case


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Related to case: Case grammar

case 1

 (kās)
n.
1. An instance or occurrence of a particular kind or category: a case of mistaken identity. See Synonyms at example.
2. An occurrence of a disease or disorder: a mild case of flu.
3. A set of circumstances or a state of affairs; a situation: It may rain, in which case the hike will be canceled.
4. Actual fact; reality: We suspected the walls were hollow, and this proved to be the case.
5. A question or problem; a matter: It is simply a case of honor.
6. A situation that requires investigation, especially by a formal or official body.
7. Law
a. An action or a suit or just grounds for an action.
b. The facts or evidence offered in support of a claim.
8. A set of reasons or supporting facts; an argument: presented a good case for changing the law.
9. A person being assisted, treated, or studied, as by a physician, lawyer, or social worker.
10. Informal A peculiar or eccentric person; a character.
11. Linguistics
a. In traditional grammar, a distinct form of a noun, pronoun, or modifier that is used to express one or more particular syntactic relationships to other words in a sentence.
b. Case In some varieties of generative grammar, the thematic or semantic role of a noun phrase as represented abstractly but not necessarily indicated overtly in surface structure. In such frameworks, nouns in English have Case even in the absence of inflectional case endings.
Idioms:
in any case
Regardless of what has occurred or will occur.
in case
1. If it happens that; if.
2. As a precaution: took along an umbrella, just in case.
in case of
If there should happen to be: a number to call in case of emergency.
off (someone's) case
No longer nagging or urging someone to do something.
on (someone's) case
Persistently nagging or urging someone to do something.

[Middle English cas, from Old French, from Latin cāsus, from past participle of cadere, to fall; see kad- in Indo-European roots.]

case 2

 (kās)
n.
1. A container; a receptacle: a jewelry case; meat-filled cases of dough.
2. A container with its contents.
3. A decorative or protective covering or cover.
4. A set or pair: a case of pistols.
5. The frame or framework of a window, door, or stairway.
6. The surface or outer layer of a metal alloy.
7. Printing
a. A shallow compartmented tray for storing type or type matrices.
b. The form of a written, printed, or keyed letter that distinguishes it as being lowercase or uppercase: typed the password using the wrong case.
tr.v. cased, cas·ing, cas·es
1. To put into or cover with a case; encase.
2. Slang To examine carefully, as in planning a crime: cased the bank before robbing it.

[Middle English, from Norman French casse, from Latin capsa.]

case

(keɪs)
n
1. a single instance, occurrence, or example of something
2. an instance of disease, injury, hardship, etc
3. a question or matter for discussion: the case before the committee.
4. a specific condition or state of affairs; situation
5. a set of arguments supporting a particular action, cause, etc
6.
a. a person attended or served by a doctor, social worker, solicitor, etc; patient or client
b. (as modifier): a case study.
7. (Law)
a. an action or suit at law or something that forms sufficient grounds for bringing an action: he has a good case.
b. the evidence offered in court to support a claim
8. (Grammar) grammar
a. a set of grammatical categories of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives, marked by inflection in some languages, indicating the relation of the noun, adjective, or pronoun to other words in the sentence
b. any one of these categories: the nominative case.
9. informal a person in or regarded as being in a specified condition: the accident victim was a hospital case; he's a mental case.
10. informal a person of a specified character (esp in the phrase a hard case)
11. informal an odd person; eccentric
12. informal US love or infatuation
13. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) short for case shot See canister2b
14. as the case may be according to the circumstances
15. in any case (adverb) no matter what; anyhow: we will go in any case.
16. in case (adverb)
a. in order to allow for eventualities
b. (as conjunction) in order to allow for the possibility that: take your coat in case it rains.
c. US if
17. in case of (preposition) in the event of
18. in no case (adverb) under no circumstances: in no case should you fight back.
[Old English casus (grammatical) case, associated also with Old French cas a happening; both from Latin cāsus, a befalling, occurrence, from cadere to fall]

case

(keɪs)
n
1.
a. a container, such as a box or chest
b. (in combination): suitcase; briefcase.
2. an outer cover or sheath, esp for a watch
3. a receptacle and its contents: a case of ammunition.
4. a pair or brace, esp of pistols
5. (Architecture) architect another word for casing3
6. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) a completed cover ready to be fastened to a book to form its binding
7. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing a tray divided into many compartments in which a compositor keeps individual metal types of a particular size and style. Cases were originally used in pairs, one (the upper case) for capitals, the other (the lower case) for small letters. See also upper case, lower case
8. (Metallurgy) metallurgy the surface of a piece of steel that has been case-hardened
vb (tr)
9. to put into or cover with a case: to case the machinery.
10. slang to inspect carefully (esp a place to be robbed)
[C13: from Old French casse, from Latin capsa, from capere to take, hold]

case1

(keɪs)

n.
1. an instance of the occurrence, existence, etc., of something: a case of poor judgment.
2. the actual state of things: That is not the case.
3. situation; circumstance; plight: a sad case.
4. a patient or client, as of a physician or social worker.
5. a specific occurrence or matter requiring discussion, decision, or investigation.
6. a statement of facts, reasons, etc., used to support an argument.
7. an instance of disease, injury, etc., requiring medical or surgical attention.
8.
a. a suit or action at law; cause.
b. a set of facts making up a claim or defense.
9.
a. a category or set of categories in the inflection of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives indicating the syntactic relation of these words to other words in a sentence.
b. the indication of such relations by other devices, as by the position of words in a sentence.
10. Informal. a peculiar or unusual person.
Idioms:
1. get off someone's case, Slang. to stop nagging or criticizing someone.
2. in any case, regardless of circumstances; anyhow.
3. in case, if it should happen that; if.
4. in case of, in the event of; if there should be.
5. on someone's case, Informal. nagging or criticizing someone
[1225–75; < Anglo-French, Old French cas < Latin cāsus fall]

case2

(keɪs)

n., v. cased, cas•ing. n.
1. a container for enclosing something, as for carrying or safekeeping; receptacle.
2. a sheath or outer covering: a knife case.
3. a box with its contents: a case of soda.
4. the amount contained in a box or other container.
5. a pair or couple; brace: a case of pistols.
6. a surrounding frame or framework, as of a door.
7. a completed book cover ready to be fitted to form the binding.
8. a compartmented tray for holding printer's type, usu. arranged with one section (upper case) for capital letters and another (lower case) for small letters.
9. a cavity in the skull of a sperm whale, containing an oil from which spermaceti is obtained.
10. the hard outer part of a piece of casehardened steel.
v.t.
11. to put or enclose in a case.
12. Slang. to examine or survey (a house, bank, etc.) esp. in planning a crime (sometimes fol. by out).
[1250–1300; Middle English cas < Anglo-French cas(s)e, Old French chasse < Latin capsa case for holding scrolls]

case

1. An intelligence operation in its entirety.
2. Record of the development of an intelligence operation, including personnel, modus operandi, and objectives.

Case

 set or pair; a box and its contents. See also brace.
Examples: case of books, 1639; of coxcombs; of instruments; of lies, 1599; of pistols, 1579; of rapiers, 1590; of teeth, 1824; of wine.

case

1. 'in case'

You use in case or just in case to say that someone has something or does something because a particular thing might happen.

I've got the key in case we want to go inside.
We tend not to go too far from the office, just in case there should be a bomb scare that would prevent us getting back.

Be Careful!
After in case or just in case, you use a simple tense or should. You do not use 'will' or 'shall'.

Be Careful!
You do not use 'in case' or 'just in case' to say that something will happen as a result of something else happening. You do not say, for example, 'I will go in case he asks me'. You say 'I will go if he asks me'.

He qualifies this year if he gets through his exams.
2. 'in that case'

You say in that case or in which case to refer to a situation which has just been mentioned and to introduce a statement or suggestion that is a consequence of it.

'The bar is closed,' the waiter said. 'In that case,' McFee said, 'allow me to invite you back to my flat for a drink.'
I greatly enjoy these meetings unless I have to make a speech, in which case I'm in a state of dreadful anxiety.
3. 'in this respect'

You do not use 'in this case' to refer to a particular aspect of something. For example, you do not say 'Most of my friends lost their jobs, but I was very lucky in this case'. You say 'Most of my friends lost their jobs, but I was very lucky in this respect'.

The children are not unintelligent - in fact, they seem quite normal in this respect.
But most of all, there is that intangible thing, the value of the brand. In this respect, Manchester United, the most famous football club in the world, is unique.

case


Past participle: cased
Gerund: casing

Imperative
case
case
Present
I case
you case
he/she/it cases
we case
you case
they case
Preterite
I cased
you cased
he/she/it cased
we cased
you cased
they cased
Present Continuous
I am casing
you are casing
he/she/it is casing
we are casing
you are casing
they are casing
Present Perfect
I have cased
you have cased
he/she/it has cased
we have cased
you have cased
they have cased
Past Continuous
I was casing
you were casing
he/she/it was casing
we were casing
you were casing
they were casing
Past Perfect
I had cased
you had cased
he/she/it had cased
we had cased
you had cased
they had cased
Future
I will case
you will case
he/she/it will case
we will case
you will case
they will case
Future Perfect
I will have cased
you will have cased
he/she/it will have cased
we will have cased
you will have cased
they will have cased
Future Continuous
I will be casing
you will be casing
he/she/it will be casing
we will be casing
you will be casing
they will be casing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been casing
you have been casing
he/she/it has been casing
we have been casing
you have been casing
they have been casing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been casing
you will have been casing
he/she/it will have been casing
we will have been casing
you will have been casing
they will have been casing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been casing
you had been casing
he/she/it had been casing
we had been casing
you had been casing
they had been casing
Conditional
I would case
you would case
he/she/it would case
we would case
you would case
they would case
Past Conditional
I would have cased
you would have cased
he/she/it would have cased
we would have cased
you would have cased
they would have cased

case

The relationship that a word has to the other words in a sentence, often shown by the form the word takes.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.case - an occurrence of something; "it was a case of bad judgment"; "another instance occurred yesterday"; "but there is always the famous example of the Smiths"
happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent - an event that happens
humiliation, mortification - an instance in which you are caused to lose your prestige or self-respect; "he had to undergo one humiliation after another"
bit, piece - an instance of some kind; "it was a nice piece of work"; "he had a bit of good luck"
time, clip - an instance or single occasion for some event; "this time he succeeded"; "he called four times"; "he could do ten at a clip"
2.case - a special set of circumstances; "in that event, the first possibility is excluded"; "it may rain in which case the picnic will be canceled"
circumstance - a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity
3.case - a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedycase - a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy; "the family brought suit against the landlord"
civil suit - a lawsuit alleging violations of civil law by the defendant
class action, class-action suit - a lawsuit brought by a representative member of a large group of people on behalf of all members of the group
countersuit - a suit brought against someone who has sued you
criminal suit - a lawsuit alleging violations of criminal law by the defendant
moot - a hypothetical case that law students argue as an exercise; "he organized the weekly moot"
bastardy proceeding, paternity suit - a lawsuit filed to determine the father of a child born out of wedlock (and to provide for the support of the child once paternity is determined)
legal proceeding, proceeding, proceedings - (law) the institution of a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
4.case - the actual state of things; "that was not the case"
fact - a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred; "first you must collect all the facts of the case"
5.case - a portable container for carrying several objects; "the musicians left their instrument cases backstage"
baggage, luggage - cases used to carry belongings when traveling
briefcase - a case with a handle; for carrying papers or files or books
cardcase - a small case for carrying business cards
cigarette case - a small flat case for holding cigarettes; can be carried in a purse or a pocket
compact, powder compact - a small cosmetics case with a mirror; to be carried in a woman's purse
container - any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another)
dispatch box, dispatch case - case consisting of an oblong container (usually having a lock) for carrying dispatches or other valuables
glasses case - a case for carrying spectacles
gun case - a case for storing a gun
kit - a case for containing a set of articles
letter case - case for carrying letters
locket - a small ornamental case; usually contains a picture or a lock of hair and is worn on a necklace
pillbox - a small case for holding pills
portfolio - a large, flat, thin case for carrying loose papers or drawings or maps; usually leather; "he remembered her because she was carrying a large portfolio"
quiver - case for holding arrows
shoe - (card games) a case from which playing cards are dealt one at a time
sleeve - small case into which an object fits
billfold, notecase, wallet, pocketbook - a pocket-size case for holding papers and paper money
watch case - the metal case in which the works of a watch are housed
writing desk - a portable case containing writing materials and having a writing surface
6.case - a person requiring professional services; "a typical case was the suburban housewife described by a marriage counselor"
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
client - a person who seeks the advice of a lawyer
patient - a person who requires medical care; "the number of emergency patients has grown rapidly"
referral - a person whose case has been referred to a specialist or professional group; "the patient is a referral from Dr. Bones"
charity case, welfare case - a case for a welfare worker
7.case - a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation; "the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly"; "the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities"
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
8.case - a problem requiring investigation; "Perry Mason solved the case of the missing heir"
problem - a question raised for consideration or solution; "our homework consisted of ten problems to solve"
9.case - a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument; "he stated his case clearly"
argument, statement - a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true; "it was a strong argument that his hypothesis was true"
10.case - the quantity contained in a case
containerful - the quantity that a container will hold
11.case - nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
grammatical category, syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
nominative, nominative case, subject case - the category of nouns serving as the grammatical subject of a verb
oblique, oblique case - any grammatical case other than the nominative
12.case - a specific state of mind that is temporary; "a case of the jitters"
frame of mind, state of mind - a temporary psychological state
13.case - a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities)case - a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities); "a real character"; "a strange character"; "a friendly eccentric"; "the capable type"; "a mental case"
adult, grownup - a fully developed person from maturity onward
14.case - a specific size and style of type within a type familycase - a specific size and style of type within a type family
type - printed characters; "small type is hard to read"
type family - a complete set of type suitable for printing text
unicameral script - a script with a single case
bicameral script - a script having two distinct cases
constant-width font, fixed-width font, monospaced font, typewriter font - a typeface is which each character is given the same width (as by a typewriter)
proportional font - any font whose different characters have different widths
cartridge font, font cartridge - any font that is contained in a cartridge that can be plugged into a computer printer
black letter, Gothic - a heavy typeface in use from 15th to 18th centuries
bold, bold face, boldface - a typeface with thick heavy lines
italic - a typeface with letters slanting upward to the right
raster font, screen font - the font that is displayed on a computer screen; "when the screen font resembles a printed font a document may look approximately the same on the screen as it will when printed"
Helvetica, sans serif - a typeface in which characters have no serifs
15.case - an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part
theca - outer sheath of the pupa of certain insects
lorica - a hard protective sheath (as secreted by certain protoctists, for example)
medullary sheath, myelin sheath - a layer of myelin encasing (and insulating) the axons of medullated nerve fibers
neurilemma, neurolemma - thin membranous sheath around a nerve fiber
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
husk - outer membranous covering of some fruits or seeds
16.case - the housing or outer covering of something; "the clock has a walnut case"
boot - protective casing for something that resembles a leg
gear box, gear case, gearbox - the shell (metal casing) in which a train of gears is sealed
grandfather clock, longcase clock - a pendulum clock enclosed in a tall narrow case
housing - a protective cover designed to contain or support a mechanical component
jacket - the tough metal shell casing for certain kinds of ammunition
17.case - the enclosing frame around a door or window opening; "the casings had rotted away and had to be replaced"
doorway, room access, door, threshold - the entrance (the space in a wall) through which you enter or leave a room or building; the space that a door can close; "he stuck his head in the doorway"
framework - a structure supporting or containing something
window - a framework of wood or metal that contains a glass windowpane and is built into a wall or roof to admit light or air
18.case - (printing) the receptacle in which a compositor has his type, which is divided into compartments for the different letters, spaces, or numbers; "for English, a compositor will ordinarily have two such cases, the upper case containing the capitals and the lower case containing the small letters"
printing - the business of producing printed material for sale or distribution
receptacle - a container that is used to put or keep things in
19.case - bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow; "the burglar carried his loot in a pillowcase"
bed linen - linen or cotton articles for a bed (as sheets and pillowcases)
20.case - a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or homecase - a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home
container - any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another)
trophy case - a case in which to display trophies
Verb1.case - look over, usually with the intention to rob; "They men cased the housed"
inspect - look over carefully; "Please inspect your father's will carefully"
2.case - enclose in, or as if in, a case; "my feet were encased in mud"
pack - arrange in a container; "pack the books into the boxes"
box, package - put into a box; "box the gift, please"
sack - put in a sack; "The grocer sacked the onions"
crate - put into a crate; as for protection; "crate the paintings before shipping them to the museum"
inclose, shut in, close in, enclose - surround completely; "Darkness enclosed him"; "They closed in the porch with a fence"

case

1
noun
1. situation, event, circumstance(s), state, position, condition, context, dilemma, plight, contingency, predicament In extreme cases, insurance companies can prosecute for fraud.
2. patient, client, sufferer Expensive hospital cases are monitored by a case manager.
3. instance, example, occasion, specimen, occurrence Some cases of arthritis respond to a gluten-free diet.
4. investigation, search, inquiry, inspection The police have several suspects in this murder case.
5. argument, reasoning, ground(s), defence, logic, justification, line of reasoning Both these facts strengthen the case against hanging.
6. (Law) lawsuit, process, trial, suit, proceedings, dispute, cause, action He lost his case at the European Court of Human Rights.

case

2
noun
1. cabinet, box, chest, holder There was a ten-foot long stuffed alligator in a glass case.
2. container, compact, capsule, carton, cartridge, canister, casket, receptacle, coffret She held up a blue spectacle case.
3. suitcase, bag, grip, trunk, holdall, portmanteau, valise The porter brought my cases down and called for a taxi.
4. crate, box The winner will receive a case of champagne.
5. covering, casing, cover, shell, wrapping, jacket, envelope, capsule, folder, sheath, wrapper, integument Vanilla is the seed case of a South American orchid.

case

noun
1. One that is representative of a group or class:
2. A legal proceeding to demand justice or enforce a right:
3. A course of reasoning:
verb
Informal. To look at carefully or critically:
Idiom: give a going-over.
Translations
القَضِيَّه، المَسألَه، المَوْضوعحَالَةحالَةٌ إعْرابِيَّهَحالَهحُجَّه مُقْنِعَه
падежсандък
pouzdropřípadbednapáddůvod
etuitilfældevitrineglasskabgrund
laukkutapausvitriinipakatapakkaus
slučajkutijapadežsanduk
esetládaügy
fallkassikassi; taskarök , málstaîursÿningarkassi; bókaskápur
ケース場合
사례상자
casuscausa
apstāklisceļasomafutrālisgadījumsgrāmatskapis
knihovňapádprípad
primerškatlasklontoktorba
сандук
fallfodralkasuslådalår
กรณี, เหตุการณ์ซอง
belli bir durumdavagerçekhakikathâl
trường hợpvali

case

1 [keɪs]
A. N
1. (Brit) (= suitcase) → maleta f, valija f (S. Cone), veliz m (Mex); (= briefcase) → cartera f, maletín m, portafolio(s) m (LAm); (= packing case) → cajón m; [of drink] → caja f; (for jewellery) → joyero m, estuche m; (for camera, guitar, gun etc) → funda f; (for spectacles, soft) → funda f; (hard) → estuche m; (for watch) → caja f; (= display case) → vitrina f; [of window] → marco m, bastidor m; [of cartridge] → funda f, cápsula f
2. (Typ) → caja f
lower caseminúscula f
upper casemayúscula f
B. VT
1. (= encase) her leg was cased in plastertenía la pierna escayolada or enyesada
cased in concreterevestido de hormigón
2. to case the jointestudiar el terreno para un robo

case

2 [keɪs]
A. N
1. (gen, Med, instance) → caso m
it's a sad casees un caso triste
it's a hopeless case (Med) → es un caso de desahucio
a fever caseun caso de fiebre
he's working on the train-robbery caseestá investigando el caso del robo del tren
as the case may besegún el caso
it's a case for the policeéste es asunto para la policía, esto es cosa de la policía
it's a case ofse trata de ...
it's a clear case of murderes un claro caso de homicidio
a case in pointun ejemplo al respecto or que hace al caso
if that is the caseen ese caso
2. (Jur) (gen) → caso m, proceso m; (= particular dispute) → causa f, pleito m; (= argument) → argumento m, razón f
the Dreyfus caseel proceso de Dreyfus; (more loosely) → el asunto Dreyfus
there is no case to answerno hay acusación para contestar
there's a strong case for reformhay buenos fundamentos para exigir una reforma
there's a case for saying thatpuede decirse razonablemente que ...
there is a case for that attitudehay argumentos en favor de esa actitud
the case for the defencela defensa
the case for the prosecutionla acusación
to have a good or strong casetener buenos argumentos or buenas razones
to make (out) a case for sthdar razones para algo, presentar argumentos en favor de algo
to make the case for doing nothingexponer las razones para no hacer nada
to put or state one's casepresentar sus argumentos, exponer su caso
to rest one's caseterminar la presentación de su alegato
3. (with "in") (just) in casepor si acaso, por si las moscas
in case he comespor si viene, (en) caso de que venga
in your caseen tu caso
in any casede todas formas, en cualquier caso, en todo caso
in most casesen la mayoría de los casos
in no caseen ningún caso, de ninguna manera
in case of emergencyen caso de emergencia
as in the case ofcomo en el caso de
in such a caseen tal caso
in that caseen ese caso
4. (Ling) → caso m
5. (= eccentric person) he's a casees un tipo raro, es un caso
6.
get off my case!¡déjame ya en paz!
to be on sb's caseestar siempre encima de algn
to get on sb's casemeterse en la vida de algn
B. CPD case file Nhistorial m
case grammar Ngramática f de caso
case history N (Med) → historial m médico or clínico
what is the patient's case history?¿cuál es el historial del enfermo?
I'll give you the full case historyle contaré la historia con todos los detalles
case law Njurisprudencia f
case study Nestudio m de casos
case system N (Ling) → sistema m de casos

case

[ˈkeɪs] n
(= situation) → cas m
in some cases → dans certains cas
in that case → dans ce cas
"I don't want it." - "In that case, I'll take it." → "Je n'en veux pas." - "Dans ce cas, je le prends."
as the case may be → selon le cas
to be the case (= true) → être le cas
if that's the case ... → si c'est le cas ...
it's a case of ... (= a matter of) → c'est un cas de ...
(= example) to be a case in point → être un bon exemple
(medical)cas m
[detective] → affaire f
to be on the case → être sur le cas
to be on sb's case (= be pursuing) → être après qn
(legal case)affaire f, procès m
(= argument) to have a good case → avoir de bons arguments
there's a strong case for sth
There's a strong case for reform → Il y aurait lieu d'engager une réforme.
to make the case for sth (= put forward the arguments for) → se faire l'avocat de qch
to make a case for sth (= put forward an argument for) → faire valoir un argument en faveur de qch
(= box) → boîte f; [wine] → caisse f; [fruit] → cageot m
(= holder) → étui m
(British) (also suitcase) → valise f
to pack one's case → faire sa valise
I've packed my case → J'ai fait ma valise.
in case of prep (= in the event of) → en cas de
in case conjau cas où + conditional
in case it rains → au cas où il pleuvrait
in case he comes → au cas où il viendrait
in case we need it → au cas où nous en aurions besoin
just in case adv (= as a precaution) → à tout hasard
Take some money, just in case → Prends de l'argent à tout hasard.
in any case adv (= anyway) → de toute façon upper casecase-by-case [ˈkeɪsbaɪkeɪs] modif [basis, approach] → au cas par cascase history n [patient] → antécédents mpl médicaux; [client] → dossier m

case

:
casebook
n (Med) → (Kranken)fälle pl; (in social work, Jur) → Fallsammlung f
casebound
adj (Typ) → mit Pappeinband
case conference
n (Med) → Fallbesprechung f
case ending
n (Gram) → Endung f
case file
n case on XAkte fzum Fall X
case-harden
vt metalverstählen, vereisenen
case-hardened
adj (fig)abgebrüht (inf)
case history
n (Med) → Krankengeschichte f; (Sociol, Psych) → Vorgeschichte f
case law
n (Jur) → Fallrecht nt
caseload
n to have a heavy/light caseviele/wenig Fälle haben

case

:
case-sensitive
adjcase-sensitive, die Groß-/Kleinschreibung beachtend
case squad
nSonderkommission f
case study
nFallstudie f
casework
n (Sociol) → ˜ Sozialarbeit f
caseworker
n (Sociol) → ˜ Sozialarbeiter(in) m(f)

case

1
n
(= situation)Fall m; if that’s the casewenn das der Fall ist, wenn das zutrifft or stimmt; is that the case with you?ist das bei Ihnen der Fall?, trifft das auf Sie zu?; if it is the case that you’re right …sollten Sie wirklich or tatsächlich recht haben …, im Fall(e), dass Sie tatsächlich recht haben; if it is a case of his not having been informedwenn er nicht benachrichtigt worden ist; such being the caseda das der Fall ist, da dem so ist (geh); as the case may beje nachdem
(= instance, police case, Med etc) → Fall m; in most casesmeist(ens), in den meisten Fällen; a typical case (of)ein typischer Fall (von); it’s a clear case of double standardsdas ist ein klarer Fall von Doppelmoral; in casefalls; (just) in casefür alle Fälle; in case of emergencyim Notfall m, → bei Gefahr f; in any casesowieso; in this/that casein dem Fall; in no caseunter keinen Umständen, auf keinen Fall; in such a casein einem solchen Fall; five cases of smallpox/pneumoniafünf Pockenfälle/Fälle von Lungenentzündung f
(Jur) → Fall m; to win one’s caseseinen Prozess gewinnen; the case for the defence/prosecutiondie Verteidigung/Anklage; what’s the case for the prosecution?worauf stützt sich die Anklage?; could we hear the case for the defence?das Wort hat die Verteidigung; the Keeler caseder Fall Keeler; in the case Higgins v Schwarzin der Sache Higgins gegen Schwarz; to take a case to the High Courteinen Fall vors oberste Gericht bringen; to make out a good case for somethingüberzeugende Argumente für etw liefern; the case for/against the abolition of capital punishmentdie Argumente für/gegen die Abschaffung der Todesstrafe; you haven’t got a casedas Belastungsmaterial reicht nicht für ein Verfahren; (fig)Sie haben keine Handhabe; to have a good case (Jur) → gute Chancen haben durchzukommen; you/they have a good casees ist durchaus gerechtfertigt, was Sie/sie sagen; there’s a very good case for adopting this methodes spricht sehr viel dafür, diese Methode zu übernehmen; they do not have a very good casesie haben nicht viel Chancen, damit durchzukommen; to put one’s caseseinen Fall darlegen; to put the case for somethingetw vertreten; there’s a strong case for legalizing potes spricht viel für die Legalisierung von Hasch; there’s a good case for voting Laboures gibt viele Gründe, Labour zu wählen; the court decided that there was no case against himdas Gericht entschied, dass nichts gegen ihn vorlag; a case of conscienceeine Gewissensfrage or -entscheidung
(Gram) → Fall m, → Kasus m; in the genitive caseim Genitiv
(inf: = person) → Witzbold m, → Type f (inf); a hopeless/sad caseein hoffnungsloser/trauriger Fall; a hard caseein schwieriger Fall
(inf) to be on somebody’s case (about something)jdn (wegen etw) nerven (inf); to get on somebody’s case (about something)an jdm (wegen etw) herummeckern (inf); get off my case!lass mich in Ruhe! (inf)

case

2
n
(= suitcase)Koffer m; (= crate, packing case)Kiste f; (= display case)Vitrine f, → Schau- or Glaskasten m; a case of champagneeine Kiste Champagner
(= box)Schachtel f; (for jewels) → Schatulle f, → Kästchen nt; (for spectacles) → Etui nt, → Futteral nt; (= seed case)Hülse f, → Hülle f; (for CD, umbrella) → Hülle f; (= pillowcase)Bezug m; (for musical instrument) → Kasten m; (of watch)Gehäuse nt
(Typ) upper/lower casegroß-/kleingeschrieben
vt (inf) to case the jointsich (dat)den Laden ansehen (inf)

case

1 [keɪs] n
a. (gen) (Med, Gram) → caso
the doctor has a lot of cases to see today → il dottore oggi deve vedere molti pazienti
in any case → in ogni caso, comunque
in that case → in quel or questo caso
(just) in case → non si sa mai, per precauzione, per sicurezza
I think she knows you're coming, but just in case, you'd better phone her → penso che sappia del tuo arrivo, ma per sicurezza faresti meglio a telefonarle
in case he changes his mind → caso mai lui cambiasse idea
in case of emergency → in caso di emergenza
a case in point → un esempio tipico
it's a clear case of murder → è un chiaro caso di omicidio
in most cases → nella maggior parte dei casi, in genere
it's generally the case that people are selfish → di solito succede che la gente sia egoista
as this was the case, we decided not to go → stando così le cose, decidemmo di non andare
if that is the case → quand'è così, se così è
as the case may be → a seconda del caso
b. (Law) → caso, processo, causa; (argument) → motivo, ragione f
the case for the defence/prosecution → le ragioni or argomentazioni della difesa/dell'accusa
to state one's case → esporre le proprie ragioni (fig) → perorare la propria causa
to have a good case → avere pretese legittime
there's a strong case for reform → ci sono validi argomenti a favore della riforma

case

2 [keɪs] n
a. (suitcase) → valigia; (briefcase) → valigetta, cartella; (packing case) → cassa; (for camera) → custodia; (for jewellery) → scatolina, astuccio; (for spectacles) → custodia, astuccio; (display case) → vetrinetta; (of watch) → cassa
b. (Typ) lower/upper case(carattere m) minuscolo/maiuscolo

case1

(keis) noun
1. an instance or example. another case of child-beating; a bad case of measles.
2. a particular situation. It's different in my case.
3. a legal trial. The judge in this case is very fair.
4. an argument or reason. There's a good case for thinking he's wrong.
5. (usually with the) a fact. I don't think that's really the case.
6. a form of a pronoun (eg he or him), noun or adjective showing its relation to other words in the sentence.
in case
in order to guard against a possibility. I'll take an umbrella in case (it rains).
in case of
if (a particular thing) happens. In case of fire, telephone the fire brigade.
in that case
if that should happen or should have happened. You're leaving? In that case, I'm leaving too.

case2

(keis) noun
1. a container or outer covering. a case of medical instruments; a suitcase.
2. a crate or box. six cases of whisky.
3. a piece of furniture for displaying or containing things. a glass case full of china; a bookcase.

case

حَالَة, غِلاف pouzdro, případ etui, tilfælde Fall, Tasche θήκη, περίπτωση caja, caso, estuche laukku, tapaus caisse, cas kutija, slučaj astuccio, caso ケース, 場合 사례, 상자 geval, tasje tilfelle, veske etui, przypadek caixa, caso, mala случай, чемодан fodral, mål กรณี, เหตุการณ์, ซอง kap, vaka trường hợp, vali 案例,

case

n. caso;
___ fatality rateíndice de mortalidad por ___-s;
___ historyhistoria clínica;
___ reportingpresentación del ___;
___ control studyestudio comparativo de ___ -s.

case

n caso; in 9 out of 10 cases..en 9 de 10 casos; — manager gestor -ra mf or administrador -ra mf de casos; just in — por si acaso
References in classic literature ?
So she enjoyed herself heartily, and found, what isn't always the case, that her granted wish was all she had hoped.
He took a cheap revolver from the case and began to wave it about.
Why, if that's the case it would be worth " and he fell to doing a sum in mental arithmetic.
From our bench we could see what a hollow case his body was.
Well, in case it shouldn't be forever, how long will it be?
Even your traditions make the case in my favor, Chingachgook," he said, speaking in the tongue which was known to all the natives who formerly inhabited the country between the Hudson and the Potomac, and of which we shall give a free translation for the benefit of the reader; endeavoring, at the same time, to preserve some of the peculiarities, both of the individual and of the language.
He assured his honor that he must have more time to prepare his case.
But he said I wasn't able to go, nor able to stand it after I got there; and I did not make out a very good case for myself, for I was crying before I had finished.
He was seated by the French window opening upon the veranda, as if to secure a retreat in case of an emergency.
One,--John Swinnerton by name,--who appears to have been a man of eminence, upheld it, if we have rightly understood his terms of art, to be a case of apoplexy.
The conclusion naturally follows, that the object contemplated by the Trust, in this case, is an object that has failed.
Put the case that a woman, under such circumstances as you have mentioned, held her child concealed, and was obliged to communicate the fact to her legal adviser, on his representing to her that he must know, with an eye to the latitude of his defence, how the fact stood about that child.