carnitine


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Related to carnitine: Carnitine deficiency, acetyl l-carnitine

car·ni·tine

 (kär′nĭ-tēn′)
n.
A compound that functions in fatty acid metabolism by transporting fatty acids into mitochondria for energy production. It is naturally produced in the body and is present in many animal products, especially red meat. It is also sold as a dietary supplement for its purported health benefits.

[German Karnitin, from Karnin, a basic substance derived from meat, from Latin carō, carn-, flesh; see carnal.]

carnitine

(ˈkɑːnɪˌtaɪn)
n
a white betaine, C7H15NO3, found in the liver and required for transporting fatty acids from the cytosol into the mitochondria
Translations

carnitine

n carnitina
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References in periodicals archive ?
Variation in tissue carnitine concentrations with age and sex in the rat.
The researchers found that increased carnitine levels in patients predicted increased risks for cardiovascular disease and major cardiac events such as heart attack, stroke and death, but only in subjects with concurrently high TMAO levels.
The published study actually said that one long-term (>5 years) vegan male agreed to eat an 8-ounce sirloin steak and that a small group of vegetarians and vegans was given carnitine supplements but was not given meat.
Instead, headline news stories were created based on a report released a week earlier that had asserted that carnitine (found in red meat) may react with certain gut bacteria in certain individuals to promote a compound (TMAO) that could then cause heart disease.
The coffee shot proprietor, knowing of my carnitine history and overhearing my disgruntled conversation with myself, remarked, "Doc, it was all over the television news last night.
But it is interesting to note that processed meats typically contain less carnitine than fresh red meat.
Further, the research finds that a diet high in carnitine promotes the growth of the bacteria that metabolize carnitine, compounding the problem by producing even more of the artery-clogging TMAO.
Pro-inflammatory and oxidative stress pathways which compromise sperm motility and survival may be altered by L carnitine.
When carnitine is missing from the diet, it has been estimated that a person's metabolic prowess is reduced by as much as half.
Washington, Aug 13 (ANI): A new study by researchers at Duke University Medical Center showed that supplementing obese rats with the nutrient carnitine improved their glucose tolerance, a health outcome that indicates a lower risk of diabetes.
His carnitine measurement indicated a severe deficiency, and treatment was initiated.
The initial screen values provided a calculated C3:C2 carnitine ratio of 0.