point of origin. Used chiefly of intelligence operations: black propaganda; black radio transmissions.
16. Disclosed, for reasons of security, only to an extremely limited number of authorized persons; very highly classified: black programs in the Defense Department; the Pentagon's black budget.
17. Chiefly British Boycotted as part of a labor union action.
n.
1.
a. The achromatic color value of minimum lightness or maximum darkness; the color of objects that absorb nearly all light of all visible wavelengths; one extreme of the neutral gray series, the opposite being white. Although strictly a response to zero stimulation of the retina, the perception of black appears to depend on contrast with surrounding color stimuli.
b. A pigment or dye having this color value.
2. Complete or almost complete absence of light; darkness.
3. Clothing of the darkest hue, especially such clothing worn for mourning.
4. also Black
a. A member of a racial group having brown to black skin, especially one of African origin.
b. An American descended from peoples of African origin having brown to black skin; an African American.
5. Something that is colored black.
6. Games
a. The black-colored pieces, as in chess or checkers.
b. The player using these pieces.
7. The condition of making or operating at a profit: worked hard to get the business back into the black.
v. blacked, black·ing, blacks
v.tr.
1. To make black: blacked their faces with charcoal.
2. To apply blacking to: blacked the stove.
3. Chiefly British To boycott as part of a labor union action.
v.intr.
To become black.
Phrasal Verb:
black out
1. To lose consciousness or memory temporarily: blacked out at the podium.
2. To suppress (a fact or memory, for example) from conscious recognition: blacked out many of my wartime experiences.
3. To cover or make illegible with black marking: The names in the document had been blacked out.
4. To prohibit the dissemination of, especially by censorship: blacked out the news issuing from the rebel provinces.
5. To extinguish or conceal all lights that might help enemy aircraft find a target during an air raid.
6. To extinguish all the lights on (a stage).
7. To cause a failure of electrical power in: Storm damage blacked out much of the region.
8. To suppress the broadcast of (an event or program) from an area: blacked out the football game on local TV stations.

[Middle English blak, from Old English blæc; see bhel- in Indo-European roots.]

black′ish adj.
black′ly adv.
black′ness n.

black

(blæk)
adj
1. (Colours) of the colour of jet or carbon black, having no hue due to the absorption of all or nearly all incident light. Compare white1
2. without light; completely dark
3. without hope or alleviation; gloomy: the future looked black.
4. very dirty or soiled: black factory chimneys.
5. angry or resentful: she gave him black looks.
6. (Theatre) (of a play or other work) dealing with the unpleasant realities of life, esp in a pessimistic or macabre manner: black comedy.
7. (of coffee or tea) without milk or cream
8. causing, resulting from, or showing great misfortune: black areas of unemployment.
9.
a. wicked or harmful: a black lie.
b. (in combination): black-hearted.
10. causing or deserving dishonour or censure: a black crime.
11. (of the face) purple, as from suffocation
12. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) Brit (of goods, jobs, works, etc) being subject to boycott by trade unionists, esp in support of industrial action elsewhere
n
13. (Colours) a black colour
14. (Dyeing) a dye or pigment of or producing this colour
15. black clothing, worn esp as a sign of mourning
16. (Chess & Draughts) chess draughts
a. a black or dark-coloured piece or square
b. (usually capital) the player playing with such pieces
17. complete darkness: the black of the night.
18. (Billiards & Snooker) a black ball in snooker, etc
19. (Gambling, except Cards) (in roulette and other gambling games) one of two colours on which players may place even bets, the other being red
20. in the black in credit or without debt
21. (Archery) archery a black ring on a target, between the outer and the blue, scoring three points
vb
22. another word for blacken
23. (tr) to polish (shoes, etc) with blacking
24. (tr) to bruise so as to make black: he blacked her eye.
25. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) (tr) Brit and Austral and NZ (of trade unionists) to organize a boycott of (specified goods, jobs, work, etc), esp in support of industrial action elsewhere
[Old English blæc; related to Old Saxon blak ink, Old High German blakra to blink]
ˈblackish adj
ˈblackishly adv
ˈblackly adv
ˈblackness n

Black

(blæk)
n
(Peoples) a member of a human population having dark pigmentation of the skin
adj
(Peoples) of or relating to a Black person or Black people: a Black neighbourhood.
Usage: Talking about a Black or Blacks is considered offensive and it is better to talk about a Black person, Black people

Black

(blæk)
n
1. (Biography) Sir James (Whyte). 1924–2010, British biochemist. He discovered beta-blockers and drugs for peptic ulcers: Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1988
2. (Biography) Joseph. 1728–99, Scottish physician and chemist, noted for his pioneering work on carbon dioxide and heat

black

(blæk)

adj. black•er, black•est, adj.
1. lacking hue and brightness; absorbing light without reflecting any of the rays composing it.
2. characterized by absence of light; enveloped in darkness: a black night.
3. (sometimes cap.)
a. pertaining or belonging to any of the various populations having dark skin pigmentation, specifically the dark-skinned peoples of Africa, Oceania, and Australia.
4. soiled or stained with dirt.
5. gloomy; pessimistic; dismal: a black future.
6. sullen or hostile: black words.
7. (of coffee or tea) served without milk or cream.
8. harmful, evil, or wicked: a black heart.
9. indicating censure, disgrace, etc.: a black mark on one's record.
10. marked by disaster or misfortune: black areas of drought.
11. wearing black or dark clothing or armor: the black prince.
12. morbidly or grimly satirical: black comedy.
13. secret; covert: a black program to rebuild air defenses.
n.
14. the color at one end of the gray scale, opposite to white, absorbing all wavelengths of light.
15. (sometimes cap.)
a. a member of any of various dark-skinned peoples, esp. those of Africa, Oceania, and Australia.
16. black clothing, esp. as a sign of mourning.
17. the dark-colored pieces or squares in checkers or chess.
18. black pigment: lamp black.
19. a type or breed that is black in color.
v.t.
20. to make black; put black on; blacken.
21. to polish (shoes, boots, etc.) with blacking.
v.i.
22. to become black; take on a black color; blacken.
23. black out,
a. to lose consciousness or memory temporarily.
b. to obliterate or suppress.
c. to extinguish (all the stage lights).
d. to make or become inoperable.
e. to obscure by concealing all light in defense against air raids.
f. to impose a broadcast blackout on (an area).
Idioms:
1. in black and white, in print or writing: I want that agreement in black and white.
2. in the black, operating at a profit.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English blæc, c. Old High German blah-; akin to Old Norse blakkr black, blek ink]
black′ish, adj.
usage: Black, colored, and Negro have all been used to describe or name the dark-skinned African peoples or their descendants. Colored, now somewhat old-fashioned, is usu. offensive. It is still used, however, in the title of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. The term colored is also used among blacks to refer to another black who acts as if he or she were superior. In the late 1950s black began to replace Negro and is still widely used and accepted, whereas Negro is not. Common as both adjective and noun, black is usu. not capitalized except in proper names or titles (Black Muslim; Black English). However, members of the African-American community have expressed a strong preference for use of capital “B” for both the noun and the adjective, to parallel the names of other ethnic groups. African-American, urged by leaders in the American black community, is now widely used in both print and speech, esp. as a term of self-reference. Afro-American is accepted but less widely used, mostly as an adjective.

Black

(blæk)

n.

black

In intelligence handling, a term used in certain phrases (e.g., living black, black border crossing) to indicate reliance on illegal concealment rather than on cover.

Black

 

See Also: COLORS; DEJECTION; FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, SERIOUS; GLOOM

  1. (Hair) black and gleaming as a new galosh —Loren D. Estleman
  2. (The newel post) black and shiny as a skull —W. P. Kinsella
  3. Black as a black poodle’s nose —Babette Deutsch
  4. Black as a baker’s shovel —Isaac Bashevis Singer
  5. [A hall] black as a billy goat’s belly —Ruth Chatterton
  6. Black as a bull-moose in December —Henry Van Dyke
  7. Black as a child’s midnight waking —Marge Piercy
  8. Black as a crow —Petronius

    An ancient simile that’s still going strong, with “Black as a raven” from The Holy Bible the most frequently used variant.

  9. Black as a funeral procession —Diane Ackerman
  10. [Darkening sky] black as a giant tortoise —Stefan Zweig
  11. Black as a heavy smoker’s lungs —Elyse Sommer
  12. Black as a manic depressive’s thoughts —Elyse Sommer
  13. (The room was) black as an honest politician’s prospects —Dashiell Hammett
  14. Black as an undertaker’s hat —Donald Seaman
  15. Black as a pine at night —Stephen Vincent Benét
  16. (Locks) black as a raven —The Holy Bible/Song of Solomon
  17. Black as a stack of black cats in the dark —H. W. Thompson
  18. Black as a tar-barrel —Lewis Carroll
  19. Black as black —W. B. Yeats
  20. (Eyes … ) black as bottomless water —Ellen du Pois Taylor
  21. (Eyes) black as caverns —T. Coraghessan Boyle
  22. (Black coats were) black as coffins —Rebecca West
  23. Black as despair —John Phillips
  24. Black as dusk —William Styron
  25. Black as ebony —Oscar Wilde
  26. Black like an oven (our kin was … ) —The Holy Bible/Lamentations
  27. Black as fate —Dame Edith Sitwell
  28. Black as hell —William Shakespeare

    Shakespeare, the master of so many similes, can be credited for a fair share of the best-known “Black as” comparisons. Besides this one from Hamlet, they include “Black as ink,” “Black as ebony,” and “Black as jet.”

  29. Black as midnight without a moon —Anon
  30. Black as murder —Thomas Dekker
  31. Black as perjury —Anon
  32. (Our hands were) black as potatoes dug from the ground —T. Coraghessan Boyle
  33. Black as some charred rafter —W. D. Snodgrass
  34. Black as sorrow —Sir Philip Sidney
  35. Black as the ace of spades —Anon
  36. Black as the devil’s hind foot —T. C. Haliburton
  37. Black as the devil’s heart —Ariel Dorfman
  38. Black as the head of a hanged man —F. D. Reeve
  39. (Black holes,) black as the moments before birth and after death —T. Coraghessan Boyle
  40. Black as thunder —William Makepeace Thackeray
  41. (Their visages) blacker than coal —The Holy Bible/Lamentation
  42. (Deep and) black like an abyss —Aharon Megged
  43. Black … like a subway tunnel —William Faulkner
  44. It [a room] was black as the inside of a cat —Davis Grubb
  45. The sky was as black as a monsoon —Dominique Lapierre

black


Past participle: blacked
Gerund: blacking

Imperative
black
black
Present
I black
you black
he/she/it blacks
we black
you black
they black
Preterite
I blacked
you blacked
he/she/it blacked
we blacked
you blacked
they blacked
Present Continuous
I am blacking
you are blacking
he/she/it is blacking
we are blacking
you are blacking
they are blacking
Present Perfect
I have blacked
you have blacked
he/she/it has blacked
we have blacked
you have blacked
they have blacked
Past Continuous
I was blacking
you were blacking
he/she/it was blacking
we were blacking
you were blacking
they were blacking
Past Perfect
I had blacked
you had blacked
he/she/it had blacked
we had blacked
you had blacked
they had blacked
Future
I will black
you will black
he/she/it will black
we will black
you will black
they will black
Future Perfect
I will have blacked
you will have blacked
he/she/it will have blacked
we will have blacked
you will have blacked
they will have blacked
Future Continuous
I will be blacking
you will be blacking
he/she/it will be blacking
we will be blacking
you will be blacking
they will be blacking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been blacking
you have been blacking
he/she/it has been blacking
we have been blacking
you have been blacking
they have been blacking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been blacking
you will have been blacking
he/she/it will have been blacking
we will have been blacking
you will have been blacking
they will have been blacking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been blacking
you had been blacking
he/she/it had been blacking
we had been blacking
you had been blacking
they had been blacking
Conditional
I would black
you would black
he/she/it would black
we would black
you would black
they would black
Past Conditional
I would have blacked
you would have blacked
he/she/it would have blacked
we would have blacked
you would have blacked
they would have blacked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.black - the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white)black - the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white)
achromatic color, achromatic colour - a color lacking hue; white or grey or black
whiteness, white - the quality or state of the achromatic color of greatest lightness (bearing the least resemblance to black)
2.black - total absence of lightblack - total absence of light; "they fumbled around in total darkness"; "in the black of night"
dark, darkness - absence of light or illumination
3.Black - British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799)
4.black - popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928)Black - popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928)
5.black - a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa)Black - a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa)
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
person of color, person of colour - (formal) any non-European non-white person
Negress - a Black woman or girl
Black race, Negro race, Negroid race - a dark-skinned race
Black man - a man who is Black
Black woman - a woman who is Black
colored, colored person - a United States term for Blacks that is now considered offensive
darkey, darkie, darky - (ethnic slur) offensive term for Black people
jigaboo, nigga, nigger, nigra, coon, spade - (ethnic slur) extremely offensive name for a Black person; "only a Black can call another Black a nigga"
Tom, Uncle Tom - (ethnic slur) offensive and derogatory name for a Black man who is abjectly servile and deferential to Whites
picaninny, piccaninny, pickaninny - (ethnic slur) offensive term for a Black child
6.black - (board games) the darker piecesblack - (board games) the darker pieces  
checkers, draughts - a checkerboard game for two players who each have 12 pieces; the object is to jump over and so capture the opponent's pieces
chess game, chess - a board game for two players who move their 16 pieces according to specific rules; the object is to checkmate the opponent's king
man, piece - game equipment consisting of an object used in playing certain board games; "he taught me to set up the men on the chess board"; "he sacrificed a piece to get a strategic advantage"
white - (board games) the lighter pieces
7.black - black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning)black - black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning); "the widow wore black"
article of clothing, clothing, habiliment, wearable, vesture, wear - a covering designed to be worn on a person's body
Verb1.black - make or become blackblack - make or become black; "The smoke blackened the ceiling"; "The ceiling blackened"
discolour, discolor, color, colour - change color, often in an undesired manner; "The shirts discolored"
Adj.1.black - being of the achromatic color of maximum darknessblack - being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light; "black leather jackets"; "as black as coal"; "rich black soil"
dark - (used of color) having a dark hue; "dark green"; "dark glasses"; "dark colors like wine red or navy blue"
white - being of the achromatic color of maximum lightness; having little or no hue owing to reflection of almost all incident light; "as white as fresh snow"; "a bride's white dress"
2.black - of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African originblack - of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin; "a great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization"- Martin Luther King Jr.
white - of or belonging to a racial group having light skin coloration; "voting patterns within the white population"
3.black - marked by anger or resentment or hostilityblack - marked by anger or resentment or hostility; "black looks"; "black words"
angry - feeling or showing anger; "angry at the weather"; "angry customers"; "an angry silence"; "sending angry letters to the papers"
4.black - offering little or no hopeblack - offering little or no hope; "the future looked black"; "prospects were bleak"; "Life in the Aran Islands has always been bleak and difficult"- J.M.Synge; "took a dim view of things"
hopeless - without hope because there seems to be no possibility of comfort or success; "in an agony of hopeless grief"; "with a hopeless sigh he sat down"
5.black - stemming from evil characteristics or forcesblack - stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable; "black deeds"; "a black lie"; "his black heart has concocted yet another black deed"; "Darth Vader of the dark side"; "a dark purpose"; "dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility"; "the scheme of some sinister intelligence bent on punishing him"-Thomas Hardy
evil - morally bad or wrong; "evil purposes"; "an evil influence"; "evil deeds"
6.black - (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequencesblack - (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin; "the stock market crashed on Black Friday"; "a calamitous defeat"; "the battle was a disastrous end to a disastrous campaign"; "such doctrines, if true, would be absolutely fatal to my theory"- Charles Darwin; "it is fatal to enter any war without the will to win it"- Douglas MacArthur; "a fateful error"
unfortunate - not favored by fortune; marked or accompanied by or resulting in ill fortune; "an unfortunate turn of events"; "an unfortunate decision"; "unfortunate investments"; "an unfortunate night for all concerned"
7.black - (of the face) made black especially as with suffused bloodblack - (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood; "a face black with fury"
colored, coloured, colorful - having color or a certain color; sometimes used in combination; "colored crepe paper"; "the film was in color"; "amber-colored heads of grain"
8.black - extremely darkblack - extremely dark; "a black moonless night"; "through the pitch-black woods"; "it was pitch-dark in the cellar"
dark - devoid of or deficient in light or brightness; shadowed or black; "sitting in a dark corner"; "a dark day"; "dark shadows"; "dark as the inside of a black cat"
9.black - harshly ironic or sinister; "black humor"; "a grim joke"; "grim laughter"; "fun ranging from slapstick clowning ... to savage mordant wit"
sarcastic - expressing or expressive of ridicule that wounds
10.black - (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading; "black propaganda"
covert - secret or hidden; not openly practiced or engaged in or shown or avowed; "covert actions by the CIA"; "covert funding for the rebels"
11.black - distributed or sold illicitlyblack - distributed or sold illicitly; "the black economy pays no taxes"
illegal - prohibited by law or by official or accepted rules; "an illegal chess move"
12.black - (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shameblack - (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame; "Man...has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands"- Rachel Carson; "an ignominious retreat"; "inglorious defeat"; "an opprobrious monument to human greed"; "a shameful display of cowardice"
dishonorable, dishonourable - lacking honor or integrity; deserving dishonor; "dishonorable in thought and deed"
13.black - (of coffee) without cream or sugarblack - (of coffee) without cream or sugar  
undiluted - not diluted; "undiluted milk"; "an undiluted racial strain"
14.black - soiled with dirt or sootblack - soiled with dirt or soot; "with feet black from playing outdoors"; "his shirt was black within an hour"
dirty, soiled, unclean - soiled or likely to soil with dirt or grime; "dirty unswept sidewalks"; "a child in dirty overalls"; "dirty slums"; "piles of dirty dishes"; "put his dirty feet on the clean sheet"; "wore an unclean shirt"; "mining is a dirty job"; "Cinderella did the dirty work while her sisters preened themselves"

black

adjective
1. dark, raven, ebony, sable, jet, dusky, pitch-black, inky, swarthy, stygian, coal-black, pitchy, murky He had thick black hair.
dark light, bright
6. angry, cross, furious, hostile, sour, menacing, moody, resentful, glowering, sulky, baleful, louring or lowering a black look on your face
angry happy, pleased, warm, friendly, cheerful, amicable
7. dirty, soiled, stained, filthy, muddy, blackened, grubby, dingy, grimy, sooty, mucky, scuzzy (slang, chiefly U.S.), begrimed, skanky (slang), mud-encrusted, miry The whole front of him was black with dirt.
dirty white, clean, pure, whitish
verb
1. bruise, mark, hit, injure, mar, blacken, blemish, deface, discolour, contuse Her husband blacked her eye.
black out pass out, drop, collapse, faint, swoon, lose consciousness, keel over (informal), flake out (informal), become unconscious He felt so ill that he blacked out.
black something out
1. darken, cover, shade, conceal, obscure, eclipse, dim, blacken, obfuscate, make dark, make darker, make dim The whole city is blacked out at night.
2. suppress, conceal, obscure, cover up, censor, whitewash, hush up, blue-pencil, cut, expurgate, bowdlerize Some activists started blacking out English-language road signs.
in the black in credit, solid, solvent, in funds, debt-free, financially sound, without debt, unindebted Until he's in the black I don't want to get married.

Shades from black to white

ash, black, charcoal, cream, ebony, eggshell, grey, gunmetal, iron, ivory, jet, off-white, oyster white, pearl, pewter, pitch-black, platinum, putty, raven, sable, silver, slate, steel grey, stone, white

black

adjective
1. Of the darkest achromatic visual value:
2. Having little or no light:
3. Covered or stained with or as if with dirt or other impurities:
4. Morally objectionable:
6. Characterized by intense ill will or spite:
Slang: bitchy.
verbphrasal verb
black out
1. To suffer temporary lack of consciousness:
2. To keep from being published or transmitted:
Translations
أسودأَسْوَدأسْوَدالدِّهانُ الأسْوَداللوْن الأسْوَد
черен
černýčerňčerná barvačernitčernoch
sortnegerfarve sortfarvetmørklægge
malhelanigranigrulo
mustneegerpime
mustapimeä
שחורשחורה
crncrna
feketefeketítnégersötéta
hitam
svartursvartur; dimmursvertasvertingi
黒い
검은
aternigernigranigrum
apjuodintibalta varnaelektros srovės nutrūkimasinkštirasįslaptinimas
melnamelnsmelnumsnetīrsnomelnot
czarnyczerń
pretonegroopacopretaafrodescendente
negru
černieťčernošskýčierna farbačiernytemný
črnčrnačrnec
црна
svartsvärtamörk
ดำ
đentốitối tăm

black

[blæk]
A. ADJ (blacker (compar) (blackest (superl)))
1. (in colour) → negro
(accident) black spot (Aut) → punto m negro
black and white photofoto f en blanco y negro
black and white TVTV f monocromo
his face was black and bluetenía la cara amoratada
with a face as black as thundercon cara de pocos amigos
to swear black and bluejurar por todo lo más santo (that que)
2. (of race) → negro
black mannegro m
black womannegra f
3. (= dark) → oscuro, tenebroso
as black as pitch; as black as your hatoscuro como boca de lobo
4. (= dirty) → sucio; (with smoke) → negro, ennegrecido
5. (Brit) (trade union parlance) to declare a product blackboicotear un producto
6. (fig) [day, event] → negro, funesto, aciago; [outlook] → negro; [forecast] → pesimista; [thought] → malévolo; [rage] → negro; [look] → ceñudo, de desaprobación
a black day on the roadsuna jornada negra en las carreteras
he is not as black as he is paintedno es tan malo como lo pintan
things look pretty blackla situación es desconsoladora
things were looking black for himla situación se le presentaba muy difícil
B. N
1. (= colour) → negro m, color m negro
a film in black and whiteun film en blanco y negro
in black and white I should like it in black and whitequisiera tenerlo por escrito
there it is in black and white!¡ahí lo tiene en letras de molde!
2. (= person) → negro/a m/f
3. (= mourning) → luto m
to be in black; wear blackestar de luto
4. (= darkness) → oscuridad f, noche f
5. to stay in the blackestar en números negros
C. VT
1.ennegrecer; [+ shoes] → limpiar, lustrar
to black sb's eyeponer a algn el ojo amoratado, poner a algn el ojo a la funerala (Sp)
2. (Brit) (trade union parlance) → boicotear
D. CPD Black Africa Nel África negra
black arts NPLmagia f negra
black bass Nperca f negra, perca f truchada
black belt N (Sport) → cinturón m negro
black box N (Aer) → caja f negra
black coffee Ncafé m solo, tinto m (Col); (large) → café m americano
black college N (US) universidad para gente de color
black comedy Ncomedia f negra
Black Country N región industrial al noroeste de Birmingham (Inglaterra)
Black Death Npeste f negra
black economy Neconomía f negra
Black English N (US) inglés hablado por los negros americanos
black eye Nojo m amoratado, ojo m a la funerala (Sp)
Black Forest NSelva f Negra
Black Forest gâteau N pastel de chocolate, nata y guindas
black goods NPLgéneros mpl sujetos a boicoteo
black grouse Ngallo m lira
black hole N (Astron) → agujero m negro
black humour Nhumor m negro
black ice N hielo invisible en la carretera
black line Nraya f en negro
black magic Nmagia f negra
Black Maria N (Brit) → coche m or furgón m celular
black mark Nseñal f roja (fig) → nota f adversa, punto m negativo
black market Nmercado m negro, estraperlo m (Sp)
black marketeer Nestraperlista mf (Sp)
Black Moslem Nmusulmán m negro
Black Nationalism Nnacionalismo m negro
Black Panthers NPLPanteras fpl negras
black pepper Npimienta f negra
Black Power Npoder m negro
black pudding N (Brit) → morcilla f, moronga f (Mex)
Black Rod N (Brit) (Parl) dignatario de la Cámara de los Lores encargado de reunir a los Comunes en la apertura del Parlamento
Black Sea NMar m Negro
black sheep (of the family) Noveja f negra
Black Studies N (US) estudios de la cultura negra americana
black tie Ncorbata f de lazo, corbata f de smoking
"black tie" (on invitation) → "de etiqueta"
black tie dinner Ncena f de etiqueta
Black Watch N (Brit) (Mil) regimiento escocés
black widow (spider) Nviuda f negra
black out
A. VT + ADV (= obliterate with ink etc) → suprimir
to black out a houseapagar las luces de una casa, hacer que no sean visibles por fuera las luces de una casa
the screen was blacked out by the strike (TV) → debido a la huelga no había programas en la pantalla
the storm blacked out the cityla tormenta causó un apagón en la ciudad
B. VI + ADV (= faint) → desmayarse, perder el conocimiento

black

[ˈblæk]
adj
[dress, trousers, shoes, hair] → noir(e)
a black jacket → une veste noire
to paint sth black → peindre qch en noir
a black look → un regard noir
[person] → noir(e)
She's black → Elle est noire.
black and blue (= bruised) [person, face, body] → couvert(e) de bleus
to beat sb black and blue → rosser qn, couvrir qn de bleus
(= without milk) [coffee] → noir(e); [tea] → nature inv, sans lait
A black coffee, please
BUT Un café, s'il vous plaît.
(= unhappy) [day, situation, future] → triste, sombre
n
(= colour) → noir m
to be dressed in black, to be in black → être habillé(e) de noir
to be in the black (= in credit) → avoir un compte créditeur, être en crédit
(= person) → noir(e) m/f
vt
[+ shoes] → cirer
(British) (= boycott) [+ goods] → boycotter
black out
vi (= faint) → s'évanouirBlack Africa nAfrique f noireblack and white black-and-white
adj
[photo, film, picture] → noir et blanc inv
[television] → (en) noir et blanc inv
(= clear-cut) [affair, issue, situation] → absolument clair(e)
n
(PHOTOGRAPHY) to be in black and white [photo, film, picture] → être en noir et blanc
in black and white (= in print) → en noir sur blanc
There it is in black and white
BUT C'est écrit noir sur blanc.
to see sth in black and white (= as clear-cut) → voir qch en noir et blancblack belt n (JUDO)ceinture f noire
He's a black belt → Il est ceinture noire.

black

adj (+er)
(colour) → schwarz; black man/womanSchwarze(r) mf; black and bluegrün und blau; black and white photography/filmSchwarzweißfotografie f/-film m; the situation isn’t so black and white as thatdie Situation ist nicht so eindeutig schwarz-weiß or schwarzweiß
(= dirty)schwarz
(= wicked) thought, plan, deedschwarz; he’s not so black as he’s painted (prov) → er ist nicht so schlecht wie sein Ruf
future, prospects, mooddüster, finster; he painted the future in the blackest colourser malte die Zukunft in den schwärzesten Farben; things are looking black for our projectes sieht für unser Vorhaben ziemlich schwarz or düster aus; maybe things aren’t as black as they seemvielleicht ist alles gar nicht so schlimm, wie es aussieht; in black despairin tiefster Verzweiflung; this was a black day for …das war ein schwarzer Tag für …
(fig: = angry) looksböse; he looked as black as thunderer machte ein bitterböses Gesicht; his face went blacker wurde rot vor Zorn; to be in a black moodschlechte Laune haben
(Brit: during strike) to declare a cargo etc blackeine Ladung etc für bestreikt erklären; black goodsbestreikte Waren
n
(= colour)Schwarz nt; he’s dressed in blacker trägt Schwarz; to wear black (in mourning) → Trauer or Schwarz tragen; it’s written down in black and whitees steht schwarz auf weiß geschrieben; a black and white (Art) → eine Schwarzweißzeichnung; (= film)ein Schwarzweißfilm m; a film which oversimplifies and presents everything in black and whiteein Film, der durch seine Schwarzweißmalerei alles vereinfacht darstellt; to swear that black is whiteschwören, dass zwei mal zwei fünf ist
(= black person)Schwarze(r) mf
in the black (Fin) → in den schwarzen Zahlen
(Chess etc) → Schwarz nt; (Billiards) → schwarzer Ball; (Roulette) → Schwarz nt, → Noir nt
(of night)Schwärze f
vt
(= blacken)schwärzen; to black one’s facesich (dat)das Gesicht schwarz machen; to black somebody’s eyejdm ein blaues Auge schlagen or verpassen (inf)
shoeswichsen
(Brit: trade union) → bestreiken; goodsboykottieren

black

:
blackball
vt (= vote against)stimmen gegen; (inf: = exclude) → ausschließen
black beetle
blackberry
nBrombeere f; to go blacking (Brit) → Brombeeren pflücken gehen, in die Brombeeren gehen (inf)
blackbird
nAmsel f
blackboard
nTafel f; to write something on the blacketw an die Tafel schreiben
black book
n to be in somebody’s blacksbei jdm schlecht angeschrieben sein (inf); little blackNotizbuch nt (mit Adressen der Mädchenbekanntschaften)
black box
n (Aviat) → Flugschreiber m; (= mysterious device)Blackbox f
black bread
nSchwarzbrot nt
black cab
n (Brit) britisches Taxi
blackcap
n
(= bird)Mönchsgrasmücke f
(US: = berry) → Barett nt
(Jur) → schwarze Kappe (des Richters bei Todesurteilen)
black comedy
Black Country
n Industriegebiet in den englischen Midlands
blackcurrant
Black Death
n (Hist) → Schwarzer Tod
black economy

black

:
Black English
nEnglisch ntder Schwarzen
black eye
nblaues Auge; to give somebody a blackjdm ein blaues Auge schlagen or verpassen (inf)
black-eyed
blackfly
Black Forest
nSchwarzwald m
Black Forest gateau
n (esp Brit) → Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte f
black frost
n strenge, aber trockene Kälte
black grouse
nBirkhuhn nt

black

:
blackhead
nMitesser m
black-headed gull
nSchwarzkopfmöwe f
black-hearted
adjböse
black hole
n (Astron, fig) → schwarzes Loch
Black Hole of Calcutta
n (cramped) → Affenstall m; (dirty, dark) → scheußliches Verlies
black humour, (US) black humor
black ice
nGlatteis nt

black

:
blackjack
n
(= flag)schwarze (Piraten)flagge
(Cards: = pontoon) → Siebzehnundvier nt
(US: = weapon) → Totschläger m
(Hist, = drinking vessel) → (lederner) Becher
vt (US: = hit) → prügeln
black lead
nGrafit m, → Graphit m; (for stoves) → Schwärze f
black-lead
vt stoveschwärzen
blackleg (Brit Ind)
nStreikbrecher(in) m(f)
viStreikbrecher(in) sein, sich als Streikbrecher(in) betätigen
vt one’s fellow workerssich unsolidarisch verhalten gegen
blacklist
nschwarze Liste, Negativliste f
vtauf die schwarze Liste setzen
black lung
nStaublunge f

black

:
black magic
blackmail
nErpressung f; to use emotional black on somebodyjds Gefühle brutal ausnutzen; that’s emotional black!das ist die reinste Erpressung!
vterpressen; to black somebody into doing somethingjdn durch Erpressung dazu zwingen, etw zu tun; he had blacked £500 out of herer hatte £ 500 von ihr erpresst
blackmailer
nErpresser(in) m(f)
Black Maria
ngrüne Minna (inf)
black mark
nTadel m; (in school register also) → Eintrag m; that’s a black for or against himdas ist ein Minuspunkt für ihn
black market
nSchwarzmarkt m
adj attrSchwarzmarkt-
black marketeer
nSchwarzhändler(in) m(f)
black mass
Black Muslim
nBlack Moslem m
Black Nationalism

black

:
blackout
n
(Med) → Ohnmacht (→ sanfall m) f no pl; I must have had a blackich muss wohl in Ohnmacht gefallen sein; he had a blackihm wurde schwarz vor Augen
(= light failure)Stromausfall m; (Theat) → Blackout nt; (during war) → Verdunkelung f; (TV) → Ausfall m
(= news blackout)(Nachrichten)sperre f
Black Panther
nBlack Panther m
black pepper
Black Power
nBlack Power f
black pudding
n˜ Blutwurst f
Black Rod
n Zeremonienmeister des britischen Oberhauses
Black Sea
black sheep
n (fig)schwarzes Schaf
Blackshirt
nSchwarzhemd nt
blacksmith
n(Grob- or Huf)schmied m; at/to the black’s (shop)beim/zum Schmied
black spot
n (also accident black spot)Gefahrenstelle f
blackthorn
n (Bot) → Schwarzdorn m
black tie
n (on invitation) → Abendanzug m
adj dinner, functionmit Smokingzwang; is it black?ist da Smokingzwang?
blacktop
n (US: = substance) → schwarzer Straßenbelag; (= road)geteerte Straße; (paved with asphalt) → Asphaltstraße f
black velvet
n Sekt mit Starkbier
black-water rafting
nHöhlenrafting nt
black widow
nSchwarze Witwe f

black

[blæk]
1. adj
a.nero/a; (in darkness) → buio/a (fig) (gloomy, prospects) → poco allegro/a; (despair) → nero/a, cupo/a; (future) → poco promettente; (wicked, thought, deed) → malvagio/a
things look pretty black (fig) → c'è poco da star allegri
she looked as black as thunder (fig) → aveva un'aria furiosa
black coffee → caffè m inv nero
b. (person) → nero/a
2. n
a. (colour) → nero
dressed in black → vestito/a di or in nero
in the black (Fin) → in attivo
to swear that black is white (obstinate person) → negare l'evidenza (liar) → mentire spudoratamente
b. (person) → nero/a
3. vt (Brit) (Industry) (goods, firm) → boicottare
black out
1. vt + adv
a. (obliterate) → cancellare
b. (in wartime) → oscurare; (subj, power cut) → far piombare nell'oscurità
2. vi + adv (faint) → svenire

black

(blӕk) adjective
1. of the colour in which these words are printed. black paint.
2. without light. a black night; The night was black and starless.
3. dirty. Your hands are black!; black hands from lifting coal.
4. without milk. black coffee.
5. evil. black magic.
6. (often offensive. currently acceptable in the United States, South Africa etc) Negro, of African, West Indian descent.
7. (especially South Africa) coloured; of mixed descent (increasingly used by people of mixed descent to refer to themselves).
noun
1. the colour in which these words are printed. Black and white are opposites.
2. something (eg paint) black in colour. I've used up all the black.
3. (often with capital. often offensive: currently acceptable in the United states, South Africa etc) a Negro; a person of African, West Indian etc descent.
verb
to make black.
ˈblackness noun
ˈblacken verb
1. to make or become black. The sky blackened before the storm.
2. to make to seem bad. She blackened his character.
3. to clean with black polish. He blackened his boots.
black art/magic
magic performed for evil reasons. He tries to practise black magic.
ˈblackbird noun
a dark-coloured bird of the thrush family.
ˈblackboard noun
a dark-coloured board for writing on in chalk (used especially in schools).
black box
a built-in machine for automatic recording of the details of a plane's flight. They found the black box two miles away from the wreckage of the crashed plane.
the Black Death noun
the plague that killed large numbers of people in Europe in the 14th to 18th centuries.
black eye
an eye with bad bruising around it (eg from a punch). George gave me a black eye.
ˈblackhead noun
a small black-topped lump in a pore of the skin, especially of the face.
ˈblacklist noun
a list of people who are out of favour etc.
verb
to put (a person etc) on such a list.
ˈblackmail verb
to obtain money illegally from (a person), usually by threatening to make known something which the victim wants to keep secret.
noun
the act of blackmailing. money got by blackmail.
ˈblackmailer noun
Black Maria (məˈraiə)
a prison van. The policeman took the three suspects to the police station in a Black Maria.
black market
(a place for) the illegal buying and selling, at high prices, of goods that are scarce, rationed etc. coffee on the black market.
black marketeer
a person who sells goods on the black market.
ˈblackout noun
1. a period of darkness produced by putting out all lights. Accidents increase during a blackout.
2. a ban (on news etc). a blackout of news about the coup.
3. a period of unconsciousness. He has had several blackouts during his illness.
4. a brief, temporary loss of memory, as when an actor forgets his/her lines.
5. (also outage) a period of a general power failure.
6. (in the theatre) the putting out of the stage lights at the end of a scene etc.
black sheep
a member of a family or group who is unsatisfactory in some way. My brother is the black sheep of the family.
ˈblacksmith noun
a person who makes and repairs by hand things made of iron. The blacksmith made a new shoe for the horse.
black and blue
badly bruised. After the fight the boy was all black and blue.
black out
to lose consciousness. He blacked out for almost a minute.
in black and white
in writing or print. Would you put that down in black and white?

black

أَسْوَد černý sort schwarz μαύρος negro musta noir crn nero 黒い 검은 zwart sort czarny preto черный svart ดำ siyah đen 黑的

black

a. negro-a;
___ and blueamoratado;
___ eyeojo amoratado;
___ deathpeste bubónica;
___ urinemelanuria.

black

adj negro; to — out (to lose consciousness) desmayarse, perder el conocimiento or la conciencia; (to suffer memory lapse) sufrir una laguna mental, perder la memoria por un tiempo (debido al alcohol)
References in classic literature ?
I never saw anyone faint, and I don't choose to make myself all black and blue, tumbling flat as you do.
I saw your name on the register," he proceeded, "and it was not difficult to guess your mission," and he flashed a smile on the party, his white teeth showing brilliantly beneath his small, black moustache.
They can't any of them speak English, except one little girl, and all she can say is "We go Black Hawk, Nebraska.
This hemmed it in so narrowly, and stood so black and dense on either side, and disclosed such imperfect glimpses of the sky above, that, to Hester's mind, it imaged not amiss the moral wilderness in which she had so long been wandering.
From Baden-Baden we made the customary trip into the Black Forest.
Cedric, although not greatly confident in Ulrica's message, omitted not to communicate her promise to the Black Knight and Locksley.
I had seen the captain, and Black Dog, and the blind man, Pew, and I thought I knew what a buccaneer was like--a very different creature, according to me, from this clean and pleasant-tempered landlord.
At the same time she cautioned him with many angry words against speaking to a black girl he would most likely meet in the wood.
In his hand was a long spear, down his back hung an oblong shield such as the black warriors who had attacked them had worn, and upon ankle and arm were bands of iron and brass, while a loin cloth was twisted about the youth's middle.
He was dressed in dark-blue serge, and had peculiarly thick, coarse, black hair.
Once a leash of thin black whips, like the arms of an octopus, flashed across the sunset and was immediately with- drawn, and afterwards a thin rod rose up, joint by joint, bearing at its apex a circular disk that spun with a wobbling motion.
Hooper had ascended the stairs, and showed himself in the pulpit, face to face with his congregation, except for the black veil.