captive


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Related to captive: captive audience

cap·tive

 (kăp′tĭv)
n.
1. One, such as a prisoner of war, who is forcibly confined, subjugated, or enslaved.
2. One held in the grip of a strong emotion or passion.
3. A subsidiary that serves only its parent company.
adj.
1. Taken and held prisoner, as in war.
2. Held in bondage; enslaved.
3. Kept under restraint or control; confined: captive birds.
4. Enraptured, as by beauty; captivated.
5. Restrained by circumstances that prevent free choice: a captive audience; a captive market.
6. Serving a single company exclusively: a captive insurer.

[Middle English captif, from Old French, from Latin captīvus, from captus, past participle of capere, to seize; see kap- in Indo-European roots.]

captive

(ˈkæptɪv)
n
1. a person or animal that is confined or restrained, esp a prisoner of war
2. a person whose behaviour is dominated by some emotion: a captive of love.
adj
3. held as prisoner
4. held under restriction or control; confined: captive water held behind a dam.
5. captivated; enraptured
6. unable by circumstances to avoid speeches, advertisements, etc (esp in the phrase captive audience)
[C14: from Latin captīvus, from capere to take]

cap•tive

(ˈkæp tɪv)

n.
1. a prisoner.
2. a person who is enslaved or dominated: a captive of one's own fears.
adj.
3. made or held prisoner, esp. in war.
4. kept in confinement or restraint: captive animals.
5. enslaved by love, beauty, etc.; captivated.
6. unable to avoid listening or attending to something: a captive audience.
[1300–50; Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin captīvus=capt(us), past participle of capere to take + -īvus -ive]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.captive - a person who is confinedcaptive - a person who is confined; especially a prisoner of war
unfortunate, unfortunate person - a person who suffers misfortune
convict, yard bird, yardbird, con, inmate - a person serving a sentence in a jail or prison
detainee, political detainee - some held in custody
hostage, surety - a prisoner who is held by one party to insure that another party will meet specified terms
internee - a person who is interned; "the internees were enemy aliens and suspected terrorists"
political prisoner - someone who is imprisoned because of their political views
POW, prisoner of war - a person who surrenders to (or is taken by) the enemy in time of war
2.captive - an animal that is confined
animal, animate being, beast, creature, fauna, brute - a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
3.captive - a person held in the grip of a strong emotion or passion
emotional person - a person subject to strong states of emotion
Adj.1.captive - being in captivity
unfree - hampered and not free; not able to act at will
2.captive - giving or marked by complete attention to; "that engrossed look or rapt delight"; "then wrapped in dreams"; "so intent on this fantastic...narrative that she hardly stirred"- Walter de la Mare; "rapt with wonder"; "wrapped in thought"
attentive - (often followed by `to') giving care or attention; "attentive to details"; "the nurse was attentive to her patient"; "an attentive suitor"

captive

adjective
1. confined, caged, imprisoned, locked up, enslaved, incarcerated, ensnared, subjugated, penned, restricted Her heart had begun to pound inside her chest like a captive animal.
noun
1. prisoner, hostage, convict, prisoner of war, detainee, internee He described the difficulties of surviving for four months as a captive.
Translations
أسيرأَسيْر، سَبِي
zajateczajatý
fangefangetindespærret
اسير
vanki
zarobljenicazarobljenik
bezártelzártfogoly
fangifanginn, í haldi
belaisvisgrobėjasnelaisvėnelaisvėje laikomaspagauti
gūsteknissagūstīts
zajateczajatý
ujetnik

captive

[ˈkæptɪv]
A. ADJ [animal, bird, person] → cautivo
to take sb captivehacer prisionero a algn
to hold sb captivetener or mantener prisionero or cautivo a algn
he had a captive audiencela gente no tenía más remedio que escucharle
captive marketmercado m cautivo
B. Ncautivo/a m/f, preso/a m/f

captive

[ˈkæptɪv]
adj (= in captivity) [person] → prisonnier/ière; [animal] → captif/ive
ncaptif/ive m/f
to take sb captive → faire qn prisonnier
to hold sb captive → garder qn en captivitécaptive breeding nélevage m en captivitécaptive market nmarché m captif

captive

nGefangene(r) mf; to take somebody captivejdn gefangen nehmen; to hold somebody captivejdn gefangen halten; (fig)jdn fesseln, jdn gefangen nehmen
adj persongefangen; animal, birdin Gefangenschaft; in a captive statein Gefangenschaft f; a captive audienceein unfreiwilliges Publikum; captive breedingZucht f(von artbedrohten Tieren) in Gefangenschaft

captive

[ˈkæptɪv]
1. adj (person) → prigioniero/a; (animal) → in cattività
he had a captive audience → i presenti hanno dovuto ascoltarlo per forza
2. nprigioniero/a
to hold sb captive → tenere prigioniero qn

captive

(ˈkӕptiv) noun
a prisoner. Two of the captives escaped.
adjective
kept prisoner. captive soldiers; The children were taken/held captive.
capˈtivity noun
a state of being a prisoner, caged etc. animals in captivity in a zoo.
ˈcaptor noun
a person who captures someone. He managed to escape from his captors.
ˈcapture (-tʃə) verb
1. to take by force, skill etc. The soldiers captured the castle; Several animals were captured.
2. to take possession of (a person's attention etc). The story captured his imagination.
noun
1. the act of capturing.
2. something caught. A kangaroo was his most recent capture.
References in classic literature ?
He was delighted, inquired who lived in this old castle, and was told that several captive princesses were kept there by a spell, and spun all day to lay up money to buy their liberty.
He allowed that I was his property, the captive of his spear.
It was not worth more than a dollar, or possibly a dollar and half, before the captive students began their work on it.
But nothing happened; there seemed to be no angels or fairies interested in this luckless captive.
Perkins bore this for several days until his temper, digestion, and appetite were all sensibly affected; then he bowed his head to the inevitable, and Emma Jane flew, like a captive set free, to the loved one's bower.
I see at intervals the glance of a curious sort of bird through the close-set bars of a cage: a vivid, restless, resolute captive is there; were it but free, it would soar cloud-high.
As the captive of many years sat looking fixedly, by turns, at Mr.
captive, bound, and double-ironed,' cried the phantom, `not to know, that ages of incessant labour, by immortal creatures, for this earth must pass into eternity before the good of which it is susceptible is all developed.
Again, the dreaded Sunday comes round, and I file into the old pew first, like a guarded captive brought to a condemned service.
She really was a most charming girl, and might have passed for a captive fairy, whom that truculent Ogre, Old Barley, had pressed into his service.
This man, the mouth of Dingaan," and he pointed to me, Mopo, "this man says that if I can stamp out the Halakazi and make captive of the Lily maid, I shall win the heart of Dingaan.
she turned and cried So very brave and sweetly,-- Oh that brave smile that takes the heart Captive completely!