bulwark


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bul·wark

 (bo͝ol′wərk, -wôrk′, bŭl′-)
n.
1. A wall or embankment raised as a defensive fortification; a rampart.
2. Something serving as a defense or safeguard: "We have seen the necessity of the Union, as our bulwark against foreign danger" (James Madison).
3. A breakwater.
4. often bulwarks The part of a ship's side that is above the upper deck.
tr.v. bul·warked, bul·wark·ing, bul·warks
1. To fortify with a wall, embankment, or rampart.
2. To provide defense or protection for: "the wetland that bulwarked the pond" (Edward Hoagland).

[Middle English bulwerk, from Middle Dutch bolwerk, from Middle High German bolwerc : bole, plank; see bhel- in Indo-European roots + werc, work (from Old High German; see werg- in Indo-European roots).]
Synonyms: bulwark, barricade, breastwork, earthwork, rampart, bastion, parapet
These nouns refer literally to structures used as a defense against attack. A bulwark is a strong defensive barrier, often an embankment or wall-like fortification, from which fire can be directed. A barricade is an improvised barrier meant to stop or slow an advancing threat. Breastwork denotes a low defensive wall, especially a temporary one hurriedly built. An earthwork is an embankment made of soil, and may include a trench or moat. A rampart, the main defensive structure around a guarded place, is permanent, high, and broad. A bastion is a projecting section of a fortification from which defenders have a wide range of view and fire. Parapet applies to any low fortification, typically a wall atop a rampart. Of these words bulwark, bastion, and rampart are the most frequently used to refer figuratively to something regarded as being a safeguard or a source of protection: "The only sure bulwark of continuing liberty is a government strong enough to protect the interests of the people, and a people strong enough ... to maintain its sovereign control over its government" (Franklin D. Roosevelt). "the University of Virginia, a school founded by Jefferson to be a bastion of free thought" (Garry Wills). "The sense of being a couple ... is the strongest rampart against the relentless threat of our divorce culture" (Judith S. Wallerstein).

bulwark

(ˈbʊlwək)
n
1. (Fortifications) a wall or similar structure used as a fortification; rampart
2. a person or thing acting as a defence against injury, annoyance, etc
3. (Nautical Terms) (often plural) nautical a solid vertical fencelike structure along the outward sides of a deck
4. (Navigation) a breakwater or mole
vb
(Fortifications) (tr) to defend or fortify with or as if with a bulwark
[C15: via Dutch from Middle High German bolwerk, from bol plank, bole1 + werk work]

bul•wark

(ˈbʊl wərk, -wɔrk, ˈbʌl-)
n.
1. a wall of earth or other material built for defense; rampart.
2. any protection against external danger, injury, or annoyance.
3. any person or thing giving strong support or encouragement in time of need, danger, or doubt.
4. Usu., bulwarks. (on a ship) a wall enclosing the perimeter of a weather or main deck.
v.t.
5. to fortify or protect with a bulwark.
[1375–1425; late Middle English bulwerk, probably < Middle Dutch bolwerc]

bulwark

- Comes from German bole, "plank," and werc, "work," and originally meant "rampart made out of planks or tree trunks."
See also related terms for rampart.

Bulwark

 a collection of persons acting as a defense or safeguard to protect an ideal or way of life.
Examples: bulwark of Christendom, 1577; of our laws, 1614; of our liberties, 1789; to theology, 1837.

bulwark


Past participle: bulwarked
Gerund: bulwarking

Imperative
bulwark
bulwark
Present
I bulwark
you bulwark
he/she/it bulwarks
we bulwark
you bulwark
they bulwark
Preterite
I bulwarked
you bulwarked
he/she/it bulwarked
we bulwarked
you bulwarked
they bulwarked
Present Continuous
I am bulwarking
you are bulwarking
he/she/it is bulwarking
we are bulwarking
you are bulwarking
they are bulwarking
Present Perfect
I have bulwarked
you have bulwarked
he/she/it has bulwarked
we have bulwarked
you have bulwarked
they have bulwarked
Past Continuous
I was bulwarking
you were bulwarking
he/she/it was bulwarking
we were bulwarking
you were bulwarking
they were bulwarking
Past Perfect
I had bulwarked
you had bulwarked
he/she/it had bulwarked
we had bulwarked
you had bulwarked
they had bulwarked
Future
I will bulwark
you will bulwark
he/she/it will bulwark
we will bulwark
you will bulwark
they will bulwark
Future Perfect
I will have bulwarked
you will have bulwarked
he/she/it will have bulwarked
we will have bulwarked
you will have bulwarked
they will have bulwarked
Future Continuous
I will be bulwarking
you will be bulwarking
he/she/it will be bulwarking
we will be bulwarking
you will be bulwarking
they will be bulwarking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been bulwarking
you have been bulwarking
he/she/it has been bulwarking
we have been bulwarking
you have been bulwarking
they have been bulwarking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been bulwarking
you will have been bulwarking
he/she/it will have been bulwarking
we will have been bulwarking
you will have been bulwarking
they will have been bulwarking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been bulwarking
you had been bulwarking
he/she/it had been bulwarking
we had been bulwarking
you had been bulwarking
they had been bulwarking
Conditional
I would bulwark
you would bulwark
he/she/it would bulwark
we would bulwark
you would bulwark
they would bulwark
Past Conditional
I would have bulwarked
you would have bulwarked
he/she/it would have bulwarked
we would have bulwarked
you would have bulwarked
they would have bulwarked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bulwark - an embankment built around a space for defensive purposesbulwark - an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes; "they stormed the ramparts of the city"; "they blew the trumpet and the walls came tumbling down"
bailey - the outer defensive wall that surrounds the outer courtyard of a castle
battlement, crenelation, crenellation - a rampart built around the top of a castle with regular gaps for firing arrows or guns
earthwork - an earthen rampart
embankment - a long artificial mound of stone or earth; built to hold back water or to support a road or as protection
fortification, munition - defensive structure consisting of walls or mounds built around a stronghold to strengthen it
fraise - sloping or horizontal rampart of pointed stakes
merlon - a solid section between two crenels in a crenelated battlement
2.bulwark - a fencelike structure around a deck (usually plural)
barrier - a structure or object that impedes free movement
ship - a vessel that carries passengers or freight
3.bulwark - a protective structure of stone or concretebulwark - a protective structure of stone or concrete; extends from shore into the water to prevent a beach from washing away
barrier - a structure or object that impedes free movement
Verb1.bulwark - defend with a bulwark
defend - be on the defensive; act against an attack

bulwark

noun
1. fortification, defence, bastion, buttress, rampart, redoubt, outwork a bulwark against the English
2. defence, support, safeguard, security, guard, buffer, mainstay a bulwark of democracy
Translations
حِصْن، مِتْراس
opevněníval
skanseværn
aallonmurtaja
vörn, varnargarîur
pylimas
aizsargvalnis
val

bulwark

[ˈbʊlwək] N (Mil) (fig) → baluarte m (Naut) → borda f

bulwark

[ˈbʊlwərk] n (= protection) → rempart m

bulwark

n
(lit, fig)Bollwerk nt
(Naut) → Schanzkleid nt

bulwark

[ˈbʊlwək] n (Mil) (fig) → baluardo, bastione m (Naut) → parapetto

bulwark

(ˈbulwək) noun
a wall built as a defence, often made of earth.
References in classic literature ?
Our camp was enclosed with a solid wall of the dead -- a bulwark, a breast- work, of corpses, you may say.
I saw he was of the material from which nature hews her heroes--Christian and Pagan--her lawgivers, her statesmen, her conquerors: a steadfast bulwark for great interests to rest upon; but, at the fireside, too often a cold cumbrous column, gloomy and out of place.
She watched his kindling face with a delicious sense of triumph in adding fuel to the fire; she trapped him into forgetting all considerations of time and place, and striking as hearty a stroke on the rickety little lodging-house table, in the fervor of his talk, as if his hand had descended on the solid bulwark of his ship.
Crupp considered actionable, and had expressed her intention of bringing before a 'British Judy' - meaning, it was supposed, the bulwark of our national liberties.
The happier state In Heav'n, which follows dignity, might draw Envy from each inferior; but who here Will envy whom the highest place exposes Formost to stand against the Thunderers aime Your bulwark, and condemns to greatest share Of endless pain?
The fool,'' answered Wamba, raising the relics of a gammon of bacon, ``will take care to erect a bulwark against the knave.
That these were the ornament and bulwark of the kingdom, worthy followers of their most renowned ancestors, whose honour had been the reward of their virtue, from which their posterity were never once known to degenerate.
The inherited stupidity of the race--sound English common sense he jovially termed it--was shown to be the proper bulwark for society.
All then proceeded to the poop, which was very handsomely decorated, and seated themselves on the bulwark benches; the boatswain passed along the gangway and piped all hands to strip, which they did in an instant.
Here I expect we shall be told that the militia of the country is its natural bulwark, and would be at all times equal to the national defense.
WE HAVE seen the necessity of the Union, as our bulwark against foreign danger, as the conservator of peace among ourselves, as the guardian of our commerce and other common interests, as the only substitute for those military establishments which have subverted the liberties of the Old World, and as the proper antidote for the diseases of faction, which have proved fatal to other popular governments, and of which alarming symptoms have been betrayed by our own.
Morison, was making his task an extremely difficult one--it was that quality of innate goodness and cleanness which is a good girl's stoutest bulwark and protection--an impregnable barrier that only degeneracy has the effrontery to assail.