callosotomy


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Noun1.callosotomy - severing the corpus callosum so that communication between the cerebral hemispheres is interrupted (in cases of severe intractable epilepsy)
psychosurgery - brain surgery on human patients intended to relieve severe and otherwise intractable mental or behavioral problems
References in periodicals archive ?
Ogawa et al6 reported that spike-monitoring of anaesthesia using bilateral BIS monitoring was useful during corpus callosotomy for the treatment of epilepsy to assess the effects of anaesthesia and the therapeutic effects of the surgery.
They also cover hemispherectomy, callosotomy, epilepsy and brain tumors, surgical treatment of cortical dysplasias, reoperations in failed surgeries, alternative procedures, complications, and quality of life.
Options for epilepsy surgery include resective surgery, corpus callosotomy, multiple subpial transections and the vagus nerve stimulator (VNS Therapy[R]).
Cerebral epilepsy surgery (corpus callosotomy, temporal lobectomy, and hemispherectomy) may offer control or diminution of seizures in 10%-25% of those with poorly controlled seizures, but many patients are not optimal candidates or choose not to consider this option.
The answer to what went on during Tichy's crucial mission to the moon resides in the right hemisphere of his brain, which, of course, cannot communicate what it knows through ordinary linguistic means because those means have been denied it by the callosotomy.
Finally, 16 (32 percent) of these patients had surgery, undergoing a lobectomy, tumor removal, or corpus callosotomy to remove or control the seizure focus.