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bloom 1

a. The flower of a plant.
b. Something resembling the flower of a plant: "Her hair was caught all to one side in a great bloom of frizz" (Anne Tyler).
a. The condition of being in flower: a rose in full bloom.
b. A condition or time of vigor and beauty; prime: "the radiant bloom of Greek genius" (Edith Hamilton).
3. A fresh, rosy complexion: "She was short, plump, and fair, with a fine bloom" (Jane Austen).
a. A waxy or powdery whitish to bluish coating on the surface of certain plant parts, as on cabbage leaves or on a plum or grape.
b. A similar coating, as on newly minted coins.
c. Grayish blotches or streaks on the surface of chocolate produced by the formation of cocoa butter crystals.
d. Chemistry See efflorescence.
5. Glare that is caused by a shiny object reflecting too much light into a camera.
6. A colored area on the surface of a body of water caused by large numbers of phytoplankton, especially cyanobacteria.
v. bloomed, bloom·ing, blooms
a. To bear a flower or flowers.
b. To support plant life in abundance: rains that made the yard bloom.
2. To glow; be radiant: "Our summer-gray potbellied stove bloomed rosy red during winter" (Maya Angelou).
3. To mature or flourish with youth and vigor: genius blooming under a great teacher.
4. To appear or come into being suddenly: "Her pale shoulders bloomed from the green flounces" (Erin McGraw).
1. To cause to flourish.
2. Obsolete To cause to flower.

[Middle English blom, from Old Norse blōm; see bhel- in Indo-European roots.]

bloom′y adj.
Synonyms: bloom1, blossom, efflorescence, florescence, flower, flush1, prime
These nouns denote a condition or time of greatest vigor and freshness: beauty in full bloom; the blossom of a great romance; the efflorescence of Russian literature; the florescence of Greek civilization; in the flower of youthful enthusiasm; in the flush of their success; the prime of life.

bloom 2

1. A bar of steel prepared for rolling.
2. A mass of wrought iron ready for further working.

[Middle English blome, lump of metal, from Old English blōma; see bhel- in Indo-European roots.]


1. a blossom on a flowering plant; a flower
2. the state, time, or period when flowers open (esp in the phrases in bloom, in full bloom)
3. open flowers collectively: a tree covered with bloom.
4. a healthy, vigorous, or flourishing condition; prime (esp in the phrase the bloom of youth)
5. youthful or healthy rosiness in the cheeks or face; glow
6. (Botany) a fine whitish coating on the surface of fruits, leaves, etc, consisting of minute grains of a waxy substance
7. any coating similar in appearance, such as that on new coins
8. (Biology) ecology a visible increase in the algal constituent of plankton, which may be seasonal or due to excessive organic pollution
9. (Building) Also called: chill a dull area formed on the surface of gloss paint, lacquer, or varnish
vb (mainly intr)
10. (of flowers) to open; come into flower
11. to bear flowers; blossom
12. to flourish or grow
13. to be in a healthy, glowing, or flourishing condition
14. (General Physics) (tr) physics to coat (a lens) with a thin layer of a substance, often magnesium fluoride, to eliminate surface reflection
[C13: of Germanic origin; compare Old Norse blōm flower, Old High German bluomo, Middle Dutch bloeme; see blow3]


(Metallurgy) a rectangular mass of metal obtained by rolling or forging a cast ingot. See also billet12
(Metallurgy) (tr) to convert (an ingot) into a bloom by rolling or forging
[Old English blōma lump of metal]


1. the flower of a plant.
2. flowers collectively, as of a plant or tree.
3. the state of flowering: lilacs in bloom.
4. a flourishing, healthy condition; the time of greatest beauty, vigor, or freshness: the bloom of youth.
5. a glowing or glossiness indicative of health, vigor, or youth, esp. a flush on the cheek.
6. a whitish, powdery coating on the surface of certain fruits, as the grape, or some leaves.
7. any similar surface coating or appearance, as on newly minted coins or on rocks or minerals.
8. a clouded or dull area on a varnished or lacquered surface.
9. the sudden development of conspicuous masses of organisms, as algae on the surface of a lake.
10. to produce or yield blossoms.
11. to thrive.
12. to be in or achieve a state of healthful beauty and vigor.
13. to glow with warmth or with a warm color.
14. to cause to yield blossoms.
15. to make bloom or give bloom to.
[1150–1200; Middle English blom, blome < Old Norse blōm(i)]
bloom′less, adj.


1. a piece of steel, square or slightly oblong in section, reduced from an ingot to dimensions suitable for further rolling.
2. a large lump of iron and slag, of pasty consistency when hot, hammered into wrought iron.
[before 1000; representing Anglo-Latin, Anglo-French blomes (pl.), Old English blōma mass of iron; perhaps akin to bloom1]


Past participle: bloomed
Gerund: blooming

I bloom
you bloom
he/she/it blooms
we bloom
you bloom
they bloom
I bloomed
you bloomed
he/she/it bloomed
we bloomed
you bloomed
they bloomed
Present Continuous
I am blooming
you are blooming
he/she/it is blooming
we are blooming
you are blooming
they are blooming
Present Perfect
I have bloomed
you have bloomed
he/she/it has bloomed
we have bloomed
you have bloomed
they have bloomed
Past Continuous
I was blooming
you were blooming
he/she/it was blooming
we were blooming
you were blooming
they were blooming
Past Perfect
I had bloomed
you had bloomed
he/she/it had bloomed
we had bloomed
you had bloomed
they had bloomed
I will bloom
you will bloom
he/she/it will bloom
we will bloom
you will bloom
they will bloom
Future Perfect
I will have bloomed
you will have bloomed
he/she/it will have bloomed
we will have bloomed
you will have bloomed
they will have bloomed
Future Continuous
I will be blooming
you will be blooming
he/she/it will be blooming
we will be blooming
you will be blooming
they will be blooming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been blooming
you have been blooming
he/she/it has been blooming
we have been blooming
you have been blooming
they have been blooming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been blooming
you will have been blooming
he/she/it will have been blooming
we will have been blooming
you will have been blooming
they will have been blooming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been blooming
you had been blooming
he/she/it had been blooming
we had been blooming
you had been blooming
they had been blooming
I would bloom
you would bloom
he/she/it would bloom
we would bloom
you would bloom
they would bloom
Past Conditional
I would have bloomed
you would have bloomed
he/she/it would have bloomed
we would have bloomed
you would have bloomed
they would have bloomed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bloom - the organic process of bearing flowers; "you will stop all bloom if you let the flowers go to seed"
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
2.bloom - reproductive organ of angiosperm plants especially one having showy or colorful partsbloom - reproductive organ of angiosperm plants especially one having showy or colorful parts
angiosperm, flowering plant - plants having seeds in a closed ovary
floret, floweret - a diminutive flower (especially one that is part of a composite flower)
apetalous flower - flower having no petals
inflorescence - the flowering part of a plant or arrangement of flowers on a stalk
ray floret, ray flower - small flower with a flat strap-shaped corolla usually occupying the peripheral rings of a composite flower
bud - a partially opened flower
stamen - the male reproductive organ of a flower
reproductive structure - the parts of a plant involved in its reproduction
pistil - the female ovule-bearing part of a flower composed of ovary and style and stigma
carpel - a simple pistil or one element of a compound pistil
ovary - the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
floral leaf - a modified leaf that is part of a flower
chlamys, floral envelope, perianth, perigone, perigonium - collective term for the outer parts of a flower consisting of the calyx and corolla and enclosing the stamens and pistils
chrysanthemum - the flower of a chrysanthemum plant
3.bloom - the best time of youth
time of life - a period of time during which a person is normally in a particular life state
youth - the time of life between childhood and maturity
4.bloom - a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good healthbloom - a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good health
good health, healthiness - the state of being vigorous and free from bodily or mental disease
5.bloom - the period of greatest prosperity or productivity
period, period of time, time period - an amount of time; "a time period of 30 years"; "hastened the period of time of his recovery"; "Picasso's blue period"
golden age - a time period when some activity or skill was at its peak; "it was the golden age of cinema"
6.bloom - a powdery deposit on a surface
crystallisation, crystallization, crystallizing - the formation of crystals
Verb1.bloom - produce or yield flowers; "The cherry tree bloomed"
develop - grow, progress, unfold, or evolve through a process of evolution, natural growth, differentiation, or a conducive environment; "A flower developed on the branch"; "The country developed into a mighty superpower"; "The embryo develops into a fetus"; "This situation has developed over a long time"
effloresce, burst forth - come into or as if into flower; "These manifestations effloresced in the past"


1. flower, bud, blossom Harry carefully plucked the bloom.
2. prime, flower, beauty, height, peak, flourishing, maturity, perfection, best days, heyday, zenith, full flowering in the full bloom of youth
3. glow, flush, blush, freshness, lustre, radiance, rosiness The skin loses its youthful bloom.
glow whiteness, pallor, paleness, wanness, bloodlessness
1. flower, blossom, open, bud This plant blooms between May and June.
flower die, waste, fade, shrink, wither, wilt, perish, droop, shrivel
2. grow, develop, wax, blossom She bloomed into an utterly beautiful creature.
3. succeed, flourish, thrive, prosper, fare well Not many economies bloomed in 1990.
succeed fail, decline, decay, wane, languish

bloom 1

1. The showy reproductive structure of a plant:
2. A condition or time of vigor and freshness:
3. A fresh rosy complexion:
1. To bear flowers:
2. To grow rapidly and luxuriantly:

bloom 2

A relatively long, straight, rigid piece of metal or other solid material:
إِزْهارٌزَهْرَةٌ، نَوْرَةٌنَضارَةٌيُزْهِرُ، يُنَوِّرُ
en florestar en la flor de (la vida)florfloraciónflorecer
ifjúsága teljében
blómblómatímiblómi, blómatímiblómstra
pats žydėjimasžiedasžydėjimasžydėti
baharçiçekçiçek açmakçiçeklenmeçiçeklenmek


A. N
1. (= flower) → flor f; (on fruit) → vello m, pelusa f
in bloomen flor
in full bloomen plena floración
in the full bloom of youthen la flor de la juventud
to come into bloomflorecer
2. (fig) (on complexion) → rubor m
B. VI [flower] → abrirse; [tree] → florecer (fig) [economy, industry] → prosperar


n (= flower) → fleur f
to be in bloom [plant, tree] → être en fleur
[skin] → velouté m
[tree] → fleurir; [flower] → éclore
[person] → s'épanouir
to bloom into → devenir
[romance, relationship, talent] → s'épanouir; [economy] → fleurir


Blüte f; to be in (full) bloomin (voller) Blüte stehen; to come/burst into bloomaufblühen/plötzlich erblühen
(fig) her skin has lost its bloomihre Haut ist welk geworden; in the bloom of youthin der Blüte der Jugend; in the first bloom of lovein der ersten Begeisterung ihrer Liebe
(on fruit) → satter Schimmer; (on peaches) → Flaum m
vi (lit, fig)blühen


1. n (flower) → fiore m; (on fruit) → lanugine f; (on complexion) → colorito roseo
in bloom (flower) → sbocciato/a (tree) → in fiore
in full bloom → in piena fioritura
in the full bloom of youth → nel fiore della giovinezza
2. vi (flower) → aprirsi; (tree) → sfiorire


(bluːm) noun
1. a flower. These blooms are withering now.
2. the state of flowering. The flowers are in bloom.
3. freshness. in the bloom of youth.
to flower or flourish. Daffodils bloom in the spring.
References in classic literature ?
Along the path of a useful life, Will heartsease ever bloom.
Before him was a white road and at his back an apple or- chard in full bloom.
After the apple and cherry trees broke into bloom, we ran about under them, hunting for the new nests the birds were building, throwing clods at each other, and playing hide-and-seek with Nina.
The flush which still lingered above the pines in the western sky was not more bright nor delicate than the bloom on her cheek; nor was the opening day more cheering than the animated smile which she bestowed on the youth, as he assisted her into the saddle.
As regards its interior life, a large, dim looking-glass used to hang in one of the rooms, and was fabled to contain within its depths all the shapes that had ever been reflected there,--the old Colonel himself, and his many descendants, some in the garb of antique babyhood, and others in the bloom of feminine beauty or manly prime, or saddened with the wrinkles of frosty age.
Morally, as well as materially, there was a coarser fibre in those wives and maidens of old English birth and breeding than in their fair descendants, separated from them by a series of six or seven generations; for, throughout that chain of ancestry, every successive mother had transmitted to her child a fainter bloom, a more delicate and briefer beauty, and a slighter physical frame, if not character of less force and solidity than her own.
They had the bloom of health and happiness; and yet, as if I had been in charge of a pair of little grandees, of princes of the blood, for whom everything, to be right, would have to be enclosed and protected, the only form that, in my fancy, the afteryears could take for them was that of a romantic, a really royal extension of the garden and the park.
And the women of New Bedford, they bloom like their own red roses.
The vilest deeds, like poison weeds, Bloom well in prison air; It is only what is good in Man That wastes and withers there; Pale Anguish keeps the heavy gate, And the Warder is Despair.
Huge pomegranate trees, with their glossy leaves and flame-colored flowers, dark-leaved Arabian jessamines, with their silvery stars, geraniums, luxuriant roses bending beneath their heavy abundance of flowers, golden jessamines, lemon-scented verbenum, all united their bloom and fragrance, while here and there a mystic old aloe, with its strange, massive leaves, sat looking like some old enchanter, sitting in weird grandeur among the more perishable bloom and fragrance around it.
He would be a poet who could impress the winds and streams into his service, to speak for him; who nailed words to their primitive senses, as farmers drive down stakes in the spring, which the frost has heaved; who derived his words as often as he used them--transplanted them to his page with earth adhering to their roots; whose words were so true and fresh and natural that they would appear to expand like the buds at the approach of spring, though they lay half smothered between two musty leaves in a library--aye, to bloom and bear fruit there, after their kind, annually, for the faithful reader, in sympathy with surrounding Nature.
And then there was that damsel of sixty winter of age still excursioning around in her frosty bloom -- How old are you, Sandy?