breakdown


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Related to breakdown: nervous breakdown

break·down

 (brāk′doun′)
n.
1.
a. The act or process of failing to function or continue.
b. The condition resulting from this: a breakdown in communication.
2. Electricity The abrupt failure of an insulator or insulating medium to restrict the flow of current.
3. A typically sudden collapse in physical or mental health.
4. An analysis, an outline, or a summary consisting of itemized data or essentials.
5. Disintegration or decomposition into parts or elements.
6.
a. A noisy, energetic American country dance.
b. The music for this dance.
7. A popular dance originating in the early 1970s, performed to funk music.

break•down

(ˈbreɪkˌdaʊn)

n.
1. an act or instance of breaking down.
2. a loss of mental or physical health; collapse. Compare nervous breakdown.
3. classification; analysis.
4. Chem.
a. decomposition.
5. a lively folk dance.
[1825–35]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.breakdown - the act of disrupting an established order so it fails to continue; "the social dislocations resulting from government policies"; "his warning came after the breakdown of talks in London"
disruption, perturbation - the act of causing disorder
2.breakdown - a mental or physical breakdown
collapse, prostration - an abrupt failure of function or complete physical exhaustion; "the commander's prostration demoralized his men"
nervous breakdown - a severe or incapacitating emotional disorder
3.breakdown - a cessation of normal operation; "there was a power breakdown"
failure - an event that does not accomplish its intended purpose; "the surprise party was a complete failure"
brake failure - brakes fail to stop a vehicle
engine failure - engine does not run
misfire, dud - an explosion that fails to occur
outage - a temporary suspension of operation (as of computers); "there will be a network outage from 8 to 10 a.m."
power failure, power outage - equipment failure resulting when the supply of power fails; "the ice storm caused a power outage"
fault - (electronics) equipment failure attributable to some defect in a circuit (loose connection or insulation failure or short circuit etc.); "it took much longer to find the fault than to fix it"
4.breakdown - an analysis into mutually exclusive categories
analytic thinking, analysis - the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations
resolving, resolution - analysis into clear-cut components

breakdown

noun
1. failure, collapse, foundering, downfall, disintegration, lack of success the irretrievable breakdown of his marriage
2. collapse, nervous breakdown, crackup (informal) They often seem depressed and close to breakdown.
3. hitch, disturbance, disruption, interruption, stoppage, mishap, impediment, hindrance The trip was plagued by breakdowns.
4. analysis, classification, dissection, categorization, detailed list, itemization The organisers were given a breakdown of the costs.

breakdown

noun
1. A cessation of proper mechanical functions:
2. An abrupt disastrous failure:
3. A sudden sharp decline in mental, emotional, or physical health:
Informal: crackup.
4. The separation of a whole into its parts for study:
Translations
إنهيارتَعَطّْلتعطُّـل
poruchazhrouceníhavárie
sammenbrud
hermoromahdusromahdus
raspad
üzemzavar
biluntaugaáfall
故障
고장
havária
okvaraživčni zlom
motorstopp
เลิกล้ม
arızabozulmaçalışmamasinir krizisinir zafiyeti
sự hỏng hóc

breakdown

[ˈbreɪkdaʊn]
A. N
1. (= failure) [of system, electricity] → fallo m; [of negotiations, marriage] → fracaso m; [of vehicle, machine] → avería f, descompostura f (LAm)
2. (fig) [of talks] → ruptura f
3. (Med) → colapso m, crisis f inv nerviosa
4. (= analysis) [of numbers etc] → análisis m inv, desglose m (Chem) → descomposición f; (= report) → informe m detallado
B. CPD breakdown service N (Brit) (Aut) → servicio m de asistencia en carretera
breakdown truck, breakdown van N (Brit) (Aut) → (camión m) grúa f

breakdown

[ˈbreɪkdaʊn] n
[car] → panne f
to have a breakdown → tomber en panne
[communications] → rupture f; [talks] → rupture f
(= nervous breakdown) → dépression f (nerveuse)
to have a breakdown → faire une dépression
[marriage] → échec m
the breakdown of their marriage → l'échec de leur mariage
(= analysis) [figures, costs] → ventilation f; [hours] → répartition fbreakdown cover n (INSURANCE)assistance f dépannagebreakdown service n (British)service m de dépannagebreakdown truck n (British)dépanneuse fbreakdown van n (British)dépanneuse f

breakdown

n
(of machine)Betriebsschaden m; (of vehicle)Panne f, → Motorschaden m
(of communications, system)Zusammenbruch m
(Med, physical, mental) → Zusammenbruch m
(of figures, expenditure etc)Aufschlüsselung f; (of thesis, theory etc)Auf- or Untergliederung f
(Chem) → Aufspaltung f; (= change in composition)Umsetzung f

breakdown

:
breakdown service
nPannendienst m
breakdown truck, breakdown van

breakdown

[ˈbreɪkdaʊn] n
a. (of machine) → guasto, rottura; (in system, communications) → interruzione f, sospensione f di servizio (Aut) → guasto, panne f inv; (of talks, in relations) → rottura (Med) → collasso; (mental) → esaurimento nervoso
b. (of figures) → resoconto analitico (Chem) → scomposizione f

break

(breik) past tense broke (brouk) : past participle brəken (ˈbroukən) verb
1. to divide into two or more parts (by force).
2. (usually with off/away) to separate (a part) from the whole (by force).
3. to make or become unusable.
4. to go against, or not act according to (the law etc). He broke his appointment at the last minute.
5. to do better than (a sporting etc record).
6. to interrupt. She broke her journey in London.
7. to put an end to. He broke the silence.
8. to make or become known. They gently broke the news of his death to his wife.
9. (of a boy's voice) to fall in pitch.
10. to soften the effect of (a fall, the force of the wind etc).
11. to begin. The storm broke before they reached shelter.
noun
1. a pause. a break in the conversation.
2. a change. a break in the weather.
3. an opening.
4. a chance or piece of (good or bad) luck. This is your big break.
ˈbreakable adjective
(negative unbreakable) likely to break. breakable toys.
noun
(usually in plural) something likely to break.
ˈbreakage (-kidʒ) noun
the act of breaking, or its result(s).
ˈbreaker noun
a (large) wave which breaks on rocks or the beach.
ˈbreakdown noun
1. (often nervous breakdown) a mental collapse.
2. a mechanical failure causing a stop. The car has had another breakdown. See also break down.
break-inbreak in(to)ˈbreakneck adjective
(usually of speed) dangerous. He drove at breakneck speed.
breakoutbreak outˈbreakthrough noun
a sudden solution of a problem leading to further advances, especially in science.
ˈbreakwater noun
a barrier to break the force of the waves.
break away
to escape from control. The dog broke away from its owner.
break down
1. to use force on (a door etc) to cause it to open.
2. to stop working properly. My car has broken down.
3. to fail. The talks have broken down.
4. to be overcome with emotion. She broke down and wept.
break in(to)
1. to enter (a house etc) by force or unexpectedly (noun ˈbreak-in. The Smiths have had two break-ins recently).
2. to interrupt (someone's conversation etc).
break loose
to escape from control. The dog has broken loose.
break off
to stop. She broke off in the middle of a sentence.
break out
1. to appear or happen suddenly. War has broken out.
2. to escape (from prison, restrictions etc). A prisoner has broken out (noun ˈbreakout).
break out in
to (suddenly) become covered in a rash, in sweat etc. I'm allergic to strawberries. They make me break out in a rash.
break the ice
to overcome the first shyness etc. Let's break the ice by inviting our new neighbours for a meal.
break up
1. to divide, separate or break into pieces. He broke up the old furniture and burnt it; John and Mary broke up (= separated from each other) last week.
2. to finish or end. The meeting broke up at 4.40.
make a break for it
to make an (attempt to) escape. When the guard is not looking, make a break for it.

breakdown

تَعَطّْل porucha sammenbrud Zusammenbruch βλάβη avería romahdus panne raspad interruzione 故障 고장 mislukken sammenbrudd załamanie falha поломка motorstopp เลิกล้ม arıza sự hỏng hóc 崩溃

breakdown

n. distribución detallada; descomposición; colapso;
nervous ___crisis nerviosa.
Breakdown 

breakdown

n crisis f, colapso; nervous — crisis nerviosa, colapso nervioso; skin — ruptura de la piel, deterioro de la piel (que puede preceder a una úlcera de decúbito)
References in classic literature ?
Instead of it even-- as a woman reads another--she could see what I myself saw: his derision, his amusement, his contempt for the breakdown of my resignation at being left alone and for the fine machinery I had set in motion to attract his attention to my slighted charms.
There was very little excitement in the station, as the officials, failing to realise that anything further than a breakdown between Byfleet and Woking junction had occurred, were running the theatre trains which usually passed through Woking round by Virginia Water or Guildford.
The horrors of the last few hours had played such havoc with Mimi's nerves, that a change of scene was imperative--if a permanent breakdown was to be avoided.
All of which confused me utterly; it seemed an inexplicable breakdown in one who had shown such nerve and courage hitherto, and so hearty a loathing for that damnable Santos.
Me and you, Grubb, with a refined song and a breakdown.
It's a breakdown blow, and it damages Lydgate as much as Bulstrode.
I saw that she was upon the verge of a breakdown, after all that she must have passed through of fear and horror that day, and I tried to quiet and reassure her as best I might; but even to me the future looked most unpromising, for what chance of life had we against the frightful hunters of the night who even now were prowling closer to us?
What else than Feudalism could have followed upon the breakdown of that great centralized governmental machine known as the Roman Empire?
All he could say at the moment in elucidation of this breakdown from his usual placid solemnity was:
He's staying in the village doing a rest cure, after a bad nervous breakdown.
The memory of all that had happened after her illness: her reconciliation with her husband, its breakdown, the news of Vronsky's wound, his visit, the preparations for divorce, the departure from her husband's house, the parting from her son--all that seemed to her like a delirious dream, from which she had waked up alone with Vronsky abroad.
And thereafter, for a long time, the many irons rose and fell, the pace of the room in no wise diminished; while the forewoman strode the aisles with a threatening eye for incipient breakdown and hysteria.