is still the color of choice for providing a red tone in egg yolks and in the pigmentation of salmonid fishes and shrimp.
Carotenoids are classified into beta-carotene, lutein, lycopene, astaxanthin, zeaxanthin, canthaxanthin
and others (including annatto, capsanthin, fucoxanthin, and trans-Eo-apo-8'-carotenal).
2003) reported high levels of P-carotene and xanthophylls, including canthaxanthin
and astaxanthin, in Schizochytrium; and Kotrbacek et al.
Carotenoids: CaroCare[R] Natural Beta Carotene, Beta-Carotene, redivivo[R], Lycopene, FloraGLO[R] Lutein, Optisharp[R] Zeaxanthin, AstaSanarm astaxanthin, Apocarotenal, Canthaxanthin
Both bittersweet and multiflora rose fruits are bright red in color when ripe and this hue is well known to be associated with the presence of carotenoids, such as canthaxanthin
(Bartley and Scolnik 1995, Hill 2000).
36,41,42) With birds, it would be highly interesting to verify whether the dietary supplementation of certain species held in captivity, such as flamingos (Phoenicopterus species) or the scarlet ibis (Eudocimus rubber), with synthetic carotenoids such as canthaxanthin
, would produce artifacts with CZE.
Even today, carotenoid is only known as a natural color agent in many countries despite the discovery of its various product types like astaxanthin, canthaxanthin
, and lycopene among many others.
and beta-carotene differently affect UVA-induced oxidative damage and expression of oxidative stress-responsive enzymes.
Fucoxanthin and canthaxanthin
(50-100[mu]M) produced a 3-5-fold higher retention of the fluorescent probes than the known competitive inhibitor verapamil.
2004), fucoxanthin (Fuco), diadinoxanthin (Diadino) and diatoxanthin (Diato) were analysed as marker pigments for diatoms (Leavitt & Hodgson 2001; Buchaca & Catalan 2007a, 2007b), zeaxanthin (Zea) as a marker pigment for total CY and canthaxanthin
(Cantha) as a marker pigment for colonial CY (Leavitt & Hodgson 2001; McGowan et al.
Besides the registration work undertaken in some markets, in November 2009, the company filed for a patent with the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), entitled: "Use of canthaxanthin
and/or at least one vitamin D metabolite, preferably 25-OH D3 for improved hatchability in poultry".
Nutritional status influences cancer risk: there is higher risk for those deficient in beta-carotene, lycopene, canthaxanthin
, alphatocopherol, folic acid, and vitamin D3.