bromine


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

bro·mine

 (brō′mēn)
n. Symbol Br
A dense, volatile, corrosive, reddish-brown, nonmetallic liquid halogen element that exists as a diatomic molecule, Br2 having a highly irritating vapor. Chiefly isolated from brines, it is used in producing fumigants, dyes, water purification compounds, and photographic chemicals. Atomic weight 79.904; atomic number 35; melting point -7.2°C; boiling point 58.8°C; density of gas 7.59 grams per liter; specific gravity (liquid, at 20°C) 3.12; valence 1, 3, 5, 7. See Periodic Table.

[French brome (from Greek brōmos, stench) + -ine.]

bromine

(ˈbrəʊmiːn; -mɪn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a pungent dark red volatile liquid element of the halogen series that occurs in natural brine and is used in the production of chemicals, esp ethylene dibromide. Symbol: Br; atomic no: 35; atomic wt: 79.904; valency: 1, 3, 5, or 7; relative density 3.12; density (gas): 7.59 kg/m3; melting pt: –7.2°C; boiling pt: 58.78°C
[C19: from French brome bromine, from Greek brōmos bad smell + -ine2, of uncertain origin]

bro•mine

(ˈbroʊ min, -mɪn)

n.
a dark reddish, fuming, toxic liquid element obtained from natural brines and ocean water and used chiefly in gasoline antiknock compounds, pharmaceuticals, and dyes. Symbol: Br; at. wt.: 79.909; at. no.: 35; sp. gr.: 3.119 at 20°C.
[1827; < French brome bromine (< Greek brômos stench) + -ine2]

bro·mine

(brō′mēn)
Symbol Br A reddish-brown halogen element that can be found in combined form in ocean water. The pure form is a nonmetallic liquid that gives off a highly irritating vapor. It is used to make dyes, sedatives, and photographic film. Atomic number 35. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bromine - a nonmetallic heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogensbromine - a nonmetallic heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens; found in sea water
chemical element, element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
halogen - any of five related nonmetallic elements (fluorine or chlorine or bromine or iodine or astatine) that are all monovalent and readily form negative ions
brine, saltwater, seawater - water containing salts; "the water in the ocean is all saltwater"
Translations
бром
brom
brom
bromo
broom
bromi
brom
bróm
bróm
bromas
broms
brom
bróm
brom
brom
бром
brom

bromine

[ˈbrəʊmiːn] Nbromo m

bromine

[ˈbrəʊmiːn] nbromo

bromine

n bromo
References in periodicals archive ?
Browse through the TOC ofNorth America bromine market for an in-depth analysis of the industry trends and segments, with help of various tables and figures.
ICL produces about one third of the world s bromine, which is extracted from its vast reserves of Dead Sea brines.
Bromine belongs to halogen group and is the only liquid nonmetallic element.
Previously, scientists knew that animals had bromine in their bodies, but researchers could find no biological use for it.
showed that fruit flies died when bromine was removed from their diet but survived when bromine was restored.
Newcastle Crown Court heard how, in 2007, a bromine bulk storage tank had been taken out of service and prepared for an insurance inspection which included removing short sections of connecting pipework.
Albemarle is a global leader in the development, manufacture and marketing of bromine, bromine derivatives and other specialty chemicals.
The ingenuity of our teams working on the project allowed us to implement technology that doubles our bromine capacity while only increasing our water consumption by 8 per cent, with further decreases planned.
Bromine is extracted from the brine, or saltwater, found in the Smackover Formation in south-central Arkansas, the same formation where oil was discovered in 1921.
Frost flowers and bromine explosions sound almost extraterrestrial but they occur regularly in Canada's Arctic.
Bromine is a highly volatile liquid and has an irritating smell.
THE Amlwch factory was first opened almost 50 years ago to produce bromine,one of the chemicals used to combat poor quality fuels in car engines.