brake


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Related to brake: brake lining, hand brake

brake 1

 (brāk)
n.
1. A device for slowing or stopping motion, as of a vehicle, especially by contact friction.
2. Something that slows or stops action.
v. braked, brak·ing, brakes
v.tr.
To reduce the speed of with or as if with a brake.
v.intr.
1. To operate or apply a brake.
2. To be slowed or stopped by or as if by the operation of a brake.

[Probably brake, bridle, curb, from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German, nose ring, curb, flax brake; see brake2.]

brake 2

 (brāk)
n.
1. A toothed device for crushing and beating flax or hemp.
2. A heavy harrow for breaking clods of earth.
3. An apparatus for kneading large amounts of dough.
4. A machine for bending and folding sheet metal.
tr.v. braked, brak·ing, brakes
1. To crush (flax or hemp) in a toothed device.
2. To break up (clods of earth) with a harrow.

[Middle English, from Middle Dutch, from Middle Low German; see bhreg- in Indo-European roots.]

brake 3

 (brāk)
n.
A lever or handle on a machine such as a pump.

[Middle English, from Old French brac, from oblique form of bras, arm; see bracer2.]

brake 4

 (brāk)
n.
1. Any of various ferns of the genus Pteris having pinnately compound leaves and including several popular houseplants.
2. Any of certain other ferns, such as bracken.

[Middle English, probably back-formation from braken; see bracken.]

brake 5

 (brāk)
n.
An area overgrown with dense brushwood, briers, and undergrowth; a thicket.

[Middle English, from Middle Low German; see bhreg- in Indo-European roots.]

brake 6

 (brāk)
n. also break
A high horse-drawn carriage with four wheels.
v. Archaic
A past tense of break.

brake

(breɪk)
n
1. (Automotive Engineering)
a. (often plural) a device for slowing or stopping a vehicle, wheel, shaft, etc, or for keeping it stationary, esp by means of friction. See also drum brake, disc brake, hydraulic brake, air brake, handbrake
b. (as modifier): the brake pedal.
2. (Textiles) a machine or tool for crushing or breaking flax or hemp to separate the fibres
3. (Agriculture) Also called: brake harrow a heavy harrow for breaking up clods
4. (Railways) short for brake van
5. (Automotive Engineering) short for shooting brake
6. (Horse Training, Riding & Manège) an open four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage. Also spelt: break
7. (Arms & Armour (excluding Firearms)) an obsolete word for rack14
vb
8. to slow down or cause to slow down, by or as if by using a brake
9. (Textiles) (tr) to crush or break up using a brake
[C18: from Middle Dutch braeke; related to breken to break]
ˈbrakeless adj

brake

(breɪk)
n
(Physical Geography) an area of dense undergrowth, shrubs, brushwood, etc; thicket
[Old English bracu; related to Middle Low German brake, Old French bracon branch]

brake

(breɪk)
n
(Plants) another name for bracken1 See also rock brake

brake

(breɪk)
vb
archaic chiefly biblical a past tense of break

brake1

(breɪk)

n., v. braked, brak•ing. n.
1. a device for slowing or stopping a vehicle or other moving mechanism by the absorption or transfer of the energy of momentum, usu. by means of friction.
2. brakes, the drums, shoes, tubes, levers, etc., making up such a device on a vehicle.
3. anything that has a slowing or stopping effect.
4. a tool or machine for breaking up flax or hemp, to separate the fiber.
5. a machine for bending sheet metal to a desired shape.
6. Obs. an instrument of torture; rack.
v.t.
7. to slow or stop by or as if by means of a brake.
8. to furnish with brakes.
9. to break up (flax or hemp) in a brake.
v.i.
10. to use or run a brake.
11. to stop or slow upon being braked.
[1400–50; Middle English < Middle Dutch, Middle Low German]
brake′less, adj.

brake2

(breɪk)

n.
a place overgrown with bushes, brambles, or cane.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Middle Low German brake thicket]

brake3

(breɪk)

n.
2. any of numerous coarse tropical ferns of the genus Pteris, of the polypody family, cultivated as houseplants.
[1275–1325; Middle English]

brake4

(breɪk)

v. Archaic.
pt. of break.

Brake

 a clump of brushes, brushwood, or briars. See also thicket.
Example: brakes of fern, shrub, and fallen trees, 1772.

break

brake

These words are both pronounced /breɪk/.

1. 'break'

If you break something or it breaks, it divides into two or more pieces, often because it has been hit or dropped.

He fell through the window, breaking the glass.
Break the bread into pieces and place on a baking tray.

The past tense of break is broke. The -ed participle is broken.

She dropped the cup, which broke into several pieces.
Someone has broken the shop window.
See broken
2. 'brake'

A brake is a device on a vehicle that makes it slow down or stop.

He took his foot off the brake.

Brake is also a verb. When a vehicle or its driver brakes, the driver makes the vehicle slow down or stop by using the brake.

The taxi braked suddenly.

brake


Past participle: braked
Gerund: braking

Imperative
brake
brake
Present
I brake
you brake
he/she/it brakes
we brake
you brake
they brake
Preterite
I braked
you braked
he/she/it braked
we braked
you braked
they braked
Present Continuous
I am braking
you are braking
he/she/it is braking
we are braking
you are braking
they are braking
Present Perfect
I have braked
you have braked
he/she/it has braked
we have braked
you have braked
they have braked
Past Continuous
I was braking
you were braking
he/she/it was braking
we were braking
you were braking
they were braking
Past Perfect
I had braked
you had braked
he/she/it had braked
we had braked
you had braked
they had braked
Future
I will brake
you will brake
he/she/it will brake
we will brake
you will brake
they will brake
Future Perfect
I will have braked
you will have braked
he/she/it will have braked
we will have braked
you will have braked
they will have braked
Future Continuous
I will be braking
you will be braking
he/she/it will be braking
we will be braking
you will be braking
they will be braking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been braking
you have been braking
he/she/it has been braking
we have been braking
you have been braking
they have been braking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been braking
you will have been braking
he/she/it will have been braking
we will have been braking
you will have been braking
they will have been braking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been braking
you had been braking
he/she/it had been braking
we had been braking
you had been braking
they had been braking
Conditional
I would brake
you would brake
he/she/it would brake
we would brake
you would brake
they would brake
Past Conditional
I would have braked
you would have braked
he/she/it would have braked
we would have braked
you would have braked
they would have braked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.brake - a restraint used to slow or stop a vehiclebrake - a restraint used to slow or stop a vehicle
brake system, brakes - a braking device consisting of a combination of interacting parts that work to slow a motor vehicle
coaster brake - a brake on a bicycle that engages with reverse pressure on the pedals
emergency brake, hand brake, parking brake, emergency - a brake operated by hand; usually operates by mechanical linkage
power brake - a brake on an automobile that magnifies a small force applied to the brake pedal into a proportionately larger force applied to slow or stop the vehicle
constraint, restraint - a device that retards something's motion; "the car did not have proper restraints fitted"
wheeled vehicle - a vehicle that moves on wheels and usually has a container for transporting things or people; "the oldest known wheeled vehicles were found in Sumer and Syria and date from around 3500 BC"
2.brake - any of various ferns of the genus Pteris having pinnately compound leaves and including several popular houseplants
fern - any of numerous flowerless and seedless vascular plants having true roots from a rhizome and fronds that uncurl upward; reproduce by spores
genus Pteris, Pteris - large genus of terrestrial ferns of tropics and subtropics; sometimes placed in family Polypodiaceae
3.brake - large coarse fern often several feet highbrake - large coarse fern often several feet high; essentially weed ferns; cosmopolitan
fern - any of numerous flowerless and seedless vascular plants having true roots from a rhizome and fronds that uncurl upward; reproduce by spores
genus Pteridium, Pteridium - a genus of ferns belonging to the family Dennstaedtiaceae
4.brake - an area thickly overgrown usually with one kind of plant
brush, coppice, copse, thicket, brushwood - a dense growth of bushes
5.brake - anything that slows or hinders a process; "she wan not ready to put the brakes on her life with a marriage"; "new legislation will put the brakes on spending"
constraint, restraint - a device that retards something's motion; "the car did not have proper restraints fitted"
Verb1.brake - stop travelling by applying a brake; "We had to brake suddenly when a chicken crossed the road"
driving - the act of controlling and steering the movement of a vehicle or animal
stop, halt - come to a halt, stop moving; "the car stopped"; "She stopped in front of a store window"
brake - cause to stop by applying the brakes; "brake the car before you go into a curve"
2.brake - cause to stop by applying the brakes; "brake the car before you go into a curve"
driving - the act of controlling and steering the movement of a vehicle or animal
stop - cause to stop; "stop a car"; "stop the thief"
brake - stop travelling by applying a brake; "We had to brake suddenly when a chicken crossed the road"
skid - apply a brake or skid to

brake

noun
1. control, check, curb, restraint, constraint, rein, damper Illness had put a brake on his progress.
verb
1. slow, decelerate, reduce speed She braked to a halt and switched off.

brake

noun
An instrument or means of restraining:
verb
To control, restrict, or arrest:
Translations
فَرامِلكابح، مكبحيُفِرْمِليكبح
brzdabrzdit
bremse
jarrujarruttaalevyntaivutintaivutinhidaste
kočitikočnica
fék
rem
hemillhemla
ブレーキブレーキをかける
브레이크브레이크를 걸다
stabdžiai
bremzebremzēt
brzdazabrzdiť
zaviratizavora
bromsbromsa
เบรคหรือเครื่องห้ามล้อห้ามล้อ
hãm phanhphanh

brake

1 [breɪk]
A. N (Aut etc) → freno m
to put the brakes on (Aut) → frenar
to put the brakes on sth (fig) → poner freno a algo
B. VIfrenar
C. VTfrenar
D. CPD brake block Npastilla f de frenos
brake drum Ntambor m de freno
brake fluid Nlíquido m de frenos
brake horsepower Npotencia f al freno
brake lever Npalanca f de freno
brake light Nluz f de freno
brake lining Nforro m or guarnición f del freno
brake pad Npastilla f de frenos
brake pedal Npedal m de freno
brake shoe Nzapata f del freno
brake van N (Brit) (Rail) → furgón m de cola

brake

2 [breɪk] N (= vehicle) → break m; (= estate car) → rubia f

brake

3 [breɪk] N (Bot) → helecho m; (= thicket) → soto m

brake

[ˈbreɪk]
n [car, bike] → frein m
to apply the brakes → freiner
to put a brake on sth (= slow down) → mettre un frein à qch
vt
[+ car] → freiner vi [driver, car] → freinerbrake block npatin m de freinbrake cable n [vehicle] → câble m de freinbrake fluid n [vehicle] → liquide m de freinbrake light nfeu m stopbrake pads npl [vehicle] → plaquettes fpl de freinbrake pedal npédale f de frein

brake

in cpdsBrems-;
brake block
nBremsbacke f
brake disc
nBremsscheibe f
brake drum
nBremstrommel f
brake fluid
brake horsepower
nBremsleistung f
brake light
nBremslicht nt
brake lining
nBremsbelag m
brakeman
n (US Rail) → Bremser m
brake pad
nBremsklotz m
brake shoe
nBremsbacke f
brake van
nBremswagen m

brake

1
n (Tech) → Bremse f; to put the brakes on (lit, fig)bremsen; to put the brakes on something (fig)etw bremsen; to act as a brake (lit)als Bremse wirken (→ on auf +acc); (fig)dämpfend wirken (→ on auf +acc), → bremsen (→ on +acc)
vibremsen

brake

2
n (Bot) → (Adler)farn m

brake

3
n (= thicket)Unterholz nt

brake

4
n (= shooting brake)Kombi(wagen) m

brake

[breɪk]
1. n (on vehicle) → freno
to put on or apply the brakes (Aut) → azionare i freni
to put the brakes on sth (fig) → mettere un freno a qc
2. vifrenare

brake

(breik) verb
to slow down or stop. He braked (the car) suddenly.
noun
(often in plural) a device for doing this. He put on the brake(s).

brake

فَرامِل, يُفِرْمِل brzda, brzdit bremse Bremse, bremsen φρενάρω, φρένο frenar, freno jarru, jarruttaa frein, freiner kočiti, kočnica frenare, freno ブレーキ, ブレーキをかける 브레이크, 브레이크를 걸다 rem, remmen brems, bremse hamulec, wyhamować frear, freio, travão, travar тормоз, тормозить broms, bromsa เบรคหรือเครื่องห้ามล้อ, ห้ามล้อ fren, fren yapmak hãm phanh, phanh 制动, 刹车
References in classic literature ?
Margaret seemed to find it a little hard to tell hers, and waved a brake before her face, as if to disperse imaginary gnats, while she said slowly, "I should like a lovely house, full of all sorts of luxurious things--nice food, pretty clothes, handsome furniture, pleasant people, and heaps of money.
No, there was nothing but land--slightly undulating, I knew, because often our wheels ground against the brake as we went down into a hollow and lurched up again on the other side.
The scout had stood, while making his observations, sheltered by a brake, and his companions still lay in the bed of the ravine, through which the smaller stream debouched; but on hearing his low, though intelligible, signal the whole party stole up the bank, like so many dark specters, and silently arranged themselves around him.
The tale was told of old Brouwer, a most heretical disbeliever in ghosts, how he met the Horseman returning from his foray into Sleepy Hollow, and was obliged to get up behind him; how they galloped over bush and brake, over hill and swamp, until they reached the bridge; when the Horseman suddenly turned into a skeleton, threw old Brouwer into the brook, and sprang away over the tree-tops with a clap of thunder.
He never forgot to put on the brake as we went downhill, nor to take it off at the right place.
Then came Sir Carados of the dolorous tower, and Sir Turquine, knights of the castle, and there encountered with them Sir Percivale de Galis and Sir Lamorak de Galis, that were two brethren, and there encountered Sir Percivale with Sir Carados, and either brake their spears unto their hands, and then Sir Turquine with Sir Lamorak, and either of them smote down other, horse and all, to the earth, and either parties rescued other and horsed them again.
Birds began singing in brake and copse: birds were faithful to their mates; birds were emblems of love.
As I spoke the reed fence burst asunder, and through it plunged the princes Umhlangana and Dingaan, as bulls plunge through a brake.
Now to th' ascent of that steep savage Hill SATAN had journied on, pensive and slow; But further way found none, so thick entwin'd, As one continu'd brake, the undergrowth Of shrubs and tangling bushes had perplext All path of Man or Beast that past that way: One Gate there onely was, and that look'd East On th' other side: which when th' arch-fellon saw Due entrance he disdaind, and in contempt, At one slight bound high overleap'd all bound Of Hill or highest Wall, and sheer within Lights on his feet.
And now that Folly wears the horn, let Valour rouse himself, and shake his mane; for, if I mistake not, there are company in yonder brake that are on the look-out for us.
That's for me to ask you," said the other, laughing, as he lay among the tall brown brake which crowned the bank.
I pushed out of the brake after him, and was astonished to find him swinging cheerfully by one lank arm from a rope of creeper that looped down from the foliage overhead.