Camphine


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camphine

(ˈkæmfiːn; ˈkæmfaɪn)
n
rectified oil of turpentine

Camphine

There seem to be some differing opinions on the meaning of this word. According to recent dictionaries, it is a mixture of turpentine and alcohol used in the mid-1800s in lamps. Because of volatility, the use of the mixture was soon abandoned. Thwing, in his book Flickering Flames, says the word is camphene, that it referred to turpentine only, and that the alcohol-turpentine mixture was called “burning fluid.” Note that a Handbook of Chemistry lists camphene as the specific compound C10H16.