The nature and health system consequences of casualization
Africa's Informal Workers is a vigorous examination of the informalization and casualization
of work, which is changing livelihoods in Africa and beyond.
The punitive turn in penal policy responds not to criminal insecurity but to the social insecurity caused by the casualization
of wage labor and the disruption of ethnoracial hierarchy--and not the "diffuse anxieties" generated by the coming of "the risk society" or the age of "late modernity" (Ericson and Haggerty, 1997; Garland, 2001).
exploitative terms of employment such as non-regularization of labor, practice of apprenticeship and casualization
, no assurance of continuity of work, work terminations due to decline of demands; and 3.
Contracted out': some implications of the casualization
of academic labour in geography.
This constant erosion, over the last thirty years, of tenure-track positions and this continuing casualization
of the labour force have had many effects, not least among them the increased demand for "research productivity" at every level (from the first job to tenure and promotion), even as what is institutionally valued as acceptable "research" has narrowed.
There is still a formal business," Adams said, "but there is no question that the casualization
of lifestyles is where the future growth is.
The era of global integration has been associated with far-reaching changes in the structure of employment, including pressures for increased flexibility, episodes of Jobless growth," growing informalization and casualization
, expanding opportunities for the highly skilled, but vanishing opportunities for the less skilled.
The spreading net: Age and gender in the process of casualization
Fiscal restraint created a loss of full-time positions and subsequent casualization
of the nursing workforce.
In an industry characterized by poor working conditions, low wages and rampant casualization
, Group 4 has earned a reputation here in South Africa as one of the worst employers.
These conditions include increased competition for credentials, a scarcity of good jobs, the casualization
of labour across sectors, the high cost of living in Canadian cities, rising tuition and student debt, and the shift to individual responsibility for financing education.