caliph


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Related to caliph: Caliph Ali

ca·liph

also ca·lif or kha·lif  (kā′lĭf, kăl′ĭf)
n.
A leader of an Islamic polity, regarded as a successor of Muhammad and by tradition always male.

[Middle English calife, from Old French, from Arabic ḫalīfa, successor (to Muhammad), caliph, from ḫalafa, to succeed; see ḫlp in Semitic roots.]

ca′li·phal adj.

caliph

(ˈkeɪlɪf; ˈkæl-) ,

calif

,

kalif

or

khalif

n
(Islam) Islam the title of the successors of Mohammed as rulers of the Islamic world, later assumed by the Sultans of Turkey
[C14: from Old French, from Arabic khalīfa successor]

ca•liph

or ca•lif

(ˈkeɪ lɪf, ˈkæl ɪf)

n.
a former title for any of the religious and civil rulers of the Islamic world, claiming succession from Muhammad.
[1350–1400; Middle English caliphe, califfe < Middle French < Medieval Latin calipha < Arabic khalīf(a) successor (of Muhammad), derivative of khalafa succeed]
cal•iph•al (ˈkæl ə fəl, ˈkeɪ lə-) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.caliph - the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth; "many radical Muslims believe a Khalifah will unite all Islamic lands and people and subjugate the rest of the world"
Moslem, Muslim - a believer in or follower of Islam
ruler, swayer - a person who rules or commands; "swayer of the universe"
Translations
kalifi
kalif
kalifa

caliph

[ˈkeɪlɪf] Ncalifa m

caliph

nKalif m

caliph

[ˈkeɪlɪf] ncaliffo
References in classic literature ?
In the reign of the Caliph Haroun-al-Raschid, there lived at Bagdad a porter who, in spite of his humble calling, was an intelligent and sensible man.
Now early that evening the Caliph secretly left the palace, accompanied by his grand-vizir, Giafar, and Mesrour, chief of the eunuchs, all three wearing the dresses of merchants.
While the vizir, Giafar, was talking to the ladies the Caliph was occupied in wondering who they could be, and why the three Calenders had each lost his right eye.
Restored by order of the Caliph Omar, it was definitely destroyed in 761 or 762 by Caliph Al-Mansor, who wished to prevent the arrival of provisions to Mohammed-ben-Abdallah, who had revolted against him.
The beast,' continued Sinbad to the caliph, 'swam, as I have related, up hill and down hill until, at length, we arrived at an island, many hundreds of miles in circumference, but which, nevertheless, had been built in the middle of the sea by a colony of little things like caterpillars'"
One of this nation of mighty conjurors created a man out of brass and wood, and leather, and endowed him with such ingenuity that he would have beaten at chess, all the race of mankind with the exception of the great Caliph, Haroun Alraschid.
His black hair, cropped close, was lightly powdered with silver, and his dense glossy beard, that of an emir or a caliph, and grown for civil reasons, repeated its handsome colour and its somewhat foreign effect.
It casts you back at once into your forgotten boyhood, and again you dream over the wonders of the Arabian Nights; again your companions are princes, your lord is the Caliph Haroun Al Raschid, and your servants are terrific giants and genii that come with smoke and lightning and thunder, and go as a storm goes when they depart!
Thy lot or portion of life," said the Caliph Ali, "is seeking after thee; therefore be at rest from seeking after it.
This explains the welcome given by Chinese Emperors and Caliphs of Bagdad to all roving minstrels in whose immortality, like flies in amber, they are caught.
They had heard it said that, according to observations made in the time of the Caliphs, her revolution had become accelerated in a certain degree.
Fix not thy heart on that which is transitory; for the Dijlah, or Tigris, will continue to flow through Bagdad after the race of caliphs is extinct: if thy hand has plenty, be liberal as the date tree; but if it affords nothing to give away, be an azad, or free man, like the cypress.