carbonyl


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to carbonyl: Carbonyl sulfide, Nickel carbonyl, Iron carbonyl

car·bon·yl

 (kär′bə-nĭl′)
n.
1. The bivalent group C═O.
2. A metal compound, such as Ni(CO)4, containing the CO group.

car′bon·yl′ic adj.

carbonyl

(ˈkɑːbəˌnaɪl; -nɪl)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) (modifier) of, consisting of, or containing the divalent group =CO: a carbonyl group or radical.
2. (Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of inorganic complexes in which carbonyl groups are bound directly to metal atoms
carbonylic adj

car•bon•yl

(ˈkɑr bə nɪl)
n.
a compound containing metal combined with carbon monoxide, as nickel carbonyl, Ni(CO)4.
[1865–70]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.carbonyl - a compound containing metal combined with carbon monoxide
carbonyl group - the bivalent radical CO
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
Adj.1.carbonyl - relating to or containing the carbonyl group
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
References in periodicals archive ?
Significant amounts of oxidation products are observed in the 60 [micro]m deep region from the degraded surface to the epoxy bulk, and then the concentration of carbonyl products subsequent decreases with increasing depth into the epoxy.
In different conformers of the RR isomer, the carbonyl groups of the dioxolane linker can point into or out of the channel.
2] hydrogen to the NH group would force cleavage of the nitrogen carbonyl carbon bond splitting out [CO.
Cu- and Ni-Catalyzed Conjugated Additions of Organozincs and Organoaluminums to an Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds
Tenders are invited for Laboratory Analysis of Carbonyl Samples
International contributors to a dozen chapters describe processes of reductive amination, enoate reductases for reduction of electron deficient alkenes, selective oxidation, and industrial carbonyl reduction, with individual sections on specific practices for each.
Among many steroids tested, those possessing a carbonyl group at position 3, a methyl group at 7, a hydroxyl group at positions 1, 2, 4, 11, or 19, or a saturated B ring, with or without a 4-5 double bond, were inactive.
R 1--1C(0)--X-0)n--R2 wherein R I is an aliphatic hydrocarbyl moiety and is comprised of 3 to 24 carbon atoms, X is a divalent organic group comprising oxygen atoms and 2 to 8 carbon atoms, n is 1, and R2 is an organic group comprised of 3 to 24 carbon atoms and one carbonyl group; with the proviso that the coalescent does not include any aliphatic unsaturated carbon-carbon bonds; and wherein the coalescent has a volatile organic content of less than approximately 15% weight is nonreactive in the paint, and is dispersible in the paint to form a uniform mixture.
The decrease of melting temperature and increase of crystallinity after UV exposure can be easily explained: photodegradation occurs mainly in the amorphous phase, leading to an increase in the surface free energy of the crystals which in turns results in a reduction of melting temperature (13) Also, the chemical reactions that occur during PP photo-degradation lead to chain scissions and carbonyl group formation.
Ferralet 90 contains 90 mg of carbonyl iron as well as essential vitamins and minerals to help patients replenish iron stores in an effective, safe and tolerable manner.
Compared with the EDA- extended waterborne PUU films, the water resistance and the mechanical properties of the DETDA-extended waterborne PUU films were enhanced appreciably; these enhancements are attributed to the strong hydrogen bonding in urea carbonyl groups and the ordered structure of hard segments in the systems.