bleak


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Related to bleak: dismal, Bleak House

bleak 1

 (blēk)
adj. bleak·er, bleak·est
1.
a. Gloomy and somber: "Life in the Aran Islands has always been bleak and difficult" (John Millington Synge).
b. Providing no encouragement; depressing: a bleak prospect.
2. Cold and cutting; raw: bleak winds of the North Atlantic.
3. Exposed to the elements; unsheltered and barren: the bleak, treeless regions of the high Andes.

[Middle English bleik, pale, from Old Norse bleikr, white; see bhel- in Indo-European roots.]

bleak′ly adv.
bleak′ness n.

bleak 2

 (blēk)
n. pl. bleak or bleaks
Any of various small European freshwater fishes of the genus Alburnus, having silvery scales.

[Middle English bleke, probably alteration (influenced by bleke, pale) of *blay, from Old English blǣge.]

bleak

(bliːk)
adj
1. exposed and barren; desolate
2. cold and raw
3. offering little hope or excitement; dismal: a bleak future.
[Old English blāc bright, pale; related to Old Norse bleikr white, Old High German bleih pale]
ˈbleakly adv
ˈbleakness n

bleak

(bliːk)
n
(Animals) any slender silvery European cyprinid fish of the genus Alburnus, esp A. lucidus, occurring in slow-flowing rivers
[C15: probably from Old Norse bleikja white colour; related to Old High German bleiche bleach]

bleak

(blik)

adj. -er, -est.
1. bare, desolate, and often windswept: a bleak plain.
2. cold and piercing; raw: a bleak wind.
3. without hope or encouragement; depressing; dreary: a bleak future.
[1300–50; Middle English bleke pale, b. variants bleche (Old English blǣc) and blake (Old English blāc)]
bleak′ish, adj.
bleak′ly, adv.
bleak′ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.bleak - offering little or no hopebleak - offering little or no hope; "the future looked black"; "prospects were bleak"; "Life in the Aran Islands has always been bleak and difficult"- J.M.Synge; "took a dim view of things"
hopeless - without hope because there seems to be no possibility of comfort or success; "in an agony of hopeless grief"; "with a hopeless sigh he sat down"
2.bleak - providing no shelter or sustenancebleak - providing no shelter or sustenance; "bare rocky hills"; "barren lands"; "the bleak treeless regions of the high Andes"; "the desolate surface of the moon"; "a stark landscape"
inhospitable - unfavorable to life or growth; "the barren inhospitable desert"; "inhospitable mountain areas"
3.bleak - unpleasantly cold and dampbleak - unpleasantly cold and damp; "bleak winds of the North Atlantic"
cold - having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration; "a cold climate"; "a cold room"; "dinner has gotten cold"; "cold fingers"; "if you are cold, turn up the heat"; "a cold beer"

bleak

adjective
3. stormy, cold, severe, bitter, rough, harsh, chilly, windy, wintry, tempestuous, intemperate The weather can be quite bleak on the coast.

bleak

adjective
2. Cold and forbidding:
Translations
قارسٌ، موحِشٌكَئِيبكَئيبٌ
pochmurnýponurýpustýdeprimujícíholý
tristdysterkold og forblæst
synkkäkalpeakarukolkkopaljas
sumoran
dapurlegurhrjóstrugur
荒涼とした
황량한
niūrus
drūmskailsneaizsargātsnemīlīgs
ponuryukleja
pust
blekdysterfärglöslöja
ไร้ความหวัง
çıplakkaranlıkrüzgara açıksoğuk ve korunmasızümit kırıcı
ảm đạm

bleak

[bliːk]
A. ADJ (bleaker (compar) (bleakest (superl))) [landscape] → desolado, inhóspito; [weather] → desapacible, crudo; [smile, voice] → lúgubre, sombrío; [future] → sombrío; [welcome] → poco hospitalario; [room] → lúgubre
it was a bleak, lonely existence out thereallá la vida era triste y desoladora
it looks or things look rather bleak for himlas cosas no se le presentan muy alentadoras
B. N (= fish) → breca f, albur m

bleak

[ˈbliːk] adj
[prospect, future] → morne
to look bleak, to remain bleak
The future looks bleak → L'avenir semble peu prometteur.
[place] → morne, désolé(e)
[weather] → triste, maussade
[face] → lugubre; [look] → sombre; [smile] → pâle

bleak

adj (+er)
landscape, placeöde, trostlos
weather, windrau, kalt
(fig)trostlos; prospects alsotrüb; smile, look, tone of voiceniedergeschlagen; his face was bleaker sah niedergeschlagen aus; things look rather bleak for himes sieht ziemlich trostlos für ihn aus

bleak

[bliːk] adj (landscape) → desolato/a; (weather) → gelido/a; (smile) → pallido/a; (prospect, future) → tetro/a, deprimente
the prospects of your getting a job here are bleak → le probabilità che tu trovi un lavoro qui sono molto scarse

bleak

(bliːk) adjective
1. cold and unsheltered. a bleak landscape.
2. not hopeful. a bleak outlook for the future.

bleak

كَئِيب pochmurný trist kahl άχαρος inhóspito, sombrío synkkä glauque sumoran desolato 荒涼とした 황량한 somber dyster ponury desabrigado, desolador гнетущий dyster ไร้ความหวัง rüzgara açık ảm đạm 黯淡的
References in classic literature ?
In Bleak House I have purposely dwelt upon the romantic side of familiar things.
Still farming, my family had moved to a ranch on the bleak sad coast of San Mateo County, south of San Francisco.
And I was very proud, on that bright Sunday morning, going down the long bleak road among the sandhills.
In the Preface to Bleak House I remarked that I had never had so many readers.
The mountains were bleak and inhospitable, and three times that afternoon we tried to regain the woods.
Then the grin died away, and his face grew bleak and serious.
Miss Bronte, a product and embodiment of the strictest religious sense of duty, somewhat tempered by the liberalizing tendency of the time, was the daughter of the rector of a small and bleak Yorkshire village, Haworth, where she was brought up in poverty.
He had been in the midst of the great open place on winter nights when it was covered with snow and only the moon looked down at him; he had been there in the fall when bleak winds blew and on summer evenings when the air vibrated with the song of insects.
It stood on a sharp bleak corner, where that tempestuous wind Euroclydon kept up a worse howling than ever it did about poor Paul's tossed craft.
Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December, And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.
All along the ridge the rock cropped out, bare and bleak, but broken in rough natural castellation.
My misfortune was to carry it into print when I began to write a story, in the Ik Marvel manner, or rather to compose it in type at the case, for that was what I did; and it was not altogether imitated from Ik Marvel either, for I drew upon the easier art of Dickens at times, and helped myself out with bald parodies of Bleak House in many places.