brain


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brain
the human brain and its contiguous structures
A. pituitary gland
B. cerebrum
C. skull
D. corpus callosum
E. thalamus
F. hypothalamus
G. pons
H. cerebellum
I. medulla
J. spinal cord

brain

 (brān)
n.
1.
a. The portion of the vertebrate central nervous system that is enclosed within the cranium, continuous with the spinal cord, and composed of gray matter and white matter. It is the primary center for the regulation and control of bodily activities, receiving and interpreting sensory impulses, and transmitting information to the muscles and body organs. It is also the seat of consciousness, thought, memory, and emotion.
b. A functionally similar portion of the invertebrate nervous system.
2.
a. Intellectual ability; intellect: an actor not known for his quick brain.
b. often brains Exceptional intellectual ability; intelligence: has brains and good looks.
c. Informal A highly intelligent person: We knew the new kid was a brain as soon as she started talking.
3. often brains The primary director or planner, as of an organization or movement.
4. The control center, as of a ship, aircraft, or spacecraft.
tr.v. brained, brain·ing, brains
To hit on the head or kill by hitting on the head.
Idioms:
beat (one's) brains (out)
Informal To exert or expend great mental effort: She beat her brains out during the examination.
on the brain
Obsessively in mind: The coach has winning on the brain.
pick (someone's) brain/brains
To explore another's ideas through questioning.
rack (one's) brain Informal
To think long and hard: I racked my brain for hours trying to recall her name.

[Middle English, from Old English brægen.]

brain

(breɪn)
n
1. (Anatomy) the soft convoluted mass of nervous tissue within the skull of vertebrates that is the controlling and coordinating centre of the nervous system and the seat of thought, memory, and emotion. It includes the cerebrum, brainstem, and cerebellum. Technical name: encephalon
2. (Zoology) the main neural bundle or ganglion of certain invertebrates
3. (often plural) informal intellectual ability: he's got brains.
4. informal shrewdness or cunning
5. informal an intellectual or intelligent person
6. (usually plural; functioning as singular) informal a person who plans and organizes an undertaking or is in overall control of an organization, etc
7. an electronic device, such as a computer, that performs apparently similar functions to the human brain
8. on the brain constantly in mind: I had that song on the brain.
9. pick someone's brain to obtain information or ideas from someone
vb (tr)
10. to smash the skull of
11. slang to hit hard on the head
[Old English brægen; related to Old Frisian brein, Middle Low German bregen, Greek brekhmos forehead]

brain

(breɪn)
n.
1. the anterior part of the central nervous system enclosed in the cranium of vertebrates, consisting of a mass of nerve tissue organized for the perception of sensory impulses, the regulation of motor impulses, and the production of memory, learning, and consciousness.
2. (in many invertebrates) a part of the nervous system comparable to the brain of vertebrates.
3. Sometimes, brains. understanding; intellectual power; intelligence.
4. the brain as the center of thought, understanding, etc.; mind; intellect.
5. brains, Slang. a member of a group who is regarded as its intellectual leader or planner.
6. Informal. an extremely intelligent person.
7.
a. the controlling or guiding mechanism in a computer, robot, pacemaker, etc.
b. the part of a computer system for coordination or guidance, as of a missile.
v.t.
8. to smash the skull of.
9. Slang. to hit or bang on the head.
Idioms:
have on the brain, to think about constantly.
[before 1000; Middle English; Old English bræg(e)n, bregen; c. Middle Low German bragen, Middle Dutch brein]
syn: See mind.
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brain

brain

(brān)
1. The part of the nervous system in vertebrates that is enclosed within the skull, is connected with the spinal cord, and is composed of gray matter and white matter. It receives and interprets impulses from sense organs, and it coordinates and controls body functions and activities, such as walking and talking. The brain is also the center of memory, thought, and feeling.
2. A bundle of nerves in many invertebrate animals that is similar to the vertebrate brain in function and position.
Did You Know? At this very moment, these words are being scanned and interpreted by perhaps the most complex object in the world: the human brain. The bulbous organ that sits right behind your forehead is a collection of different parts that work together. For example, the two sides of the brain, called hemispheres, perform different tasks. The right hemisphere is responsible for musical and artistic ability and the ability to recognize faces. The left is where mathematical and logical analysis takes place, as well as most speech and language processing. Furthermore, each hemisphere is divided into four separate regions called lobes, which have their own jobs. Here's how specific the responsibilities of a particular brain area can be: in 2001 researchers discovered that there's a definite part of the brain (the medial ventral prefrontal cortex) where you make the connection that we call "getting" a joke. Got it?

Brain


the process of providing a person with visual or auditory evidence of the quality of an autonomie physiological function so that he may attempt to exercise conscious control over it.
1. Obsolete, the branch of psychology that studies the brain.
2. Medicine. the total knowledge concerning the brain.
the surgical operation of opening the skull, as for an operation on the brain.
the comparative study of complex electronic devices and the nervous system in an attempt to understand better the nature of the human brain. — cyberneticist, n.cybernetic, adj.
an inflamed condition of the brain.
a condition in which normal tissue is misplaced, especially in the brain, so that masses of gray matter are found in the white matter. See also biology.. — heterotopous, adj.
surgical severing of certain nerve fibers in the frontal lobe of the brain, once commonly performed to treat intractable depression. Also called prefrontal lobotomy.
the process of systematically altering beliefs and attitudes, especially through the use of drugs, torture, or psychological stress techniques; brainwashing.
brain stimulation by hypnosis or magnetism.
the forebrain. — prosencephalies, adj.
a form of extreme or violent cerebral activity caused by defective inhibition. — psychokinetic, adj.
the use of brain surgery to treat mental disorders. — psychosurgeon, n.
the sensory apparatus of the body as a whole; the seat of physical sensation, imagined to be in the gray matter of the brain.
a procedure for the stating and solving of problems based upon creative thinking in figurative terms by a small, carefully chosen, and diversely specialized group.
the anterior section of the forebrain, containing the cerebrum and related structures. — telencephalic, adj.
the influence one brain is thought to exercise over another, from a distance, by means of some hypothetical mental energy.
surgical excision of part of the cerebral cortex, as to provide relief for pain or treat certain mental disorders.

brain


Past participle: brained
Gerund: braining

Imperative
brain
brain
Present
I brain
you brain
he/she/it brains
we brain
you brain
they brain
Preterite
I brained
you brained
he/she/it brained
we brained
you brained
they brained
Present Continuous
I am braining
you are braining
he/she/it is braining
we are braining
you are braining
they are braining
Present Perfect
I have brained
you have brained
he/she/it has brained
we have brained
you have brained
they have brained
Past Continuous
I was braining
you were braining
he/she/it was braining
we were braining
you were braining
they were braining
Past Perfect
I had brained
you had brained
he/she/it had brained
we had brained
you had brained
they had brained
Future
I will brain
you will brain
he/she/it will brain
we will brain
you will brain
they will brain
Future Perfect
I will have brained
you will have brained
he/she/it will have brained
we will have brained
you will have brained
they will have brained
Future Continuous
I will be braining
you will be braining
he/she/it will be braining
we will be braining
you will be braining
they will be braining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been braining
you have been braining
he/she/it has been braining
we have been braining
you have been braining
they have been braining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been braining
you will have been braining
he/she/it will have been braining
we will have been braining
you will have been braining
they will have been braining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been braining
you had been braining
he/she/it had been braining
we had been braining
you had been braining
they had been braining
Conditional
I would brain
you would brain
he/she/it would brain
we would brain
you would brain
they would brain
Past Conditional
I would have brained
you would have brained
he/she/it would have brained
we would have brained
you would have brained
they would have brained

brain

The body’s chief control center, containing billions of interconnected nerve cells.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.brain - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centersbrain - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
circle of Willis - a ring of arteries at the base of the brain
arteria communicans, communicating artery - any of three arteries in the brain that make up the circle of Willis
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
central nervous system, CNS, systema nervosum centrale - the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
neencephalon, neoencephalon - the part of the brain having the most recent phylogenetic origin; the cerebral cortex and related parts
forebrain, prosencephalon - the anterior portion of the brain; the part of the brain that develops from the anterior part of the neural tube
mesencephalon, midbrain - the middle portion of the brain
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
brain stem, brainstem, brain-stem - the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
ventricle - one of four connected cavities in the brain; is continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord and contains cerebrospinal fluid
head, caput - the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains; "he stuck his head out the window"
2.brain - mental abilitybrain - mental ability; "he's got plenty of brains but no common sense"
intelligence - the ability to comprehend; to understand and profit from experience
3.brain - that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelingsbrain - that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; "his mind wandered"; "I couldn't get his words out of my head"
cognition, knowledge, noesis - the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
noddle - an informal British expression for head or mind; "use your noddle"
tabula rasa - a young mind not yet affected by experience (according to John Locke)
ego - (psychoanalysis) the conscious mind
unconscious, unconscious mind - that part of the mind wherein psychic activity takes place of which the person is unaware
subconscious, subconscious mind - psychic activity just below the level of awareness
4.brain - someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originalitybrain - someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality; "Mozart was a child genius"; "he's smart but he's no Einstein"
intellectual, intellect - a person who uses the mind creatively
prodigy - an unusually gifted or intelligent (young) person; someone whose talents excite wonder and admiration; "she is a chess prodigy"
5.brain - the brain of certain animals used as meat
organs, variety meat - edible viscera of a butchered animal
calf's brain - the brain of a calf eaten as meat
Verb1.brain - hit on the head
hit - deal a blow to, either with the hand or with an instrument; "He hit her hard in the face"
2.brain - kill by smashing someone's skull
kill - cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly; "This man killed several people when he tried to rob a bank"; "The farmer killed a pig for the holidays"

brain

noun
1. cerebrum, mind, grey matter (informal) The eye grows independently of the brain.
2. (Informal) intellectual, genius, scholar, sage, pundit, thinker, mastermind, intellect, prodigy, highbrow, rocket scientist (informal, chiefly U.S.), egghead (informal), brainbox, clever clogs, bluestocking (usually disparaging) I've never been much of a brain myself.
plural noun
1. intelligence, mind, reason, understanding, sense, capacity, smarts (slang, chiefly U.S.), wit, common sense, intellect, savvy (slang), nous (Brit. slang), suss (slang), shrewdness, sagacity They were not the only ones to have brains and ambition.
verb
1. (Informal) hit, strike, smash, belt (informal), sock (slang), clout (informal), slug, swipe (informal), wallop (informal) He had threatened to brain him then and there.
Related words
technical name encephalon
adjectives encephalic, cerebral
Quotations
"I was taught that the human brain was the crowning glory of evolution so far, but I think it's a very poor scheme for survival" [Kurt Vonnegut]

Parts of the brain

amygdala, brainstem, Broca's area, central sulcus, cerebellum, cerebral aqueduct, cerebral cortex or (nontechnical) grey matter, cerebrospinal fluid, cerebrum, choroid plexus, corpus callosum, diencephalon, fourth ventricle, frontal lobe, hippocampus, hypothalamus, infundibulum, limbic system, mamillary body, medulla oblongata, meninges, midbrain, myelencephalon or (nontechnical) afterbrain, occipital lobe, optic chiasma, parietal lobe, pineal body, pituitary gland, pons Varolli, substantia alba or (nontechnical) white matter, temporal lobe, thalamus, third ventricle, vermis, Wernicke's area

brain

noun
1. The seat of the faculty of intelligence and reason:
Informal: gray matter.
2. The faculty of thinking, reasoning, and acquiring and applying knowledge.Often used in plural:
Slang: smart (used in plural).
3. A person of great mental ability:
Translations
دِمَاغدماغ، مُخذكاء، مقدرة عقليهشخص ذكي
мозък
mozekmozkovýinteligenceinteligent
hjerneforstandgodt hoved
aju
aivotälyälykköälykkyysjärki
mozak
agyakinek jó feje van
otak
heiligáfumaîurgáfur
cerebrum
begalvisgalvagalvotasgalvotas žmogusgera mintis
garīgās spējasgudra galvagudrs cilvēksprātssaprāts
creierintelect
mozog
možganipamet
мозак
hjärnaförstånd
ubongo
สมอง
beyinkafalı adamzekâzeki kimseakıl
nãoóctrí óc

brain

[breɪn]
A. N
1. (Anat) → cerebro m
he's got politics on the braintiene la política metida en la cabeza
to get one's brain into gearponer la mente a carburar
2. brains
2.1. (Anat, Culin) → sesos mpl
to beat sb's brains outromper la crisma a algn
to blow one's brains outvolarse or levantarse la tapa de los sesos
2.2. (= intelligence) → inteligencia fsing, cabeza fsing
he's got brainses muy listo, tiene mucha cabeza
he's the brains of the familyes el listo de la familia
see also pick B5
see also rack 1 B1
B. VTromper la crisma a
C. CPD brain damage Nlesión f cerebral or medular
brain death Nmuerte f clínica or cerebral
brain drain Nfuga f de cerebros
brain scan Nexploración f cerebral mediante escáner
brain scanner Nescáner m cerebral
brains trust, brain trust (US) Ngrupo m de peritos (TV etc) → jurado m de expertos
brain teaser Nrompecabezas m inv
brain tumour, brain tumor (US) Ntumor m cerebral

brain

[ˈbreɪn]
n
cerveau m
to have sth on the brain → être obsédé(e) par qch brains
npl
(= intelligence) → intelligence f
He's got brains
BUT Il est intelligent.
to be the brains of sth → être le cerveau de qch
He's the brains of the organization → C'est le cerveau de l'organisation.
to be the brains behind sth → être le cerveau de qch
to pick sb's brains → faire appel aux lumières de qn
I'd like to pick your brains about something
BUT J'ai besoin de tes lumières sur quelque chose.
to rack one's brains (= think hard) → se creuser la cervelle
(ANATOMY) to beat sb's brains out, to bash sb's brains out → estourbir qn
to blow sb's brains out → faire sauter la cervelle de qnbrain cell n (ANATOMY)cellule f cérébrale

brain

n
(Anat, of machine) → Gehirn nt; he’s got sex/cars on the brain (inf)er hat nur Sex/Autos im Kopf; I’ve got that tune on the brain (inf)das Lied geht or will mir nicht aus dem Kopf
brains pl (Anat) → Gehirn nt; (Cook) → Hirn nt
(= mind)Verstand m; brains pl (= intelligence)Intelligenz f, → Grips m (inf), → Köpfchen nt (inf); to have a good braineinen klaren or guten Verstand haben; he has brainser ist intelligent, er hat Grips (inf)or Köpfchen (inf); she’s the brains of the familysie ist das Familiengenie (hum), → sie ist die Schlauste in der Familie; you’re the one with the brainsdu bist doch der Schlaue or Intelligente hier; use your brainsstreng mal deinen Kopf or Grips (inf)an; he didn’t have the brains to …er ist nicht einmal daraufgekommen, zu …
vtden Schädel einschlagen (sb jdm)

brain

:
brain activity
n(Ge)hirntätigkeit f
brainbox
n (hum inf)Schlauberger m (inf)
brainchild
nErfindung f; (= idea)Geistesprodukt nt
brain damage
n(Ge)hirnschaden m
brain-damaged
adj (lit)hirngeschädigt; (fig inf)(ge)hirnamputiert (hum inf)
braindead
adj (lit)(ge)hirntot; (fig inf)gehirnamputiert; (inf)
brain death
n(Ge)hirntod m
brain drain
brainfag
brain failure
n (inf)Aussetzer m (inf)
brain fart
n (inf)Gedankenfurz m
brain fever
brain fog
n (inf)Gehirnnebel m (inf), eingeschränkte geistige Leistungsfähigkeit
brain gain
nBrain Gain m or nt, Gewinn ausländischer Spitzenforscher und -manager
brain haemorrhage, brain hemorrhage (US)
n(Ge)hirnblutung f
brainless
adj plan, ideahirnlos, dumm; person alsounbedarft
brainpower
nIntelligenz f
brain scan
brain scanner
nComputertomograf m (zur Untersuchung des Gehirns)
brainstorm
n
(Brit) to have a braingeistig weggetreten sein (inf)
(US: = brainwave) → Geistesblitz m
brainstorming
ngemeinsame Problembewältigung, Brainstorming nt; to have a brain sessionein Brainstorming veranstalten or abhalten

brain

:
brain surgeon
nNeurochirurg(in) m(f), → Hirnchirurg(in) m(f)
brain-teaser
brain trust
n (US) → Braintrust m, → Expertenausschuss m
brain tumour, (US) brain tumor
nGehirntumor m
brainwash
vteiner Gehirnwäsche (dat)unterziehen; to brain somebody into believing/accepting etc that …jdm (ständig) einreden, dass …
brainwashing
brainwave
n
(Brit) → Geistesblitz m
brainwaves pl (Physiol) → Gehirnströme pl
brainwork
nKopfarbeit f

brain

[breɪn]
1. n
a. (Anat) → cervello (Culin) brains nplcervella sg
to blow one's brains out → farsi saltare le cervella
he's got cars on the brain → ha il chiodo fisso delle macchine
b. (fig) (fam) (intelligence) brains npltesta
he's got brains → ha (del) cervello, è intelligente
he's the brains of the family → è il cervellone di casa
2. vt (fam) → spaccare la testa a

brain

(brein) noun
1. the centre of the nervous system. an injury to the brain; (also adjective) brain surgery; brain damage.
2. (often in plural) cleverness. a good brain; You've plenty of brains.
3. a clever person. He's one of the best brains in the country.
ˈbrainless adjective
stupid. a brainless idiot.
ˈbrainy adjective
clever. She's a brainy child.
ˈbrainchild noun
a favourite theory, invention etc thought up by a particular person. This entire process is Dr Smith's brainchild.
brain drain
the loss of experts to another country (usually in search of better salaries etc). As a result of the brain drain Britain does not have enough doctors.
ˈbrainwash verb
to force (a person) to confess etc by putting great (psychological) pressure on him. The terrorists brainwashed him into believing in their ideals.
ˈbrainwashing noun
ˈbrainwave noun
a sudden bright idea.

brain

دِمَاغ mozek hjerne Gehirn εγκέφαλος cerebro aivot cerveau mozak cervello hersenen hjerne mózg cérebro мозг hjärna สมอง beyin não 头脑

brain

n. cerebro, parte del sistema nervioso central que se localiza en el cráneo y actúa como regulador principal de las funciones del cuerpo;
blood ___ barrierbarrera hematoencefálica;
___ abscessabsceso cerebral;
___ centercentro cerebral;
___ deathmuerte cerebral;
___ edemaedema cerebral;
___ injuriestraumatismo cerebral;
___ or cerebral concussionconcusión o conmoción cerebral;
___ puncturepunción cerebral;
___ scanescáner del ___;
___ tumortumor cerebral.

brain

n cerebro; brain-dead con muerte f cerebral, que tiene muerte cerebral; — death muerte f cerebral
References in classic literature ?
But great plans fermented in her busy brain and ambitious mind, and the old tin kitchen in the garret held a slowly increasing pile of blotted manuscript, which was one day to place the name of March upon the roll of fame.
With his brain in a whirl he went down into the pulpit and preached a long sermon without once thinking of his gestures or his voice.
To speak her name was to call up pictures of people and places, to set a quiet drama going in one's brain.
The fever of the game flamed in her cheeks and eves, and it got into her blood and into her brain like an intoxicant.
Uncas answered the whoop, and leaping on an enemy, with a single, well-directed blow of his tomahawk, cleft him to the brain.
It certainly had been very pleasant to enjoy the spontaneous and chivalrous homage of these men, with no further suggestion of recompense or responsibility than the permission to be worshipped; but beyond that she racked her brain in vain to recall any look or act that proclaimed the lover.
She had dwelt too much alone,--too long in the Pyncheon House, --until her very brain was impregnated with the dry-rot of its timbers.
A better book than I shall ever write was there; leaf after leaf presenting itself to me, just as it was written out by the reality of the flitting hour, and vanishing as fast as written, only because my brain wanted the insight, and my hand the cunning, to transcribe it.
Something in his tone and the expression of his face, as I got this from him, set my heart aching with such a pang as it had never yet known; so unutterably touching was it to see his little brain puzzled and his little resources taxed to play, under the spell laid on him, a part of innocence and consistency.
And when these things unite in a man of greatly superior natural force, with a globular brain and a ponderous heart; who has also by the stillness and seclusion of many long night-watches in the remotest waters, and beneath constellations never seen here at the north, been led to think untraditionally and independently; receiving all nature's sweet or savage impressions fresh from her own virgin voluntary and confiding breast, and thereby chiefly, but with some help from accidental advantages, to learn a bold and nervous lofty language --that man makes one in a whole nation's census --a mighty pageant creature, formed for noble tragedies.
True, both his eyes, in themselves, must simultaneously act; but is his brain so much more comprehensive, combining, and subtle than man's, that he can at the same moment of time attentively examine two distinct prospects, one on one side of him, and the other in an exactly opposite direction?
The pace they set here, it was one that called for every faculty of a man--from the instant the first steer fell till the sounding of the noon whistle, and again from half-past twelve till heaven only knew what hour in the late afternoon or evening, there was never one instant's rest for a man, for his hand or his eye or his brain.