brainstem


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Related to brainstem: midbrain, pons, brainstem glioma

brain·stem

or brain stem  (brān′stĕm′)
n.
The portion of the brain, consisting of the medulla oblongata, pons Varolii, and midbrain, that connects the spinal cord to the forebrain and cerebrum.

brainstem

(ˈbreɪnˌstɛm)
n
(Anatomy) the stalklike part of the brain consisting of the medulla oblongata, the midbrain, and the pons Varolii

brain′stem`

or brain′ stem`,



n.
the portion of the brain that is continuous with the spinal cord and in mammals comprises the medulla oblongata and parts of the midbrain.
[1875–80]

brain·stem

(brān′stĕm′)
The part of the vertebrate brain located at the base of the brain and important in the control of many voluntary and involuntary body functions. In humans and other mammals, the brainstem is composed of the pons, medulla, and midbrain.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.brainstem - the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamusbrainstem - the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
brain, encephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
medulla oblongata, medulla, bulb - lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata); "the medulla oblongata is the most vital part of the brain because it contains centers controlling breathing and heart functioning"
pons Varolii, pons - a band of nerve fibers linking the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum with the midbrain
reticular formation, RF - a complex neural network in the central core of the brainstem; monitors the state of the body and functions in such processes as arousal and sleep and attention and muscle tone
Translations

brainstem

n tronco cerebral or encefálico, tallo cerebral or encefálico
References in periodicals archive ?
Erin Griffin died, aged 14, after a two-and-a-half year battle with a terminal brainstem cancer.
Both vestibular and auditory stimuli are sent to the brain via the eighth cranial nerve (vestibulocochlear nerve), and then processed in vestibular nuclei in the brainstem and cerebellum.
The ABI is considered revolutionary because it stimulates neurons directly at the human brainstem, bypassing the inner ear entirely.
children who are testing what's called an auditory brainstem implant, or ABI.
Listerial brainstem meningitis (LBE), however, is an uncommon, sporadically occurring form of listerial infection that progresses rapidly and is invariably fatal unless treated early.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has given the company permission to conduct an open-label study of Antineoplastons A10 and AS2-1 in patients > 3 months of age with a diffuse intrinsic brainstem glioma (DIPG).
Joubert syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder affecting the brainstem and cerebellum.
Parenchymal CNS involvement is commonly presented with a brainstem syndrome evolving over a few days or weeks.
It is designed to wrap around the vagal nerve, which extends from the brainstem to the thorax and abdomen, supplying and stimulating various major organs including the heart and major blood vessels.
Olszewski and Baxter's Cytoarchitecture of the Human Brainstem, 3rd Revised Edition
1) This appearance is a result of absence or hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis, lack of normal dorsal decussation and consequent enlargement of the superior cerebellar peduncles which follow a more horizontal course as they extend perpendicularly to the brainstem between the midbrain and the cerebellum.
In an exclusive interview with Gulf News, the doctors from the ENT (ears, nose and throat) department at Dubai Hospital said they carried out an auditory brainstem implant (ABI) procedure in the first week of July.