bolt


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bolt 1

 (bōlt)
n.
1. A bar made of wood or metal that slides into a socket and is used to fasten doors and gates.
2. A metal bar or rod in the mechanism of a lock that is thrown or withdrawn by turning the key.
3. A fastener consisting of a threaded pin or rod with a head at one end, designed to be inserted through holes in assembled parts and secured by a mated nut that is tightened by applying torque.
4.
a. A sliding metal bar that positions the cartridge in breechloading rifles, closes the breech, and ejects the spent cartridge.
b. A similar device in any breech mechanism.
5. A short, heavy arrow with a thick head, used especially with a crossbow.
6. A flash of lightning; a thunderbolt.
7. A sudden or unexpected event: The announcement was a veritable bolt.
8. A sudden movement toward or away.
9. A large roll of cloth of a definite length, especially as it comes from the loom.
v. bolt·ed, bolt·ing, bolts
v.tr.
1. To secure or lock with or as if with a bolt.
2. To arrange or roll (lengths of cloth, for example) on or in a bolt.
3. To eat (food) hurriedly and with little chewing; gulp.
4. To desert or withdraw support from (a political party).
5. To utter impulsively; blurt.
6. Archaic To shoot or discharge (a missile, such as an arrow).
v.intr.
1. To move or spring suddenly.
2. To start suddenly and run away: The horse bolted at the sound of the shot. The frightened child bolted from the room.
3. To break away from an affiliation, as from a political party.
4. Botany To flower or produce seeds prematurely or develop a flowering stem from a rosette.
Idioms:
bolt from the blue
A sudden, shocking surprise or turn of events.
bolt upright
In a rigidly vertical position: sat bolt upright.

[Middle English, from Old English, heavy arrow.]

bolt 2

 (bōlt)
tr.v. bolt·ed, bolt·ing, bolts
To pass (flour, for example) through a sieve.

[Middle English bulten, from Old French buleter, from Middle High German biuteln, from biutel, bag, purse.]

bolt

(bəʊlt)
n
1. (Building) a bar that can be slid into a socket to lock a door, gate, etc
2. (Building) a bar or rod that forms part of a locking mechanism and is moved by a key or a knob
3. (Building) a metal rod or pin that has a head at one end and a screw thread at the other to take a nut
4. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a sliding bar in a breech-loading firearm that ejects the empty cartridge, replaces it with a new one, and closes the breech
5. a flash of lightning
6. a sudden start or movement, esp in order to escape: they made a bolt for the door.
7. US a sudden desertion, esp from a political party
8. a roll of something, such as cloth, wallpaper, etc
9. (Archery) an arrow, esp for a crossbow
10. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing a folded edge on a sheet of paper that is removed when cutting to size
11. (Mechanical Engineering) mechanical engineering short for expansion bolt
12. a bolt from the blue a sudden, unexpected, and usually unwelcome event
13. shoot one's bolt to exhaust one's effort: the runner had shot his bolt.
vb
14. (tr) to secure or lock with or as with a bolt or bolts: bolt your doors.
15. (tr) to eat hurriedly: don't bolt your food.
16. (intr; usually foll by from or out) to move or jump suddenly: he bolted from the chair.
17. (intr) (esp of a horse) to start hurriedly and run away without warning
18. (tr) to roll or make (cloth, wallpaper, etc) into bolts
19. US to desert (a political party, etc)
20. (Botany) (intr) (of cultivated plants) to produce flowers and seeds prematurely
21. (tr) to cause (a wild animal) to leave its lair; start: terriers were used for bolting rats.
adv
stiffly, firmly, or rigidly (archaic except in the phrase bolt upright)
[Old English bolt arrow; related to Old High German bolz bolt for a crossbow]

bolt

(bəʊlt) or

boult

vb (tr)
1. (Cookery) to pass (flour, a powder, etc) through a sieve
2. to examine and separate
[C13: from Old French bulter, probably of Germanic origin; compare Old High German būtil bag]
ˈbolter, ˈboulter n

Bolt

(bəʊlt)
n
1. (Biography) Robert (Oxton). 1924–95, British playwright. His plays include A Man for All Seasons (1960) and he also wrote a number of screenplays
2. (Biography) Usain (juːˈseɪn) (St Leo). born 1986, Jamaican athlete: winner of the 100 metres and the 200 metres in the 2008 Olympic Games, setting world records at both distances; successfully defended both titles at the 2012 Olympics

bolt1

(boʊlt)
n.
1. any of several types of strong fastening rods, pins, or screws, usu. threaded to receive a nut.
2. a movable bar or rod that is slid into a socket to fasten a door, gate, etc.
3. the part of a lock that is shot from and drawn back into the case, as by the action of the key.
4. a sudden dash, flight, or escape.
5. a sudden desertion from a political party, social movement, etc.
6. a length of woven goods, esp. as it comes on a roll from the loom.
7. a roll of wallpaper.
8. (on a breechloading rifle) a sliding rod or bar that shoves a cartridge into the firing chamber and closes the breech.
9. a short, heavy arrow for a crossbow.
10. a thunderbolt.
v.t.
11. to fasten with or as if with a bolt.
12. to discontinue support of or participation in; break with: to bolt a political party.
13. to shoot or discharge (a missile), as from a crossbow or catapult.
14. to say impulsively; blurt out.
15. to swallow (one's food or drink) hurriedly: He bolted his breakfast.
16. to make (cloth, wallpaper, etc.) into bolts.
v.i.
17. to make a sudden flight or escape.
18. to break away, as from one's political party.
19. to produce flowers or seeds prematurely.
adv.
20. Archaic. suddenly.
Idioms:
1. bolt out of or from the blue, a sudden and entirely unforeseen event.
2. bolt upright, stiffly or rigidly straight: to sit bolt upright.
[before 1000; Middle English, Old English, c. Middle Low German bolte, Old High German bolz]
bolt′er, n.
bolt′less, adj.
bolt′like`, adj.

bolt2

(boʊlt)

v.t.
1. to sift through a cloth or sieve.
2. to examine or search into, as if by sifting.
[1150–1200; Middle English bulten < Old French bul(e)ter, metathetic variant of *buteler < Germanic]
bolt′er, n.

Bolt

 a bundle; a compact packet; a roll of woven fabric.
Examples: bolt of canvas [40 yards], 1638; of cloth [40 yards]; of fabric; of glass [molten cylindrical jet]; of osiers [willow twigs], 1725; of satin, 1592; of silk [40 yards]; of straw; of worsted, 1407.

bolt


Past participle: bolted
Gerund: bolting

Imperative
bolt
bolt
Present
I bolt
you bolt
he/she/it bolts
we bolt
you bolt
they bolt
Preterite
I bolted
you bolted
he/she/it bolted
we bolted
you bolted
they bolted
Present Continuous
I am bolting
you are bolting
he/she/it is bolting
we are bolting
you are bolting
they are bolting
Present Perfect
I have bolted
you have bolted
he/she/it has bolted
we have bolted
you have bolted
they have bolted
Past Continuous
I was bolting
you were bolting
he/she/it was bolting
we were bolting
you were bolting
they were bolting
Past Perfect
I had bolted
you had bolted
he/she/it had bolted
we had bolted
you had bolted
they had bolted
Future
I will bolt
you will bolt
he/she/it will bolt
we will bolt
you will bolt
they will bolt
Future Perfect
I will have bolted
you will have bolted
he/she/it will have bolted
we will have bolted
you will have bolted
they will have bolted
Future Continuous
I will be bolting
you will be bolting
he/she/it will be bolting
we will be bolting
you will be bolting
they will be bolting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been bolting
you have been bolting
he/she/it has been bolting
we have been bolting
you have been bolting
they have been bolting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been bolting
you will have been bolting
he/she/it will have been bolting
we will have been bolting
you will have been bolting
they will have been bolting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been bolting
you had been bolting
he/she/it had been bolting
we had been bolting
you had been bolting
they had been bolting
Conditional
I would bolt
you would bolt
he/she/it would bolt
we would bolt
you would bolt
they would bolt
Past Conditional
I would have bolted
you would have bolted
he/she/it would have bolted
we would have bolted
you would have bolted
they would have bolted

bolt


Past participle: bolted
Gerund: bolting

Imperative
bolt
bolt
Present
I bolt
you bolt
he/she/it bolts
we bolt
you bolt
they bolt
Preterite
I bolted
you bolted
he/she/it bolted
we bolted
you bolted
they bolted
Present Continuous
I am bolting
you are bolting
he/she/it is bolting
we are bolting
you are bolting
they are bolting
Present Perfect
I have bolted
you have bolted
he/she/it has bolted
we have bolted
you have bolted
they have bolted
Past Continuous
I was bolting
you were bolting
he/she/it was bolting
we were bolting
you were bolting
they were bolting
Past Perfect
I had bolted
you had bolted
he/she/it had bolted
we had bolted
you had bolted
they had bolted
Future
I will bolt
you will bolt
he/she/it will bolt
we will bolt
you will bolt
they will bolt
Future Perfect
I will have bolted
you will have bolted
he/she/it will have bolted
we will have bolted
you will have bolted
they will have bolted
Future Continuous
I will be bolting
you will be bolting
he/she/it will be bolting
we will be bolting
you will be bolting
they will be bolting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been bolting
you have been bolting
he/she/it has been bolting
we have been bolting
you have been bolting
they have been bolting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been bolting
you will have been bolting
he/she/it will have been bolting
we will have been bolting
you will have been bolting
they will have been bolting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been bolting
you had been bolting
he/she/it had been bolting
we had been bolting
you had been bolting
they had been bolting
Conditional
I would bolt
you would bolt
he/she/it would bolt
we would bolt
you would bolt
they would bolt
Past Conditional
I would have bolted
you would have bolted
he/she/it would have bolted
we would have bolted
you would have bolted
they would have bolted

bolt

A measure of length, usually for fabric. A bolt of wallpaper equals 16 yd and a bolt of cloth equals 40 yd.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bolt - a discharge of lightning accompanied by thunderbolt - a discharge of lightning accompanied by thunder
lightning - abrupt electric discharge from cloud to cloud or from cloud to earth accompanied by the emission of light
2.bolt - a sliding bar in a breech-loading firearm that ejects an empty cartridge and replaces it and closes the breech
bar - a rigid piece of metal or wood; usually used as a fastening or obstruction or weapon; "there were bars in the windows to prevent escape"
rifle - a shoulder firearm with a long barrel and a rifled bore; "he lifted the rifle to his shoulder and fired"
3.bolt - the part of a lock that is engaged or withdrawn with a keybolt - the part of a lock that is engaged or withdrawn with a key
bar - a rigid piece of metal or wood; usually used as a fastening or obstruction or weapon; "there were bars in the windows to prevent escape"
lock - a fastener fitted to a door or drawer to keep it firmly closed
safety bolt, safety lock - a bolt that cannot be moved from outside the door or gate
4.bolt - the act of moving with great haste; "he made a dash for the door"
rush, rushing, haste, hurry - the act of moving hurriedly and in a careless manner; "in his haste to leave he forgot his book"
5.bolt - a roll of cloth or wallpaper of a definite length
roll - anything rolled up in cylindrical form
6.bolt - a screw that screws into a nut to form a fastener
carriage bolt - a roundheaded bolt for timber; threaded along part of the shank; inserted into holes already drilled
clinch - the flattened part of a nail or bolt or rivet
expansion bolt - a bolt that has an attachment that expands as the bolt is driven into a surface
head - a projection out from one end; "the head of the nail", "a pinhead is the head of a pin"
kingbolt, swivel pin, kingpin - bolt that provides a steering joint in a motor vehicle
machine bolt - a bolt with a square or hexagonal head on one end and a threaded shaft on the other end; tightened with a wrench; used to connect metal parts
nut and bolt - a fastener made by screwing a nut onto a threaded bolt
screw - a fastener with a tapered threaded shank and a slotted head
shank - cylinder forming the part of a bolt between the thread and the head
stove bolt - a small machine bolt
7.bolt - a sudden abandonment (as from a political party)
abandonment, desertion, forsaking - the act of giving something up
political science, politics, government - the study of government of states and other political units
Verb1.bolt - move or jump suddenly; "She bolted from her seat"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
2.bolt - secure or lock with a bolt; "bolt the door"
lock - fasten with a lock; "lock the bike to the fence"
unbolt - undo the bolt of; "unbolt the door"
3.bolt - swallow hastily
swallow, get down - pass through the esophagus as part of eating or drinking; "Swallow the raw fish--it won't kill you!"
4.bolt - run awaybolt - run away; usually includes taking something or somebody along; "The thief made off with our silver"; "the accountant absconded with the cash from the safe"
levant - run off without paying a debt
flee, take flight, fly - run away quickly; "He threw down his gun and fled"
5.bolt - leave suddenly and as if in a hurrybolt - leave suddenly and as if in a hurry; "The listeners bolted when he discussed his strange ideas"; "When she started to tell silly stories, I ran out"
go forth, leave, go away - go away from a place; "At what time does your train leave?"; "She didn't leave until midnight"; "The ship leaves at midnight"
6.bolt - eat hastily without proper chewing; "Don't bolt your food!"
eat - take in solid food; "She was eating a banana"; "What did you eat for dinner last night?"
7.bolt - make or roll into bolts; "bolt fabric"
furl, roll up - form into a cylinder by rolling; "Roll up the cloth"
Adv.1.bolt - in a rigid manner; "the body was rigidly erect"; "he sat bolt upright"
2.bolt - directlybolt - directly; "he ran bang into the pole"; "ran slap into her"
colloquialism - a colloquial expression; characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech

bolt

noun
1. pin, rod, peg, screw, rivet, fastener details right down to the dimensions of nuts and bolts
2. bar, catch, lock, latch, fastener, sliding bar I heard him slide the bolt across the door.
3. arrow, missile, shaft, dart, projectile He pulled the crossbow bolt from his head.
4. flash, thunderbolt, burst, streak, shaft Suddenly a bolt of lightning crackled through the sky.
5. bale, amount, roll, quantity, reel, packet, bundle bolts of black silk
6. dash, race, flight, spring, rush, rush, bound, sprint, dart, spurt a bolt for freedom
verb
1. lock, close, bar, secure, fasten, latch He reminded her to lock and bolt the kitchen door behind her.
2. dash, run, fly, spring, jump, rush, bound, leap, sprint, hurtle I made some excuse and bolted towards the exit.
3. run away, escape, flee, abscond, decamp, make a break (for it), do a runner (slang), run for it, fly the coop (U.S. & Canad. informal), take a powder (U.S. & Canad. slang), take it on the lam (U.S. & Canad. slang) They caught the horse 200 yards from where it had bolted.
4. gobble, stuff, wolf, cram, gorge, devour, gulp, guzzle, swallow whole Don't bolt your food.
a bolt from the blue complete surprise, shock, revelation, jolt, bombshell The decision came as a bolt from the blue.

bolt

noun
A sudden and involuntary movement:
verb
1. To move suddenly and involuntarily:
2. To leave hastily:
Idioms: beat it, hightail it, hotfoot it , make tracks.
4. To swallow (food or drink) greedily or rapidly in large amounts:
Translations
تِرْباسرَعْدٌ وَبَرْقٌ، صاعِقَهلَفَّةٌ مِنمِزْلاج، قِـفْـلمِسْمار تَثْبيت
šroubutécizávorazavřít na závorubalík
boltboltelynnaglerulle
salpasalvatateljetätelkivasama
vijak
tolózárelreteszelreteszvillámanyáscsavar
boltieldingháma í sighurîar-/rennilokaskjóta loku fyrir, loka
かんぬき
빗장
gurktileistis bėgtimestisrietimasryti
aizauļotaizbēgtaizbīdnisaizbultētbaķis
balpohltať
vijakzapahzapahniti
balazatvarač
åskviggblixtbultbuntkolv
สลักเกลียว
sürgüsürgülemektopyıldırımçiğnemeden yutmak
then cửa

bolt

[bəʊlt]
A. N
1. (on door, gun) → cerrojo m; [of crossbow] → cuadrillo m; [of lock] → pestillo m (Tech) → perno m, tornillo m
he's shot his boltha quemado su último cartucho
2. [of cloth] → rollo m
3. (= dash) → salida f repentina; (= flight) → fuga f
to make a bolt for itechar a correr
he made a bolt for the doorse lanzó hacia la puerta
4. [of lightning] → rayo m, relámpago m
it came like a bolt from the bluecayó como una bomba
B. ADV bolt uprightrígido, muy erguido
to sit bolt uprightincorporarse de golpe
C. VT
1. [+ door etc] → echar el cerrojo a (Tech) → sujetar con tornillos, empernar
to bolt two things togetherunir dos cosas con pernos
2. (also bolt down) [+ food] → engullir, tragar (LAm)
D. VI
1. (= escape) → escaparse, huir; [horse] → desbocarse
2. (= rush) → echar a correr
to bolt pastpasar como un rayo
3. (US) (Pol) → separarse del partido
E. CPD bolt hole N (Brit) → refugio m
bolt in VI + ADV (= rush in) → entrar precipitadamente
bolt on VT + ADV (Tech) → asegurar con perno
bolt out
A. VI + ADV (= rush out) → salir de golpe
B. VT + ADV (= lock out) to bolt sb outdejar fuera a algn echando el cerrojo

bolt

[ˈbəʊlt ˈbəʊlt]
n (on door)verrou m
(with nut)boulon m
a bolt of lightning → la foudre
a bolt from the blue → un coup de tonnerre dans un ciel bleu
to come as a bolt from the blue → être un coup de tonnerre
to make a bolt for it (= run away) → déguerpir
adv
bolt upright [sit] → droit(e) comme un piquet
vt [+ door, window] → verrouiller
(= fasten) to bolt sth to sth → fixer qch à qch
[+ food] → engloutir
vi (= run away) [person] → filer (comme une flèche); [horse] → s'emballerbolt cutter bolt-cutter ncoupe-boulons mbolt-hole [ˈbəʊlthəʊl] n (British)refuge m

bolt

n
(on door etc) → Riegel m
(Tech) → Schraube f(ohne Spitze), Bolzen m
(of lightning)Blitzstrahl m; it came/was like a bolt from the blue (fig)das schlug ein/war wie ein Blitz aus heiterem Himmel
(of cloth)Ballen m
(of crossbow)Bolzen m ? shoot
(of rifle)Kammer f
(= sudden dash)Satz m (inf); his bolt for freedomsein Fluchtversuch m; he made a bolt for the doorer machte einen Satz zur Tür; to make a bolt for itlosrennen
adv bolt uprightkerzengerade
vi
(horse)durchgehen; (person)Reißaus nehmen (inf); too late now, the horse has bolted (fig)zu spät, der Zug ist schon abgefahren
(= move quickly)sausen, rasen, pesen (inf)
vt
door, windowzu- or verriegeln
(Tech) partsverschrauben (to mit), mit Schraubenbolzen befestigen (→ to an +dat); to bolt togetherverschrauben
(also bolt down) one’s foodhinunterschlingen

bolt

[bəʊlt]
1. n
a. (on door) → chiavistello, catenaccio; (of lock) → catenaccio (Tech) → bullone m; (of crossbow) → dardo; (of cloth) → pezza
he's shot his bolt (fig) → ha giocato la sua ultima carta
b. (dash) to make a bolt for the doorfare un balzo or schizzare verso la porta
to make a bolt for it → darsela a gambe
c. (lightning) → fulmine m
a bolt from the blue (fig) → un fulmine a ciel sereno
2. adv bolt uprightdiritto/a come un fuso
3. vt
a. (door) → chiudere con il catenaccio or il chiavistello, serrare (Tech) (also bolt together) → imbullonare
b. (food) (also bolt down) → ingollare
4. vi (run away, person) → darsela a gambe; (horse) → imbizzarrirsi; (rush) → scappare via

bolt

(boult) noun
1. a bar to fasten a door etc. We have a bolt as well as a lock on the door.
2. a round bar of metal, often with a screw thread for a nut. nuts and bolts.
3. a flash of lightning.
4. a roll (of cloth). a bolt of silk.
verb
1. to fasten with a bolt. He bolted the door.
2. to swallow hastily. The child bolted her food.
3. to go away very fast. The horse bolted in terror.
ˌbolt(-)ˈupright adverb
absolutely upright. She sat bolt upright in the chair with her back very straight.
a bolt from the blue
a sudden, unexpected happening. His resignation was a bolt from the blue.

bolt

تِرْباس šroub bolt Riegel βίδα cerrojo, tornillo salpa boulon vijak bullone かんぬき 빗장 bout bolt śruba trinco болт åskvigg สลักเกลียว sürgü then cửa 门栓
References in classic literature ?
Jo was dismissed, but chose to march up and down the hall like a sentinel, having some fear that the prisoner might bolt.
When at last the twelve rods were made, Ahab tried them, one by one, by spiralling them, with his own hand, round a long, heavy iron bolt.
In the next room were wonderful machines that ate up long steel rods by slow stages, cutting them off, seizing the pieces, stamping heads upon them, grinding them and polishing them, threading them, and finally dropping them into a basket, all ready to bolt the harvesters together.
The plaintive song begins to well forth and float away over meadow and river--the cross-bow is slowly raised to position, a steady aim is taken, the bolt flies straight to the mark--the figure sinks down, still singing, the knight takes the wool out of his ears, and recognizes the old ballad--too late
She smiled and red- dened up very sweet, and I says, "If you don't mind it, I'll shut the door -- and bolt it.
Talk of thy glorious liberty, and then Bolt hard the captive's door?
I hurried on my frock and a shawl; I withdrew the bolt and opened the door with a trembling hand.
We searched the house, above and below, and the yard and stables; they were invisible: and, at last, Hindley in a passion told us to bolt the doors, and swore nobody should let them in that night.
You can't bolt the entrance to your servant's pocket.
He had a strong idea that the coffin he had seen was running after him; and, pictured as hopping on behind him, bolt upright, upon its narrow end, always on the point of overtaking him and hopping on at his side--perhaps taking his arm-- it was a pursuer to shun.
But such a--" he moved his chair and looked about the floor between us, and then again at me - "such a most oncommon Bolt as that
Thus saying, from her side the fatal Key, Sad instrument of all our woe, she took; And towards the Gate rouling her bestial train, Forthwith the huge Porcullis high up drew, Which but her self not all the STYGIAN powers Could once have mov'd; then in the key-hole turns Th' intricate wards, and every Bolt and Bar Of massie Iron or sollid Rock with ease Unfast'ns: on a sudden op'n flie With impetuous recoile and jarring sound Th' infernal dores, and on thir hinges great Harsh Thunder, that the lowest bottom shook Of EREBUS.