bow


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

bow 1

 (bou)
n. Nautical
1. The front section of a ship or boat.
2. Either of the sides of this front section: the starboard bow.
3. The oar or the person wielding the oar closest to the bow in a racing shell.

[Middle English boue, probably of Low German origin; see bheug- in Indo-European roots.]

bow 2

 (bou)
v. bowed, bow·ing, bows
v.intr.
1. To bend or curve downward; stoop.
2. To incline the body or head or bend the knee in greeting, consent, courtesy, acknowledgment, submission, or veneration.
3. To yield in defeat or out of courtesy; submit. See Synonyms at yield.
v.tr.
1. To bend (the head, knee, or body) to express greeting, consent, courtesy, acknowledgment, submission, or veneration.
2. To convey (greeting, for example) by bending the body.
3. To escort deferentially: bowed us into the restaurant.
4. To cause to acquiesce; submit.
5. To overburden: Grief bowed them down.
n.
An inclination of the head or body, as in greeting, consent, courtesy, acknowledgment, submission, or veneration.
Phrasal Verb:
bow out
To remove oneself; withdraw.
Idiom:
bow and scrape
To behave obsequiously.

[Middle English bowen, from Old English būgan; see bheug- in Indo-European roots.]

bow 3

 (bō)
n.
1. A bent, curved, or arched object.
2. A weapon consisting of a curved, flexible strip of material, especially wood, strung taut from end to end and used to launch arrows.
3.
a. An archer.
b. Archers considered as a group.
4.
a. Music A rod having horsehair drawn tightly between its two raised ends, used in playing instruments of the violin and viol families.
b. A stroke made by this rod.
5. A knot usually having two loops and two ends; a bowknot.
6.
a. A frame for the lenses of a pair of eyeglasses.
b. The part of such a frame passing over the ear.
7. A rainbow.
8. An oxbow.
v. bowed, bow·ing, bows
v.tr.
1. To bend (something) into the shape of a bow.
2. Music To play (a stringed instrument) with a bow.
v.intr.
1. To bend into a curve or bow.
2. Music To play a stringed instrument with a bow.

[Middle English bowe, from Old English boga; see bheug- in Indo-European roots.]

bow

(baʊ)
vb
1. to lower (one's head) or bend (one's knee or body) as a sign of respect, greeting, assent, or shame
2. to bend or cause to bend; incline downwards
3. (intr; usually foll by to or before) to comply or accept: bow to the inevitable.
4. (tr; foll by in, out, to etc) to usher (someone) into or out of a place with bows and deference: the manager bowed us to our car.
5. (tr; usually foll by down) to bring (a person, nation, etc) to a state of submission
6. bow and scrape to behave in an excessively deferential or obsequious way
n
7. a lowering or inclination of the head or body as a mark of respect, greeting, or assent
8. take a bow to acknowledge or receive applause or praise
[Old English būgan, related to Old Norse bjūgr bent, Old High German biogan to bend, Dutch buigen]

bow

(bəʊ)
n
1. (Archery) a weapon for shooting arrows, consisting of an arch of flexible wood, plastic, metal, etc bent by a string (bowstring) fastened at each end. See also crossbow
2. (Instruments)
a. a long slightly curved stick across which are stretched strands of horsehair, used for playing the strings of a violin, viola, cello, or related instrument
b. a stroke with such a stick
3. (Knots)
a. a decorative interlacing of ribbon or other fabrics, usually having two loops and two loose ends
b. the knot forming such an interlacing; bowknot
4.
a. something that is curved, bent, or arched
b. (in combination): rainbow; oxbow; saddlebow.
5. (Archery) a person who uses a bow and arrow; archer
6. (Medicine)
a. a frame of a pair of spectacles
b. a sidepiece of the frame of a pair of spectacles that curls round behind the ear
7. (Antiques) a metal ring forming the handle of a pair of scissors or of a large old-fashioned key
8. (Architecture) architect part of a building curved in the form of a bow. See also bow window
vb
9. to form or cause to form a curve or curves
10. (Classical Music) to make strokes of a bow across (violin strings)
[Old English boga arch, bow; related to Old Norse bogi a bow, Old High German bogo, Old Irish bocc, and bow1]

bow

(baʊ)
n
1. (Nautical Terms) chiefly nautical
a. (often plural) the forward end or part of a vessel
b. (as modifier): the bow mooring line.
2. (Nautical Terms) rowing short for bowman
3. (Nautical Terms) on the port bow nautical within 45 degrees to the port of straight ahead
4. (Nautical Terms) on the starboard bow nautical within 45 degrees to the starboard of straight ahead
5. a shot across someone's bows informal a warning
[C15: probably from Low German boog; related to Dutch boeg, Danish bov ship's bow, shoulder; see bough]

Bow

(bəʊ)
n
(Biography) Clara, known as the It Girl. 1905–65, US film actress, noted for her vivacity and sex appeal

bow1

(baʊ)

v.i.
1. to bend the knee or body or incline the head, as in reverence, submission, or salutation.
2. to yield; submit: to bow to the inevitable.
3. to bend or curve downward; stoop: The pines bowed low.
v.t.
4. to bend or incline (the knee, body, or head) in worship, submission, respect, civility, etc.
5. to cause to submit; subdue; crush.
6. to cause to stoop or incline.
7. to express by a bow: to bow one's thanks.
8. to usher (someone) with a bow: They were bowed in by the footman.
9. to cause to bend; make curved or crooked.
10. bow out, to withdraw by choice, as from a task; retire.
n.
11. an inclination of the head or body in salutation, assent, thanks, reverence, submission, etc.
Idioms:
bow and scrape, to be excessively polite or deferential.
[before 900; Middle English bowen (v.), Old English būgan; c. Dutch buigen]

bow2

(boʊ)
n.
1. a flexible strip of wood or other material, bent by a string stretched between its ends, for shooting arrows.
2. a bend or curve.
3. a readily loosened knot for joining the ends of a ribbon or string, having two projecting loops.
4. a loop or gathering of ribbon, paper, etc., used as a decoration.
5. a flexible rod having horsehairs stretched from end to end, used for playing a musical instrument of the viol or violin families.
6. something curved or arc-shaped.
7. an archer; bowman.
10. a U-shaped piece for placing under an animal's neck to hold a yoke.
adj.
11. curved outward at the center; bent: bow legs.
v.t., v.i.
12. to bend into the form of a bow; curve.
13. to perform with a bow on a stringed instrument.
[before 1000; Middle English bowe (n.), Old English boga]
bow′less, adj.

bow3

(baʊ)

n.
1. the forward end of a vessel or airship.
2. the foremost oar in rowing a boat.
adj.
3. of or pertaining to the bow of a ship.
[1620–30; < Low German boog (n.) or Dutch boeg or Dan bov; see bough]

Bow

 a herd of cattle; the cattle on a farm [the livestock], c. 1300; bowmen or archers collectively, 1511.
Example: bow of ky [Scots ‘cattle’], 1568.

Bow, Bowpot, Boughpot

 a bouquet of flowers or boughs; a bunch of flowers, 1848; a pot for holding boughs or flowers for ornament, 1583.

bow


Past participle: bowed
Gerund: bowing

Imperative
bow
bow
Present
I bow
you bow
he/she/it bows
we bow
you bow
they bow
Preterite
I bowed
you bowed
he/she/it bowed
we bowed
you bowed
they bowed
Present Continuous
I am bowing
you are bowing
he/she/it is bowing
we are bowing
you are bowing
they are bowing
Present Perfect
I have bowed
you have bowed
he/she/it has bowed
we have bowed
you have bowed
they have bowed
Past Continuous
I was bowing
you were bowing
he/she/it was bowing
we were bowing
you were bowing
they were bowing
Past Perfect
I had bowed
you had bowed
he/she/it had bowed
we had bowed
you had bowed
they had bowed
Future
I will bow
you will bow
he/she/it will bow
we will bow
you will bow
they will bow
Future Perfect
I will have bowed
you will have bowed
he/she/it will have bowed
we will have bowed
you will have bowed
they will have bowed
Future Continuous
I will be bowing
you will be bowing
he/she/it will be bowing
we will be bowing
you will be bowing
they will be bowing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been bowing
you have been bowing
he/she/it has been bowing
we have been bowing
you have been bowing
they have been bowing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been bowing
you will have been bowing
he/she/it will have been bowing
we will have been bowing
you will have been bowing
they will have been bowing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been bowing
you had been bowing
he/she/it had been bowing
we had been bowing
you had been bowing
they had been bowing
Conditional
I would bow
you would bow
he/she/it would bow
we would bow
you would bow
they would bow
Past Conditional
I would have bowed
you would have bowed
he/she/it would have bowed
we would have bowed
you would have bowed
they would have bowed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bow - a knot with two loops and loose endsbow - a knot with two loops and loose ends; used to tie shoelaces
knot - any of various fastenings formed by looping and tying a rope (or cord) upon itself or to another rope or to another object
2.bow - a slightly curved piece of resilient wood with taut horsehair strands; used in playing certain stringed instruments
fiddlestick, violin bow - a bow used in playing the violin
stick - an implement consisting of a length of wood; "he collected dry sticks for a campfire"; "the kid had a candied apple on a stick"
3.bow - front part of a vessel or aircraftbow - front part of a vessel or aircraft; "he pointed the bow of the boat toward the finish line"
front - the side that is seen or that goes first
vessel, watercraft - a craft designed for water transportation
4.bow - a weapon for shooting arrows, composed of a curved piece of resilient wood with a taut cord to propel the arrow
bow and arrow - a weapon consisting of arrows and the bow to shoot them
bowstring - the string of an archer's bow
crossbow - a bow fixed transversely on a wooden stock grooved to direct the arrow (quarrel)
Cupid's bow - a curved bow with reversed curve ends
handbow - a bow drawn by hand as distinguished from a crossbow
limb - either of the two halves of a bow from handle to tip; "the upper limb of the bow"
longbow - a powerful wooden bow drawn by hand; usually 5-6 feet long; used in medieval England
weapon, weapon system, arm - any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting; "he was licensed to carry a weapon"
5.bow - something curved in shapebow - something curved in shape    
rainbow - an arc of colored light in the sky caused by refraction of the sun's rays by rain
curve, curved shape - the trace of a point whose direction of motion changes
6.bow - bending the head or body or knee as a sign of reverence or submission or shame or greetingbow - bending the head or body or knee as a sign of reverence or submission or shame or greeting
reverence - an act showing respect (especially a bow or curtsy)
motion, gesture - the use of movements (especially of the hands) to communicate familiar or prearranged signals
genuflection, genuflexion - the act of bending the knees in worship or reverence
kotow, kowtow - a former Chinese custom of touching the ground with the forehead as a sign of respect or submission
scrape, scraping - a deep bow with the foot drawn backwards (indicating excessive humility); "all that bowing and scraping did not impress him"
salaam - a deep bow; a Muslim form of salutation
7.bow - an appearance by actors or performers at the end of the concert or play in order to acknowledge the applause of the audiencebow - an appearance by actors or performers at the end of the concert or play in order to acknowledge the applause of the audience
thanks - an acknowledgment of appreciation
8.bow - a decorative interlacing of ribbons
decoration, ornament, ornamentation - something used to beautify
9.bow - a stroke with a curved piece of wood with taut horsehair strands that is used in playing stringed instruments
stroke - a single complete movement
down-bow - a downward stroke from the heel to the tip of the bow
up-bow - an upward stroke from the tip to the heel of the bow
Verb1.bow - bend one's knee or body, or lower one's head; "He bowed before the King"; "She bowed her head in shame"
conge, congee - perform a ceremonious bow
gesticulate, gesture, motion - show, express or direct through movement; "He gestured his desire to leave"
2.bow - yield to another's wish or opinion; "The government bowed to the military pressure"
buckle under, knuckle under, succumb, give in, yield - consent reluctantly
3.bow - bend the head or the upper part of the body in a gesture of respect or greeting; "He bowed before the King"
take a bow - acknowledge applause by inclining the head, as of an artist after a performance
change posture - undergo a change in bodily posture
curtsey, curtsy - bend the knees in a gesture of respectful greeting
kowtow, genuflect, scrape - bend the knees and bow in a servile manner
genuflect - bend the knees and bow in church or before a religious superior or image
bow down, prostrate - get into a prostrate position, as in submission
4.bow - bend one's back forward from the waist on downbow - bend one's back forward from the waist on down; "he crouched down"; "She bowed before the Queen"; "The young man stooped to pick up the girl's purse"
bend, flex - form a curve; "The stick does not bend"
squinch - crouch down
cower, huddle - crouch or curl up; "They huddled outside in the rain"
5.bow - play on a string instrument with a bow
music - musical activity (singing or whistling etc.); "his music was his central interest"
play - play on an instrument; "The band played all night long"

bow

1
verb
1. bend, bob, nod, incline, stoop, droop, genuflect, make obeisance He bowed slightly before taking her bag.
noun
1. bending, bob, nod, inclination, salaam, obeisance, kowtow, genuflection I gave a theatrical bow and waved.
bow down to someone grovel to, suck up to (slang), fawn on, cringe to, court, toady to We should not have to bow down to anyone.
bow out give up, retire, withdraw, get out, resign, quit, pull out, step down (informal), back out, throw in the towel, cop out (slang), throw in the sponge, call it a day or night He bowed out gracefully when his successor was appointed.
bow to something or someone give in to, accept, comply with, succumb to, submit to, surrender to, yield to, defer to, concede to, acquiesce to, kowtow to She is having to bow to their terms.

bow

2
noun (Nautical) prow, head, stem, fore, beak spray from the ship's bow

bow

3
noun
1. knot, tie, lace, loop, ribbon, braid, rosette, ligature Add a length of ribbon tied in a bow.
2. longbow, crossbow Some of the raiders were armed with bows and arrows.

bow 1

verb
1. To incline the body:
2. To give in from or as if from a gradual loss of strength:
Informal: fold.
3. To conform to the will or judgment of another, especially out of respect or courtesy:
noun
An inclination of the head or body, as in greeting, consent, courtesy, submission, or worship:

bow 2

noun
Something bent:
verb
To swerve from a straight line:
Translations
إنْحِناءهأُنْشُوطَةأُنْشوطَهانحنىقَوس
лък
lukpoklonapříďsmyčecklička
buesløjfebovbukbukke
arĉoarko
کمان
kumartaakumartuarusettitaipuataivuttaa
lukmašnanakloniti se
íjmeghajolvonó
busur
slaufabogiframstafn; kinnungur, bógurhneigja sighneigja sig, kinka kolli
お辞儀するお辞儀をするちょう結び辞儀する
매듭절하다
arcus
izjust dziļu cieņuizrādot piekrišanu)liektliektieslociņš
arc
lukmašľapokloniť saprovaskloniť sa
lokpoklonprikloniti sesklonitivozel
bågeböjabuga (sig)knutkröka
โบว์คันธนูคำนับ
yaybaş eğmeboyun eğmekeğilerek selâm vermekfiyonk
лук
cungcúi chào

bow

1 [bəʊ]
A. N
1. (= weapon, Mus) → arco m
bow and arrowarco m y flechas
2. (= knot) → lazo m
to tie a bowhacer un lazo
B. CPD bow legs NPLpiernas fpl arqueadas
bow tie Npajarita f
bow window Nmirador m, ventana f salediza

bow

2 [baʊ]
A. N (= greeting) → reverencia f
to make a bowinclinarse (to delante de) → hacer una reverencia (to a) to make one's bowpresentarse, debutar
to take a bowsalir a agradecer los aplausos, salir a saludar
B. VT
1. (= lower) [+ head] → inclinar, bajar
2. (= bend) [+ back] → encorvar, doblar; [+ branches] → inclinar, doblar
3. to bow one's thanksinclinarse en señal de agradecimiento
C. VI
1. (in greeting) → inclinarse (to delante de) → hacer una reverencia (to a) to bow and scrapemostrarse demasiado solícito
2. (= bend) [branch etc] → arquearse, doblarse
to bow beneath (fig) → estar agobiado por
3. (fig) (= yield) → inclinarse or ceder (to ante) to bow to the inevitableresignarse a lo inevitable
bow down
A. VT + ADV (lit, fig) → doblegar
B. VI + ADV (lit, fig) → doblegarse
bow out VI + ADV (fig) → retirarse, despedirse

bow

3 [baʊ]
A. N (Naut) (also bows) → proa f
on the port/starboard bowa babor/estribor
a shot across the bowsun cañonazo de advertencia
B. CPD bow doors NPLportón m de proa
bow wave N ola causada por un barco al desplazarse por el agua

bow

1 [ˈbəʊ] n
(in ribbon)nœud m
to tie a bow → faire un nœud
(= weapon) → arc m
a bow and arrows → un arc et des flèches
[violin, cello] → archet m

bow

2 [ˈbaʊ]
n
[body] → révérence f; [head] → salut m
to take a bow [actor] → saluer
[ship] (also bows) → proue f
vi (with body)faire une révérence, s'incliner
to bow to sb → s'incliner devant qn
(= yield) to bow to sth [+ knowledge, wisdow, majority] → s'incliner devant qch; [+ wishes, opinion] → se soumettre à qch
to bow to pressure → céder à la pression
to bow to the inevitable → accepter l'inévitable, accepter l'inéluctable
vt [+ head] → courber
bow out
[baʊ] vitirer sa révérence
to bow out of sth (= withdraw from) → se retirer de qch

bow

:
bow-legged
bowlegs
plO-Beine pl

bow

:
bowstring
n (Mus) → (Bogen)bezug m; (in archery) → (Bogen)sehne f
bow tie
nFliege f

bow

1
n
(for shooting arrows) → Bogen m; a bow and arrowPfeil und Bogen pl
(Mus) → Bogen m; up/down bow strokeAuf-/Abstrich m
(= knot: of ribbon etc) → Schleife f
vi (Mus) → den Bogen führen
vt (Mus) → streichen

bow

2
n (with head, body) → Verbeugung f; (by young boy) → Diener m; to make one’s bow to somebodysich vor jdm verbeugen or verneigen (geh), → jdm seine Reverenz erweisen (form); to take a bowsich verbeugen or verneigen; take a bow (fig: = take the credit) → das haben wir Ihnen zu verdanken
vi
(person: with body) → sich verbeugen, sich verneigen (geh)(to sb vor jdm); (young boy) → einen Diener machen; to bow and scrapekatzbuckeln (pej), → liebedienern (pej)
(= bend: branches etc) → sich biegen or beugen
(fig: = defer, submit) → sich beugen (→ before vor +dat, → under unter +dat, → to +dat); to bow to the majoritysich der Mehrheit beugen; to bow to the inevitablesich in das Unvermeidliche fügen
vt
to bow one’s headden Kopf senken; (in prayer) → sich verneigen
(= bend) branchesbeugen; old age had not bowed himer war vom Alter ungebeugt (geh)
(= defeat) to be bowed by somethingvon etw schwer getroffen sein

bow

3
n often plBug m; in the bowsim Bug; on the port/starboard bowbackbord(s)/steuerbord(s) voraus; bow doorsBugtor nt

bow

1 [bəʊ] narco (Mus) → archetto; (knot) → fiocco, nodo

bow

2 [baʊ]
1. ninchino
to take a bow → inchinarsi al pubblico or all'applauso del pubblico
2. vt (lower, head) → chinare; (bend, back) → curvare, piegare
bowed down by cares → schiacciato/a dalle preoccupazioni
3. vi to bow (to)inchinarsi (a), fare un inchino (a) (fig) (yield) → inchinarsi (di fronte a)
to bow to the inevitable → rassegnarsi all'inevitabile
bow down vi + adv to bow down (to)prostrarsi (davanti a)
bow out vi + adv (fig) → uscire di scena

bow

3 [bau] n (Naut) (also bows) → prua
on the port/starboard bow → di prua a sinistra/a destra

bow1

(bau) verb
1. to bend (the head and often also the upper part of the body) forwards in greeting a person etc. He bowed to the ladies; They bowed their heads in prayer.
2. (with to) to accept. I bow to your superior knowledge.
noun
a bowing movement. He made a bow to the ladies.
bowed adjective
(often with down) bent downwards, eg by the weight of something. The trees were bowed down with fruit.

bow2

(bəu) noun
1. a springy curved rod bent by a string, by which arrows are shot.
2. a rod with horsehair stretched along it, by which the strings of a violin etc are sounded.
3. a looped knot of material. Her dress is decorated with bows.
noun (bau)
(often in plural) the front of a ship or boat. The waves broke over the bows.

bow

أُنْشُوطَة, قَوس, يَنْحَنِي ل klička, luk, uklonit se bue, bukke, sløjfe Bogen, Haarschleife, verbeugen τόξο, υποκλίνομαι, φιόγκος arco, hacer una reverencia, lazo jousipyssy, kumartaa, rusetti arc, nœud, s’incliner luk, mašna, nakloniti se arco, inchinarsi, nodo お辞儀をする, ちょう結び, 弓 매듭, 절하다, 활 boog, buigen, strik bue, bukke, knute kokardka, łuk, ukłonić się arco de flecha, fazer uma vénia, laço кланяться, лук, узел бантик båge, buga (sig), knut โบว์, คันธนู, คำนับ baş eğme, papyon, yay cúi chào, cung, nơ , 蝴蝶结, 鞠躬
References in classic literature ?
If you will come too," he answered, with a gallant little bow.
When Wash walked through the streets such a one had an instinct to pay him homage, to raise his hat or to bow before him.
I am, at your service, Val Jacinto," and he introduced himself with another low bow.
She made an awkward, imperious little bow as she went in.
I am no scholar, and I care not who knows it; but, judging from what I have seen, at deer chases and squirrel hunts, of the sparks below, I should think a rifle in the hands of their grandfathers was not so dangerous as a hickory bow and a good flint-head might be, if drawn with Indian judgment, and sent by an Indian eye.
With a bow to Hepzibah, and a degree of paternal benevolence in his parting nod to Phoebe, the Judge left the shop, and went smiling along the street.
The greater part of the time he scraped on two or three strings, accompanying every movement of the bow with a motion of the head; bowing almost to the ground, and stamping with his foot whenever a fresh couple were to start.
From thence it is the storm of God's quick wrath is first descried, and the bow must bear the earliest brunt.
Three points on the starboard bow, sir, and bringing down her breeze to us
She has neither bow or stern, strictly speaking, for she has a long-bladed rudder on each end and she never turns around.
Your Grace's power, supported, as it is, by so many men-at-arms, may indeed easily strip and scourge me, but cannot compel me to bend or to draw my bow.
Now Giafar had something of importance to say to the Caliph, and had no intention of being put off by mere silence, so with another low bow in front of the throne, he began to speak.