broom(redirected from brooms)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Idioms, Encyclopedia.
1. An implement used for sweeping, typically consisting of a bunch of stiff synthetic fibers or broomcorn stalks, or formerly twigs or straw, bound together and attached to a handle.
a. Any of various European and North African shrubs of the genus Cytisus in the pea family, especially C. scoparius, having mostly compound leaves with three leaflets and showy, usually bright yellow flowers.
b. Any of several similar or related shrubs, especially in the genera Genista and Spartium.
tr.v. broomed, broom·ing, brooms
To sweep with a broom.
[Middle English brom, from Old English brōm, broom plant (Cytisus scoparius and similar plants); akin to Dutch braam, blackberry, bramble, from Germanic *brēmaz, prickly shrub.]
1. (Tools) an implement for sweeping consisting of a long handle to which is attached either a brush of straw, bristles, or twigs, bound together, or a solid head into which are set tufts of bristles or fibres
2. (Plants) any of various yellow-flowered Eurasian leguminous shrubs of the genera Cytisus, Genista, and Spartium, esp C. scoparius
3. (Plants) any of various similar Eurasian plants of the related genera Genista and Spartium
4. new broom a newly appointed official, etc, eager to make changes
(tr) to sweep with a broom
[Old English brōm; related to Old High German brāmo, Middle Dutch bremme]
1. an implement for sweeping, consisting of a brush of straw or some other stiff material on a long handle.
2. any of several flowering shrubs or small trees of the genera Cytisus and Genista, of the legume family, esp. C. scoparius, with yellow flowers borne on long branches.v.t.
3. to sweep.
4. to splinter or fray mechanically.
[before 1000; Middle English brome, Old English brōm]
broom- Was first called a besom, but evolved because many of them were made of twigs from the wild broom shrub.
See also related terms for twigs.
Past participle: broomed
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||broom - a cleaning implement for sweeping; bundle of straws or twigs attached to a long handle|
besom - a broom made of twigs tied together on a long handle
cleaning device, cleaning equipment, cleaning implement - any of a large class of implements used for cleaning
push broom - a wide broom that is pushed ahead of the sweeper
|2.||broom - any of various shrubs of the genera Cytisus or Genista or Spartium having long slender branches and racemes of yellow flowers|
Papilionoideae, subfamily Papilionoideae - alternative name used in some classification systems for the family Papilionaceae
weeping tree broom - small shrubby tree of New Zealand having weeping branches and racemes of white to violet flowers followed by woolly indehiscent two-seeded pods
Cytisus albus, Cytisus multiflorus, white broom, white Spanish broom - low European broom having trifoliate leaves and yellowish-white flowers
common broom, Cytisus scoparius, green broom, Scotch broom - deciduous erect spreading broom native to western Europe; widely cultivated for its rich yellow flowers
broom tree, Genista anglica, needle furze, petty whin - prickly yellow-flowered shrub of the moors of New England and Europe
Genista hispanica, Spanish gorse, Spanish broom - erect shrub of southwestern Europe having racemes of golden yellow flowers
dyer's greenweed, dyer's-broom, dyeweed, Genista tinctoria, greenweed, woadwaxen, woodwaxen, whin - small Eurasian shrub having clusters of yellow flowers that yield a dye; common as a weed in Britain and the United States; sometimes grown as an ornamental
Spanish broom, Spartium junceum, weaver's broom - tall thornless shrub having pale yellow flowers and flexible rushlike twigs used in basketry; of southwestern Europe and Mediterranean; naturalized in California
|3.||broom - common Old World heath represented by many varieties; low evergreen grown widely in the northern hemisphere|
heath - a low evergreen shrub of the family Ericaceae; has small bell-shaped pink or purple flowers
|Verb||1.||broom - sweep with a broom or as if with a broom; "Sweep the crumbs off the table"; "Sweep under the bed"|
wipe, pass over - rub with a circular motion; "wipe the blackboard"; "He passed his hands over the soft cloth"
sweep - clean by sweeping; "Please sweep the floor"
|2.||broom - finish with a broom|
finish - provide with a finish; "The carpenter finished the table beautifully"; "this shirt is not finished properly"
broom[ˈbrʊm] n (for sweeping) → balai m
1. a wild shrub of the pea family with (usually yellow) flowers. The hillside was covered in broom. besembos وزّال зановец giesta janovec der Ginster gyvel σπάρτοhiniesta ubapõõsas خلنگ؛ طاووسی vihma genêtרותם पीले फूलों वाला एक तरह का पौधा žutilovka rekettye tumbuhan liar ginestra えにしだ 금작화 (šluotinis) sausakrūmis irbulene jerami bremgyvel żarnowiec طاووسی giesta grozamă ракитник prútnatec košeničica žutilovka ginst ไม้ป่าตระกูลถั่ว มีดอกสีเหลือง katırtırnağı 金雀花 рокитник مٹر کے خاندان کی ایک جنگلی جھاڑی cây đậu chổi 金雀花
2. a long-handled sweeping brush. besem مُكْنِسَه метла vassoura koště der Besen kost σκούπαescoba luud جارو luuta balaiמטאטא झाड़ू metla seprű sapu scopa ほうき (청소용) 비 šluota slota penyapu bezemfeiekost, sopelimemiotła جاړو vassoura mătură метла metla metla metla [sop]kvast ไม้กวาด saplı süpürge 掃帚 мітла, віник جھاڑو cái chổi 扫帚