bottom


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bot·tom

 (bŏt′əm)
n.
1. The deepest or lowest part: the bottom of a well; the bottom of the page.
2. The part closest to a reference point: was positioned at the bottom of the key for a rebound.
3. The underside: scraped the bottom of the car on a rock.
4. The supporting part; the base.
5. The far end or part: at the bottom of the bed.
6.
a. The last place, as on a list.
b. The lowest or least favorable position: started at the bottom of the corporate hierarchy.
7. The basic underlying quality; the source: Let's get to the bottom of the problem.
8. The solid surface under a body of water.
9. often bottoms Low-lying alluvial land adjacent to a river. Also called bottomland.
10.
a. Nautical The part of a ship's hull below the water line.
b. A ship; a boat: "English merchants did much of their overseas trade in foreign bottoms" (G.M. Trevelyan).
11. often bottoms The trousers or short pants of pajamas.
12. Informal The buttocks.
13. The seat of a chair.
14. Baseball The second or last half of an inning.
15. Staying power; stamina. Used of a horse.
16. Slang One who is penetrated by another person or is the submissive partner in a sexual encounter or relationship.
adj.
1. Situated at the bottom: the bottom rung of the ladder.
2. Of the lowest degree, quality, rank, or amount: the bottom three teams in the league.
v. bot·tomed, bot·tom·ing, bot·toms
v.tr.
1. To provide with an underside.
2. To provide with a foundation; base: jurisprudence that is bottomed on democratic principles.
v.intr.
To have or strike the underside against something: The car bottomed on the gravel.
Phrasal Verb:
bottom out
To reach the lowest point possible, after which only a rise may occur: Sales of personal computers have bottomed out.
Idiom:
at bottom
Basically.

[Middle English botme, from Old English botm.]

bot′tom·er n.

bottom

(ˈbɒtəm)
n
1. the lowest, deepest, or farthest removed part of a thing: the bottom of a hill.
2. the least important or successful position: the bottom of a class.
3. the ground underneath a sea, lake, or river
4. (Nautical Terms) touch bottom to run aground
5. the inner depths of a person's true feelings (esp in the phrase from the bottom of one's heart)
6. the underneath part of a thing
7. (Nautical Terms) nautical the parts of a vessel's hull that are under water
8. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) (in literary or commercial contexts) a boat or ship
9. (Commerce) (in literary or commercial contexts) a boat or ship
10. (Billiards & Snooker) billiards snooker a strike in the centre of the cue ball
11. (Physical Geography) a dry valley or hollow
12. (Physical Geography) (often plural) US and Canadian the low land bordering a river
13. (Mining & Quarrying) the lowest level worked in a mine
14. (esp of horses) staying power; stamina
15. importance, seriousness, or influence: his views all have weight and bottom.
16. (Anatomy) informal the buttocks
17. at bottom in reality; basically or despite appearances to the contrary: he's a kind man at bottom.
18. be at the bottom of to be the ultimate cause of
19. get to the bottom of to discover the real truth about
20. knock the bottom out of to destroy or eliminate
adj (prenominal)
21. lowest or last: the bottom price.
22. bet one's bottom dollar on put one's bottom dollar on to be absolutely sure of (one's opinion, a person, project, etc)
23. of, relating to, or situated at the bottom or a bottom: the bottom shelf.
24. fundamental; basic
vb
25. (Furniture) (tr) to provide (a chair, etc) with a bottom or seat
26. (tr) to discover the full facts or truth of; fathom
27. (usually foll by: on or upon) to base or be founded (on an idea, etc)
28. (Nautical Terms) (intr) nautical to strike the ground beneath the water with a vessel's bottom
29. (Mining & Quarrying) mining
a. to mine (a hole, claim, etc) deep enough to reach any gold there is
b. (foll by: on) to reach (gold, mud, etc) on bottoming
30. (Electronics) electronics to saturate a transistor so that further increase of input produces no change in output
[Old English botm; related to Old Norse botn, Old High German bodam, Latin fundus, Greek puthmēn]

bot•tom

(ˈbɒt əm)
n.
1. the lowest or deepest part of anything, as distinguished from the top: the bottom of a page; ice on the bottom of the glass.
2. the under or lower side; underside: the bottom of a typewriter.
3. the ground under any body of water: the bottom of the sea.
4. Usu., bottoms. low alluvial land next to a river.
5.
a. the part of a hull of a vessel that is immersed at all times.
b. a cargo vessel.
6. the seat of a chair.
7. Informal. the buttocks; rump.
8. the fundamental part; basic aspect.
9. bottoms, (used with a pl. v.) the trousers or pants of a pair of pajamas.
10. the cause; origin; basis.
11. the second half of an inning in baseball.
12. the lowest limit, esp. of dignity or status; nadir.
v.t.
13. to furnish with a bottom.
14. to base or found (usu. fol. by on or upon).
15. to discover the full meaning of (something); fathom.
v.i.
16. to be based; rest.
17. to strike against or reach the bottom.
18. bottom out, to reach the lowest state or level.
adj.
19. of or pertaining to the bottom or a bottom.
20. located on or at the bottom: the bottom floor.
21. lowest: bottom prices.
22. living near or on the bottom: A flounder is a bottom fish.
23. fundamental: the bottom cause.
Idioms:
1. at bottom, in reality; fundamentally.
2. bet one's bottom dollar, to be positive or assured.
3. bottoms up, (used interjectionally in downing a drink.)
[before 1000; Middle English botme, Old English botm]

bottom

1. 'bottom' and 'behind'

Your bottom is the part of your body that you sit on. You can use bottom in conversation and in most kinds of writing.

If she could change any part of her body, it would be her bottom.

Speakers of American English usually say behind rather than 'bottom'.

My behind ached from cycling all day.
2. 'buttocks'

In formal writing, you refer to this part of your body as your buttocks.

He strained the muscles on his shoulders and buttocks.
3. 'bum' and 'butt'

In conversation, some British speakers say bum instead of 'bottom', and some American speakers say butt. It is best to avoid both these words as many people think they are impolite.

bottom


Past participle: bottomed
Gerund: bottoming

Imperative
bottom
bottom
Present
I bottom
you bottom
he/she/it bottoms
we bottom
you bottom
they bottom
Preterite
I bottomed
you bottomed
he/she/it bottomed
we bottomed
you bottomed
they bottomed
Present Continuous
I am bottoming
you are bottoming
he/she/it is bottoming
we are bottoming
you are bottoming
they are bottoming
Present Perfect
I have bottomed
you have bottomed
he/she/it has bottomed
we have bottomed
you have bottomed
they have bottomed
Past Continuous
I was bottoming
you were bottoming
he/she/it was bottoming
we were bottoming
you were bottoming
they were bottoming
Past Perfect
I had bottomed
you had bottomed
he/she/it had bottomed
we had bottomed
you had bottomed
they had bottomed
Future
I will bottom
you will bottom
he/she/it will bottom
we will bottom
you will bottom
they will bottom
Future Perfect
I will have bottomed
you will have bottomed
he/she/it will have bottomed
we will have bottomed
you will have bottomed
they will have bottomed
Future Continuous
I will be bottoming
you will be bottoming
he/she/it will be bottoming
we will be bottoming
you will be bottoming
they will be bottoming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been bottoming
you have been bottoming
he/she/it has been bottoming
we have been bottoming
you have been bottoming
they have been bottoming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been bottoming
you will have been bottoming
he/she/it will have been bottoming
we will have been bottoming
you will have been bottoming
they will have been bottoming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been bottoming
you had been bottoming
he/she/it had been bottoming
we had been bottoming
you had been bottoming
they had been bottoming
Conditional
I would bottom
you would bottom
he/she/it would bottom
we would bottom
you would bottom
they would bottom
Past Conditional
I would have bottomed
you would have bottomed
he/she/it would have bottomed
we would have bottomed
you would have bottomed
they would have bottomed

Bottom

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bottom - the lower side of anythingbottom - the lower side of anything    
base - a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit; "a tub should sit on its own base"
bilge - where the sides of the vessel curve in to form the bottom
heel - the bottom of a shoe or boot; the back part of a shoe or boot that touches the ground and provides elevation
sole - the underside of footwear or a golf club
side, face - a surface forming part of the outside of an object; "he examined all sides of the crystal"; "dew dripped from the face of the leaf"
underbelly - lower side; "the underbellies of clouds"
2.bottom - the lowest part of anything; "they started at the bottom of the hill"
foot - the lower part of anything; "curled up on the foot of the bed"; "the foot of the page"; "the foot of the list"; "the foot of the mountain"
base - (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment; "the base of the skull"
rock bottom - the absolute bottom
region, part - the extended spatial location of something; "the farming regions of France"; "religions in all parts of the world"; "regions of outer space"
3.bottom - the fleshy part of the human body that you sit onbottom - the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on; "he deserves a good kick in the butt"; "are you going to sit on your fanny and do nothing?"
body part - any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity
torso, trunk, body - the body excluding the head and neck and limbs; "they moved their arms and legs and bodies"
4.bottom - the second half of an inning; while the home team is at bat
inning, frame - (baseball) one of nine divisions of play during which each team has a turn at bat
bout, round, turn - (sports) a division during which one team is on the offensive
top of the inning, top - the first half of an inning; while the visiting team is at bat; "a relief pitcher took over in the top of the fifth"
5.bottom - a depression forming the ground under a body of waterbottom - a depression forming the ground under a body of water; "he searched for treasure on the ocean bed"
lake bed, lake bottom - the bottom of a lake
natural depression, depression - a sunken or depressed geological formation
river bottom, riverbed - a channel occupied (or formerly occupied) by a river
creek bed, streambed - a channel occupied (or formerly occupied) by a stream
6.bottom - low-lying alluvial land near a riverbottom - low-lying alluvial land near a river
land, soil, ground - material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use); "the land had never been plowed"; "good agricultural soil"
7.bottom - a cargo shipbottom - a cargo ship; "they did much of their overseas trade in foreign bottoms"
cargo ship, cargo vessel - a ship designed to carry cargo
Verb1.bottom - provide with a bottom or a seat; "bottom the chairs"
cabinetry, cabinetwork - the craft of making furniture (especially furniture of high quality)
furnish, provide, supply, render - give something useful or necessary to; "We provided the room with an electrical heater"
2.bottom - strike the ground, as with a ship's bottom
collide with, impinge on, hit, run into, strike - hit against; come into sudden contact with; "The car hit a tree"; "He struck the table with his elbow"
3.bottom - come to understand
understand - know and comprehend the nature or meaning of; "She did not understand her husband"; "I understand what she means"
Adj.1.bottom - situated at the bottom or lowest position; "the bottom drawer"
side - located on a side; "side fences"; "the side porch"
top - situated at the top or highest position; "the top shelf"
2.bottom - the lowest rank; "bottom member of the class"
worst - (superlative of `bad') most wanting in quality or value or condition; "the worst player on the team"; "the worst weather of the year"

bottom

noun
1. lowest part, base, foot, bed, floor, basis, foundation, depths, support, pedestal, deepest part He sat at the bottom of the stairs.
lowest part top, cover, surface, crown, summit, height, peak, lid
2. underside, sole, underneath, lower side the bottom of their shoes
3. end, far end, furthest point, furthest part The cathedral is at the bottom of the street.
4. lowest level, lowest position, least successful part a contract researcher at the bottom of the pay scale
5. buttocks, behind (informal), rear, butt (U.S. & Canad. informal), bum (Brit. slang), ass (U.S. & Canad. taboo slang), buns (U.S. slang), arse (taboo slang), backside, rump, seat, tail (informal), rear end, posterior, derrière (euphemistic), tush (U.S. slang), fundament, jacksy (Brit. slang) She moved her large bottom on the window-seat.
6. basis, base, cause, ground, heart, source, principle, root, origin, core, substance, essence, provenance, derivation, mainspring I have to get to the bottom of this mess.
adjective
1. lowest, last, base, ground, basement, undermost the bottom drawer of the cupboard
lowest higher, highest, top, uppermost

bottom

noun
1. A side or surface that is below or under:
2. The lowest or supporting part or structure:
3. A very low level, position, or degree:
4. A point of origin from which ideas or influences, for example, originate:
5. Informal. The part of one's back on which one rests in sitting:
buttock (used in plural), derrière, posterior, rump, seat.
Informal: backside, behind, rear.
Slang: bun (used in plural), fanny, tush.
Chiefly British: bum.
adjective
Opposite to or farthest from the top:
Translations
أَسْفَلعَجُزقاعقاع، قَعْر، أسْفَلمُؤَخَّرَه، عَجْز
dnospodnízadekzadnice
bundendenederstebag
takapuoliperäpohjapohjimmainen
dnodonjistražnjica
alja
bakhluti, rassbotn
しり底の
바닥바닥의엉덩이
culusfundus
atskleistibūti priežastimiišsiaiškinti esmęlabai gilussėdynė
apakšējā daļadibenspamatssēžamvieta
curzână
dnokoneczadnjica
bakbottenlägstapassiv
ก้นต่ำสุด
đáymôngthấp nhất

bottom

[ˈbɒtəm]
A. N
1. [of box, cup, sea, river, garden] → fondo m; [of stairs, page, mountain, tree] → pie m; [of list, class] → último/a m/f; [of foot] → planta f; [of shoe] → suela f; [of chair] → asiento m; [of ship] → quilla f, casco m
at the bottom (of) [+ page, hill, ladder] → al pie (de); [+ road] → al fondo (de)
the bottom has fallen out of the marketel mercado se ha venido abajo
the bottom fell or dropped out of his worldse le vino el mundo abajo
to knock the bottom out ofdesfondar
on the bottom (of) (= underside) [+ box, case etc] → en la parte inferior (de), en el fondo (de); [+ shoe] → en la suela (de); [+ sea, lake etc] → en el fondo (de)
to go to the bottom (Naut) → irse a pique
to send a ship to the bottomhundir un buque
to touch bottom (lit) → tocar fondo (fig) → tocar fondo, llegar al punto más bajo
bottoms up!¡salud!
see also false A4
2. (= buttocks) → trasero m
3. (fig) (= deepest part)
at bottomen el fondo
he's at the bottom of itél está detrás de esto
to get to the bottom of sthllegar al fondo de algo
from the bottom of my heartde todo corazón
4. (also bottoms) [of tracksuit, pyjamas] → pantalón m, parte f de abajo; [of bikini] → braga f, parte f de abajo
B. ADJ (= lowest) → más bajo; (= last) → último
see also dollar
C. CPD bottom drawer Najuar m
bottom floor Nplanta f baja
bottom gear N (Aut) → primera f (marcha)
bottom half Nparte f de abajo, mitad f inferior
bottom line N (= minimum) → mínimo m aceptable; (= essential point) → lo fundamental
the bottom line is he has to goa fin de cuentas tenemos que despedirlo
bottom price Nprecio m más bajo
bottom step Nprimer peldaño m
bottom team Ncolista m
bottom out VI + ADV [figures etc] → tocar fondo

bottom

[ˈbɒtəm]
n
[container, sea, lake] → fond m; [garden] → bout m; [stairs, cliff, mountain, hill, tree] → pied m; [screen, page] → bas m
at the bottom of [lake, sea, container] → au fond de; [garden] → au bout de; [stairs, cliff] → au pied de; [screen, page] → au bas de
to get to the bottom of sth (fig)découvrir le fin fond de qch
at bottom → au fond
to be at the bottom of sth (= the real cause of) → être à l'origine de qch
from the bottom of one's heart → du fond du cœur
bottoms up! → cul sec!
(in classification) to be bottom of the class [pupil] → être le dernier de la classe
to be bottom of the league [team] → être en dernière place du championnat
to be at the bottom of the table [team] → être dernier au classement
to be at the bottom of the pay scale [employee] → être au bas de l'échelle des salaires
to start at the bottom [young employee] → commencer tout en bas
to work one's way up from the bottom [employee]
He worked his way up from the bottom → Il a gravi un à un les échelons de la réussite.
[chair] → siège m
(= buttocks) → derrière m
[bikini] → bas m
bottoms [tracksuit] → pantalon m
adj [row] → du fond
[drawer, shelf] → du bas
[shelf, corner, club, lip, half] → inférieur(e)
the bottom shelf → l'étagère inférieure
the bottom half of [league, division] → la deuxième moitié de
to be in bottom place → être à la dernière place
[sheet] → du dessous
the bottom sheet → le drap du dessous
bottom out
vi [recession, price] → atteindre son point le plus bas

bottom

n
(= lowest part, of receptacle, box, glass) → Boden m; (of mountain, pillar, spire, printed character)Fuß m; (of well, canyon)Grund m; (of page, screen, wall)unteres Ende; (of list, road)Ende nt; (of trousers)unteres Beinteil; (of dress)Saum m; the bottom of the leaguedas Tabellenende, der Tabellenschluss; which end is the bottom?wo ist unten?; the bottom of the tree/wall etc is …der Baum/Wand etc ist unten; at the bottom of the page/list/league/hill/wall/tree etcunten auf der Seite/Liste/in der Tabelle/am Berg/an der Wand/am Baum etc; at the bottom of the canyonunten in der Schlucht; at the bottom of the mountain/cliffam Fuß des Berges/Felsens; to be (at the) bottom of the classder/die Letzte in der Klasse sein; he’s near the bottom in Englishin Englisch gehört er zu den Schlechtesten; at the bottom of the gardenhinten im Garten; at the bottom of the table/roadam unteren Ende des Tisches/am Ende der Straße; bottoms up!hoch die Tassen (inf); from the bottom of my heartaus tiefstem Herzen; he took a card from the bottom of the packer nahm eine Karte unten aus dem Stapel; at bottom (fig)im Grunde; the bottom fell out of his world (inf)für ihn brach alles zusammen; the bottom dropped or fell out of the marketdie Marktlage hat einen Tiefstand erreicht
(= underneath, underside)Unterseite f, → untere Seite; on the bottom of the tin/ashtrayunten an der Dose/am Aschenbecher
(of sea, lake, river)Grund m, → Boden m; at the bottom of the seaauf dem Meeresboden or -grund (geh); to send a ship to the bottomein Schiff versenken; the ship went to the bottomdas Schiff sank auf den Grund
(of chair)Sitz m, → Sitzfläche f
(of person)Hintern m (inf), → Po m (inf); (of trousers etc)Hosenboden m
(fig, causally) to be at the bottom of something (person)hinter etw (dat)stecken; (thing)einer Sache (dat)zugrunde or zu Grunde liegen; to get to the bottom of somethingeiner Sache (dat)auf den Grund kommen, hinter etw (acc)kommen; let’s get to the bottom of the matterwir wollen der Sache auf den Grund gehen
(Naut, of ship) → Boden m; the ship floated bottom updas Schiff trieb kieloben
(Brit Aut) bottom (gear)erster Gang; in bottom (gear)im ersten Gang; we’re still in bottom gear (inf)wir sind immer noch nicht richtig auf Touren gekommen (inf)
bottoms pl (US: = low land) → Ebene f
tracksuit/pyjama (Brit) or pajama (US) bottomsTrainings-/Schlafanzughose f; bikini bottom(s)Bikiniunterteil nt
adj attr (= lower)untere(r, s); (= lowest)unterste(r, s); priceniedrigste(r, s); (Fin) → Tiefst-; pupilschlechteste(r, s); bottom half (of box)untere Hälfte; (of list, class)zweite Hälfte

bottom

:
bottom drawer
n (Brit) to put something away in one’s bottometw für die Aussteuer beiseitelegen
bottom-fermented
adj beeruntergärig
bottomless
adj (lit)bodenlos; (fig) fundsunerschöpflich; despairtiefste(r, s); a bottom pit (fig)ein Fass ohne Boden; she is a bottom pitsie frisst wie ein Scheunendrescher (inf)
bottom line
n
(of accounts etc)Saldo m; if the balance sheet shows a healthy bottomwenn die Bilanz einen gesunden Saldo aufweist; to keep an eye on the bottomauf die Profitabilität achten
(fig) that’s the bottom (of it) (= decisive factor)das ist das Entscheidende (dabei); (= what it amounts to)darauf läuft es im Endeffekt hinaus
bottom-line
adj attr management, publishinggewinnorientiert
bottommost
adjallerunterste(r, s)
bottom-up
adj approach, view, analysisvon unten nach oben

bottom

[ˈbɒtəm]
1. n (gen) → fondo; (of mountain, tree) → piedi mpl; (of shoe) → suola; (of chair) → sedile m; (of ship) → opera viva; (of person) → sedere m
at the bottom of (hill, ladder) → ai piedi di (road, list) → in fondo a
at the bottom of the page → in fondo alla pagina, a piè di pagina
to be bottom of the class → essere l'ultimo/a della classe
on the bottom (of) (shoe) → sotto (sea, lake) → sul fondo (di)
the boat floated bottom up → la barca galleggiava capovolta
I fell flat on my bottom → sono caduto battendo il sedere
at bottom → in fondo
from the bottom of my heart → con tutto il cuore, dal profondo del cuore
to get to the bottom of sth (fig) → andare al fondo di or in fondo a qc
he's at the bottom of it (fig) → qui ci dev'essere il suo zampino
bottoms up! (fam) → cin-cin!
2. adj (lowest, shelf, step) → più basso/a, ultimo/a; (corner, part) → inferiore
bottom out vi + advassestarsi al livello più basso

bottom

(ˈbotəm) noun
1. the lowest part of anything. the bottom of the sea.
2. the part of the body on which a person sits.
ˈbottomless adjective
very deep. a bottomless pit.
be at the bottom of
to be the cause of (usually something bad). Who's at the bottom of these rumours?
get to the bottom of
to discover the explanation or the real facts of (a mystery etc).

bottom

أَسْفَل, عَجُز, قاع dno, spodní, zadek bund, ende, nederste Hintern, unterer, Unterseite κατώτατος, πισινός, πυθμένας fondo, inferior, trasero pohja, pohjimmainen, takapuoli fond, inférieur, postérieur dno, donji, stražnjica fondo, inferiore, sedere しり, 底, 底の 바닥, 바닥의, 엉덩이 achterwerk, bodem, onderste bunn, rompe, underste dno, dolny, pupa fundo, inferior, rabo, traseiro нижний, низ, ягодицы bak, botten, lägsta ก้น, ต่ำสุด alt, dip, en alt đáy, mông, thấp nhất 底部, 底部的, 臀部

bottom

n. fondo, parte inferior; asiento; pop. posaderas, asentaderas; Cuba fondillo.

bottom

n fondo; (fam, buttocks) nalgas, trasero (fam)
References in classic literature ?
But the sly dog dived, came up under the man-of-war, scuttled her, and down she went, with all sail set, `To the bottom of the sea, sea, sea' where.
There was no way of knowing what woman's thoughts went through her mind but, when the bottom of the hill was reached and she came up to the boy, she took his arm and walked beside him in dignified silence.
Jake got on the front seat with Otto Fuchs, and I rode on the straw in the bottom of the wagon-box, covered up with a buffalo hide.
I have a letter somewhere," looking in the machine drawer and finding the letter in the bottom of the workbasket.
Is he a stone that goes to the bottom, or does the scalp burn his head?
I start, we'll say, at the bottom, down in the corner over there where it has not been touched, and I determine for the thousandth time that I WILL follow that pointless pattern to some sort of a conclusion.
That's what I allus said," continued Dick, addressing space generally; "if there's any one ez knows how to come square down to the bottom rock without flinchin', it's your high-toned, fash'nable gals.
Whether its sources were disturbed by the depth of the new cellar, or whatever subtler cause might lurk at the bottom, it is certain that the water of Maule's Well, as it continued to be called, grew hard and brackish.
The neighbors looked upon him with a mixture of awe, admiration, and good-will; and, when any madcap prank or rustic brawl occurred in the vicinity, always shook their heads, and warranted Brom Bones was at the bottom of it.
I overtook her, I remember, on the staircase; we went down together, and at the bottom I detained her, holding her there with a hand on her arm.
Almost in the same instant, with a thunder-boom, the enormous mass dropped into the sea, like Niagara's Table-Rock into the whirlpool; the suddenly relieved hull rolled away from it, to far down her glittering copper; and all caught their breath, as half swinging --now over the sailors' heads, and now over the water --Daggoo, through a thick mist of spray, was dimly beheld clinging to the pendulous tackles, while poor, buried-alive Tashtego was sinking utterly down to the bottom of the sea
Our old ship is bound to sink soon--the rats said it would be at the bottom of the sea before to-morrow night--and the rats are never wrong.