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The metabolic breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones, often resulting in a release of energy.

cat′a·bol′ic (kăt′ə-bŏl′ĭk) adj.
cat′a·bol′i·cal·ly adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.catabolic - relating to or characterized by catabolism
2.catabolic - characterized by destructive metabolism
anabolic - characterized by or promoting constructive metabolism; "some athletes take anabolic steroids to increase muscle size temporarily"


adj catabólico
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite substantial changes to brain composition during the catabolic stress of an ultramarathon, we found the differences to be reversible and adaptive," he said.
The human hair cycle goes through two cycles: one of rest called the catabolic phase and the other a growing phase, anabolic.
Innovative positional 13C-labelling will break new ground quantifying real-time sub-molecular carbon investment into VOCs and CO2, enabling mechanistic descriptions of the underlying biochemical pathways coupling anabolic and catabolic processes, particularly the long overlooked link between secondary compound synthesis and CO2 emission in the light.
It's not good to do weight training while you're fasting because your body is catabolic," he told The Daily Star, explaining that the body will not produce testosterone and resultant energy.
Biologically, they are very important and found to play an important role in various anabolic and catabolic processes.
Once activated, it affects a metabolic switch from an anabolic to a catabolic state, both by acutely phosphorylating metabolic enzymes and, in the longer term, by regulating gene expression.
The AMPK negatively regulates the anabolic pathway, for instance lipogenesis or triglycerides synthesis, and positively regulates the catabolic pathways like lipid oxidation.
Ammonia is a catabolic byproduct of amino acid deamination.
The administration of the extract also induced changes in the cells suggestive of autophagy (a catabolic process in which a cell degrades its own components), possibly induced by increased levels of histone deacetylase activity.
Alkaptonuria is a rare metabolic disorder in the phenylalanine and tyrosine catabolic pathway which is characterized by the excessive excretion of homogentisic acid in the urine, ochronosis, and debilitating arthritis of the spine and large joints.
What we find is that many of us spend so much of our time stressed from catabolic relationships, too much exercise, and constant coffee drinking or even just mentally beating ourselves up about our weight means that we never spend time 'resting'.
First-in-Class Anabolic Catabolic Transforming Agent Holds Promise in Treating Cancer Cachexia, Age-Related Sarcopenia