calculate


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia.

cal·cu·late

 (kăl′kyə-lāt′)
v. cal·cu·lat·ed, cal·cu·lat·ing, cal·cu·lates
v.tr.
1. To ascertain by computation; reckon: calculating the area of a circle; calculated their probable time of arrival.
2. To make an estimate of; evaluate: calculating the team's chances of winning.
3. To make for a deliberate purpose; design: a sturdy car that is calculated to last for years; a choice that was calculated to please.
4. also cal'late (kăl′āt′, -lāt′) Chiefly New England
a. To suppose: "I cal'late she's a right smart cook" (Dialect Notes).
b. To plan, intend, or depend on.
v.intr.
1. To perform a mathematical process; figure: We must measure and calculate to determine how much paint will be needed.
2. Chiefly New England
a. To suppose; guess.
b. To count, depend, or rely on someone or something: We're calculating on your help.

[Late Latin calculāre, calculāt-, from Latin calculus, small stone used in reckoning, diminutive of calx, calc-, small stone for gaming; see calx.]

cal′cu·la′tive (-lā′tĭv, -lə-tĭv) adj.
Synonyms: calculate, compute, reckon, figure
These verbs refer to the use of mathematical methods to determine a result. Calculate, the most comprehensive, often implies a relatively high level of abstraction or procedural complexity: calculated the average test score for each class; calculated the comet's orbit from a series of observed positions. Compute applies to possibly lengthy arithmetic operations; like calculate, it may imply the use of a mechanical or electronic device: data used in computing the gross national product; computed a value for each of the variables. Reckon and figure suggest the use of simple arithmetic: reckoned the number of hours before her departure; trying to figure my share of the bill.

calculate

(ˈkælkjʊˌleɪt)
vb
1. (Mathematics) to solve (one or more problems) by a mathematical procedure; compute
2. (tr; may take a clause as object) to determine beforehand by judgment, reasoning, etc; estimate
3. (tr; usually passive) to design specifically; aim: the car was calculated to appeal to women.
4. (intr; foll by on or upon) to depend; rely
5. (tr; may take a clause as object) dialect
a. to suppose; think
b. to intend (to do something)
[C16: from Late Latin calculāre, from calculus pebble used as a counter; see calculus]
calculative adj

cal•cu•late

(ˈkæl kyəˌleɪt)

v. -lat•ed, -lat•ing. v.t.
1. to determine by mathematical methods; compute: to calculate the velocity of light.
2. to determine by reasoning or experience; estimate; gauge.
3. to make suitable or fit for a purpose; adapt: The remarks were calculated to inspire confidence.
4. Chiefly Northern U.S.
a. to think; guess.
b. to intend; plan.
v.i.
5. to make a calculation.
6. to count or rely (usu. fol. by on or upon).
[1560–70; < Late Latin calculātus, past participle of calculāre to reckon, derivative of Latin calculus pebble (see calculus)]

calculate


Past participle: calculated
Gerund: calculating

Imperative
calculate
calculate
Present
I calculate
you calculate
he/she/it calculates
we calculate
you calculate
they calculate
Preterite
I calculated
you calculated
he/she/it calculated
we calculated
you calculated
they calculated
Present Continuous
I am calculating
you are calculating
he/she/it is calculating
we are calculating
you are calculating
they are calculating
Present Perfect
I have calculated
you have calculated
he/she/it has calculated
we have calculated
you have calculated
they have calculated
Past Continuous
I was calculating
you were calculating
he/she/it was calculating
we were calculating
you were calculating
they were calculating
Past Perfect
I had calculated
you had calculated
he/she/it had calculated
we had calculated
you had calculated
they had calculated
Future
I will calculate
you will calculate
he/she/it will calculate
we will calculate
you will calculate
they will calculate
Future Perfect
I will have calculated
you will have calculated
he/she/it will have calculated
we will have calculated
you will have calculated
they will have calculated
Future Continuous
I will be calculating
you will be calculating
he/she/it will be calculating
we will be calculating
you will be calculating
they will be calculating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been calculating
you have been calculating
he/she/it has been calculating
we have been calculating
you have been calculating
they have been calculating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been calculating
you will have been calculating
he/she/it will have been calculating
we will have been calculating
you will have been calculating
they will have been calculating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been calculating
you had been calculating
he/she/it had been calculating
we had been calculating
you had been calculating
they had been calculating
Conditional
I would calculate
you would calculate
he/she/it would calculate
we would calculate
you would calculate
they would calculate
Past Conditional
I would have calculated
you would have calculated
he/she/it would have calculated
we would have calculated
you would have calculated
they would have calculated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.calculate - make a mathematical calculation or computation
math, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
reason - think logically; "The children must learn to reason"
quantise, quantize - apply quantum theory to; restrict the number of possible values of (a quantity) or states of (a physical entity or system) so that certain variables can assume only certain discrete magnitudes that are integral multiples of a common factor; "Quantize gravity"
work out - be calculated; "The fees work out to less than $1,000"
extract - calculate the root of a number
process - perform mathematical and logical operations on (data) according to programmed instructions in order to obtain the required information; "The results of the elections were still being processed when he gave his acceptance speech"
prorate - divide or assess proportionally; "The rent was prorated for the rest of the month"
miscalculate, misestimate - calculate incorrectly; "I miscalculated the number of guests at the wedding"
recalculate - calculate anew; "The costs had to be recalculated"
average out, average - compute the average of
factor, factor in, factor out - resolve into factors; "a quantum computer can factor the number 15"
add together, add - make an addition by combining numbers; "Add 27 and 49, please!"
deduct, subtract, take off - make a subtraction; "subtract this amount from my paycheck"
multiply - combine by multiplication; "multiply 10 by 15"
fraction, divide - perform a division; "Can you divide 49 by seven?"
interpolate, extrapolate - estimate the value of
differentiate - calculate a derivative; take the derivative
integrate - calculate the integral of; calculate by integration
survey - plot a map of (land)
estimate, gauge, approximate, guess, judge - judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time); "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"
budget - make a budget
capitalise, capitalize - compute the present value of a business or an income
solve, resolve - find the solution; "solve an equation"; "solve for x"
2.calculate - judge to be probable
pass judgment, evaluate, judge - form a critical opinion of; "I cannot judge some works of modern art"; "How do you evaluate this grant proposal?" "We shouldn't pass judgment on other people"
take into account, allow - allow or plan for a certain possibility; concede the truth or validity of something; "I allow for this possibility"; "The seamstress planned for 5% shrinkage after the first wash"
3.calculate - keep an account ofcalculate - keep an account of      
credit - accounting: enter as credit; "We credit your account with $100"
balance - compute credits and debits of an account
overbalance - cause to be off balance; "It is not desirable to overbalance the budget"
debit - enter as debit
compound - calculate principal and interest
bill, charge - demand payment; "Will I get charged for this service?"; "We were billed for 4 nights in the hotel, although we stayed only 3 nights"
4.calculate - predict in advance
forebode, predict, prognosticate, foretell, promise, anticipate, call - make a prediction about; tell in advance; "Call the outcome of an election"
5.calculate - specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public
destine, intend, designate, specify - design or destine; "She was intended to become the director"
6.calculate - have faith or confidence in; "you can count on me to help you any time"; "Look to your friends for support"; "You can bet on that!"; "Depend on your family in times of crisis"
rely, trust, swear, bank - have confidence or faith in; "We can trust in God"; "Rely on your friends"; "bank on your good education"; "I swear by my grandmother's recipes"

calculate

verb
1. work out, value, judge, determine, estimate, count, reckon, weigh, consider, compute, rate, gauge, enumerate, figure From this we can calculate the total mass in the galaxy.
2. plan, design, aim, intend, frame, arrange, formulate, contrive Its twin engines were calculated to give additional safety.

calculate

verb
1. To ascertain by mathematics:
2. To make a judgment as to the worth or value of:
Translations
حسبيَحْسِبُ، يُحْصي، يُقَدِّريَعُدُّ
calcular
vypočítatkalkulovatpočítatspočítat
beregnekalkulere
kalkuli
laskealaskelmoidasuunnitella
לחשב
izračunatikalkuliratiračunati
kikalkulálkiszámítkitervelszámítást végezszámol
reikna
計算計算する
계산하다
apskaičiavimasapskaičiuojamaskalkuliatoriusskaičiavimasskaičiuotuvas
aprēķinātizskaitļot
kalkulowaćobliczyćwyliczać
računati
beräknaräkna ut
คำนวณ
tính toán

calculate

[ˈkælkjʊleɪt]
A. VT
1. (= measure) [+ weight, speed, number, distance] → calcular
2. (= judge) [+ effects, consequences, risk] → calcular
3. (= intend) his words were calculated to cause painhabía planeado expresamente sus palabras para hacer daño
this is calculated to give him a joltel propósito de esto es darle una sacudida
a move calculated to improve his popularityuna operación diseñada or pensada para darle mayor popularidad
B. VI (Math) → calcular, hacer cálculos
calculate on VI + PREP (= count on) → contar con

calculate

[ˈkælkjʊleɪt] vt
[+ number] → calculer
(= estimate) [+ chances, effect, consequences] → évaluer
calculate on
vt fus
to calculate on sth → compter sur qch

calculate

vt
(mathematically, scientifically) → berechnen; costs alsoermitteln
(fig: = estimate critically) → kalkulieren, schätzen
to be calculated to do something (= be intended)auf etw (acc)abzielen; (= have the effect)zu etw angetan sein
(US inf: = suppose) → schätzen, annehmen, meinen
vi (Math) → rechnen

calculate

[ˈkælkjʊˌleɪt]
1. vt (cost, distance) → calcolare; (estimate, chances, effect) → valutare
to be calculated to do sth → essere fatto/a or studiato/a per fare qc
2. vi (Math) → fare (i) conti
calculate on vi + prep to calculate on sth/on doing sthcontare su qc/di fare qc, tenere conto di qc/di fare qc
he hadn't calculated on the arrival of the night watchman → non aveva fatto i conti con l'arrivo del guardiano notturno

calculate

(ˈkӕlkjuleit) verb
to count or estimate, using numbers. Calculate the number of days in a century.
ˈcalculable adjective
ˌcalcuˈlation noun
ˈcalculator noun
a machine for calculating. Use a calculator for adding all those numbers.

calculate

يَعُدُّ vypočítat beregne berechnen υπολογίζω calcular laskea calculer računati calcolare 計算する 계산하다 berekenen beregne obliczyć calcular вычислять beräkna คำนวณ hesaplamak tính toán 计算
References in classic literature ?
You have already remarked that I am an ignoramus in mathematical subjects; and it is impossible for me to find out how the savants of the observatory were able to calculate what initiatory speed the projectile ought to have on leaving the Columbiad in order to attain the moon.
So be it," said Michel; "but, once more; how could they calculate the initiatory speed?
Just so," said Nicholl; "it is from that point that we must calculate the velocity, since we know already that the velocity at departure was exactly one and a half times more than on leaving the atmosphere.
To judge from the history of mankind, we shall be compelled to conclude that the fiery and destructive passions of war reign in the human breast with much more powerful sway than the mild and beneficent sentiments of peace; and that to model our political systems upon speculations of lasting tranquillity, is to calculate on the weaker springs of the human character.
But let us advert to the large debt which we have ourselves contracted in a single war, and let us only calculate on a common share of the events which disturb the peace of nations, and we shall instantly perceive, without the aid of any elaborate illustration, that there must always be an immense disproportion between the objects of federal and state expenditures.
While I was still hard at work sharpening my faculties and disciplining my energies in this way, an accident befell the doctor, on the possibility of which I had not dared to calculate, even in my most hopeful moments.
As to the doubt which some persons have proposed and objected, we may answer it in this manner; it is this, whether a legislator, who would establish the most perfect system of laws, should calculate them for the use of the better part of the citizens, or the many, in the circumstances we have already mentioned?
As she sat down, on her return, she went over these calculations in her mind, and when they were ended, she cast a look at her work, as if to calculate its duration by what she had so far finished.
She began to calculate her ways and means once more, and this was no longer done as readily as before.
We were like tram-cars running on their lines from terminus to terminus, and it was possible to calculate within small limits the number of passengers they would carry.
To tell you the truth though, he didn't calculate much upon that, for you're always so mild-spoken, and are so popular among the women, that we didn't suspect you of showing fight.
But David was by no means impetuous; he was a young man greatly given to calculate consequences, a habit which has been held to be the foundation of virtue.