broken


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bro·ken

 (brō′kən)
v.
Past participle of break.
adj.
1. Forcibly separated into two or more pieces; fractured: a broken arm; broken glass.
2. Sundered by divorce, separation, or desertion of a parent or parents: children from broken homes; a broken marriage.
3. Having been violated: a broken promise.
4.
a. Incomplete: a broken set of books.
b. Being in a state of disarray; disordered: troops fleeing in broken ranks.
5.
a. Intermittently stopping and starting; discontinuous: a broken cable transmission.
b. Varying abruptly, as in pitch: broken sobs.
c. Spoken with gaps and errors: broken English.
6. Topographically rough; uneven: broken terrain.
7.
a. Subdued totally; humbled: a broken spirit.
b. Weakened and infirm: broken health.
8. Crushed by grief: died of a broken heart.
9. Financially ruined; bankrupt.
10. Not functioning; out of order: a broken washing machine.

bro′ken·ly adv.
bro′ken·ness n.

broken

(ˈbrəʊkən)
vb
the past participle of break
adj
1. fractured, smashed, or splintered: a broken vase.
2. imperfect or incomplete; fragmentary: a broken set of books.
3. interrupted; disturbed; disconnected: broken sleep.
4. intermittent or discontinuous: broken sunshine.
5. (Music, other) varying in direction or intensity, as of pitch: a broken note; a broken run.
6. not functioning: a broken radio.
7. spoilt or ruined by divorce (esp in the phrases broken home, broken marriage)
8. (of a trust, promise, contract, etc) violated; infringed
9. overcome with grief or disappointment: a broken heart.
10. (Grammar) (of the speech of a foreigner) imperfect in grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation: broken English.
11. Also: broken-in made tame or disciplined by training: a broken horse; a broken recruit.
12. exhausted or weakened as through ill-health or misfortune
13. confused or disorganized: broken ranks of soldiers.
14. breached or opened: broken defensive lines.
15. irregular or rough; uneven: broken ground.
16. bankrupt or out of money: a broken industry.
17. (Colours) (of colour) having a multicoloured decorative effect, as by stippling paint onto a surface
18. informal South African drunk
ˈbrokenly adv

bro•ken

(ˈbroʊ kən)

v.
1. pp. of break.
adj.
2. reduced to fragments; fragmented.
3. ruptured; torn; fractured.
4. not functioning properly; out of working order.
5. infringed or violated: a broken promise.
6. interrupted, disrupted, or disconnected: a broken line.
7. changing direction abruptly.
8. fragmentary or incomplete.
9. weakened in strength, spirit, etc.: broken health.
10. tamed, trained, or reduced to submission: broken to the saddle.
11. (of language) imperfectly spoken: broken English.
12. spoken in a halting manner, as under emotional strain.
13. disunited or divided; disrupted, as by divorce: broken families.
14. not smooth; rough or irregular: broken ground.
15. overwhelmed with sorrow or disappointment: a broken heart.
16. ruined; bankrupt: broken fortunes.
bro′ken•ly, adv.

broken

Broken is the past participle of the verb break.

He has broken a window with a ball.

Broken is also an adjective. A broken object has split into pieces or has cracked, for example because it has been hit or dropped.

He sweeps away the broken glass under the window.
...a long table covered in broken crockery.
He glanced at the broken lock he was still holding in his free hand.

If a machine or device is not functioning because there is something wrong with it, you do not usually say that it 'is broken'. You say that it does not work or is not working.

One of the lamps didn't work.
Chris sits beside him with sweaters on because the heater doesn't work.
The traffic lights weren't working properly.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.broken - physically and forcibly separated into pieces or cracked or split; "a broken mirror"; "a broken tooth"; "a broken leg"; "his neck is broken"
damaged - harmed or injured or spoiled; "I won't buy damaged goods"; "the storm left a wake of badly damaged buildings"
injured - harmed; "injured soldiers"; "injured feelings"
imperfect - not perfect; defective or inadequate; "had only an imperfect understanding of his responsibilities"; "imperfect mortals"; "drainage here is imperfect"
unsound - not sound financially; "unsound banking practices"
unbroken - not broken; whole and intact; in one piece; "fortunately the other lens is unbroken"
2.broken - not continuous in space, time, or sequence or varying abruptly; "broken lines of defense"; "a broken cable transmission"; "broken sleep"; "tear off the stub above the broken line"; "a broken note"; "broken sobs"
noncontinuous, discontinuous - not continuing without interruption in time or space; "discontinuous applause"; "the landscape was a discontinuous mosaic of fields and forest areas"; "he received a somewhat haphazard and discontinuous schooling"
unbroken - marked by continuous or uninterrupted extension in space or time or sequence; "cars in an unbroken procession"; "the unbroken quiet of the afternoon"
3.broken - subdued or brought low in condition or status; "brought low"; "a broken man"; "his broken spirit"
humble - marked by meekness or modesty; not arrogant or prideful; "a humble apology"; "essentially humble...and self-effacing, he achieved the highest formal honors and distinctions"- B.K.Malinowski
4.broken - (especially of promises or contracts) having been violated or disregardedbroken - (especially of promises or contracts) having been violated or disregarded; "broken (or unkept) promises"; "broken contracts"
contract - a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law
kept, unbroken - (especially of promises or contracts) not violated or disregarded; "unbroken promises"; "promises kept"
5.broken - tamed or trained to obey; "a horse broken to the saddle"; "this old nag is well broken in"
tamed, tame - brought from wildness into a domesticated state; "tame animals"; "fields of tame blueberries"
6.broken - topographically very uneven; "broken terrain"; "rugged ground"
rough, unsmooth - having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"
7.broken - imperfectly spoken or written; "broken English"
imperfect - not perfect; defective or inadequate; "had only an imperfect understanding of his responsibilities"; "imperfect mortals"; "drainage here is imperfect"
8.broken - thrown into a state of disarray or confusionbroken - thrown into a state of disarray or confusion; "troops fleeing in broken ranks"; "a confused mass of papers on the desk"; "the small disordered room"; "with everything so upset"
disorganised, disorganized - lacking order or methodical arrangement or function; "a disorganized enterprise"; "a thousand pages of muddy and disorganized prose"; "she was too disorganized to be an agreeable roommate"
9.broken - weakened and infirm; "broken health resulting from alcoholism"
impaired - diminished in strength, quality, or utility; "impaired eyesight"
10.broken - destroyed financially; "the broken fortunes of the family"
destroyed - spoiled or ruined or demolished; "war left many cities destroyed"; "Alzheimer's is responsible for her destroyed mind"
11.broken - out of working order (`busted' is an informal substitute for `broken'); "a broken washing machine"; "the coke machine is broken"; "the coke machine is busted"
colloquialism - a colloquial expression; characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech
damaged - harmed or injured or spoiled; "I won't buy damaged goods"; "the storm left a wake of badly damaged buildings"
12.broken - discontinuous; "broken clouds"; "broken sunshine"
meteorology - the earth science dealing with phenomena of the atmosphere (especially weather)
distributed - spread out or scattered about or divided up
13.broken - lacking a part or parts; "a broken set of encyclopedia"
incomplete, uncomplete - not complete or total; not completed; "an incomplete account of his life"; "political consequences of incomplete military success"; "an incomplete forward pass"

broken

adjective
2. failed, ruined, wrecked, unsuccessful, abortive, ending in divorce the traumas of a broken marriage
3. imperfect, halting, hesitating, stammering, disjointed Eric could only respond in broken English.
4. smashed, destroyed, burst, shattered, fragmented, fractured, demolished, severed, ruptured, rent, separated, shivered Damp air came through the broken window.
5. defective, not working, ruined, imperfect, out of order, not functioning, on the blink (slang), on its last legs, kaput (informal) a broken guitar and a rusty snare drum
6. violated, forgotten, ignored, disregarded, not kept, infringed, retracted, disobeyed, dishonoured, transgressed, traduced History is made up of broken promises.
8. fractured, cracked, splintered He escaped with a broken leg.
9. cut, wounded, pierced, punctured, perforated, ruptured The broken skin became infected.
10. uneven, rough, bumpy, rutted, not flat, not level, not smooth, pitty the rough broken ground in front of the flats
Translations
مَكْسوروَعِر، ، غَيْر مُسْتَوٍمُتَقَطِّعمُكَسَّر، غَيْر سَليممُكَسَّر، لوالِدَيْن مُنْفَصِلَيْن
rozbitýčlenitýhrbolatýlámanýnarušený
gebrokkeni stykkerknækketknustujævn
rikkinäinensurkeaalennettuhajallakatkennut
slomljen
felbomlottmegszakítotttörötttört
bjagaîurbrotinneyîilagîur, skilnaîar-, vandræîa-óslétturrofinn, slitinn
壊れた
부서진
darkytasnelyguspertrauktassudužęssuiręs
iedragātsizputējisizputinātslauzītsnelīdzens
lámanýnarušenýprerušený
pokvarjenrazbitzlomljen
trasig
เส้นประ
kırıkkırık dökükkırılmışbölünmüşbozuk
bị vỡ

broken

[ˈbrəʊkən]
A. PP of break
B. ADJ
1. [object] → roto, quebrado (LAm); [bone] → roto, fracturado; [skin] → cortado
"do not use on broken skin""no aplicar si hay cortes o heridas en la piel"
he sounds like a broken recordparece un disco rallado
2. (= not working) [machine] → estropeado, averiado
3. (= uneven) [road surface] → accidentado
4. (= ruined) [health, spirit] → quebrantado; [heart] → roto, destrozado
to die of a broken heartmorir de pena
broken in healthdeshecho, muy decaído
a broken manun hombre deshecho
a broken reed (fig) → una persona quemada
5. (= interrupted) [line] → quebrado; [voice] → entrecortado; [sleep] → interrumpido; [cloud] → fragmentario
he speaks broken Englishchapurrea el inglés
she had a broken nightdurmió mal, despertándose a cada momento
6. (= failed) [marriage] → deshecho
a broken homeuna familia dividida
7. [promise] → roto, quebrantado

broken

[ˈbrəʊkən]
pp of break
adj
[arm, leg] → cassé(e); [machine, toy] → cassé(e)
a broken leg → une jambe cassée
to have a broken arm → avoir le bras cassé
He's got a broken arm → Il a le bras cassé.
It's broken → C'est cassé.
[promise, vow] → rompu(e)
a broken marriage → un mariage brisé
a broken home → un foyer désuni
(= halting) [language] → hésitant(e)
in broken French → dans un français hésitant
to speak broken French → parler un français hésitant
(= with gaps) [line] → discontinu(e)broken-down [ˌbrəʊkənˈdaʊn] adj
[car] → en panne; [machine] → détraqué(e)
[person] → usé(e)
[building] → délabré(e)broken-hearted [ˌbrəʊkənˈhɑːrtɪd] adj [mother, lover] → au cœur brisé
to be broken-hearted → avoir le cœur brisé

broken

ptp of break
adj
kaputt (inf); twiggeknickt; bonegebrochen; rope alsogerissen; (= smashed) cup, glass etczerbrochen, kaputt
(fig) voicebrüchig; chordgebrochen; heart, spirit, mangebrochen; health, marriagezerrüttet; surely his voice has broken by nower muss den Stimmbruch schon hinter sich (dat)haben; from a broken homeaus zerrütteten Familienverhältnissen
promisegebrochen; appointmentnicht (ein)gehalten
road, surface, grounduneben; coastlinezerklüftet; water, seaaufgewühlt, bewegt; setunvollständig
(= interrupted) journeyunterbrochen; line alsogestrichelt; sleep alsogestört
English, German etcgebrochen

broken

:
broken-down
adj machine, car, furniturekaputt (inf); buildingheruntergekommen
brokenhearted
adjuntröstlich
broken white
broken-winded
adjkurzatmig, dämpfig (spec)

broken

[ˈbrəʊkn]
1. pp of break
2. adj
a. (gen) → rotto/a; (stick) → spezzato/a (fig) (marriage) → fallito/a; (promise, vow) → infranto/a, non rispettato/a; (appointment) → mancato/a; (health) → rovinato/a; (spirit) → a pezzi; (heart) → infranto/a
he comes from a broken home → i suoi sono divisi
he's a broken old man → è un vecchio finito
b. (uneven, surface, coastline) → irregolare; (ground) → accidentato/a; (interrupted, line) → spezzato/a; (sleep) → agitato/a
to have a broken night → non riuscire dormire una notte di filato
he speaks broken English → parla un inglese stentato

broken

(ˈbrəukən) adjective
1. see break . a broken window; My watch is broken.
2. interrupted. broken sleep.
3. uneven. broken ground.
4. (of language) not fluent. He speaks broken English.
5. ruined. The children come from a broken home (= their parents are no longer living together).
ˌbroken-ˈhearted adjective
overcome by grief.

broken

مَكْسور rozbitý knækket zerbrochen σπασμένος discontinuo, roto rikkinäinen cassé slomljen interrotto 壊れた 부서진 gebroken ødelagt połamany quebrado прерывистый trasig เส้นประ kırık bị vỡ 不连贯的

broken

a. pp. de to break, [bone] fracturado-a, quebrado-a
broken armbrazo fracturado, quebrado;
[home, person]
broken homehogar deshecho, destrozado;
broken hearteddescorazonado.

broken

(pp de break) adj quebrado, roto
References in classic literature ?
Some- times he was so angry that, although the cat had disappeared, he hurled sticks, bits of broken glass, and even some of the tools of his trade about.
With a little broken sob in her throat, Elizabeth Willard blew out the light that stood upon the table and stood weak and trembling in the darkness.
His iron constitution was somewhat broken by mountain pneumonia, and he had drifted back to live in a milder country for a while.
This cornfield, and the sorghum patch behind the barn, were the only broken land in sight.
you might get some of the glass in your feet, ma'am," insisted the young woman, picking up bits of the broken vase that were scattered upon the carpet.
According to the orders of the preceding night, the heavy sleep of the army was broken by the rolling of the warning drums, whose rattling echoes were heard issuing, on the damp morning air, out of every vista of the woods, just as day began to draw the shaggy outlines of some tall pines of the vicinity, on the opening brightness of a soft and cloudless eastern sky.
When the corner feels that his cushion has been broken by the receiver pushing vertical up field, the corner must turn, open at (180) and go, staying on the inside hip of the receiver.
It turned out my wrist had been broken for three weeks.
Then, by letting the unclamped end go, much as if releasing a catapult, they duplicated what would happen if a hypothetical strand had broken and its still-clamped portion were then free to unbend.
His new book, Illusion of Order: The False Promise of Broken Windows Policing (Harvard University Press), offers a stinging indictment of New York-style law enforcement.
Chemical hair straightening works basically the same way, except the hair is held straight after the sulfur bonds are broken so that new sulfur bonds form in the straight shape.
The same applies to the casting, which as the sand lumps are broken down, comes into contact with the deck and is cleared of cores and adhering sand.