calque


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Related to calque: giardia, loan translation

loanwords and loan translations

English takes many of its words from different languages around the world. These words are broadly known as borrowings, and are subdivided into two categories: loanwords and loan translations.
A loanword is a term taken from another language and used without translation; it has a specific meaning that (typically) does not otherwise exist in a single English word. Sometimes the word’s spelling or pronunciation (or both) is slightly altered to accommodate English orthography, but, in most cases, it is preserved in its original language.
A loan translation (also known as a calque), on the other hand, is a word or phrase taken from another language but translated (either in part or in whole) to corresponding English words while still retaining the original meaning.
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calque

 (kălk)
tr.v. calqued, calque·ing, calques
To make a loan translation from (a word in another language).

[French, from calquer, to trace, copy, from Italian calcare, to press, from Latin calcāre, to tread on, from calx, heel.]

calque

(kælk)
n
(Linguistics) another word for loan translation
vb, calques, calquing or calqued
(Art Terms) (tr) another word for calk3
[C20: from French: a tracing, from calquer, from Latin calcāre to tread]

calque

(kælk)

n., v. calqued, cal•quing. n. v.t.
2. to form (a word or phrase) through the process of loan translation.
[1655–65; < French, n. derivative of calquer to copy, base on]

calque


Past participle: calqued
Gerund: calquing

Imperative
calque
calque
Present
I calque
you calque
he/she/it calques
we calque
you calque
they calque
Preterite
I calqued
you calqued
he/she/it calqued
we calqued
you calqued
they calqued
Present Continuous
I am calquing
you are calquing
he/she/it is calquing
we are calquing
you are calquing
they are calquing
Present Perfect
I have calqued
you have calqued
he/she/it has calqued
we have calqued
you have calqued
they have calqued
Past Continuous
I was calquing
you were calquing
he/she/it was calquing
we were calquing
you were calquing
they were calquing
Past Perfect
I had calqued
you had calqued
he/she/it had calqued
we had calqued
you had calqued
they had calqued
Future
I will calque
you will calque
he/she/it will calque
we will calque
you will calque
they will calque
Future Perfect
I will have calqued
you will have calqued
he/she/it will have calqued
we will have calqued
you will have calqued
they will have calqued
Future Continuous
I will be calquing
you will be calquing
he/she/it will be calquing
we will be calquing
you will be calquing
they will be calquing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been calquing
you have been calquing
he/she/it has been calquing
we have been calquing
you have been calquing
they have been calquing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been calquing
you will have been calquing
he/she/it will have been calquing
we will have been calquing
you will have been calquing
they will have been calquing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been calquing
you had been calquing
he/she/it had been calquing
we had been calquing
you had been calquing
they had been calquing
Conditional
I would calque
you would calque
he/she/it would calque
we would calque
you would calque
they would calque
Past Conditional
I would have calqued
you would have calqued
he/she/it would have calqued
we would have calqued
you would have calqued
they would have calqued
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.calque - an expression introduced into one language by translating it from another language; "`superman' is a calque for the German `Ubermensch'"
locution, saying, expression - a word or phrase that particular people use in particular situations; "pardon the expression"
Translations
kalk
käännöslaina
kalkkalkirati
tükörfordítás
lánsþýðing

calque

[kælk] Ncalco m (on de)
References in periodicals archive ?
mode opratoire versement pour micro-filmage sous la rfrence ULM/ARC/MOP/13-1116), L~extraction des documents couleurs, non microfilmable et illisibles pour archivage papier, L~impression des documents couleur, La numrisation des documents papier et calque, du format A4 aux plans tous formats (exemple: client DPIH).
As far as direct translation methods are concerned, they consist in borrowing, calque and literal translation.
Les specialistes EOS ont calque ses mouvements sur de vrais animaux anthropoides et leur comportement.
Nous ne voulons certainement pas que le socialisme soit, en Amerique, calque et copie.
Un logiciel calque sur le systeme americain propose un programme national conforme a l'education nationale en plus du programme francais.
Formed from [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] '100' and ssuj 'head', this Mari compound is a partial calque of Russian COTHUK < CTO '100' + derivational suffix -HUK.
Dans de tels cas cependant, devenir quelque chose d'autre se realise a l'insu du producteur et du consommateur dans l'espoir d'un calque, d'une reproduction d'une transformation predeterminee.
Gr [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and also [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], so not necessarily a calque); voje-voda "(military) leader", perhaps a calque of OHG heri-zogo (or of a corresponding form from another Old Germanic dialect), or neto-pyr[?
The technique has two sub-techniques namely calque and shifted techniques.
The progressive borrowing and calque processes would be irreversibly raised by the imposition of new extralinguistic features: the absolute economic and political dependence of Cuba on the United States; and the completion of 'invasive' American ways of living, only paralleled with the late-twentieth-century globalization process.
Est-ce que le probleme d'Uber au Maroc aujourd'hui est calque sur ce qui s'est passe dans d'autres pays ?
In turn, Turco's historical placement teaches us something about Tolkien's' world and its place in myth and history, Tolkien's legendarium--after the Ainulindale and the Akallabeth, which (as Tom Shippey would put it) calque the Creation and the Flood in the Bible respectively--is located in the implied long stretch of pre-Abrahamic history about which the Bible lets us speculate.