blast


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to blast: have a blast, blast 2, NCBI, FASTA

blast

 (blăst)
n.
1.
a. A very strong gust of wind or air.
b. The effect of such a gust.
2. A forcible stream of air, gas, or steam from an opening, especially one in a blast furnace to aid combustion.
3.
a. A sudden loud sound, especially one produced by a stream of forced air: a piercing blast from the steam whistle.
b. The act of producing such a sound: gave a blast on his trumpet.
4.
a. A violent explosion, as of dynamite or a bomb.
b. The violent effect of such an explosion, consisting of a wave of increased atmospheric pressure followed immediately by a wave of decreased pressure.
c. An explosive charge.
5. Botany Any of several plant diseases of diverse causes, resulting in sudden death of buds, flowers, foliage, or young fruits.
6. A destructive or damaging influence.
7. A powerful hit, blow, or shot.
8. A violent verbal assault or outburst: The candidate leveled a blast at her opponent.
9. Slang A highly exciting or pleasurable experience or event, such as a big party.
v. blast·ed, blast·ing, blasts
v.tr.
1. To knock down or shatter by explosion; smash.
2. To play or sound loudly: The amplifiers blasted the music.
3.
a. To cause to move with great force; hurl: The volcanic eruption blasted rock far and wide.
b. To make or open by explosion: blast a tunnel through the mountains.
4.
a. To shoot or destroy by shooting: fighter jets trying to blast each other out of the sky.
b. Sports To hit, kick, or shoot (a ball or puck) with great force.
5. To have a harmful or destructive effect on: a loss that blasted our hopes of making the playoffs.
6. To criticize or attack vigorously: blasted the mayor for hypocrisy.
7. To cause to shrivel, wither, or mature imperfectly by blast or blight: crops that were blasted by frost.
v.intr.
1. To use or detonate explosives.
2. To emit a loud, intense sound; blare: speakers blasting at full volume.
3. To discharge a weapon. especially repeatedly; shoot: blasted away at the target.
4. To attack someone or something verbally; criticize.
5. To move with great speed or power: a motorcycle blasting down the road.
6. Electronics To distort sound recording or transmission by overloading a microphone or loudspeaker.
7. To wither or shrivel or mature imperfectly.
Phrasal Verb:
blast off
To take off, as a rocket.
Idiom:
full blast
At full speed, volume, or capacity: turned the radio up full blast.

[Middle English, from Old English blǣst; see bhlē- in Indo-European roots.]

blast′er n.
Synonyms: blast, blight, dash1, wither, wreck
These verbs mean to have a pernicious, destructive, or ruinous effect on something: actions that blasted any chance for peace; a neighborhood blighted by poverty; ambitions dashed by lack of funds; a harsh critique that withered their enthusiasm; a life wrecked by depression.

blast

(blɑːst)
n
1. an explosion, as of dynamite
2. (General Physics)
a. the rapid movement of air away from the centre of an explosion, combustion of rocket fuel, etc
b. a wave of overpressure caused by an explosion; shock wave
3. the charge of explosive used in a single explosion
4. a sudden strong gust of wind or air
5. a sudden loud sound, as of a trumpet
6. a violent verbal outburst, as of criticism
7. a forcible jet or stream of air, esp one used to intensify the heating effect of a furnace, increase the draught in a steam engine, or break up coal at a coalface
8. (Biology) any of several diseases of plants and animals, esp one producing withering in plants
9. slang US a very enjoyable or thrilling experience: the party was a blast.
10. full blast at full blast at maximum speed, volume, etc
interj
slang an exclamation of annoyance (esp in phrases such as blast it! and blast him!)
vb
11. to destroy or blow up with explosives, shells, etc
12. to make or cause to make a loud harsh noise
13. (tr) to remove, open, etc, by an explosion: to blast a hole in a wall.
14. (tr) to ruin; shatter: the rain blasted our plans for a picnic.
15. to wither or cause to wither; blight or be blighted
16. to criticize severely
17. to shoot or shoot at: he blasted the hat off her head; he blasted away at the trees.
[Old English blǣst, related to Old Norse blāstr]
ˈblaster n

blast

(blæst, blɑst)
n.
1. a sudden and violent gust of wind.
2. the blowing of a trumpet, whistle, etc.
3. a loud, sudden sound or noise: a harsh blast from the radio.
4. a forcible stream of air from the mouth, bellows, or the like.
5.
a. air forced into a furnace by a blower to increase the rate of combustion.
b. a jet of steam directed up a smokestack, as of a steam locomotive, to increase draft.
6. a forceful throw, hit, etc.: a blast down to third base.
7. Slang. something that gives great pleasure, esp. a party.
8. a vigorous outburst of criticism; attack.
9. the charge explosive used at one firing in blasting operations.
10. the act of exploding; explosion.
11. any pernicious or destructive influence, esp. on animals or plants; a blight.
12. the sudden death of buds, flowers, or young fruit.
v.t.
13. to make a loud noise on; blow: to blast a horn.
14. to cause to shrivel or wither.
15. to ruin; destroy.
16. to shatter by or as if by an explosion.
17. to make, form, or open up by blasting: to blast a tunnel.
18. to curse; damn: Blast it, there's the phone again!
19. to criticize vigorously; denounce.
20. to hit or propel with great force.
21. to shoot.
v.i.
22. to produce a loud, blaring sound.
23. to shoot.
24. to use or detonate explosives, as a charge of dynamite.
25. blast off,
a. (of a self-propelled rocket) to leave a launch pad.
b. (of an astronaut) to travel aloft in a rocket.
Idioms:
(at) full blast, at maximum capacity; at or with full volume or speed.
[before 1000; Middle English; Old English blǣst a blowing]
blast′er, n.
blast′y, adj.
syn: See wind1.

-blast

var. of blasto- as a final element: ectoblast.

blast

The brief and rapid movement of air, vapor or fluid away from a center of outward pressure, as in an explosion or in the combustion of rocket fuel; the pressure accompanying this movement. This term is commonly used for "explosion," but the two terms may be distinguished.

Blast

 a company of hunters, 1486 [a pun on the blast of the hunter’s horn].

blast


Past participle: blasted
Gerund: blasting

Imperative
blast
blast
Present
I blast
you blast
he/she/it blasts
we blast
you blast
they blast
Preterite
I blasted
you blasted
he/she/it blasted
we blasted
you blasted
they blasted
Present Continuous
I am blasting
you are blasting
he/she/it is blasting
we are blasting
you are blasting
they are blasting
Present Perfect
I have blasted
you have blasted
he/she/it has blasted
we have blasted
you have blasted
they have blasted
Past Continuous
I was blasting
you were blasting
he/she/it was blasting
we were blasting
you were blasting
they were blasting
Past Perfect
I had blasted
you had blasted
he/she/it had blasted
we had blasted
you had blasted
they had blasted
Future
I will blast
you will blast
he/she/it will blast
we will blast
you will blast
they will blast
Future Perfect
I will have blasted
you will have blasted
he/she/it will have blasted
we will have blasted
you will have blasted
they will have blasted
Future Continuous
I will be blasting
you will be blasting
he/she/it will be blasting
we will be blasting
you will be blasting
they will be blasting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been blasting
you have been blasting
he/she/it has been blasting
we have been blasting
you have been blasting
they have been blasting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been blasting
you will have been blasting
he/she/it will have been blasting
we will have been blasting
you will have been blasting
they will have been blasting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been blasting
you had been blasting
he/she/it had been blasting
we had been blasting
you had been blasting
they had been blasting
Conditional
I would blast
you would blast
he/she/it would blast
we would blast
you would blast
they would blast
Past Conditional
I would have blasted
you would have blasted
he/she/it would have blasted
we would have blasted
you would have blasted
they would have blasted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.blast - a very long fly ballblast - a very long fly ball      
fly ball, fly - (baseball) a hit that flies up in the air
baseball, baseball game - a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; "he played baseball in high school"; "there was a baseball game on every empty lot"; "there was a desire for National League ball in the area"; "play ball!"
2.blast - a sudden very loud noiseblast - a sudden very loud noise    
noise - sound of any kind (especially unintelligible or dissonant sound); "he enjoyed the street noises"; "they heard indistinct noises of people talking"; "during the firework display that ended the gala the noise reached 98 decibels"
water hammer - the banging sound of steam in pipes
3.blast - a strong current of airblast - a strong current of air; "the tree was bent almost double by the gust"
bluster - a violent gusty wind
sandblast - a blast of wind laden with sand
puff, puff of air, whiff - a short light gust of air
air current, current of air, wind - air moving (sometimes with considerable force) from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure; "trees bent under the fierce winds"; "when there is no wind, row"; "the radioactivity was being swept upwards by the air current and out into the atmosphere"
4.blast - an explosion (as of dynamite)blast - an explosion (as of dynamite)  
blowup, detonation, explosion - a violent release of energy caused by a chemical or nuclear reaction
bomb blast - the explosion of a bomb
5.blast - a highly pleasurable or exciting experienceblast - a highly pleasurable or exciting experience; "we had a good time at the party"; "celebrating after the game was a blast"
experience - an event as apprehended; "a surprising experience"; "that painful experience certainly got our attention"
6.blast - intense adverse criticism; "Clinton directed his fire at the Republican Party"; "the government has come under attack"; "don't give me any flak"
criticism, unfavorable judgment - disapproval expressed by pointing out faults or shortcomings; "the senator received severe criticism from his opponent"
Verb1.blast - make a strident soundblast - make a strident sound; "She tended to blast when speaking into a microphone"
make noise, noise, resound - emit a noise
2.blast - hit hardblast - hit hard; "He smashed a 3-run homer"
hit - deal a blow to, either with the hand or with an instrument; "He hit her hard in the face"
3.blast - use explosives onblast - use explosives on; "The enemy has been shelling us all day"
bomb, bombard - throw bombs at or attack with bombs; "The Americans bombed Dresden"
crump - bombard with heavy shells
4.blast - apply a draft or strong wind to toblast - apply a draft or strong wind to to; "the air conditioning was blasting cold air at us"
blow - cause air to go in, on, or through; "Blow my hair dry"
5.blast - create by using explosives; "blast a passage through the mountain"
create, make - make or cause to be or to become; "make a mess in one's office"; "create a furor"
6.blast - make with or as if with an explosionblast - make with or as if with an explosion; "blast a tunnel through the Alps"
cut - form by probing, penetrating, or digging; "cut a hole"; "cut trenches"; "The sweat cut little rivulets into her face"
7.blast - fire a shotblast - fire a shot; "the gunman blasted away"
fire, discharge - cause to go off; "fire a gun"; "fire a bullet"
blaze, blaze away - shoot rapidly and repeatedly; "He blazed away at the men"
overshoot - shoot beyond or over (a target)
sharpshoot, snipe - aim and shoot with great precision
fire, open fire - start firing a weapon
gun - shoot with a gun
shoot, pip, hit - hit with a missile from a weapon
pump - deliver forth; "pump bullets into the dummy"
8.blast - criticize harshly or violently; "The press savaged the new President"; "The critics crucified the author for plagiarizing a famous passage"
criticise, criticize, pick apart, knock - find fault with; express criticism of; point out real or perceived flaws; "The paper criticized the new movie"; "Don't knock the food--it's free"
9.blast - shatter as if by explosion
dash, smash - break into pieces, as by striking or knocking over; "Smash a plate"
10.blast - shrivel or wither or mature imperfectly
shrink, shrivel, shrivel up, wither - wither, as with a loss of moisture; "The fruit dried and shriveled"

blast

noun
1. explosion, crash, burst, discharge, blow-up, eruption, detonation 250 people were killed in the blast.
2. bang, crack, burst, discharge, volley, outburst, clap, report, salvo a shotgun blast
3. gust, rush, storm, breeze, puff, gale, flurry, tempest, squall, strong breeze Blasts of cold air swept down from the mountains.
4. blare, blow, scream, trumpet, wail, resound, clamour, hoot, toot, honk, clang, peal The buzzer suddenly responded in a long blast of sound.
5. reprimand, talking-to (informal), lecture, wigging (Brit. slang), censure, rebuke, reproach, ticking-off (informal), dressing-down (informal), telling-off (informal), admonition, tongue-lashing, reproof, castigation, flea in the ear (informal), reprehension Cricket: Blast for Ormerod.
verb
1. blow up, bomb, destroy, burst, ruin, break up, explode, shatter, demolish, rupture, dynamite, put paid to, raze to the ground, blow sky-high The explosion blasted out the external supporting wall.
2. hit, kill, shoot, plug (slang), blow away (slang, chiefly U.S.), gun down, open fire on, zap (slang), pick off, mow down, put a bullet in, pump full of lead (slang) A son blasted his father to death.
3. boot, fire, project, launch, discharge, hurl, fling, propel, punt, let fly He blasted the ball into the back of the net.
4. criticize, attack, put down, censure, berate, castigate, tear into (informal), flay, rail at, flame (informal), diss (slang, chiefly U.S.), lambast(e), chew out (U.S. & Canad. informal) They have blasted the report.
blast away
1. open fire, shoot, shell, pull the trigger The men pulled out pistols and began blasting away.
2. roar, scream, boom, resound, clamour Clock-radios blast away until you get up.
blast off launch, take off, lift off, take to the air, become airborne It is set to blast off on Wednesday.
blast out blast, scream, boom, roar, trumpet, sound out loudspeakers blasting out essential tourist facts

blast

noun
1. A natural movement or current of air:
Archaic: gale.
2. An earsplitting, explosive noise:
3. A violent release of confined energy, usually accompanied by a loud sound and shock waves:
4. Slang. A big, exuberant party:
Slang: bash, blowout.
verb
1. To release or cause to release energy suddenly and violently, especially with a loud noise:
2. To make an earsplitting explosive noise:
3. To spoil or destroy:
Translations
اِنْفِجارانْفِجارنَفْخَةٌ، تَصْفيرَةُ بوقهَبَّةٌ، عَصْفَةٌيَضِجُّ، يُدَوّي
výbuchvyřvávatzadutízávanodstřelit
eksplosiontudenblæstdrøne
räjähdysräjähtääsortuatuulenpuuskapuuska
eksplozija
af fullum kraftiblástur, hvellurrifna af, tætast afsprengingvindhviîa
爆発
폭발
aukštakrosnėgūsisnuplėštipakiltišaižus garsas
brāzmagrandētplūsmapūtienssagraut
eksplozijapiskanjerazstrelitisunektrobljenje
explosion
การระเบิด
patlamapatlatmaksert rüzgâr akımıyüksek perdeden çalmakyükses ses
vụ nổ lớn

blast

[blɑːst]
A. N
1. [of air, steam, wind] → ráfaga f; [of sand, water] → chorro m
(at) full blast (fig) → a toda marcha
2. (= sound) [of whistle etc] → toque m; [of bomb] → explosión f
at each blast of the trumpeta cada trompetazo
3. (= shock wave) [of explosion etc] → sacudida f, onda f expansiva
4. [of criticism etc] → tempestad f, oleada f
5. (= fun) it was a blastfue el desmadre
we got a real blast out of the partynos lo pasamos de miedo en la fiesta
B. VT
1. (= tear apart) (with explosives) → volar; (by lightning) → derribar (Mil) → bombardear
to blast openabrir con carga explosiva
2. (Bot) → marchitar; (with blight) → añublar (fig) [+ hopes, future] → malograr, echar por tierra
3. (= shoot) → pegar un tiro a, abrir fuego contra
4. (= criticize) [+ person] → emprenderla con; [+ film, novel, report] → poner por los suelos
5. (Sport) [+ ball] → estrellar
6. (= send out) [+ air, water] → lanzar
C. VI (also blast out) [music, siren] → sonar a todo volumen, resonar
D. EXCL (Brit) → ¡maldita sea!
blast it!¡maldita sea!
E. CPD blast furnace Nalto horno m
blast away
A. VT + ADV [+ rocks etc] → volar, quitar con explosivos
B. VI + ADV [gun] → seguir disparando
they were blasting away at the townseguían bombardeando el pueblo
blast off VI + ADV [spacecraft] → despegar
blast out VT + ADV [DJ] [+ music] → poner a todo volumen; [group] [+ tune] → tocar a todo volumen

blast

[ˈblɑːst]
n
(= explosion) → explosion f
a bomb blast → une explosion
it was a blast from the past (= brought back memories) → ça m'a ramené des années en arrière
[air] → bouffée f; [steam] → jet m; [wind] → rafale f
[whistle, horn] → coup m
at full blast, full blast adv (= at maximum) [music, radio] → à plein volume; [heating] → au maximum
[gun] → coup m de feu
vt
[shoot] → abattre
to blast sb to death → abattre qn
[+ rock] → faire sauter, faire exploser
(= propel) → propulser
to blast a hole in sth → faire un trou dans qch
excl (British)zut!
blast off
vi [spaceship] → décoller

blast

n
Windstoß m; (of hot air)Schwall m; a blast of windein Windstoß; an icy blastein eisiger Wind; a blast from the past (inf)eine Erinnerung an vergangene Zeiten
(= sound, of trumpets) → Geschmetter nt, → Schmettern nt; (of foghorn)Tuten nt; the ship gave a long blast on its foghorndas Schiff ließ sein Nebelhorn ertönen; to blow a blast on the bugleauf dem Horn blasen
(= noise, explosion)Explosion f; (= shock wave)Druckwelle f; to get the full blast of somebody’s angerjds Wut in voller Wucht abkriegen
(in quarrying etc) → Sprengladung f
(of furnace)(Blas)wind m; with the radio/heating on (at) full blastmit dem Radio/der Heizung voll aufgedreht
(inf: = enjoyable experience) it was a blastdas war echt spitze (inf); to have a blastsich blendend amüsieren
vt
(lightning)schlagen in (+acc); (with powder) → sprengen
(= send) rocketschießen; ballmit Wucht schießen; airblasen
(= shoot with gun)schießen auf (+acc); (= shoot dead)erschießen; the police blasted their way indie Polizei hat sich den Weg ins Haus frei geschossen or (with explosives) → frei gebombt
(inf: = criticize) → verreißen; personherunterputzen (inf)
(= blight) plantvernichten, zerstören; reputation also, futureruinieren
vi (in quarry) → sprengen
interj (inf) blast (it)!verdammt! (inf), → so ein Mist! (inf); blast what he wants!das ist doch wurscht, was der will! (inf); blast him for coming so lateHerrgott, dass er aber auch so spät kommen muss! (inf); blast this car!dieses verdammte Auto! (inf)

blast

[blɑːst]
1. n
a. (of air, steam) → getto; (of wind) → raffica
(at) full blast (also) (fig) → a tutta forza
b. (sound, of trumpet) → squillo; (of car horn, siren) → colpo
(at) full blast (radio) → a tutto volume
c. (of explosion) → spostamento d'aria; (noise) → esplosione f
2. vt (strike, with explosives) → far saltare; (by lightning) → bruciare (fig) (hopes, future) → distruggere
3. excl (Brit) (fam) → mannaggia!
blast him! → mannaggia a lui!
blast away vi + adv
a. (gun) → sparare a raffica
b. (band) → suonare a tutto volume
blast off vi + adv (Space) → essere lanciato/a

blast

(blaːst) noun
1. a strong, sudden stream (of air). a blast of cold air.
2. a loud sound. a blast on the horn.
3. an explosion. the blast from a bomb.
verb
1. to tear (apart etc) by an explosion. The door was blasted off its hinges.
2. (often with out) to come or be sent out, very loudly. Music (was being) blasted out from the radio.
ˈblasting noun
in mining etc, the breaking up of rock etc by explosives.
blast furnace noun
a furnace for melting iron ore using blasts of hot air.
at full blast
at full power, speed etc. He had the radio going at full blast (= as loud as possible).
blast off (of rockets, spacecraft etc) to take off and start to rise ( ˈblast-off) noun

blast

اِنْفِجار výbuch eksplosion Explosion ριπή explosión, onda expansiva räjähdys explosion eksplozija esplosione 爆発 폭발 ontploffing eksplosjon wybuch explosão взрыв explosion การระเบิด patlama vụ nổ lớn 爆炸
References in classic literature ?
This cave was made with a clothes horse for a roof, bureaus for walls, and in it was a small furnace in full blast, with a black pot on it and an old witch bending over it.
Somewhere in the distance, off to the west, there was a prolonged blast from the whistle of a passenger engine.
But the vessel proved herself sturdier than the timid ones had dared to hope, and she was soon running before the blast, going out of her course, it is true, but avoiding the danger among the many cays, or small islands, that dot the Caribbean Sea.
At that instant, however, the blast of a fish-dealer's conch was heard, announcing his approach along the street.
They were ancient sea -- captains, for the most part, who, after being tossed on every sea, and standing up sturdily against life's tempestuous blast, had finally drifted into this quiet nook, where, with little to disturb them, except the periodical terrors of a Presidential election, they one and all acquired a new lease of existence.
Indeed, certain of the most authentic historians of those parts, who have been careful in collecting and collating the floating facts concerning this spectre, allege that the body of the trooper having been buried in the churchyard, the ghost rides forth to the scene of battle in nightly quest of his head, and that the rushing speed with which he sometimes passes along the Hollow, like a midnight blast, is owing to his being belated, and in a hurry to get back to the churchyard before daybreak.
The answer to my appeal was instantaneous, but it came in the form of an extraordinary blast and chill, a gust of frozen air, and a shake of the room as great as if, in the wild wind, the casement had crashed in.
The sun had set some time; the wind seemed to have lulled off after that furious blast which tore up the tree.
There was a raging blast beating in his face, and the thermometer stood below zero; the snow was never short of his knees, and in some of the drifts it was nearly up to his armpits.
Another bugle blast - the gate flies open, the bull plunges in, furious, trembling, blinking in the blinding light, and stands there, a magnificent creature, centre of those multitudinous and admiring eyes, brave, ready for battle, his attitude a challenge.
When the first blast went off we raised our sun-umbrellas and waited for the result.
and the cannon let off such a blast right before me that it made me deef with the noise and pretty near blind with the smoke, and I judged I was gone.