Botulinum Toxin Treatment of Blepharospasm
and Hemifacial Spasm.
org Resources: n, v, br, bk, ep, sg, pp, rs, fe, rg DYSTONIA AUSTRALIA Australian Spasmodic Torticollis Association PO Box 133 Westmead New South Wales, 2145 Australia Contact: Annette Walker TEL: (61) 296-859-020 FAX: (61) 296-859-599 Resources: n, sg Blepharospasm
Support Group Royal Victorian Eye & Ear Hospital, 32 Gisborne St.
Botox is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of blepharospasm
, strabismus, cervical dystonia, and wrinkles between the eyebrows, but not for headaches.
The subtypes of TD include movement disorders such as tardive dystonia, tardive akathisia, tardive blepharospasm
, tardive myoclonus, tardive tics/tourettism, tardive tremor, and tardive gait (1).
The iCare TA01i is easy to use, especially when compared with Goldmann or Perkins tonometry, which can be fiddly, especially if the patient is apprehensive or has blepharospasm
Clinical signs 1 Conjunctival and relapsing lesions in both eyes 2 Mild scleritis, proliferative eye lesions 3 Episcleral swelling and vascular congestion, squinting, scleral indentation in the temporal fundus 4 Inflammatory conjunctival follicles, mild epiphora, mild diffuse conjunctival hyperemia, episcleral 5 Moderate blepharospasm
and conjunctival hyperemia 6 Moderate chemosis, episcleral flocculent mass 7 Chronic waxing/waning episcleral mass 8 Chronic conjunctivitis, superficial keratitis, episcleral mass, chemosis
There was moderate blepharospasm
, mild blepharedema, and epiphora OS.
16) In its most extreme form, IOPs of over 80mmHg have been recorded during blepharospasm
Canadian ophthalmologist Jean Carruthers used botulinum toxin to correct blepharospasm
(twitching of the eye muscles) and realised that the temporarily paralysing effect of the toxin may be the key to her husband Alastair's quest for developing a treatment against frown lines.
(uncontrolled blinking of the eyelids)
Diagnosed pterygium-affected key relatives were associated with pterygium occurrence, so confirming familial occurrence, which is a similar finding to that in a report on primary blepharospasm
If the twitching involves both eyes, it is possible the sufferer has blepharospasm
, a chronic condition which can develop into repeated forceful closing of the eyelids.