bound morpheme


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Related to bound morpheme: free morpheme
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bound morpheme - a morpheme that occurs only as part of a larger construction; eg an -s at the end of plural nouns
morpheme - minimal meaningful language unit; it cannot be divided into smaller meaningful units
combining form - a bound form used only in compounds; "`hemato-' is a combining form in words like `hematology'"
affix - a linguistic element added to a word to produce an inflected or derived form
Translations
gebundenes Morphem
References in periodicals archive ?
Filipovic introduces the process of transmorphemization, which he proposes to occur in three stages: (1) zero transmorphemization, when a lexeme is borrowed as a free morpheme without any bound morphemes (English bridge [right arrow] Croatian bridz), (2) compromise transmorphemization, "when a loan keeps a final bound morpheme that does not conform to the borrowing language's morphological system" (English farm-er [right arrow] Croatian farm-er), and (3) complete transmorphemization, when "a donor language bound morpheme which does not conform to the morphological system of the borrowing language is replaced by a borrowing-language bound morpheme (suffix) with the same function.
It is a bound morpheme uniting two segments in derivational operations e.
There are two types of morphemes in the English language, distinguished as either bound or free (Ganske, 2000): A bound morpheme is the smallest unit of meaning that cannot be used as an isolated word.
The teacher thinks aloud, making comments such as, 'The word catchment is made up of a free morpheme (catch) and a bound morpheme (ment)'.
This is a bound morpheme ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) that connects to the beginning of the noun.
Poplack (1980) discusses two grammatical constraints on code- switching: (a) a free-morpheme constraint which states that a switch cannot occur between a lexical form and a bound morpheme unless the former has been phonologically integrated into the language of the latter and (b) the equivalence constraint rule which states that the word order immediately before and immediately after a switching point should exist in the two languages to make it possible for a switch to take place.
But there are several reasons to reject such a substantial claim; as the best well-known of them is clitics, such as; plural suffix /-[alpha]n/, nominalizer/adjectivizer suffix /-i/, and also the bound morpheme "to be"/-ast/.
According to the first constraint, no mixes should take place between a root and a bound morpheme (intra-word mixing).
Norde defines deinflectionalization as a "composite change whereby an inflectional affix in a specific linguistic context gains a new function, while shifting to a less bound morpheme type" (Norde2009: 152), involving in this definition changes from inflectional affix to clitic and to derivational affix.
Although is the outcome of the grammaticalisation of kar- into a future tense marker through erosion, it did not turn into a bound morpheme and remains an independent word.
Together with the equivalence constraint, Poplack (1980: 585) states that there is a second constraint pertaining to switching, the "free morpheme constraint" which predicts that bound morphemes cannot be transferred unless either the bound morpheme or the free morpheme to which it is affixed is phonologically integrated according to the phonological features of the other language.