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Noun1.calceus - a shoe covering the ankle; worn by ancient Romans
shoe - footwear shaped to fit the foot (below the ankle) with a flexible upper of leather or plastic and a sole and heel of heavier material
References in periodicals archive ?
AE, 1933, 36 (El-Kantara = Calceus Herculis): Ob memo[r]iae (sic).
AE 1896, 35 = 1900, 197 = ILS, 9173 (El-Kantara = Calceus Herculis): D M S | Agrippa, Themi | [f]il(ius), Palmyra, q(ui) f(uit) | [(centurio)] coh(ortis) III Thra|[c]um Syr(iacae), item | [t]ranslatu[s] | [i]n coh(ortem) I Ch(a)lci|[d]enor(um) iusso (sic) | [I]mp(eratoris), curam | [e]git Palmyr(enorum) [s]ag(ittariorum) ann(is) X, | militauit ann(is) | [X]XIII, uix(it) an(nis) LV.
Other styles were the calceus and the gallica, both with a closed toe - a style more suited to the British weather.