The 6 orthopoxviruses variola virus, vaccinia virus (VACV), camelpox
virus, monkeypox virus, ECTV, and CPXV are recognized as originating from the Eurasian continent and are referred to as Old World orthopoxviruses (6).
The sequence of camelpox
virus shows it is most closely related to variola virus, the cause of smallpox.
Following viral diseases are common in camels: (i) Camelpox
, (ii) Rinder Pist and (iii) Footand-mouth disease is sporadically found but on the whole camels are unaffected.
Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines for terrestrial animals camelpox
Reference gene selection for quantitative real-time PCR analysis in virus infected cells: SARS corona virus, Yellow fever virus, Human Herpesvirus-6, Camelpox
virus and Cytomegalovirus infections.
Some of the innovative discoveries of CVRL include a camelpox
vaccine, Ducapox (commercially produced in South Africa), vaccine against Newcastle disease in falcons, falcon pox and houbarapox vaccine and falcon herpes virus vaccine.
, and elephantpox produce a localized nodular lesion that is self-limiting.
A smallpox diagnostic panel compiled by Inger Damon s laboratory at the CDC included 12 different variola virus isolates (VAR), 13 different strains and isolates of camelpox
, cowpox (CPV), ectromelia, herpes, monkeypox, Staphylococcus aureus, vaccinia (VV), and varicella-zoster viruses (VZV).
According to the Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP) at the University of Minnesota, camelpox
is a virus closely related to smallpox that causes a "severe and economically important disease in camels," but rarely, if ever, causes the disease in humans.
Many are experts on smallpox or other diseases that could be used by terrorists such as mousepox, camelpox
Iraqi bioweapons specialists are known to have worked with the camelpox
virus, which may be used as a surrogate for research on smallpox therapies and vaccines, and for development of the smallpox virus as a weapon.
Al-Manal: Foot-and-Mouth Disease vaccine facility, also research on viral warfare agents including: haemorraghic conjunctivitis, human rota virus, and camelpox