black bile


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Related to black bile: yellow bile

black bile

n.
One of the four humors of ancient and medieval physiology, supposed to cause melancholy when present in excess.

black bile

n
(Physiology) archaic one of the four bodily humours; melancholy. See humour8

black′ bile′


n.
one of the four elemental bodily humors of medieval physiology, regarded as causing gloominess.
[1790–1800]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.black bile - a humor that was once believed to be secreted by the kidneys or spleen and to cause sadness and melancholy
bodily fluid, body fluid, liquid body substance, humour, humor - the liquid parts of the body
References in classic literature ?
According to medieval physiology there were four chief liquids in the human body, namely blood, phlegm, bile, and black bile, and an excess of any of them produced an undue predominance of the corresponding quality; thus, an excess of phlegm made a person phlegmatic, or dull; or an excess of black bile, melancholy.
It also meant that it is nourishing according to standard humoral physiology, the dominant system of medicine since ancient times which posited that health was a balance between four humors: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile.
html) four "humours" (fluids): blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile.
With gushes of thick black bile oozing from his mouth, Salazar tells Henry, 'Find Sparrow for me and relay a message from Capitan Salazar, and tell him death will come straight for him.
Blood-letting is based on an ancient medical theory that the four bodily fluids (blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile), should stay in balance to preserve health.
These elements were linked to the four seasons and also to the four "humours" inside each human being: yellow bile, black bile, blood and phlegm.
The term "melancholia" is an ancient one, and refers to what was once believed to be an illness of the mind brought on by an excess of black bile in the blood.
The basis of the word lily-livered lies in the once-held belief that a person's health and temperament are influenced by four bodily fluids, or humors: blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile.
You'll have to accept the black bile as well as the sweet fat under
Julie Moakes, 52, of Northfield, thought she was dying as she retched up black bile - and feared her insides were coming out.
This volume looks at the prevalent economic thinking before the changes, considering concepts such the circle of justice, household economy and humorism--a transfer of the medical theory separating blood, yellow bile, black bile and phleghm into scholars, merchants, peasants and bureaucrats.
These have been translated from Greek into the now familiar terms of blood, bile, phlegm and black bile.