brain cell


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ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.brain cell - a nerve cell in the brainbrain cell - a nerve cell in the brain    
nerve cell, neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
Golgi cell, Golgi's cell - a neuron in the cerebral cortex with short dendrites and with either a long axon or a short axon that ramifies in the grey matter
Purkinje cell - a large densely branching neuron that is the characteristic cell of the cerebellar cortex
brain, encephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
References in periodicals archive ?
Each infected brain cell suffered a one-two punch when the virus simultaneously shut down activity of a protein called p53--which normally stops cells from growing out of control--and activated one of two cancer-promoting proteins.
When the mice were given antibodies that prevented transthyretin from interacting with the [beta]-amyloid protein, the mice showed typical brain cell death.
Developing the capability to induce adult stem cells to differentiate into cells that secrete a battery of neurotrophic factors is a major step forward because of the important role that these factors are believed to have in brain cell survival and growth," said Yoram Drucker, Principal Executive Officer of BrainStorm.
Sound patterns and bobbing behaviors were documented on videotape in experimental chickens that received quail brain cell transplants and in a control group of chickens that received chicken transplants only.
Jay Glass, interim president and chief executive officer of Cortex, the technology is heavily utilized at the company in drug screening and as a tool to measure brain cell death in models for stroke and cardiac arrest.
The differentiated cells were previously shown to produce a unique protein required for brain cell survival and growth, glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF).
Slotkin of Duke University Medical Center and his colleagues investigated how separate and combined exposures to terbutaline, a drug used to arrest preterm labor, and to the organophosphate pesticide chlorpyrifos affect several indices of brain cell growth and function.
Chemical messages are sent from one brain cell to another.
Jhamandas and his team demonstrated last year that a diabetes drug that never made it to market, known as AC253, could block the toxic effects of amyloid protein that lead to brain cell death.
There's no end to what you can learn: One brain cell, or neuron, can have thousands of connections, or synapses, with other brain cells.
Sometimes a single event can cause brain cell death, while other times a succession of events make the cell weaker, which ultimately leads to cell death.
The NR2B gene is part of a brain cell receptor that acts like an antenna, receiving chemical signals from other neurons.