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 (bō-yär′, boi′ər)
A member of a class of higher Russian nobility that until the time of Peter I headed the civil and military administration of the country and participated in an early duma.

[Alteration (influenced by French boyard, from Russian boyarin) of Early Modern English boiaren, from Russian boyarin, from Old Russian bolyarinŭ, from Old Church Slavonic, probably from Bulgar Turkic (Turkic language of a Turkic tribe that settled in the Volga and Danube basins in the early Middle Ages ) *boyla er, noble man : boyla, Turkic nobleman of a rank below a khan (akin to Old Turkic boylā) + *er, man (akin to Turkish Old Turkic er).]


(ˈbəʊjɑː; ˈbɔɪə)
(Heraldry) a member of an old order of Russian nobility, ranking immediately below the princes: abolished by Peter the Great
[C16: from Old Russian boyarin, from Old Slavonic boljarinǔ, probably from Old Turkic boila a title]


(boʊˈyɑr, ˈbɔɪ ər)

also bo•yard

(-ˈyɑrd, -ərd)

1. a member of the nobility of Russia, before Peter the Great.
2. a member of a former privileged class in Romania.
[1585–95; earlier boiaren < Russian boyárin]
References in classic literature ?
From the height of the Kremlin- yes, there is the Kremlin, yes- I will give them just laws; I will teach them the meaning of true civilization, I will make generations of boyars remember their conqueror with love.
A general with a brilliant suite galloped off at once to fetch the boyars.
His speech to the boyars had already taken definite shape in his imagination.
They were not alarmed by the fact that Moscow had been abandoned by its inhabitants (grave as that fact seemed), but by the question how to tell the Emperor- without putting him in the terrible position of appearing ridiculous- that he had been awaiting the boyars so long in vain: that there were drunken mobs left in Moscow but no one else.
People's Council played the part of constituent power and included: the country's metropolitan, two bishops, the members of the Divans and the judicial departments, a boyar for each region, elected by the local boyars (art.
the old boyar settlement, Boyar, and the fish poachers, After a
Himmel & Meringoff Properties announced that 6 East 32nd Street is now 100 percent leasedafter Boyar Asset Management signed a 5,200 s/f, 4-year lease to take space on a portion of the 7th floor in 11-story property.
The success of an employee working from home depends on the person, on the job and on the training the organization provides to do that role remotely, Boyar said.
One was bestowed to Vinzavod Assenovgrad; one to Black Sea Gold, and one to Domaine Boyar.
Domaine Boyar Limited Edition Chardonnay 2010 (Waitrose, EUR6 until Tuesday) is crisp and fruity with a lemony edge and a hint of minerals and honey in the French style.
Russotto and Boyar reported an incidence of one in 1700 cases using an I-131 scan for detection (8).
Andrew Lamberth, head of sales and marketing at Bulgarian wine specialist Boyar Estates, says: "The only way to shift volume in the multiples is by price promotion.