The obsessive repetitions to blood are taken to morbid heights when Masrur the caliphal
executioner vows to drink Rafi's blood when he kills him.
Those who argue for a more assertive policy in Syria are right that, unless these problems are addressed, ISIS and other jihadi groups will continue to thrive even without the caliphal
Originally, the Umayyads had created a caliphal
regime based in Damascus beginning in AD 661/Hijri 41.
The assessment that Caliphal
control and governance is the principal center of gravity of ISIS is a change from previous ISW assessments.
Read together, they record a shift from a fascination with Ottoman Caliphal
pretences to the vivid interest exhibited by anti-colonial activists in the achievements of Kemal Ataturk.
Topics considered include the architectural patronage of Shajar al-Durr, the polysemy of the New Great Mosque of Granada, and the ornament of the main Caliphal
Palace of Samarra.
The rescue of Assad's son Bashir while fighting the opposition and Islamic State dovetails with Russia's struggle against Chechen jihadis who flock to the black caliphal
banners " and success will bring leverage in Iran and Turkey, where Russia once had muscle.
1-141) in the modern period and then dissects the debates surrounding the (in)temporality of the Caliphate in three periods: secularization in the caliphal
center (1908-1916); colonization in the caliphal
periphery (1916-1920); and the abolition of the Caliphate (1919-1924) (pp.
This early period (roughly from ca 150/770 to ca 235/850) also coincided with the height of 'Abbasid power, opulence and prestige and the worldly riches all that brought to the caliphal
capital, Baghdad, which so happens to be also the main intellectual center from which this systematic tasawwuf arose.
ZOZAYA, "Chinese porcelain in Caliphal
Spain", Pottery and metalwork in T'ang China.
The new caliphal
claimant, the Islamic State's emir Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, can.
While usually we have a top down approach as seen from the centre, this project takes the view from the regions, to explain the functioning of the caliphal