capacity


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ca·pac·i·ty

 (kə-păs′ĭ-tē)
n. pl. ca·pac·i·ties
1.
a. The ability to receive, hold, or absorb something: the storage capacity of a car's trunk.
b. The maximum amount that can be contained: a bin filled to capacity.
2. The power to learn or retain knowledge; mental ability.
3.
a. The ability to do, make, or accomplish something; capability: a comedian's capacity for making people laugh.
b. The maximum or optimum amount that can be produced: factories operating below capacity.
4. The quality of being suitable for or receptive to specified treatment: the capacity of elastic to be stretched.
5. The position in which one functions; role: in your capacity as sales manager.
6. Legal qualification or authority: the capacity to make an arrest.
7. Electricity Capacitance.
adj.
Filling a space with the most it can hold: a capacity crowd at the concert.

[Middle English capacite, from Old French, from Latin capācitās, from capāx, capāc-, spacious; see capacious.]

capacity

(kəˈpæsɪtɪ)
n, pl -ties
1. the ability or power to contain, absorb, or hold
2. the amount that can be contained; volume: a capacity of six gallons.
3.
a. the maximum amount something can contain or absorb (esp in the phrase filled to capacity)
b. (as modifier): a capacity crowd.
4. the ability to understand or learn; aptitude; capability: he has a great capacity for Greek.
5. the ability to do or produce (often in the phrase at capacity): the factory's output was not at capacity.
6. a specified position or function: he was employed in the capacity of manager.
7. (Units) a measure of the electrical output of a piece of apparatus such as a motor, generator, or accumulator
8. (Electronics) electronics a former name for capacitance
9. (Computer Science) computing
a. the number of words or characters that can be stored in a particular storage device
b. the range of numbers that can be processed in a register
10. (Computer Science) the bit rate that a communication channel or other system can carry
11. (Law) legal competence: the capacity to make a will.
[C15: from Old French capacite, from Latin capācitās, from capāx spacious, from capere to take]

ca•pac•i•ty

(kəˈpæs ɪ ti)

n., pl. -ties,
adj. n.
1. the ability to receive or contain: This hotel has a large capacity.
2. the maximum amount or number that can be received or contained; cubic contents; volume: a jug with a capacity of two quarts.
3. power of receiving impressions, knowledge, etc.; mental ability.
4. actual or potential ability to perform, yield, or withstand.
5. quality or state of being susceptible to a given treatment or action: Steel has a high capacity to withstand pressure.
6. position; function; role: to serve in an advisory capacity.
7. legal qualification.
8.
b. maximum possible electrical output.
adj.
9. reaching maximum capacity: a capacity crowd.
[1375–1425; < Middle French < Latin capācitās <capāx capacious]

ability

capabilitycapacity

Do not confuse ability with capability and capacity.

1. 'ability'

You often use ability to say that someone can do something well.

He had remarkable ability as a musician.
...the ability to bear hardship.
2. 'capability'

A person's capability is the amount of work they can do and how well they can do it.

...a job that was beyond the capability of one man.
...the director's ideas of the capability of the actor.
3. 'capacity'

If someone has a particular capacity, a capacity for something, or a capacity to do something, they have the qualities required to do it. Capacity is a more formal word than ability.

...their capacity for hard work.
...his capacity to see the other person's point of view.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.capacity - capability to perform or produce; "among his gifts is his capacity for true altruism"; "limited runway capacity"; "a great capacity for growth"
capability, capableness - the quality of being capable -- physically or intellectually or legally; "he worked to the limits of his capability"
incapacity - lack of physical or natural qualifications
2.capacity - the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment; "the capability of a metal to be fused"
resistance - the capacity of an organism to defend itself against harmful environmental agents; "these trees are widely planted because of their resistance to salt and smog"
susceptibility, susceptibleness - the state of being susceptible; easily affected
activity - (chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction; "catalytic activity"
3.capacity - the amount that can be contained; "the gas tank has a capacity of 12 gallons"
volume - the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object; "the gas expanded to twice its original volume"
vital capacity - the maximum amount of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inhalation (usually tested with a spirometer); used to determine the condition of lung tissue
4.capacity - the maximum production possible; "the plant is working at 80 per cent capacity"
production - (economics) manufacturing or mining or growing something (usually in large quantities) for sale; "he introduced more efficient methods of production"
5.capacity - a specified function; "he was employed in the capacity of director"; "he should be retained in his present capacity at a higher salary"
role, function, office, part - the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; "the function of a teacher"; "the government must do its part"; "play its role"
6.capacity - (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive; "the capacity of a hard disk drive is usually expressed in megabytes"
computer science, computing - the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures
indefinite quantity - an estimated quantity
formatted capacity - (computer science) the usable capacity of a disk drive; the amount of space that is left after the sector headings and boundary definitions and timing information have been added by formatting the disk
unformatted capacity - (computer science) the total number of bytes on a disk including the space that will be required to format it
7.capacity - an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored
electrical phenomenon - a physical phenomenon involving electricity
8.capacity - the power to learn or retain knowledgecapacity - the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior
ability, power - possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done; "danger heightened his powers of discrimination"
prescience, prevision - the power to foresee the future
incapacity - lack of intellectual power
9.capacity - tolerance for alcohol; "he had drunk beyond his capacity"
tolerance - the power or capacity of an organism to tolerate unfavorable environmental conditions

capacity

noun
1. ability, power, strength, facility, gift, intelligence, efficiency, genius, faculty, capability, forte, readiness, aptitude, aptness, competence or competency Our capacity for giving care, love and attention is limited.
2. size, room, range, space, volume, extent, dimensions, scope, magnitude, compass, amplitude an aircraft with a bomb-carrying capacity of 454 kg
3. function, position, role, post, appointment, province, sphere, service, office She was visiting in her official capacity as co-chairperson.

capacity

noun
1. Physical, mental, financial, or legal power to perform:
2. The ability or power to seize or attain:
Translations
سِعَه، إتِّساعصِفَه، مَكانَه، بِصِفَتِهِقُدْرَةقُدْرَه
kapacitapostaveníschopnost
kapacitetstillingegenskabevne
kapasiteetti
kapacitet
befogadóképességminőségében
getarúmtak; rÿmistaîa
収容力
수용량
pareigospostastalpa
dotībasspējasstāvoklistilpums
kapacita
prostornina
kapacitet
ปริมาณสูงสุดที่รับได้
khả năng

capacity

[kəˈpæsɪtɪ]
A. N
1. [of container etc] → capacidad f; (= seating capacity) → cabida f, aforo m (Aut) → cilindrada f; (= carrying capacity) → capacidad f de carga
what is the capacity of this hall?¿cuántos caben en esta sala?
filled to capacityal completo
2. (= position) → calidad f
in my capacity as Chairmanen mi calidad de presidente
in what capacity were you there?¿en calidad de qué estabas allí?
I've worked for them in various capacitieshe trabajado para ellos desempeñando distintas funciones
3. (= ability) → capacidad f
her capacitiessu capacidad or aptitud
her capacity for researchsu capacidad or aptitud para la investigación
to work at full capacity [machine, factory] → funcionar a pleno rendimiento
B. CPD capacity audience Nlleno m
there was a capacity audience in the theatrehubo un lleno en el teatro
capacity booking Nreserva f total
capacity crowd N = capacity audience

capacity

[kəˈpæsɪti] n
[container] → capacité f, contenance f
[building] → capacité f; [lift, vehicle] → capacité f
filled to capacity → plein(e)
(= ability) → aptitude f
(= function) in his capacity as → en sa qualité de
in an advisory capacity → à titre consultatif
[factory] → rendement m
to work at full capacity → travailler à plein rendementcapacity audience n
They were hoping for a capacity audience → Ils espéraient faire salle comble.capacity crowd n
There was a capacity crowd → Il n'y avait plus une place de libre.

capacity

n
(= cubic content etc)Fassungsvermögen nt, → (Raum)inhalt m; (= maximum output)Kapazität f; (= maximum weight)Höchstlast f; (Aut, = engine capacity) → Hubraum m; filled to capacityrandvoll; (hall)bis auf den letzten Platz besetzt; seating capacity of 400400 Sitzplätze; to work to capacityvoll ausgelastet sein; working at full capacityvoll ausgelastet; the Stones played to capacity audiencesdie Stones spielten vor ausverkauften Sälen
(= ability)Fähigkeit f; his capacity for learningseine Lern- or Aufnahmefähigkeit; he has a great capacity for worker kann sehr gut arbeiten; this work is within/beyond his capacityer ist zu dieser Arbeit fähig/nicht fähig
(= role, position)Eigenschaft f, → Funktion f; in my capacity as a doctor(in meiner Eigenschaft) als Arzt; speaking in his official capacity as mayor, he said …er sagte in seiner Eigenschaft als Bürgermeister; in a personal capacityals Privatperson; they refused to employ him in any capacity whatsoeversie lehnten es ab, ihn in irgendeiner Form zu beschäftigen
(= legal power)Befugnis f

capacity

[kəˈpæsɪtɪ]
1. n
a. (Elec, Phys) (of container) → capacità; (of lift) → capienza
seating capacity → capienza
filled to capacity → pieno/a zeppo/a
to work at full capacity (factory) → lavorare a pieno ritmo
b. (position) → posizione f, funzione f
in my capacity as chairman → nella mia veste di presidente, in qualità di presidente
in an advisory capacity → a titolo consultativo
in his official capacity → nell'esercizio delle sue funzioni
c. (ability) → capacità
this work is beyond my capacity → questo lavoro è al di là delle mie possibilità

capacity

(kəˈpӕsəti) plural caˈpacities noun
1. ability to hold, contain etc. This tank has a capacity of 300 gallons.
2. ability. his capacity for remembering facts.
3. position. in his capacity as a leader.

capacity

قُدْرَة kapacita kapacitet Kapazität χωρητικότητα capacidad kapasiteetti capacité kapacitet capacità 収容力 수용량 capaciteit kapasitet zdolność capacidade способность kapacitet ปริมาณสูงสุดที่รับได้ kapasite khả năng 容量

ca·pac·i·ty

n. a capacidad;
vital ______ vital.

capacity

n (pl -ties) capacidad f; forced vital — capacidad vital forzada
References in classic literature ?
exclaimed Professor Bumper one morning, when the cavalcade, led by Tolpec in the capacity of head guide, started off.
It is a likeness of a young man, in a silken dressing-gown of an old fashion, the soft richness of which is well adapted to the countenance of reverie, with its full, tender lips, and beautiful eyes, that seem to indicate not so much capacity of thought, as gentle and voluptuous emotion.
Looking at him merely as an animal -- and there was very little else to look at -- he was a most satisfactory object, from the thorough healthfulness and wholesomeness of his system, and his capacity, at that extreme age, to enjoy all, or nearly all, the delights which he had ever aimed at or conceived of.
Meanwhile I returned to her first example-- the one to which she had just previously referred-- of the boy's happy capacity for an occasional slip.
Besides, if it were so that any mere sailor of the Pequod had a grudge against Flask in Flask's official capacity, all that sailor had to do, in order to obtain ample vengeance, was to go aft at dinner-time, and get a peep at Flask through the cabin sky-light, sitting silly and dumfoundered before awful Ahab.
As it passes through the remaining vertebrae the canal tapers in size, but for a considerable distance remains of large capacity.
In his capacity as delicatessen vender, Jokubas Szedvilas had many acquaintances.
Bird was a timid, blushing little woman, of about four feet in height, and with mild blue eyes, and a peach-blow complexion, and the gentlest, sweetest voice in the world;--as for courage, a moderate-sized cock-turkey had been known to put her to rout at the very first gobble, and a stout house-dog, of moderate capacity, would bring her into subjection merely by a show of his teeth.
I looked about me for the right sort of person to accompany me in the capacity of agent, and finally hired a Mr.
The prize was delivered to Tom with as much effusion as the superintendent could pump up under the circumstances; but it lacked somewhat of the true gush, for the poor fellow's instinct taught him that there was a mystery here that could not well bear the light, perhaps; it was simply preposterous that this boy had warehoused two thousand sheaves of Scriptural wisdom on his premises -- a dozen would strain his capacity, without a doubt.
With large business sagacity and an executive capacity which must have been inherited from their father, they now proposed to extend their operations to a larger area and distribute soap to contiguous villages, if these villages could be induced to buy.
Gore had served Colonel Lloyd, in the capacity of overseer, upon one of the out-farms, and had shown himself worthy of the high station of overseer upon the home or Great House Farm.

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