For instance, we predicted feeding sites will have Mule Deer forage species such as Creeping Juniper (Juniperus horizontalis) and Chokecherry (Prunus virginianus), whereas bedding areas will contain other trees and shrubs such as Limber Pine (Pinus flexibilis) or Canada Buffaloberry
(Shepherdia canadensis), which are not as important as forage species.
Clausen], Canada buffaloberry
(Shepherdia canadensis (L.
Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), wild rose (Rosa acicularis), and buffaloberry
(Shepherdia canadensis) were the principal understory species of aspen stands and occurred in different proportions.
Eventually a 3x3 mule deer buck emerged from a patch of buffaloberry
, stopping to look back over his shoulder at about 50 yards.
To answer this question we focused on three fruit species that cumulatively comprise a significant proportion of bear diets (Grenfell and Brody, 1983; Raine and Kansas, 1990; Richardson, 1991) prior to torpor in the Central Rocky Mountains: russet buffaloberry
(Shepherdia canadensis), huckleberry (Vaccinium spp.
These stands typically have a sparse understory of scattered buffaloberry
(Sheperdia canadensis) and common juniper (Juniperus communis), with heartleaf arnica (Arnica cordifolia) as the primary herbaceous species.
The same bacteria that sustain Ceanothus perform a similar function for other important California natives such as white alder (Alnus rhombifolia), a towering tree with neatly scarred gray bark and lush foliage; mountain mahogany (Cercocarpus betuloides), a medium to tall shrub with high, arching branches; Pacific wax myrtle (Myrica californica), an enormous shrub with shimmering, fragrant foliage; and silver buffaloberry
(Shepherdia argentea), a 10-foot shrub that makes a fine natural fence and resembles firethorn (Pyracantha) with its oval leaves, red berries and thorns.
Most label problems occurred in the past with the wild fruit wines, such as chokecherry or wild buffaloberry
For red or orange berries or other fruits, consider cotoneaster, crabapple, hawthorn, pyracantha, silver buffaloberry
, and sumac.
As part of the ceremony, 400 traditional buffaloberry
trees and 100 poplar trees were planted around the garden to serve as shelter for future crops.
Unlike the typical stand of lodgepole pine or spruce, an aspen thicket has three or four layers of vegetation, from small trees like chokecherry and juniper down through shrubs like serviceberry, snowberry and buffaloberry
to a rich understory of wildflowers, grasses and sedges.
We looked toward the center, to the bare earth, the exploratory drill-rig, the dozer, and we named what had lived there: Ponderosa Pine, Utah Juniper, Gambel Oak, Cliff Rose, Four-winged Saltbush, Buckbrush, Buffaloberry
, Pale Wolfberry, Rabbitbush, Mormon Tea, Banana Yucca, Big Sagebrush--the sage that grows where the earth has been disturbed--soft, pale leaves that we crushed between our fingers, whose scent we breathed in deeply, knowing that we found it where trees and juniper had been chained.