bureaucracy


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bu·reauc·ra·cy

 (byo͝o-rŏk′rə-sē)
n. pl. bu·reauc·ra·cies
1.
a. Administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with nonelected officials.
b. The departments and their officials as a group: promised to reorganize the federal bureaucracy.
2.
a. Management or administration marked by hierarchical authority among numerous offices and by fixed procedures: The new department head did not know much about bureaucracy.
b. The administrative structure of a large or complex organization: a midlevel manager in a corporate bureaucracy.
3. An administrative system in which the need or inclination to follow rigid or complex procedures impedes effective action: innovative ideas that get bogged down in red tape and bureaucracy.

[French bureaucratie : bureau, office; see bureau + -cratie, rule (from Old French; see -cracy).]

bureaucracy

(bjʊəˈrɒkrəsɪ)
n, pl -cies
1. a system of administration based upon organization into bureaus, division of labour, a hierarchy of authority, etc: designed to dispose of a large body of work in a routine manner
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) government by such a system
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) government or other officials collectively
4. any administration in which action is impeded by unnecessary official procedures and red tape

bu•reauc•ra•cy

(byʊˈrɒk rə si)

n., pl. -cies.
1. government by a rigid hierarchy of bureaus, administrators, and petty officials.
2. a body of officials and administrators, esp. in a government.
3. excessive multiplication of, and concentration of power in, bureaus or administrators.
4. administration characterized by excessive red tape and routine.
[1810–20; < French bureaucratie; see -cracy]

Bureaucracy

See also government.

the world of petty and officious bureaucrats. Cf. bumbledom.
the world of petty and incompetent officials.
1. a government typified by a rigid hierarchy of bureaus, administrators, and minor officials.
2. a body of administrators; officialdom.
3. administration characterized by excessive red tape and routine. — bureaucratie, adj.
turgid, misleading language, as typical of bureaucracies. Cf. federalese, officialese.
an obsession with public employment.
language typical of the U.S. federal government, especially bureaucrtic jargon. Cf. bureaucratese, officialese.
1. the realm or position of officials.
2. excessively close adherence to bureaucratie procedure.
language characteristic of officialdom, typified by polysyllabism and much periphrasis. Cf. bureaucratese, federalese.
1. any official regulations or procedures.
2. an excessive emphasis on official regulations or procedures.
3. officials in general or collectively.
designation for a pompous official, taken from a story by Samuel Foote(1755).
the practice of requiring excessive paperwork and tedious procedures before official action can be considered or completed. Also called red-tapery. — red-tapist n.

Bureaucracy

 government officials collectively, 1848.

bureaucracy

A system of government administration in which a hierarchy of nonelected professional officials is in control and often insists on strict adherence to standard procedures.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bureaucracy - nonelective government officialsbureaucracy - nonelective government officials  
Pentagon - the United States military establishment
civil service - government workers; usually hired on the basis of competitive examinations
government officials, officialdom - people elected or appointed to administer a government
2.bureaucracy - a government that is administered primarily by bureaus that are staffed with nonelective officials
authorities, government, regime - the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit; "the government reduced taxes"; "the matter was referred to higher authorities"
3.bureaucracy - any organization in which action is obstructed by insistence on unnecessary procedures and red tape
organization, organisation - a group of people who work together

bureaucracy

noun
1. government, officials, authorities, administration, ministry, the system, civil service, directorate, officialdom, corridors of power State bureaucracies tend to stifle enterprise and initiative.
2. red tape, regulations, paperwork, officialdom, officialese, bumbledom People complain about having to deal with too much bureaucracy.
Translations
البيروقراطيه: حُكْمُ الموظفينبيروقْراطِيَّةدَوْلَةٌ بيروقراطيه
byrokraciebyrokratická země
bureaukratiembedsmandsvælde
bürokraatia
byrokratiahallintokoneisto
birokracija
bürokrácia
skrifræîi, skrifstofuveldi
官僚主義
관료주의
biurokratijabiurokratinė valstybėbiurokratinisvaldininkija
birokrātijabirokrātisms
byrokraciabyrokratická krajina
byråkrati
ระบบบริหารที่มีพิธีรีตรอง
bürokrasikırtasiyecilikmerkeziyetçilik
bộ máy công chức

bureaucracy

[bjʊəˈrɒkrəsɪ] Nburocracia f (pej) → papeleo m, trámites mpl

bureaucracy

[bjʊˈrɒkrəsi] nbureaucratie f

bureaucracy

nBürokratie f

bureaucracy

[bjʊˈrɒkrəsɪ] nburocrazia

bureaucracy

(bjuˈrokrəsi) noun
1. a system of government by officials working for a government.
2. a country having such a government which uses such officials.
ˌbureauˈcratic adjective

bureaucracy

بيروقْراطِيَّة byrokracie bureaukrati Bürokratie γραφειοκρατία burocracia byrokratia bureaucratie birokracija burocrazia 官僚主義 관료주의 bureaucratie byråkrati biurokracja burocracia бюрократия byråkrati ระบบบริหารที่มีพิธีรีตรอง bürokrasi bộ máy công chức 官僚
References in classic literature ?
In Germany there has been the same burden of bureaucracy, but less backing and filling.
Almost every known evil of bureaucracy was developed.
It is a fraction of a fraction of a fraction --a mere twig of bureaucracy.
Other causes combined to concentrate official vigilance upon it; there had been a scare about spies carrying explosives in small objects, and one of those experimental orders which pass like waves over bureaucracy had decreed first that all visitors should change their clothes for a sort of official sackcloth, and then (when this method caused some murmurs) that they should at least turn out their pockets.
Though Napoleon, by subordinating all things and all men to his will, retarded for a time the influence of bureaucracy (that ponderous curtain hung between the service to be done and the man who orders it), it was permanently organized under the constitutional government, which was, inevitably, the friend of all mediocrities, the lover of authentic documents and accounts, and as meddlesome as an old tradeswoman.
France went to ruin in spite of this array of documents; dissertations stood in place of action; a million of reports were written every year; bureaucracy was enthroned
Bureaucracy holds all things and the administration itself in leading strings; it stifles men of talent who are bold enough to be independent of it or to enlighten it on its own follies.
He further states that federal bureaucracy plays an imperative role in forming policies for the government and their implementation.
Kim said that the bank would seek to reduce annual costs by USD400m a year, restructuring to reduce compartmentalisation and cut bureaucracy, to better deliver bank services in its fight against poverty and underdevelopment.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Turkey's bureaucracy has to keep up with a society that is moving toward greater democracy, according to Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an, or face "problems functioning.
For professional, competent and honest bureaucracy, everybody should support government to introduce meaningful reforms.
A three-judge bench headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry resumed hearing of the petition filed by Orya Maqbool Jan against the posting and hiring in bureaucracy against code on Friday.