burn


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burn 1

 (bûrn)
v. burned or burnt (bûrnt), burn·ing, burns
v.intr.
1. To undergo combustion or be consumed as fuel: The dry wood burned quickly.
2. To be damaged, injured, or destroyed by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent: a house that burned to the ground; eggs that burned and stuck to the pan.
3. To consume fuel: a rocket stage designed to burn for three minutes before being jettisoned.
4.
a. To emit heat or light by fire or energy: campfires burning in the dark; lights burning in the windows.
b. To become dissipated or be dispelled: The fog burned off as the sun came up. Their anger burned away in time.
5.
a. To suffer death or punishment by fire: souls burning in hell.
b. To be electrocuted.
6.
a. To be very hot; bake: a desert burning under the midday sun.
b. To feel or look hot: a child burning with fever.
c. To impart a sensation of heat: a liniment that burns when first applied.
7.
a. To penetrate something by intense heat, energy, or caustic effect: The acid burned into the table.
b. To cause a strong impression, especially by emotional intensity: a look that burned into them; shame burning into my heart.
8.
a. To become irritated or painful, as by chafing or inflammation: eyes burning from the smoke.
b. To become sunburned or windburned.
9. To be consumed with strong emotion, especially:
a. To be or become angry: an insult that really made me burn.
b. To be very eager: was burning with ambition.
v.tr.
1.
a. To cause to undergo combustion, especially to the point of destruction: We burned the scrap wood in the fireplace.
b. To consume (fuel or energy, for example): burned all the wood that winter.
2.
a. To use as a fuel: a furnace that burns coal.
b. To metabolize (glucose, for example) in the body.
3. To damage or injure by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent: burned the toast; burned my skin with the acid.
4.
a. To make or produce by fire or heat: burn a hole in the rug.
b. To dispel or dissipate, as by heat: The sun burned off the fog. Resentments that burned away their tender feelings.
5.
a. To execute or kill with fire: burning heretics at the stake.
b. To execute by electrocution.
6.
a. To irritate or inflame, as by chafing or sunburn.
b. To impart a sensation of intense heat to: The chili burned my mouth.
c. To make angry: What really burns me is his arrogance.
7. To brand (an animal).
8.
a. To engrave or make indelible by burning: burned his initials into the wood.
b. To cause to be felt or remembered because of emotional intensity: The image of the accident was burned into my memory.
9. To harden or impart a finish to by subjecting to intense heat; fire: burn clay pots in a kiln.
10.
a. To defeat in a contest, especially by a narrow margin.
b. Sports To outplay or score on (an opponent), especially through quick or deceptive movement.
c. To inflict harm or hardship on; hurt: "Huge loan losses have burned banks in recent years" (Christian Science Monitor).
d. To swindle or deceive; cheat: We really got burned on the used car we bought.
11.
a. To write data onto (an optical disc).
b. To write (data) onto an optical disc.
n.
1. An injury produced by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.
2. A burned place or area: a cigarette burn in the tablecloth.
3. An act, process, or result of burning: The fire settled down to a steady burn.
4. A sensation of intense heat, stinging pain, or irritation: a chili burn on the tongue; the burn of alcohol on an open wound.
5. A sunburn or windburn.
Phrasal Verbs:
burn out
1. To stop burning from lack of fuel: The campfire eventually burned out.
2. To wear out or make or become inoperative as a result of heat or friction: The short circuit burned out the fuse. The computer's motherboard burned out.
3. To make or become exhausted, especially as a result of long-term stress: "Hours are long, stress is high, and many recruits drop out or burn out" (Robert J. Samuelson).
4. To cause (someone) to have to evacuate an area or building because of fire: The shopkeeper was burned out by arsonists.
burn up
1. To make angry: Their rudeness really burns me up.
2. To travel over or through at high speed: drag racers burning up the track.
Idioms:
burn itself out
To stop burning from lack of fuel: The brush fire finally burned itself out.
burn (one's) bridges
To eliminate the possibility of return or retreat.
burn the/one's candle at both ends
To exhaust oneself or one's resources by leading a hectic or extravagant life.
burn the midnight oil
To work or study very late at night.
to burn
In great amounts: They had money to burn.

[Middle English burnen, from Old English beornan, to be on fire, and from bærnan, to set on fire; see gwher- in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: burn1, scorch, singe, sear1, char1
These verbs mean to injure or alter by means of intense heat or flames. Burn, the most general, applies to the effects of exposure to a source of heat or to something that can produce a similar effect: burned the muffins in the oven; skin burned by the wind and sun. Scorch involves superficial burning that discolors or damages the texture of something: scorched the shirt with the iron. Singe specifies superficial burning and especially the removal of hair or feathers from a carcass before cooking: singed his finger lighting the match; plucked and singed the chicken before roasting it. Sear applies to rapid superficial burning using high heat: seared the meat in a hot skillet. To char is to reduce a substance to carbon or charcoal by partial burning: trees charred by the forest fire.

burn 2

 (bûrn)
n. Scots
A small stream; a brook.

[Middle English, from Old English burna; see bhreu- in Indo-European roots.]

burn

(bɜːn)
vb, burns, burning, burnt or burned
1. (Chemistry) to undergo or cause to undergo combustion
2. to destroy or be destroyed by fire
3. (tr) to damage, injure, or mark by heat: he burnt his hand; she was burnt by the sun.
4. to die or put to death by fire: to burn at the stake.
5. (intr) to be or feel hot: my forehead burns.
6. to smart or cause to smart: brandy burns one's throat.
7. (intr) to feel strong emotion, esp anger or passion
8. (tr) to use for the purposes of light, heat, or power: to burn coal.
9. (tr) to form by or as if by fire: to burn a hole.
10. to char or become charred: the potatoes are burning in the saucepan.
11. (tr) to brand or cauterize
12. (General Engineering) (tr) to cut (metal) with an oxygen-rich flame
13. (Chemistry) to produce by or subject to heat as part of a process: to burn charcoal.
14. (Computer Science) (tr) to copy information onto (a CD-ROM)
15. (Nuclear Physics) astronomy to convert (a lighter element) to a heavier one by nuclear fusion in a star: to burn hydrogen.
16. (Card Games) cards chiefly Brit to discard or exchange (one or more useless cards)
17. (tr; usually passive) informal to cheat, esp financially
18. slang chiefly US to electrocute or be electrocuted
19. (tr) slang Austral to drive (a vehicle) fast
20. burn one's bridges burn one's boats to commit oneself to a particular course of action with no possibility of turning back
21. burn the candle at both ends See candle3
22. burn one's fingers to suffer from having meddled or been rash
n
23. (Pathology) an injury caused by exposure to heat, electrical, chemical, or radioactive agents. Burns are classified according to the depth of tissue affected: first-degree burn: skin surface painful and red; second-degree burn: blisters appear on the skin; third-degree burn: destruction of both epidermis and dermis
24. a mark, e.g. on wood, caused by burning
25. (Astronautics) a controlled use of rocket propellant, esp for a course correction
26. (Physiology) a hot painful sensation in a muscle, experienced during vigorous exercise: go for the burn!.
27. (Forestry) Austral and NZ a controlled fire to clear an area of scrub
28. slang tobacco or a cigarette
[Old English beornan (intr), bærnan (tr); related to Old Norse brenna (tr or intr), Gothic brinnan (intr), Latin fervēre to boil, seethe]

burn

(bɜːn; Scottish bʌrn)
n
(Physical Geography) Scot and Northern English a small stream; brook
[Old English burna; related to Old Norse brunnr spring, Old High German brunno, Lithuanian briáutis to burst forth]

burn1

(bɜrn)

v. burned burnt, burn•ing, v.i.
1. to consume fuel and give off heat, gases, and usu. light; be on fire.
2.
a. to undergo combustion; oxidize.
b. to undergo fission or fusion.
3. (of a fireplace, furnace, etc.) to contain a fire.
4. to give off light; glow brightly: The lights burned all night.
5. to be hot: The pavement burned in the noon sun.
6. to produce or feel sharp pain or a stinging sensation: The whiskey burned in his throat.
7. to be injured, damaged, scorched, or destroyed by fire, heat, or acid.
8. to feel extreme anger.
9. to feel strong emotion: to burn with desire.
10. to sunburn.
11. Slang. to die in an electric chair.
12. to be engraved by or as if by burning: His words burned into her heart.
v.t.
13. to cause to undergo combustion or be consumed partly or wholly by fire.
14. to use as fuel or as a source of light: to burn coal.
15. to sunburn.
16. to injure, damage, scorch, or destroy with or as if with fire.
17. to execute by burning at the stake.
18. to produce with or as if with fire: to burn a hole.
19. to cause sharp pain or a stinging sensation in: The iodine burned his cut.
20. Slang. to cheat, deceive, or swindle: burned by a phony stock deal.
21. to record data on (a compact disc).
22. burn down, to burn to the ground.
23. burn in,
a. (in printing from a photographic negative) to expose (parts of an image) to more light for increased density.
b. to run (a new computer or other electronic system) continuously for several hours or days, as a test of quality before delivery to the purchaser.
24. burn off, (of morning mist) to be dissipated by the warmth of the rising sun.
25. burn out,
a. to cease operating or functioning because of heat, friction, or lack of fuel.
b. to deprive of a place to live, work, etc., by reason of fire.
c. to exhaust (oneself) or become exhausted or apathetic through overwork, stress, or intense activity.
26. burn up,
a. to burn completely.
b. Informal. to make or become angry.
n.
27. a burned place or area.
28. an injury caused by heat, abnormal cold, chemicals, poison gas, or electricity, and characterized by a painful reddening and swelling of the epidermis (first-degree burn), damage extending into the dermis, usu. with blistering (second-degree burn), or destruction of the epidermis and dermis extending into the deeper tissue (third-degree burn).
29. the process or an instance of burning or baking, as in brickmaking.
30. the firing of a rocket engine.
31. Slang. a swindle.
Idioms:
1. burn one's fingers, to suffer injury or loss by meddling or by acting rashly.
2. burn the candle at both ends, to use up one's strength or energy by immoderation.
3. burn the midnight oil, to work, study, etc., until late at night.
[before 900; Middle English bernen, brennen, Old English beornan (intrans.)]
burn′a•ble, adj.

burn2

(bɜrn)

n. Scot.
a brook or rivulet.
[before 900; Middle English b(o)urne, Old English burna, brunna brook]

burn

(bûrn)
Verb
To be on fire; undergo combustion. A substance burns if it is heated up enough to react chemically with oxygen. See Note at oxidation.
Noun
Medicine An injury produced by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic chemical agent. Burns are classified according to the degree of damage done to the tissues.

burn


Past participle: burned/burnt
Gerund: burning

Imperative
burn
burn
Present
I burn
you burn
he/she/it burns
we burn
you burn
they burn
Preterite
I burned/burnt
you burned/burnt
he/she/it burned/burnt
we burned/burnt
you burned/burnt
they burned/burnt
Present Continuous
I am burning
you are burning
he/she/it is burning
we are burning
you are burning
they are burning
Present Perfect
I have burned/burnt
you have burned/burnt
he/she/it has burned/burnt
we have burned/burnt
you have burned/burnt
they have burned/burnt
Past Continuous
I was burning
you were burning
he/she/it was burning
we were burning
you were burning
they were burning
Past Perfect
I had burned/burnt
you had burned/burnt
he/she/it had burned/burnt
we had burned/burnt
you had burned/burnt
they had burned/burnt
Future
I will burn
you will burn
he/she/it will burn
we will burn
you will burn
they will burn
Future Perfect
I will have burned/burnt
you will have burned/burnt
he/she/it will have burned/burnt
we will have burned/burnt
you will have burned/burnt
they will have burned/burnt
Future Continuous
I will be burning
you will be burning
he/she/it will be burning
we will be burning
you will be burning
they will be burning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been burning
you have been burning
he/she/it has been burning
we have been burning
you have been burning
they have been burning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been burning
you will have been burning
he/she/it will have been burning
we will have been burning
you will have been burning
they will have been burning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been burning
you had been burning
he/she/it had been burning
we had been burning
you had been burning
they had been burning
Conditional
I would burn
you would burn
he/she/it would burn
we would burn
you would burn
they would burn
Past Conditional
I would have burned/burnt
you would have burned/burnt
he/she/it would have burned/burnt
we would have burned/burnt
you would have burned/burnt
they would have burned/burnt

burn

A Scottish word for a stream.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.burn - pain that feels hot as if it were on fireburn - pain that feels hot as if it were on fire
hurting, pain - a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder; "the patient developed severe pain and distension"
2.burn - a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sunburn - a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun
hyperpigmentation - unusual darkening of the skin
3.burn - an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation
harm, hurt, injury, trauma - any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
electric burn - a burn caused by heat produced by an electric current
scorch, singe - a surface burn
scald - a burn cause by hot liquid or steam
first-degree burn - burn causing redness of the skin surface
second-degree burn - burn causing blisters on the skin and superficial destruction of the dermis
third-degree burn - burn characterized by destruction of both epidermis and dermis
4.burn - a place or area that has been burned (especially on a person's body)
blemish, mar, defect - a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body); "a facial blemish"
cigarette burn - a burn mark left by a smoldering cigarette; "a cigarette burn on the edge of the table"
5.burn - damage inflicted by fire
scathe, damage, harm, hurt - the act of damaging something or someone
scald - the act of burning with steam or hot water
Verb1.burn - destroy by fire; "They burned the house and his diaries"
burn, combust - undergo combustion; "Maple wood burns well"
incinerate, burn - cause to undergo combustion; "burn garbage"; "The car burns only Diesel oil"
backfire - set a controlled fire to halt an advancing forest to prairie fire
cremate - reduce to ashes; "Cremate a corpse"
torch - burn maliciously, as by arson; "The madman torched the barns"
scorch - destroy completely by or as if by fire; "The wildfire scorched the forest and several homes"; "the invaders scorched the land"
ruin, destroy - destroy completely; damage irreparably; "You have ruined my car by pouring sugar in the tank!"; "The tears ruined her make-up"
2.burn - shine intensely, as if with heat; "The coals were glowing in the dark"; "The candles were burning"
beam, shine - emit light; be bright, as of the sun or a light; "The sun shone bright that day"; "The fire beamed on their faces"
gutter - burn unsteadily, feebly, or low; flicker; "The cooling lava continued to gutter toward lower ground"
3.burn - undergo combustion; "Maple wood burns well"
change state, turn - undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
burn down, burn up, go up - burn completely; be consumed or destroyed by fire; "The hut burned down"; "The mountain of paper went up in flames"
smolder, smoulder - burn slowly and without a flame; "a smoldering fire"
burn, burn down, fire - destroy by fire; "They burned the house and his diaries"
scorch, sear, singe - become superficially burned; "my eyebrows singed when I bent over the flames"
deflagrate - burn with great heat and intense light; "the powder deflagrated"
flame - be in flames or aflame; "The sky seemed to flame in the Hawaiian sunset"
blaze up, burn up, flame up, flare - burn brightly; "Every star seemed to flare with new intensity"
blaze - burn brightly and intensely; "The summer sun alone can cause a pine to blaze"
4.burn - cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfortburn - cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort; "The sun burned his face"
nettle, urticate - sting with or as with nettles and cause a stinging pain or sensation
burn - feel hot or painful; "My eyes are burning"
hurt, smart, ache - be the source of pain
5.burn - cause to burn or combust; "The sun burned off the fog"; "We combust coal and other fossil fuels"
ignite, light - cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat; "Great heat can ignite almost any dry matter"; "Light a cigarette"
set ablaze, set afire, set aflame, set on fire - set fire to; cause to start burning; "Lightening set fire to the forest"
catch fire, take fire, ignite, combust, conflagrate, erupt - start to burn or burst into flames; "Marsh gases ignited suddenly"; "The oily rags combusted spontaneously"
char, coal - burn to charcoal; "Without a drenching rain, the forest fire will char everything"
6.burn - feel strong emotion, especially anger or passion; "She was burning with anger"; "He was burning to try out his new skies"
feel, experience - undergo an emotional sensation or be in a particular state of mind; "She felt resentful"; "He felt regret"
7.burn - cause to undergo combustion; "burn garbage"; "The car burns only Diesel oil"
change integrity - change in physical make-up
incinerate - become reduced to ashes; "The paper incinerated quickly"
burn, burn down, fire - destroy by fire; "They burned the house and his diaries"
8.burn - burn at the stake; "Witches were burned in Salem"
execute, put to death - kill as a means of socially sanctioned punishment; "In some states, criminals are executed"
9.burn - spend (significant amounts of money); "He has money to burn"
squander, waste, blow - spend thoughtlessly; throw away; "He wasted his inheritance on his insincere friends"; "You squandered the opportunity to get and advanced degree"
10.burn - feel hot or painful; "My eyes are burning"
sting, bite, burn - cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort; "The sun burned his face"
hurt, smart, ache - be the source of pain
11.burn - burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent; "The surgeon cauterized the wart"
care for, treat - provide treatment for; "The doctor treated my broken leg"; "The nurses cared for the bomb victims"; "The patient must be treated right away or she will die"; "Treat the infection with antibiotics"
12.burn - get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun
discolour, discolor, color, colour - change color, often in an undesired manner; "The shirts discolored"
13.burn - create by duplicating data; "cut a disk"; "burn a CD"
produce, create, make - create or manufacture a man-made product; "We produce more cars than we can sell"; "The company has been making toys for two centuries"
cut - record a performance on (a medium); "cut a record"
14.burn - use up (energy); "burn off calories through vigorous exercise"
deplete, use up, wipe out, eat up, exhaust, run through, eat, consume - use up (resources or materials); "this car consumes a lot of gas"; "We exhausted our savings"; "They run through 20 bottles of wine a week"
15.burn - burn with heat, fire, or radiation; "The iron burnt a hole in my dress"
scald - burn with a hot liquid or steam; "She scalded her hands when she turned on the faucet and hot water came out"
damage - inflict damage upon; "The snow damaged the roof"; "She damaged the car when she hit the tree"
blacken, char, sear, scorch - burn slightly and superficially so as to affect color; "The cook blackened the chicken breast"; "The fire charred the ceiling above the mantelpiece"; "the flames scorched the ceiling"

burn

verb
1. be on fire, blaze, be ablaze, smoke, flame, glow, flare, flicker, go up in flames I suddenly realized the blanket was burning.
2. set on fire, light, ignite, kindle, incinerate, reduce to ashes He found out he'd won the Lottery, but he'd burnt the ticket.
3. scorch, toast, sear, char, singe, brand I burnt the toast.
4. sting, hurt, smart, tingle, bite, pain When you go to the toilet, it burns and stings.
5. shine, glow, beam, glare, gleam, shimmer, radiate, glimmer, emit light, give off light a single light burning in a third-story window
6. blush, be red, flush, colour, be hot, be on fire, redden, turn red, feel hot, go red (as a beetroot), turn scarlet Liz's face was burning.
7. be passionate, blaze, be excited, be aroused, be inflamed The young boy was burning with a fierce ambition.
8. seethe, boil, fume, be angry, simmer, smoulder, be wild, be livid, be beside yourself He was burning with rage.
9. yearn, long, desire, hunger, ache, crave, itch, hanker, have a yen for (informal), set your heart upon, would give your eyeteeth for He's burning to prove he's still the best.

burn

verb
1. To undergo combustion:
2. To undergo or cause to undergo damage by or as if by fire:
3. To emit a bright light:
4. To feel or look hot:
5. To feel or cause to feel a sensation of heat or discomfort:
6. To cause to become sore or inflamed:
7. To cause to feel or show anger.Also used with up:
Idioms: make one hot under the collar, make one's blood boil, put one's back up.
8. To be or become angry:
Informal: steam.
Idioms: blow a fuse, blow a gasket, blow one's stack, breathe fire, fly off the handle, get hot under the collar, hit the ceiling, lose one's temper, see red.
9. To be in a state of emotional or mental turmoil:
phrasal verb
burn out
To lose so much strength and power as to become ineffective or motionless:
Slang: poop out.
noun
Damage or a damaged substance that results from burning:
Translations
إحْراق ، حَرْقحرقحَرْقيَحْتَرِقُيَحْرق
hořetpopáleninaspálitvypálitpálit
brændebrandsårforbrændingstrømfænge
bruladobrulibruligibrulobrulvundo
palovammapolttaapolttaminenpolttopalaa
כוויהלהישרףלשרוף
gorjetiopeklinaspalitizapalitiopekotina
égéségési sérüléségetelégelég1
bakar
brennabrunasár; brunagatgera gatloga, brenna
燃やす・・・を燃やすやけどやけどをする火傷
...을 불태우다불에 데다태우다화상
degiklisdegimo lempadegintiišdegintiišdegusi vieta
queimarqueimaduraarderatear fogopirar
popáleninavypálená diera
goretiopeklinazažgatipogoretipožgati
goreti
brännabränna sigbrännmärkebrännsårbrännskada
เผาแผลไหม้ไหม้ เผาไหม้ลวก
yakmakyanıkyanmayanmaktutuşmak
đốtđốt cháytốnvết bỏngbị bỏng

burn

1 [bɜːn] (burned (burnt (vb: pt, pp)))
A. N
1. (Med) → quemadura f
2. (Space) [of rocket] → fuego m
B. VT
1. (gen) → quemar; [+ house, building] → incendiar; [+ corpse] → incinerar; [+ mouth, tongue] → quemar, escaldar
to burn a house to the groundincendiar y arrasar una casa
to burn a hole in sthhacer un agujero en algo quemándolo
to burn sth to ashesreducir algo a cenizas
to be burned aliveser quemado vivo
to be burnt to deathmorir abrasado
to burn one's finger/handquemarse el dedo/la mano
I've burnt myself!¡me he quemado!, ¡me quemé! (LAm)
I burnt the toastse me ha quemado la tostada
to burn one's boats or bridgesquemar las naves
to burn the candle at both endshacer de la noche día
to burn one's fingers; get one's fingers burnedpillarse los dedos
money burns a hole in his pocketel dinero le quema las manos
2. [sun] [+ person, skin] → tostar; [+ plants] → abrasar
with a face burned by the suncon la cara tostada al sol
3. [+ fuel] → consumir, usar
C. VI
1. [fire, building etc] → arder, quemarse; (= catch fire) → incendiarse
to burn to deathmorir abrasado
2. [skin] (in sun) → quemarse, tostarse
3. [meat, pastry etc] → quemarse
4. [light, gas] → estar encendido
5. (fig) to burn with anger/passionarder de rabia/pasión
to burn with desire fordesear ardientemente
to burn with impatienceconsumirse de impaciencia
to burn to do sthdesear ardientemente hacer algo
burn away
A. VT + ADVquemar
B. VI + ADV
1. (= be consumed) → consumirse
2. (= go on burning) → seguir ardiendo, arder bien
burn down
A. VT + ADV [+ building] → incendiar
B. VI + ADV
1. [house] → incendiarse
2. [candle, fire] → apagarse
burn off VT + ADV [+ paint etc] → quitar con soplete; [+ weeds] → quemar
burn out
A. VT + ADV
1. (= destroy) [+ building] → reducir a cenizas; (criminally) → incendiar
2. [+ person] → incendiar la casa de
3. (Elec) → fundir, quemar
4. the fire had burnt itself out (in hearth) → el fuego se había apagado; [forest fire] → el incendio se había extinguido
he's burnt himself out (fig) → está quemado
B. VI + ADV
1. [fuse] → fundirse
2. [candle, fire] → apagarse
burn up
A. VI + ADV
1. [fire] → echar llamas, arder más
2. [rocket etc] → desintegrarse
B. VT + ADV
1. [+ rubbish etc] → quemar; [+ crop] → abrasar
2. (= consume) [+ calories, energy] → quemar
3. (US) (= make angry) → sacar de quicio

burn

2 [bɜːn] N (Scot) → arroyo m, riachuelo m

burn

[ˈbɜːrn] [burned or burnt] (pt, pp)
vt
[+ food] → faire brûler, laisser brûler; [+ waste, rubbish] → incinérer; [+ fuel, oil, coal] → brûler
I burned the cake → J'ai fait brûler le gâteau.
(= set on fire) [+ building] → incendier
to burn a hole in sth → faire un trou dans qch
The cigarette burnt a hole in her dress → La cigarette a fait un trou dans sa robe.
[+ one's hand, finger] → se brûler
I've burned my hand → Je me suis brûlé la main.
to burn o.s. → se brûler
I've burnt myself! → Je me suis brûlé(e)!
I burned myself on the oven door → Je me suis brûlé sur la porte du four.
vi
[fire, flame] → brûler
[car, food] → brûler
[skin] → brûler
(= hurt) [eyes] → piquer
The room was full of smoke, and my eyes were burning → La pièce était pleine de fumée et les yeux me piquaient.
(= be consumed with) to be burning with impatience [person] → brûler d'impatience
to be burning with ambition [person] → brûler d'ambition
nbrûlure f
burn down
vt (= destroy) → incendier
vibrûler
The factory burned down → L'usine a brûlé.
burn out
vi
[fire] → s'éteindre
[person] → s'épuiser
vt
to burn o.s. out → s'user (à force de travailler)
burn up
vi [satellite] → se désintégrer
vt [+ calories] → brûlerburned-out [ˌbɜːrndˈaʊt]
see burnt-out

burn

1
n (Scot) → Bach m

burn

2 vb: pret, ptp <burnt (Brit) or burned>
n
(on skin) → Brandwunde f; (on material) → verbrannte Stelle, Brandfleck m; severe burnsschwere Verbrennungen pl; second degree burnsVerbrennungen zweiten Grades; cigarette burnBrandfleck mor (hole) → Brandloch ntor (on skin) → Brandwunde fvon einer Zigarette
(Space, of rocket) → Zündung f
(Sport inf) to go for the burnsich total verausgaben (inf)
vt
verbrennen; incenseabbrennen; village, buildingniederbrennen; he burned me with his cigaretteer hat mich mit der Zigarette gebrannt; to burn oneselfsich verbrennen; to be burned to deathverbrannt werden; (in accident) → verbrennen; to be burned alivebei lebendigem Leibe verbrannt werden or (in accident) → verbrennen; to burn a hole in somethingein Loch in etw (acc)brennen; to burn one’s fingers (lit, fig)sich (dat)die Finger verbrennen; he’s got money to burn (fig)er hat Geld wie Heu; to burn one’s boats or bridges (Brit fig) → alle Brücken hinter sich (dat)abbrechen; to burn the midnight oil (fig)bis tief in die Nacht arbeiten
meat, sauce, toast, cakesverbrennen lassen; (slightly) → anbrennen lassen; (sun) person, skinverbrennen
(acid)ätzen; the curry burned his throatdas Currygericht brannte ihm im Hals
(= use as fuel, ship etc) → befeuert werden mit; (= use up) petrol, electricityverbrauchen
vi
(wood, fire etc)brennen; you will burn in helldu wirst in der Hölle schmoren; to burn to deathverbrennen ? ear1
(meat, pastry etc)verbrennen; (slightly) → anbrennen; she/her skin burns easilysie bekommt leicht einen Sonnenbrand
(ointment, curry, sun)brennen; (acid)ätzen; the acid burned into the metaldie Säure fraß sich ins Metall
(= feel hot: wound, eyes, skin) → brennen; his face was burning (with heat/shame)sein Gesicht glühte or war rot (vor Hitze/Scham); it’s so hot, I’m burninges ist so heiß, ich komm bald um vor Hitze
to be burning to do somethingdarauf brennen, etw zu tun; he was burning to get his revengeer brannte auf Rache; he was burning with angerer war wutentbrannt; he was burning with ambitioner war glühend ehrgeizig; to burn (with love/desire) for somebody (liter)von glühender Liebe/glühendem Verlangen nach jdm verzehrt werden (liter)
(Space, rockets) → zünden

burn

[bɜːn] (burned or burnt (vb: pt, pp))
1. n (gen) → bruciatura; (superficial) → scottatura (Med) → ustione f
2. vt (gen) → bruciare; (set fire to) → incendiare; (person, skin, also of sun) → bruciare, scottare; (toast, meat) → (far) bruciare
to burn wood/coal (use as fuel, boiler) → andare a legna/carbone
the cigarette burnt a hole in her dress → si è fatta un buco nel vestito con la sigaretta
to be burnt to death → morire tra le fiamme, morire bruciato/a or carbonizzato/a (at stake) → essere bruciato/a vivo/a
I've burnt myself! → mi sono bruciato!
to burn one's boats or bridges (fig) → bruciarsi i ponti alle spalle
he's been burning the candle at both ends for too long (fig) → è da troppo tempo che abusa delle proprie energie
3. vi (gen) → bruciare; (fire) → ardere; (skin, person) → bruciarsi, scottarsi; (meat, pastry) → bruciarsi; (light, gas) → essere or rimanere acceso/a
to burn with anger (fig) → fremere di rabbia
to burn with fever → scottare per la febbre
to burn to do sth → morire dalla voglia di fare qc
burn down
1. vt + adv (building) → bruciare, dare alle fiamme
2. vi + adv (house) → essere distrutto/a dal fuoco, bruciarsi; (candle, fire) → consumarsi, abbassarsi
burn off vt + adv (paint) → togliere col fuoco
burn out
1. vt + adv (subj, writer) to burn o.s. outesaurirsi; (talent) to burn itself outesaurirsi; (enthusiasm) → spegnersi
2. vi (fuse) → saltare; (candle, lamp) → spegnersi; (fire) → estinguersi
burn up
1. vi (fire) → ravvivarsi, divampare
2. vt + adv (rubbish) → bruciare

burn

(bəːn) past tense, past participles burned, ~burnt (-t) verb
1. to destroy, damage or injure by fire, heat, acid etc. The fire burned all my papers; I've burnt the meat.
2. to use as fuel.
3. to make (a hole etc) by fire, heat, acid etc. The acid burned a hole in my dress.
4. to catch fire. Paper burns easily.
noun
an injury or mark caused by fire etc. His burns will take a long time to heal; a burn in the carpet.
ˈburner noun
any device producing a flame. I'll have to use a burner to get this paint off.

burn

حَرْق, يَحْتَرِقُ, يَحْرق, يُحْرِقُ hořet, popálenina, spálit, spálit se brænde, forbrænding Brandwunde, sich verbrennen, verbrennen καίγομαι, καίω, κάψιμο arder, quemadura, quemar, quemarse palovamma, polttaa brûler, brûlure, se brûler gorjeti, opeći se, opeklina, spaliti bruciare, bruciarsi, bruciatura ・・・を燃やす, やけどをする, 火傷, 燃やす ...을 불태우다, 불에 데다, 태우다, 화상 branden, brandwond, verbranden brannsår, brenne oparzenie, oparzyć, oparzyć się, palić arder, queimadura, queimar, queimar-se гореть, обжечься, ожог, сжечь bränna, bränna sig, brännsår เผา, แผลไหม้, ไหม้ เผาไหม้, ลวก yakmak, yanık bị bỏng, đốt, đốt cháy, vết bỏng , 烧伤, 烧掉, 烫伤

burn

n. quemadura;
___, dry heat___ por calor seco;
___ -s, chemical___-s por sustancias químicas;
first-, second-, and third-degree ___ -s___-s de primer, segundo y tercer grado;
minor ______ leve;
sun ___insolación, eritema solar;
thermal ______ térmica;
vt. arder, quemar, incendiar.

burn

n quemadura; first (second, third) degree — quemadura de primer (segundo, tercer) grado; vt (pret & pp burned) quemar; Did you burn your hand?..¿Se quemó la mano?; to — oneself o to get burned quemarse; Did you burn yourself?..¿Se quemó?; vi arder; Does it burn when you urinate?..¿Le arde cuando orina?
References in classic literature ?
Jo gave a despairing groan, and Meg laughed outright, while Beth let her bread burn as she watched the fun with interest.
Valdez think it maybe a charm to work evil, so he burn them up--all up
The sun was so hot like it was going to burn the world up.
A subtle current of desire passed through her body, weakening her hold upon the brushes and making her eyes burn.
Let them burn their powder," said the deliberate scout, while bullet after bullet whizzed by the place where he securely lay; "there will be a fine gathering of lead when it is over, and I fancy the imps will tire of the sport afore these old stones cry out for mercy
Neither will the visitors, for they smell only the rich odors which the master sedulously scatters through the palace, and the incense which they bring, and delight to burn before him
Here seen only by his eyes, the scarlet letter need not burn into the bosom of the fallen woman
You must go to New Bedford to see a brilliant wedding; for, they say, they have reservoirs of oil in every house, and every night recklessly burn their lengths in spermaceti candles.
For what oil he'll get from that drugged whale there, wouldn't be fit to burn in a jail; no, not in a condemned cell.
The packers used to leave the creek that way, till every now and then the surface would catch on fire and burn furiously, and the fire department would have to come and put it out.
I left John with the baby, and some biscuits in the oven; and I can't stay a moment, else John will burn up all the biscuits, and give the baby all the sugar in the bowl.
You wanted to burn me alive when I had not done you any harm, and latterly you have been trying to injure my professional reputation.