breathe


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breathe

 (brēth)
v. breathed, breath·ing, breathes
v.intr.
1.
a. To inhale and exhale air using the lungs: Use a snorkel to breathe while swimming.
b. To inhale air or another gas: Breathe in slowly.
c. To exhale air or another gas: I breathed on the window and fogged it up.
d. To exchange gases as part of respiration or photosynthesis: Fish breathe with their gills. Stomata allow leaves to breathe.
e. To use air in combustion: leave space so the fire can breathe; replace the air filter so the engine can breathe.
2. To be alive; live: A nicer person has never breathed.
3. To pause to rest or regain breath: Give me a moment to breathe.
4. To move or blow gently: A soft wind breathes through the pines.
5. To allow air to pass through: a natural fabric that breathes.
6. To be exhaled or emanated, as a fragrance.
7. To be manifested or suggested, as an idea or feeling: A sense of hope breathes from these poems.
8. To reach fullness of flavor and aroma through exposure to air. Used chiefly of wine.
v.tr.
1.
a. To inhale and exhale (air or a gas such as oxygen) during respiration.
b. To inhale (an aroma, for example): breathe the lush scent of lilacs.
c. To exhale or blow out: The dragon breathed fire on the village.
d. To take in or exchange (air or gases): Plants breathe carbon dioxide.
2. To impart or instill: an artist who knows how to breathe life into a portrait.
3. To utter, especially quietly: Don't breathe a word of this.
4. To make apparent or manifest; suggest: Their manner breathed self-satisfaction.
5. To allow (a person or animal) to rest or regain breath.
6. Linguistics To utter with a voiceless exhalation of air.
7. To draw in (air) for combustion.
Idioms:
breathe down (someone's) neck
1. To threaten by proximity, especially by pursuing closely.
2. To watch or monitor closely, often annoyingly: The boss was breathing down my neck all morning.
breathe easily/easy/freely
To be relaxed or relieved, especially after a period of tension.
breathe (one's) last
To die.

[Middle English brethen, from breth, breath; see breath.]
Our Living Language The euphemistic expression breathe one's last illustrates the phenomenon of taboo avoidance. Concepts that few people like to talk about, such as death, are often expressed by circumlocutions or other substitutions for the word that directly expresses the concept (in this case, the verb to die). It is interesting to compare how two different styles of language, formal and slang, avoid saying "die." More formal or elevated speech is full of euphemistic expressions such as breathe one's last, pass away, depart, expire, go to one's eternal reward, go the way of all flesh, and go to a better place. Many of these expressions try to cast death in a positive light, often with religious overtones. Die is absent in slang for the same taboo-avoidance reasons; in addition, slang usually involves coming up with novel expressions for old concepts. The result is a raft of irreverent expressions that are much more direct than the elevated ones—but not so direct as to actually say "die." These expressions often concentrate on a particular physical aspect of dying, lending them an unusually vivid quality: croak, bite the dust, go belly up, kick the bucket, cash in one's chips.

breathe

(briːð)
vb
1. (Physiology) to take in oxygen from (the surrounding medium, esp air) and give out carbon dioxide; respire
2. (intr) to exist; be alive: every animal that breathes on earth.
3. (intr) to rest to regain breath, composure, etc: stop your questions, and give me a chance to breathe.
4. (intr) (esp of air) to blow lightly: the wind breathed through the trees.
5. (Mechanical Engineering) (intr) machinery
a. to take in air, esp for combustion: the engine breathes through this air filter.
b. to equalize the pressure within a container, chamber, etc, with atmospheric pressure: the crankcase breathes through this duct.
6. (Phonetics & Phonology) (tr) phonetics to articulate (a speech sound) without vibration of the vocal cords. Compare voice20
7. to exhale or emit: the dragon breathed fire.
8. (tr) to impart; instil: to breathe confidence into the actors.
9. (tr) to speak softly; whisper: to breathe words of love.
10. (tr) to permit to rest: to breathe a horse.
11. (Textiles) (intr) (of a material) to allow air to pass through so that perspiration can evaporate
12. breathe again breathe freely breathe easily to feel relief: I could breathe again after passing the exam.
13. breathe down someone's neck to stay close to someone, esp to oversee what they are doing: the cops are breathing down my neck.
14. breathe one's last to die or be finished or defeated
[C13: from breath]

breathe

(brið)

v. breathed (brētd), breath•ing. v.i.
1. to take air, oxygen, etc., into the lungs and expel it; inhale and exhale; respire.
2. to pause, as for breath; rest.
3. to move or blow gently, as air.
4. to live; exist.
5. to be redolent of.
6. (of a material) to allow air and moisture to pass through easily.
7. (of the skin) to absorb oxygen and give off perspiration.
8. (of a wine) to be exposed to air after being uncorked, in order to develop flavor and bouquet.
v.t.
9. to inhale and exhale in respiration.
10. to exhale: breathing fire.
11. to inject as if by breathing; infuse: to breathe life into a party.
12. to give utterance to; whisper: Don't breathe a word of it.
13. to express; manifest.
14. to allow to rest or recover breath: to breathe a horse.
15. to deprive of breath, as by exercise; tire.
Idioms:
1. breathe down someone's neck,
a. to follow someone closely in pursuit.
b. to watch someone closely so as to supervise or control.
2. breathe freely, to have relief from anxiety, tension, or pressure. Also, breathe easily, breathe easy.
[1250–1300; Middle English brethen, derivative of breath]

breathe

breath
1. 'breathe'

Breathe /briːð/ is a verb. When people or animals breathe, they take air into their lungs and let it out again.

It was difficult for him to breathe.
Always breathe through your nose.
2. 'breath'

Breath /breθ/ is a noun. Your breath is the air that you take into your lungs and let out again when you breathe.

She took a deep breath, then started to explain.
I could smell the coffee on his breath.

breathe


Past participle: breathed
Gerund: breathing

Imperative
breathe
breathe
Present
I breathe
you breathe
he/she/it breathes
we breathe
you breathe
they breathe
Preterite
I breathed
you breathed
he/she/it breathed
we breathed
you breathed
they breathed
Present Continuous
I am breathing
you are breathing
he/she/it is breathing
we are breathing
you are breathing
they are breathing
Present Perfect
I have breathed
you have breathed
he/she/it has breathed
we have breathed
you have breathed
they have breathed
Past Continuous
I was breathing
you were breathing
he/she/it was breathing
we were breathing
you were breathing
they were breathing
Past Perfect
I had breathed
you had breathed
he/she/it had breathed
we had breathed
you had breathed
they had breathed
Future
I will breathe
you will breathe
he/she/it will breathe
we will breathe
you will breathe
they will breathe
Future Perfect
I will have breathed
you will have breathed
he/she/it will have breathed
we will have breathed
you will have breathed
they will have breathed
Future Continuous
I will be breathing
you will be breathing
he/she/it will be breathing
we will be breathing
you will be breathing
they will be breathing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been breathing
you have been breathing
he/she/it has been breathing
we have been breathing
you have been breathing
they have been breathing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been breathing
you will have been breathing
he/she/it will have been breathing
we will have been breathing
you will have been breathing
they will have been breathing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been breathing
you had been breathing
he/she/it had been breathing
we had been breathing
you had been breathing
they had been breathing
Conditional
I would breathe
you would breathe
he/she/it would breathe
we would breathe
you would breathe
they would breathe
Past Conditional
I would have breathed
you would have breathed
he/she/it would have breathed
we would have breathed
you would have breathed
they would have breathed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.breathe - draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs; "I can breathe better when the air is clean"; "The patient is respiring"
respire - undergo the biomedical and metabolic processes of respiration by taking up oxygen and producing carbon monoxide
respire - breathe easily again, as after exertion or anxiety
choke - breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; "She choked with emotion when she spoke about her deceased husband"
hyperventilate - breathe excessively hard and fast; "The mountain climber started to hyperventilate"
hiccough, hiccup - breathe spasmodically, and make a sound; "When you have to hiccup, drink a glass of cold water"
sigh, suspire - heave or utter a sigh; breathe deeply and heavily; "She sighed sadly"
breathe out, exhale, expire - expel air; "Exhale when you lift the weight"
breathe in, inhale, inspire - draw in (air); "Inhale deeply"; "inhale the fresh mountain air"; "The patient has trouble inspiring"; "The lung cancer patient cannot inspire air very well"
wheeze - breathe with difficulty
yawn - utter a yawn, as from lack of oxygen or when one is tired; "The child yawned during the long performance"
saw logs, saw wood, snore - breathe noisily during one's sleep; "she complained that her husband snores"
breathe out, exhale, expire - expel air; "Exhale when you lift the weight"
breathe in, inhale, inspire - draw in (air); "Inhale deeply"; "inhale the fresh mountain air"; "The patient has trouble inspiring"; "The lung cancer patient cannot inspire air very well"
2.breathe - be alive; "Every creature that breathes"
subsist, exist, survive, live - support oneself; "he could barely exist on such a low wage"; "Can you live on $2000 a month in New York City?"; "Many people in the world have to subsist on $1 a day"
3.breathe - impart as if by breathing; "He breathed new life into the old house"
instill, transfuse - impart gradually; "Her presence instilled faith into the children"; "transfuse love of music into the students"
4.breathe - allow the passage of air through; "Our new synthetic fabric breathes and is perfect for summer wear"
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
5.breathe - utter or tell; "not breathe a word"
give tongue to, utter, express, verbalise, verbalize - articulate; either verbally or with a cry, shout, or noise; "She expressed her anger"; "He uttered a curse"
6.breathe - manifest or evince; "She breathes the Christian spirit"
convey - make known; pass on, of information; "She conveyed the message to me"
7.breathe - take a short break from one's activities in order to relax
intermit, pause, break - cease an action temporarily; "We pause for station identification"; "let's break for lunch"
8.breathe - reach full flavor by absorbing air and being let to stand after having been uncorked; "This rare Bordeaux must be allowed to breathe for at least 2 hours"
oxidise, oxidize, oxidate - add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
9.breathe - expel (gases or odors)
belch, burp, eruct, bubble - expel gas from the stomach; "In China it is polite to burp at the table"
force out - emit or cause to move with force of effort; "force out the air"; "force out the splinter"
give forth, emanate, exhale - give out (breath or an odor); "The chimney exhales a thick smoke"
eject, expel, release, exhaust, discharge - eliminate (a substance); "combustion products are exhausted in the engine"; "the plant releases a gas"
radiate - send out real or metaphoric rays; "She radiates happiness"
bubble - form, produce, or emit bubbles; "The soup was bubbling"

breathe

verb
1. inhale and exhale, pant, gasp, puff, gulp, wheeze, respire, draw in breath Always breathe through your nose.
2. whisper, say, voice, express, sigh, utter, articulate, murmur He never breathed a word about our conversation.
3. instil, inspire, pass on, inject, impart, infuse, imbue It is the readers who breathe life into a newspaper.
breathe in inhale, gasp, respire, draw in breath She breathed in deeply.

breathe

verb
1. To breathe in and out:
2. To draw air into the lungs in the process of respiration.Also used with in:
3. To expel air in the process of respiration.Also used with out:
4. To have reality or life:
5. To tell in confidence:
Translations
تنفسيتفوه بكلمه، ينبسيَتَنَفَّسيتنفس
dýchatvyzradit
ånderøbe
hengittääkuiskataolla hengissä
לנשום
disati
egy szót se róla!lélegzik
bernafas
andasegja frá
息をする生きるささやく一息つく吐く
숨을 쉬다
atokvėpio valandėlėatsikvėptikvėpuotiprasitarti
atklātatviegloti nopūstieselpotizdvest
dihativdihniti
andas
หายใจ
thở

breathe

[briːð]
A. VT
1. [+ air] → respirar
to breathe air into a ballooninflar un globo soplando
he breathed alcohol all over meel aliento le apestaba a alcohol
to breathe new life into sthinfundir nueva vida a algo
to breathe one's last (liter) (= die) → exhalar el último suspiro (liter)
2. (= utter) [+ prayer] → decir en voz baja
to breathe a sighsuspirar, dar un suspiro
I won't breathe a wordno diré nada or palabra
B. VI
1. [person, animal] → respirar; (noisily) → resollar
now we can breathe again (fig) → ahora podemos respirar tranquilos
see also neck A1
2. [wine] → respirar
3. [fabric, garment] → transpirar, dejar pasar el aire
breathe in VT + ADV & VI + ADVaspirar
breathe out
A. VT + ADVexhalar
B. VI + ADVespirar

breathe

[ˈbriːð]
virespirer
vt
[+ air] → respirer
to breathe one's last (literary) (= die) → rendre le dernier soupir
(= say quietly) → murmurer
[+ word] → souffler
I won't breathe a word about it → Je n'en soufflerai pas mot., Je n'en dirai rien à personne.
to breathe life into sth → donner vie à qch
breathe in
viinspirer
vt [+ smoke, air] → aspirer, inhaler
breathe out
vt
[+ smoke] → expirer
[+ virus] → expirer
viexpirer

breathe

vi (person, fabric, garment)atmen; (inf: = rest) → verschnaufen, Luft holen or schöpfen; (liter, = live) → leben; now we can breathe againjetzt können wir wieder frei atmen; (= have more space)jetzt haben wir wieder Luft; to breathe down somebody’s neckjdm die Hölle heißmachen (inf); I don’t want him breathing down my neckich will nicht, dass er mir die Hölle heißmacht (inf); red wine should be allowed to breathe before drinkingRotwein muss atmen, bevor man ihn trinkt
vt
aireinatmen; to breathe one’s lastseinen letzten Atemzug tun; to breathe the air of one’s own country againwieder auf heimatlichem Boden sein or stehen
(= exhale)atmen (→ into in +acc); he breathed alcohol all over meer hatte eine solche Fahne; he breathed garlic all over meer verströmte einen solchen Knoblauchgeruch; to breathe fireFeuer spucken; he breathed new life into the firmer brachte neues Leben in die Firma
(= utter) prayerflüstern, hauchen; to breathe a sigh of relieferleichtert aufatmen; don’t breathe a word of it!sag kein Sterbenswörtchen darüber!

breathe

[briːð]
1. vt (air) → respirare; (sigh) → tirare
he breathed garlic all over me → mi ha soffiato addosso il suo alito puzzolente d'aglio
I won't breathe a word about it → non fiaterò
to breathe new life into sb/sth (fig) → ridar vita a qn/qc
2. virespirare
to breathe heavily → ansimare, avere il fiato grosso
now we can breathe again (fig) → adesso possiamo riprendere fiato
breathe in
1. vi + advinspirare
2. vt + advrespirare
breathe out vt + adv & vi + advespirare

breathe

(briːð) verb
1. to draw in and let out (air etc) from the lungs. He was unable to breathe because of the smoke; She breathed a sigh of relief.
2. to tell (a secret). Don't breathe a word of this to anyone.
ˈbreather noun
a short rest or break from work etc. I must have a breather before I do any more.

breathe

يَتَنَفَّس dýchat ånde atmen αναπνέω respirar hengittää respirer disati respirare 息をする 숨을 쉬다 ademen puste odetchnąć respirar дышать andas หายใจ nefes almak thở 呼吸

breathe

vt. respirar; [to exhale] exhalar; [to inhale] aspirar;
to ___ through the mouth___ por la boca;
to ___ through the nose___ por la nariz.

breathe

vt, vi respirar; Breathe quietly while I listen to your heart.. Respire suavemente mientras le escucho el corazón; to — in inspirar (form), inhalar (form), respirar (fam), tomar aire (fam); Breathe in..Respire..Tome aire; to — out espirar (form), exhalar (form), sacar aire (esp. Mex, CA; fam), botar aire (esp. Carib, SA; fam)
References in classic literature ?
She brought it bits of bouquets, she read to it, took it out to breathe fresh air, hidden under her coat, she sang it lullabies and never went to be without kissing its dirty face and whispering tenderly, "I hope you'll have a good night, my poor dear.
We sat and watched the long bowed back under the blue sheet, scarcely daring to breathe.
The young hounds go laughing and singing too much already through the woods, when they ought not to breathe louder than a fox in his cover.
The air with God's sweetest and tenderest sunshine in it, was meet for mankind to breathe into their hearts, and send it forth again as the utterance of prayer.
Breathe not to any human soul that thou didst ever call me husband
Elsewhere match that bloom of theirs, ye cannot, save in Salem, where they tell me the young girls breathe such musk, their sailor sweethearts smell them miles off shore, as though they were drawing nigh the odorous Moluccas instead of the Puritanic sands.
Every one knows that by the peculiar cunning of their gills, the finny tribes in general breathe the air which at all times is combined with the element in which they swim, hence, a herring or a cod might live a century, and never once raise its head above the surface.
I heard Ginger coughing and one of the other horses seemed very restless; it was quite dark, and I could see nothing, but the stable seemed full of smoke, and I hardly knew how to breathe.
She was shut up in one of the rooms where the people seldom saw the daylight; beneath her were the chilling rooms, where the meat was frozen, and above her were the cooking rooms; and so she stood on an ice-cold floor, while her head was often so hot that she could scarcely breathe.
I'll fight for my liberty to the last breath I breathe.
The mortal does not breathe, nor ever will, who can penetrate the secret of that spell, and without that secret none can break it.
Just then Jim begun to breathe heavy; next he begun to snore -- and then I was pretty soon comfortable again.