call upon


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call

 (kôl)
v. called, call·ing, calls
v.tr.
1. To say in a loud voice; announce: called my name from across the street; calling out numbers.
2. To demand or ask for the presence of: called the children to dinner; call the police.
3. To demand or ask for a meeting of; convene or convoke: call the legislature into session.
4. To order or request to undertake a particular activity or work; summon: She was called for jury duty. He was called to the priesthood.
5. To give the command for; order: call a work stoppage.
6.
a. To communicate or try to communicate with by telephone: called me at nine.
b. To dial (a telephone number): call 911 for help.
7. To lure (prey) by imitating the characteristic cry of an animal: call ducks.
8. To cause to come to the mind or to attention: a story that calls to mind an incident in my youth.
9. To name: What will you call the baby?
10. To consider or regard as being of a particular type or kind; characterize: Let's call the game a draw. I'd hardly call him a good manager.
11. To designate; label: Nobody calls me a liar.
12.
a. To demand payment of: call a loan.
b. To require the presentation of (a bond) for redemption before maturity.
c. To force the sale of (a stock or commodity) by exercising a call option.
13. Sports
a. To stop or postpone (a game) because of bad weather, darkness, or other adverse conditions.
b. To declare in the capacity of an umpire or referee: call a runner out; call a penalty for holding.
c. To indicate a decision in regard to: calling balls and strikes; called a close play at home plate.
d. To give the orders or signals for: a quarterback who called a poor play.
14. Games
a. To describe the intended outcome of (one's billiard shot) before playing.
b. In poker, to place a bet equal to (the preceding bet or bettor).
15. To indicate or characterize accurately in advance; predict: It is often difficult to call the outcome of an election. See Synonyms at predict.
16. To challenge the truthfulness or genuineness of: called the debater on a question of fact.
17. To shout directions in rhythm for (a square dance).
v.intr.
1.
a. To speak loudly; shout: a swimmer who was calling for help.
b. To utter a characteristic cry. Used of an animal: geese calling in the early morning.
2. To communicate or try to communicate with someone by telephone: I called twice, but no one answered.
3. To pay a short visit: We called to pay our respects. He called on the neighbors but they weren't home.
4. Games In poker, to place a bet equal to the preceding bet.
n.
1. A loud cry; a shout.
2.
a. The characteristic cry of an animal.
b. A sound or an instrument made to imitate such a cry, used as a lure: a moose call.
3. A telephone communication or connection.
4. Need or occasion: There was no call for an apology.
5. Demand: There isn't much call for buggy whips today.
6. A claim on a person's time or life: the call of duty.
7. A short visit, especially one made as a formality or for business or professional purposes.
8. A summons or invitation.
9.
a. A signal, such as that made by a horn or bell.
b. The sounding of a horn to encourage hounds during a hunt.
10.
a. A strong inner urge or prompting; a vocation: a call to the priesthood.
b. The strong attraction or appeal of a given activity or environment: the call of the wild; answered the call of the desert.
11. A roll call.
12. A notice of rehearsal times posted in a theater.
13. Sports
a. A decision made by an umpire or referee.
b. An announced description of a game or race, as by a sportscaster.
14. A direction or series of directions rhythmically called out to square dancers.
15.
a. A demand for payment of a debt.
b. A demand to submit bonds to the issuer for redemption before the maturity date.
c. An option to buy a certain quantity of a stock or commodity for a specified price within a specified time.
d. A demand for payment due on stock bought on margin when the value has shrunk.
Phrasal Verbs:
call back
1. To communicate the need for (someone) to return from one situation or location to a previous one: Management called the laid-off workers back.
2. To request (someone) to come in for an audition after an initial audition: The director auditioned six singers for the part and called two back.
3. To telephone or radio (a person) who has called previously: I called her back at noon.
4. To recall (a defective product) for repair: The company has called back all such models built in 1990.
call down
1. To find fault with; reprimand: The teacher called me down for disobedience.
2. To invoke, as from heaven.
call for
1. To appear, as on someone else's premises, in order to get: My chauffeur will call for you at seven.
2. To be an appropriate occasion for: This news calls for champagne.
3. To require; demand: work that calls for patience.
call forth
To evoke; elicit: a love song that calls forth sad memories.
call in
1. To take out of circulation: calling in silver dollars.
2. To summon for assistance or consultation: call in a specialist.
3. To communicate with another by telephone: Has the boss called in today?
call off
1. To cancel or postpone: call off a trip; called the trip off.
2. To restrain or recall: Call off your dogs.
call on
To order or request to undertake a particular activity: called on our friends to help.
call out
1. To order or request to assemble or arrive somewhere; summon: call out the guard.
2. To challenge to a duel.
3. To set off or direct attention to, as in being commendable or of interest: The article calls out the new features of the software in a sidebar.
call up
1. To summon to active military service: called up reserve troops for active duty.
2. To cause one to remember; bring to mind: stories that call up old times.
3. To bring forth for action or discussion; raise.
call upon
1. To order; require: I call upon you to tell the truth.
2. To make a demand or a series of demands on: Social institutions are now being called upon to provide assistance to the homeless.
Idioms:
call in/into question
To raise doubts about.
call it a day Informal
To stop what one has been doing, for the remainder of the day or at least for the present.
call it a night Informal
To stop what one has been doing, for the remainder of the night.
call it quits Informal
To stop working or trying; quit.
call names
To speak to or about another in offensive terms.
call of nature
A need to urinate or defecate. Often used with answer: He left the room to answer the call of nature.
call (someone's) bluff
To demand proof for or respond in a challenging way to the claims or threats of another that one presumes to be false.
call the shots/tune Informal
To exercise authority; be in charge.
on call
1. Available when summoned for service or use: physicians who were on call for 48 hours.
2. Subject to payment on demand.
within call
Close enough to come if summoned: The nurse is within call if you need him.

[Middle English callen, probably from Old Norse kalla; see gal- in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: call, assemble, convene, convoke, muster, summon
These verbs mean to demand or request to appear, come, or gather: called a meeting; assembled the troops; convened a panel of experts; will convoke the legislature; mustering the militia; summoned a group of investors.
Our Living Language African American Vernacular English uses call oneself with a present participle, as in They call themselves dancing, to express the idea that the people being talked about are not very good at what they're doing (in this case, dancing), even though they may think they are. This construction has a structure and meaning similar to the Standard English use of call oneself with a noun phrase or adjective, as in He calls himself a dancer or She calls herself intelligent.
Translations

w>call upon

vi +prep obj
(= ask) to call upon somebody to do somethingjdn bitten or auffordern, etw zu tun; I now call upon the vicar to say a few wordsich möchte nun den Herrn Pfarrer um ein paar Worte bitten
(= invoke) to call upon somebody’s generosityan jds Großzügigkeit (acc)appellieren; to call upon GodGott anrufen
References in classic literature ?
If you are no longer hungry we will call upon a few of the most important citizens.
But Eliza Millward says her father intends to call upon her soon, to offer some pastoral advice, which he fears she needs, as, though she is known to have entered the neighbourhood early last week, she did not make her appearance at church on Sunday; and she - Eliza, that is - will beg to accompany him, and is sure she can succeed in wheedling something out of her - you know, Gilbert, she can do anything.
I come now," Inspector Jacks said slowly, "to the object of my call upon Your Highness.
Now eight districts had agreed to call upon him: if two refused to do so, Snetkov might decline to stand at all; and then the old party might choose another of their party, which would throw them completely out in their reckoning.
AS soon as they had passed, little Benjamin Bunny slid down into the road, and set off--with a hop, skip and a jump--to call upon his relations, who lived in the wood at the back of Mr.
So I call upon Boffin, before I say another word, to fetch him in and send him packing to the right-about.
No, not perjured: but was it not awful to call upon the good God to witness so sinful a compact?
Hay Denver and upon the Misses Walker, we must call upon this Mrs.
After which, he ventured to call upon Lady Barrington to say a few words.