AICs emerged simultaneously in West, East, Central, and South Africa, beginning with the work of such indigenous prophets as William Wade Harris of Liberia, Garrick Sokari Braide
and Josephe Babalola of Nigeria, Simon Kimbangu of the Belgian Congo, and Isaiah Shembe of South Africa.
That may be due partially to the group of producers and songwriters, which include Stargate, Benny Blanco, John Shanks, The Messengers, Anne Preven, Christopher Braide
2003; Le, 2005, 2006; National Agro-forestry and Fisheries Quality Assurance Department, 2006; Ngo, 2008); in Asia (Health Canada, 2007; Hsia & Huiyi, 2008; Ip, Li, Zhang, Wong, & Zhang, 2005; Liang, Shi, He, Jiang, & Yuan, 2003; Lin, Wong, & Li, 2004; Nakagawa, Yumita, & Hiromoto, 1997; Soegianto & Hamami, 2007; Soegianto & Supriyanto, 2008); and in other countries in the world (Chindah, Braide
, & Sibeudu, 2004; Crepet, Tressou, Verger, & Leblanc, 2004; European Commission, 2004; Gagnon, Tremblay, Rouette, & Frangois, 2004; Juresa & Blanusa, 2003; Kehrig, Costa, Moreira, & Malm, 2006; Leblanc, Volatier, Sirot, & Bemrah-Aouachria, 2006; Legrand, Arp, Ritchieb, & Chan, 2004; Mozaffarian & Rimm, 2006; Sanzo et al.