camphor


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to camphor: menthol, camphor poisoning

cam·phor

 (kăm′fər)
n.
A fragrant white or colorless crystalline ketone, C10H16O, obtained naturally from the wood of the camphor tree or synthesized from pinene and used as an insect repellent, in the manufacture of film, plastics, lacquers, and in medicine chiefly in external preparations to relieve mild pain and itching.

[Middle English caumfre, from Anglo-Norman, from Medieval Latin camphora, from Arabic kāfūr, possibly from Malay kapur; akin to Sanskrit karpūraḥ.]

cam′phor·a′ceous (kăm′fə-rā′shəs) adj.
cam·phor′ic (-fôr′ĭk) adj.

camphor

(ˈkæmfə)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a whitish crystalline aromatic terpene ketone obtained from the wood of the camphor tree or made from pinene: used in the manufacture of celluloid and in medicine as a liniment and treatment for colds. Formula: C10H16O
[C15: from Old French camphre, from Medieval Latin camphora, from Arabic kāfūr, from Malay kāpūr chalk; related to Khmer kāpōr camphor]
camphoric adj

cam•phor

(ˈkæm fər)

n.
a white, pleasant-smelling terpene ketone, C10H16O, used chiefly in making celluloid, as a counterirritant, and as a moth repellent.
[1275–1325; Middle English caumfre < Anglo-French < Medieval Latin camphora « Arabic kāfūr < Malay kapur]
cam•phor′ic (-ˈfɔr ɪk, -ˈfɒr-) adj.

cam·phor

(kăm′fər)
A white, gum-like, crystalline compound, C10H16O, having a strong odor and evaporating easily. It is used as an insect repellent and in making plastics and explosives.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.camphor - a resin obtained from the camphor tree; used in making celluloid and liniment
camphor ball, mothball - a small sphere of camphor or naphthalene used to keep moths away from stored clothing
natural resin - a plant exudate
celluloid - highly flammable substance made from cellulose nitrate and camphor; used in e.g. motion-picture and X-ray film; its use has decreased with the development of nonflammable thermoplastics
Translations
زَيْتُ الكافور
kafr
kamfer
kámfor
kamfóra
kamparas
kampars
kamfora
gáfor

camphor

[ˈkæmfəʳ] Nalcanfor m

camphor

nKampfer m

camphor

[ˈkæmfəʳ] ncanfora

camphor

(ˈkӕmfə) noun
a strongly scented whitish substance, used for various medical and industrial purposes. Mothballs contain camphor.

cam·phor

n. alcanfor;
___ julepaqua alcanforada.

camphor

n alcanfor m
References in classic literature ?
Half an hour after, Jo went to `Mother's closet' for something, and there found little Beth sitting on the medicine chest, looking very grave, with red eyes and a camphor bottle in her hand.
An odour of camphor and burnt vinegar warned me when I came near the fever room: and I passed its door quickly, fearful lest the nurse who sat up all night should hear me.
Barkis must have purchased to present to me when I was a child, and afterwards found himself unable to part with; eighty-seven guineas and a half, in guineas and half-guineas; two hundred and ten pounds, in perfectly clean Bank notes; certain receipts for Bank of England stock; an old horseshoe, a bad shilling, a piece of camphor, and an oyster-shell.
I then took leave of him, and exchanging my merchandise for sandal and aloes wood, camphor, nutmegs, cloves, pepper, and ginger, I embarked upon the same vessel and traded so successfully upon our homeward voyage that I arrived in Balsora with about one hundred thousand sequins.
I had the camphor in my pocket, too, if a blaze were needed.
Gliddon was of opinion, from the redness of the epidermis, that the embalmment had been effected altogether by asphaltum; but, on scraping the surface with a steel instrument, and throwing into the fire some of the powder thus obtained, the flavor of camphor and other sweet-scented gums became apparent.
All the old ladies in both families had got out their faded sables and yellowing ermines, and the smell of camphor from the front pews almost smothered the faint spring scent of the lilies banking the altar.
But his aunt had a headache-- his aunt had almost always a headache--and now she was shut up in her room, smelling camphor, so that he was at liberty to wander about.
The head hunters had been engaged in collecting camphor crystals when their quick ears caught the noisy passage of the six while yet at a considerable distance, and with ready parangs the savages crept stealthily toward the sound of the advancing party.
Tom was full of sympathy, but did n't know how to show it; so he sat shaking up the camphor bottle, and trying to think of something proper and comfortable to say, when Fanny came to the rescue, and cuddled Polly in her arms, with soothing little pats and whispers and kisses, till the tears stopped, and Polly said, she "did n't mean to, and would n't any more.
The leaves of the camphor, pepper, cinnamon, and clove trees were delightfully aromatic; and the bread-fruit, the jaca, and the mango, vied with each other in the magnificence of their foliage.
Results: The chemical composition showed 45 components with a predominance of monoterpenes, such as camphor (51.