bluff


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Related to bluff: bluff body

bluff 1

 (blŭf)
v. bluffed, bluff·ing, bluffs
v.intr.
1. To engage in a false display of confidence or aggression in order to deceive or intimidate someone: The management debated if there would really be a strike or if the union was bluffing.
2. To make a display of aggression, as by charging or baring the teeth, as a means of intimidating another animal.
3. To try to mislead opponents in a card game by heavy betting on a poor hand or by little or no betting on a good one.
v.tr.
1. To deceive or intimidate (someone) by a false display of confidence or aggression.
2. To try to mislead (opponents) in a card game by heavy betting on a poor hand or by little or no betting on a good one.
3. To start but not carry out (an action) as a means of deceiving or intimidating another: The pitcher bluffed a throw to first base.
n.
The act or practice of bluffing.
Idiom:
bluff (one's) way
To deceive someone or accomplish something by making a false display.

[Origin unknown.]

bluff′a·ble adj.
bluff′er n.

bluff 2

 (blŭf)
n.
A steep headland, promontory, riverbank, or cliff.
adj. bluff·er, bluff·est
1. Having or showing a rough and blunt but not unkind manner: "the great big bluff guests who told bawdy jokes and got up early to watch the sun rise" (Erin McGraw).
2. Having a broad, steep front: the boat's bluff bow.

[Probably from obsolete Dutch blaf or Middle Low German blaff, broad.]

bluff′ly adv.
bluff′ness n.

bluff

(blʌf)
vb
to pretend to be confident about an uncertain issue or to have undisclosed resources, in order to influence or deter (someone)
n
1. deliberate deception intended to create the impression of a stronger position or greater resources than one actually has
2. call someone's bluff to challenge someone to give proof of his claims
[C19: originally US poker-playing term, from Dutch bluffen to boast]
ˈbluffer n

bluff

(blʌf)
n
1. (Physical Geography) a steep promontory, bank, or cliff, esp one formed by river erosion on the outside bend of a meander
2. Canadian a clump of trees on the prairie; copse
adj
3. good-naturedly frank and hearty
4. (Physical Geography) (of a bank, cliff, etc) presenting a steep broad face
[C17 (in the sense: nearly perpendicular): perhaps from Middle Dutch blaf broad]
ˈbluffly adv
ˈbluffness n

bluff1

(blʌf)

adj. -er, -est,
n. adj.
1. good-naturedly direct, blunt, or frank; heartily outspoken.
2. presenting a bold and nearly perpendicular front: a bluff, precipitous headland.
n.
3. a cliff, headland, or hill with a broad, steep face.
4. Upper Midwest and Canada. a clump or grove of trees in a generally treeless area.
[1620–30]
bluff′ly, adv.
bluff′ness, n.

bluff2

(blʌf)
v.t.
1. to mislead or intimidate by a display of strength, self-confidence, or the like.
2. to achieve by bluffing: to bluff one's way into a job.
3. to deceive (an opponent in poker) by betting heavily on a weak hand.
v.i.
4. to put on a bold or self-confident front in order to mislead.
n.
5. an act or instance of bluffing.
6. a person who bluffs; bluffer.
Idioms:
call someone's bluff, to challenge someone to carry out a threat.
[1665–75]
bluff′a•ble, adj.
bluff′er, n.

bluff


Past participle: bluffed
Gerund: bluffing

Imperative
bluff
bluff
Present
I bluff
you bluff
he/she/it bluffs
we bluff
you bluff
they bluff
Preterite
I bluffed
you bluffed
he/she/it bluffed
we bluffed
you bluffed
they bluffed
Present Continuous
I am bluffing
you are bluffing
he/she/it is bluffing
we are bluffing
you are bluffing
they are bluffing
Present Perfect
I have bluffed
you have bluffed
he/she/it has bluffed
we have bluffed
you have bluffed
they have bluffed
Past Continuous
I was bluffing
you were bluffing
he/she/it was bluffing
we were bluffing
you were bluffing
they were bluffing
Past Perfect
I had bluffed
you had bluffed
he/she/it had bluffed
we had bluffed
you had bluffed
they had bluffed
Future
I will bluff
you will bluff
he/she/it will bluff
we will bluff
you will bluff
they will bluff
Future Perfect
I will have bluffed
you will have bluffed
he/she/it will have bluffed
we will have bluffed
you will have bluffed
they will have bluffed
Future Continuous
I will be bluffing
you will be bluffing
he/she/it will be bluffing
we will be bluffing
you will be bluffing
they will be bluffing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been bluffing
you have been bluffing
he/she/it has been bluffing
we have been bluffing
you have been bluffing
they have been bluffing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been bluffing
you will have been bluffing
he/she/it will have been bluffing
we will have been bluffing
you will have been bluffing
they will have been bluffing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been bluffing
you had been bluffing
he/she/it had been bluffing
we had been bluffing
you had been bluffing
they had been bluffing
Conditional
I would bluff
you would bluff
he/she/it would bluff
we would bluff
you would bluff
they would bluff
Past Conditional
I would have bluffed
you would have bluffed
he/she/it would have bluffed
we would have bluffed
you would have bluffed
they would have bluffed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bluff - a high steep bank (usually formed by river erosion)bluff - a high steep bank (usually formed by river erosion)
bank - a long ridge or pile; "a huge bank of earth"
2.bluff - pretense that your position is stronger than it really is; "his bluff succeeded in getting him accepted"
dissembling, feigning, pretense, pretence - pretending with intention to deceive
3.bluff - the act of bluffing in poker; deception by a false show of confidence in the strength of your cards
dissimulation, deception, dissembling, deceit - the act of deceiving
Verb1.bluff - deceive an opponent by a bold bet on an inferior hand with the result that the opponent withdraws a winning hand
card game, cards - a game played with playing cards
move, go - have a turn; make one's move in a game; "Can I go now?"
2.bluff - frighten someone by pretending to be stronger than one really is
affright, fright, frighten, scare - cause fear in; "The stranger who hangs around the building frightens me"; "Ghosts could never affright her"
Adj.1.bluff - very steep; having a prominent and almost vertical front; "a bluff headland"; "where the bold chalk cliffs of England rise"; "a sheer descent of rock"
steep - having a sharp inclination; "the steep attic stairs"; "steep cliffs"
2.bluff - bluntly direct and outspoken but good-natured; "a bluff but pleasant manner"; "a bluff and rugged natural leader"
direct - straightforward in means or manner or behavior or language or action; "a direct question"; "a direct response"; "a direct approach"

bluff

1
noun
1. deception, show, lie, fraud, fake, sham, pretence, deceit, bravado, bluster, humbug, subterfuge, feint, mere show The letter was a bluff.
verb
1. deceive, lie, trick, fool, pretend, cheat, con, fake, mislead, sham, dupe, feign, delude, humbug, bamboozle (informal), hoodwink, double-cross (informal), pull the wool over someone's eyes He tried to bluff his way through another test and failed it.

bluff

2
noun
1. precipice, bank, peak, cliff, ridge, crag, escarpment, promontory, scarp a high bluff over the Congaree River

bluff

verb
To cause to accept what is false, especially by trickery or misrepresentation:
Informal: bamboozle, have.
Slang: four-flush.
Translations
يَخْدَعُخِدَاعخِدْعَةٌ، أُضلولَهصَريحٌ وَفَظ
blafblafováníblafovatblufblufovat
blufbluffebramfrijævnligefrem
bluffatabluffihämätähämäysharhautus
blefblefirati
blekking, platblekkja, platahispurslaus, hreinn og beinn
虚勢虚勢を張る
엄포허세를 부리다
maldināšanamaldināttiešs
bluf
blefiranjeblefirativaranjevarati
bluffbluffa
แกล้งตั้งใจทำการแกล้งตั้งใจทำบางสิ่ง
lừa gạtsự lừa gạt

bluff

1 [blʌf]
A. ADJ
1. [cliff etc] → escarpado
2. [person] → franco, directo
B. N (Geog) → risco m, peñasco m

bluff

2 [blʌf]
A. N (= act of bluffing) → farol m, bluff m
to call sb's bluffponer a algn en evidencia
B. VT (= deceive by pretending) → engañar, embaucar
to bluff it out bysalvar la situación haciendo creer que ...
C. VIfarolear, tirarse un farol (Sp)

bluff

[ˈblʌf]
vi (= pretend) → bluffer
n
(= pretence) → bluff m
It's just a bluff → C'est du bluff.
to call sb's bluff → mettre qn au pied du mur
(= cliff) → promontoire m, falaise f
adj (= forthright) [person] → bourru(e), direct(e); [exterior] → bourru(e)

bluff

1
n (= headland)Kliff nt; (inland) → Felsvorsprung m
adjrau aber herzlich (inf); honesty, answeraufrichtig

bluff

2
vtbluffen; he bluffed his way through iter hat sich durchgeschummelt (inf)
vibluffen
nBluff m; to call somebody’s bluffes darauf ankommen lassen; (= make prove)jdn auf die Probe stellen

bluff

1 [blʌf] adj (person) → senza peli sulla lingua, brusco/a

bluff

2 [blʌf] n (cliff) → scogliera a picco

bluff

3 [blʌf]
1. nbluff m inv
to call sb's bluff → far mettere le carte in tavola a qn
2. vt to bluff it outcavarsela bluffando
3. vibluffare

bluff1

(blaf) adjective
rough, hearty and frank. a bluff and friendly manner.

bluff2

(blaf) verb
to try to deceive by pretending to have something that one does not have. He bluffed his way through the exam without actually knowing anything.
noun
an act of bluffing.

bluff

خِدَاع, يَخْدَعُ bluf, blufovat bluf, bluffe Bluff, bluffen μπλόφα, μπλοφάρω fanfarronear, farol, marcarse un farol bluffata, bluffi bluff, bluffer blef, blefirati bluff, bluffare 虚勢, 虚勢を張る 엄포, 허세를 부리다 bluf, bluffen bløffe, bløffmaker blef, zablefować blefar, blefe, bluff, fazer bluff вводить в заблуждение, обман bluff, bluffa แกล้งตั้งใจทำ, การแกล้งตั้งใจทำบางสิ่ง blöf, blöf yapmak lừa gạt, sự lừa gạt 诈骗
References in classic literature ?
Hawkeye and Heyward ascended an adjacent bluff, where the former, after considering the expanse of water beneath him, pointed out to the latter a small black object, hovering under a headland, at the distance of several miles.
There's one or two families yer with grown-up gals ez oughter be squared; that is--the boys mighter put in a few fancy touches among them--kinder take 'em buggy riding--or to church--once in a while--just to take the pizen outer their tongues, and make a kind o' bluff to the parents, d'ye see?
He was broad-shouldered and double-jointed, with short curly black hair, and a bluff but not unpleasant countenance, having a mingled air of fun and arrogance From his Herculean frame and great powers of limb he had received the nickname of BROM BONES, by which he was universally known.
Its panelled front was in the likeness of a ship's bluff bows, and the Holy Bible rested on the projecting piece of scroll work, fashioned after a ship's fiddle-headed beak.
One must have a steel hook, on another rope--a very useful thing; for when one is ascending and comes to a low bluff which is yet too high for the ladder, he swings this rope aloft like a lasso, the hook catches at the top of the bluff, and then the tourist climbs the rope, hand over hand--being always particular to try and forget that if the hook gives way he will never stop falling till he arrives in some part of Switzerland where they are not expecting him.
Well, I had a notion I could lan' mos' anywhers, but I couldn't -- bank too bluff.
Den I see a canoe, en I says dey ain't no use to drown myself tell I got to; so I ties de hoss in de edge o' de timber en shove out down de river, keepin' in under de shelter o' de bluff bank en prayin' for de dark to shet down quick.
About midnight Tom arrived with a boiled ham and a few trifles, and stopped in a dense undergrowth on a small bluff overlooking the meeting-place.
In winter nothing more dreary, in summer nothing more divine, than those glens shut in by hills, and those bluff, bold swells of heath.
Stryver, a man of little more than thirty, but looking twenty years older than he was, stout, loud, red, bluff, and free from any drawback of delicacy, had a pushing way of shouldering himself (morally and physically) into companies and conversations, that argued well for his shouldering his way up in life.
He stands before me again, his bluff hairy face irradiating with a joyful love and pride, for which I can find no description.
The features expressed nothing of monastic austerity, or of ascetic privations; on the contrary, it was a bold bluff countenance, with broad black eyebrows, a well-turned forehead, and cheeks as round and vermilion as those of a trumpeter, from which descended a long and curly black beard.