bleak


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Related to bleak: dismal, Bleak House

bleak 1

 (blēk)
adj. bleak·er, bleak·est
1.
a. Gloomy and somber: "Life in the Aran Islands has always been bleak and difficult" (John Millington Synge).
b. Providing no encouragement; depressing: a bleak prospect.
2. Cold and cutting; raw: bleak winds of the North Atlantic.
3. Exposed to the elements; unsheltered and barren: the bleak, treeless regions of the high Andes.

[Middle English bleik, pale, from Old Norse bleikr, white; see bhel- in Indo-European roots.]

bleak′ly adv.
bleak′ness n.

bleak 2

 (blēk)
n. pl. bleak or bleaks
Any of various small European freshwater fishes of the genus Alburnus, having silvery scales.

[Middle English bleke, probably alteration (influenced by bleke, pale) of *blay, from Old English blǣge.]

bleak

(bliːk)
adj
1. exposed and barren; desolate
2. cold and raw
3. offering little hope or excitement; dismal: a bleak future.
[Old English blāc bright, pale; related to Old Norse bleikr white, Old High German bleih pale]
ˈbleakly adv
ˈbleakness n

bleak

(bliːk)
n
(Animals) any slender silvery European cyprinid fish of the genus Alburnus, esp A. lucidus, occurring in slow-flowing rivers
[C15: probably from Old Norse bleikja white colour; related to Old High German bleiche bleach]

bleak

(blik)

adj. -er, -est.
1. bare, desolate, and often windswept: a bleak plain.
2. cold and piercing; raw: a bleak wind.
3. without hope or encouragement; depressing; dreary: a bleak future.
[1300–50; Middle English bleke pale, b. variants bleche (Old English blǣc) and blake (Old English blāc)]
bleak′ish, adj.
bleak′ly, adv.
bleak′ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.bleak - offering little or no hopebleak - offering little or no hope; "the future looked black"; "prospects were bleak"; "Life in the Aran Islands has always been bleak and difficult"- J.M.Synge; "took a dim view of things"
hopeless - without hope because there seems to be no possibility of comfort or success; "in an agony of hopeless grief"; "with a hopeless sigh he sat down"
2.bleak - providing no shelter or sustenancebleak - providing no shelter or sustenance; "bare rocky hills"; "barren lands"; "the bleak treeless regions of the high Andes"; "the desolate surface of the moon"; "a stark landscape"
inhospitable - unfavorable to life or growth; "the barren inhospitable desert"; "inhospitable mountain areas"
3.bleak - unpleasantly cold and dampbleak - unpleasantly cold and damp; "bleak winds of the North Atlantic"
cold - having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration; "a cold climate"; "a cold room"; "dinner has gotten cold"; "cold fingers"; "if you are cold, turn up the heat"; "a cold beer"

bleak

adjective
3. stormy, cold, severe, bitter, rough, harsh, chilly, windy, wintry, tempestuous, intemperate The weather can be quite bleak on the coast.

bleak

adjective
2. Cold and forbidding:
Translations
قارسٌ، موحِشٌكَئِيبكَئيبٌ
pochmurnýponurýpustýdeprimujícíholý
tristdysterkold og forblæst
synkkäkalpeakarukolkkopaljas
sumoran
dapurlegurhrjóstrugur
荒涼とした
황량한
niūrus
drūmskailsneaizsargātsnemīlīgs
ponuryukleja
pust
blekdysterfärglöslöja
ไร้ความหวัง
çıplakkaranlıkrüzgara açıksoğuk ve korunmasızümit kırıcı
ảm đạm

bleak

[bliːk]
A. ADJ (bleaker (compar) (bleakest (superl))) [landscape] → desolado, inhóspito; [weather] → desapacible, crudo; [smile, voice] → lúgubre, sombrío; [future] → sombrío; [welcome] → poco hospitalario; [room] → lúgubre
it was a bleak, lonely existence out thereallá la vida era triste y desoladora
it looks or things look rather bleak for himlas cosas no se le presentan muy alentadoras
B. N (= fish) → breca f, albur m

bleak

[ˈbliːk] adj
[prospect, future] → morne
to look bleak, to remain bleak
The future looks bleak → L'avenir semble peu prometteur.
[place] → morne, désolé(e)
[weather] → triste, maussade
[face] → lugubre; [look] → sombre; [smile] → pâle

bleak

adj (+er)
landscape, placeöde, trostlos
weather, windrau, kalt
(fig)trostlos; prospects alsotrüb; smile, look, tone of voiceniedergeschlagen; his face was bleaker sah niedergeschlagen aus; things look rather bleak for himes sieht ziemlich trostlos für ihn aus

bleak

[bliːk] adj (landscape) → desolato/a; (weather) → gelido/a; (smile) → pallido/a; (prospect, future) → tetro/a, deprimente
the prospects of your getting a job here are bleak → le probabilità che tu trovi un lavoro qui sono molto scarse

bleak

(bliːk) adjective
1. cold and unsheltered. a bleak landscape.
2. not hopeful. a bleak outlook for the future.

bleak

كَئِيب pochmurný trist kahl άχαρος inhóspito, sombrío synkkä glauque sumoran desolato 荒涼とした 황량한 somber dyster ponury desabrigado, desolador гнетущий dyster ไร้ความหวัง rüzgara açık ảm đạm 黯淡的
References in classic literature ?
Hannah never forgot to make them, no matter how busy or grumpy she might be, for the walk was long and bleak.
He had been in the midst of the great open place on winter nights when it was covered with snow and only the moon looked down at him; he had been there in the fall when bleak winds blew and on summer evenings when the air vibrated with the song of insects.
In the morning, when I was fighting my way to school against the wind, I couldn't see anything but the road in front of me; but in the late afternoon, when I was coming home, the town looked bleak and desolate to me.
Bleak and black hills lay on every side of them, compensating in some degree for the additional toil of the march by the sense of security they imparted.
Insufferable in the glare of a Sabbath sun, bleak, windy, and flaring in the gloom of a Sabbath night, and hopelessly depressing on all days of the week, the First Presbyterian Church lifted its blunt steeple from the barrenest area of the flats, and was hideous
He read Phoebe as he would a sweet and simple story; he listened to her as if she were a verse of household poetry, which God, in requital of his bleak and dismal lot, had permitted some angel, that most pitied him, to warble through the house.
It stood on a sharp bleak corner, where that tempestuous wind Euroclydon kept up a worse howling than ever it did about poor Paul's tossed craft.
We were in a bleak, unsheltered place, now, and had to trudge right along, in order to keep warm, though we rather expected to go over a precipice, sooner or later.
The bleak wind and aunt Sarah's quieting presence brought her back to herself, however, and she entered the brick house cheerily.
Another hour or two's snow can hardly make the road impassable; and we are two carriages; if one is blown over in the bleak part of the common field there will be the other at hand.
Nor could I pass unnoticed the suggestion of the bleak shores of Lapland, Siberia, Spitzbergen, Nova Zembla, Iceland, Greenland, with "the vast sweep of the Arctic Zone, and those forlorn regions of dreary space,--that reservoir of frost and snow, where firm fields of ice, the accumulation of centuries of winters, glazed in Alpine heights above heights, surround the pole, and concentre the multiplied rigours of extreme cold.
On that bleak hill-top the earth was hard with a black frost, and the air made me shiver through every limb.